Kkbi pronunciation

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  • 1. Literature Review USE OF SONGS TO OVERCOME PRONUNCIATION PROBLEMS AMONG PRIMARY STUDENTS IN MALAYSIA
  • 2. DEFINITION
    • Proper English pronunciation is a speaking skill that enable us to speak clearly and understood well by our listener.
    • 3 main aspect - sounds, stress and intonation.
    • Incorrect pronunciation will produce communication breakdown as listener misunderstood what we are saying.
  • 3. PROBLEM STATEMENT
      • Primary school pupils in Malaysia have problems with pronunciation
      • ESL teachers avoid teaching pronunciation in P&P
  • 4. IMPORTANCE OF PRONUNCIATON
    • KBSR aim - to enable pupil to speak clearly in English with correct pronunciation, intonation, word stress and sentence rhythm.
    • Hinofotis & Baily (1980) - up to a certain proficiency standard, fault in pronunciation, not grammar or vocabulary severely impairs the communication process of ESL learners.
    • Fraser (2000 a :1) - learners that have major difficulties in English pronunciation facing difficulties finding employment.
  • 5. PRONUNCIATION PROBLEMS CAUSES
    • ESL TEACHERS
      • Unskilled
      • Wrong mindset
    • PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS
      • Different sound system English vs local mother-tongue language
    • KBSR
      • Minimum evaluation on pronunciation
  • 6. PRINCIPLES OF TEACHING PRONUNCIATION
    • taking account of student as a person,
    • reduce anxiety by moving from easy to more difficult,
    • maintin careful balance between accuracy and fluency,
    • provide a good model to students to imitate,
    • provide appropriate stimuli for eliciting speech,
    • vary interaction modes,
    • give clear instructions,
    • monitor students actively,
    • adequate preparations for class,
    • and handle errors sensitively and effectively.
  • 7. METHODS OF TEACHING PRONUNCIATION
    • show, explain and describe in detail how each English sound are made and concentrate more to identified problem sound based on ethnic and mother-tongue language of the pupil in class.
    • Explain verbally, in words, drawing of movements of speech organs, demonstration and/or use of mirror for each pupil to practice how to make English sounds.
    • give examples of native language near-equivalent to help pupil to produce correct English sounds.
  • 8. ACTIVITIES TO REDUCE PRONUNCIATION PROBLEMS
    • Word drill
    • Tongue twister
    • Song
    • Rhyme
  • 9. HOW CAN SONGS REDUCE PRONUNCIATION PROBLEMS
    • give fun and natural environment for P&P for both teacher and pupil in class of ESL.
    • Shelley Vernon, use of songs in teaching ESL can
      • integrate language,
      • motivate students to learn through repetition,
      • better class management,
      • covers all learning styles,
      • build confidence among pupil and
      • make learning fun.