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Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)
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Open Data Trentino presented at the European Commission (JRC)

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This presentazion was given to present the Open Data in Trentino Project to the JRC (European Commission)

This presentazion was given to present the Open Data in Trentino Project to the JRC (European Commission)

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  • http://www.infogineering.net/data-information-knowledge.htm
    Knowledge
    Firstly, let’s look at Knowledge. Knowledge is what we know. Think of this as the map of the World we build inside our brains. Like a physical map, it helps us knowwhere things are – but it contains more than that. It also contains our beliefs and expectations. “If I do this, I will probably get that.” Crucially, the brain links all these things together into a giant network of ideas, memories, predictions, beliefs, etc.
    It is from this “map” that we base our decisions, not the real world itself. Our brains constantly update this map from the signals coming through our eyes, ears, nose, mouth and skin.
    You can’t currently store knowledge in anything other than a brain, because a brain connects it all together. Everything is inter-connected in the brain. Computers are not artificial brains. They don’t understand what they are processing, and can’t make independent decisions based upon what you tell them.
    There are two sources that the brain uses to build this knowledge - information and data.
    Data
    Data is/are the facts of the World. For example, take yourself. You may be 5ft tall, have brown hair and blue eyes. All of this is “data”. You have brown hair whether this is written down somewhere or not.
    In many ways, data can be thought of as a description of the World. We can perceive this data with our senses, and then the brain can process this.
    Human beings have used data as long as we’ve existed to form knowledge of the world.
    Until we started using information, all we could use was data directly. If you wanted to know how tall I was, you would have to come and look at me. Our knowledge was limited by our direct experiences.
    Information
    Information allows us to expand our knowledge beyond the range of our senses. We can capture data in information, then move it about so that other people can access it at different times.
    Here is a simple analogy for you.
    If I take a picture of you, the photograph is information. But what you look like is data.
    I can move the photo of you around, send it to other people via e-mail etc. However, I’m not actually moving you around – or what you look like. I’m simply allowing other people who can’t directly see you from where they are to know what you look like. If I lose or destroy the photo, this doesn’t change how you look.
    So, in the case of the lost tax records, the CDs were information. The information was lost, but the data wasn’t. Mrs Jones still lives at 14 Whitewater road, and she was still born on 15th August 1971.
    The Infogineering Model (below) explains how these interact…
  • https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/open-data-charter/g8-open-data-charter-and-technical-annex
    Principle 1: Open Data by Default
    11) We recognise that free access to, and subsequent re-use of, open data are of significant value to society and the economy.
    12) We agree to orient our governments towards open data by default.
    13) We recognise that the term government data is meant in the widest sense possible. This could apply to data owned by national, federal, local, or international government bodies, or by the wider public sector.
    14) We recognise that there is national and international legislation, in particular pertaining to intellectual property, personally-identifiable and sensitive information, which must be observed.
    15) We will:
    establish an expectation that all government data be published openly by default, as outlined in this Charter, while recognising that there are legitimate reasons why some data cannot be released.
    2.Principle 2: Quality and Quantity
    16) We recognise that governments and the public sector hold vast amounts of information that may be of interest to citizens.
    17) We also recognise that it may take time to prepare high-quality data, and the importance of consulting with each other and with national, and wider, open data users to identify which data to prioritise for release or improvement.
    18) We will:
    release high-quality open data that are timely, comprehensive, and accurate. To the extent possible, data will be in their original, unmodified form and at the finest level of granularity available;
    ensure that information in the data is written in plain, clear language, so that it can be understood by all, though this Charter does not require translation into other languages;
    make sure that data are fully described, so that consumers have sufficient information to understand their strengths, weaknesses, analytical limitations, and security requirements, as well as how to process the data; and
    release data as early as possible, allow users to provide feedback, and then continue to make revisions to ensure the highest standards of open data quality are met.
    3.Principle 3: Usable by All
    19) We agree to release data in a way that helps all people to obtain and re-use it.
    20) We recognise that open data should be available free of charge in order to encourage their most widespread use.
    21) We agree that when open data are released, it should be done without bureaucratic or administrative barriers, such as registration requirements, which can deter people from accessing the data.
    22) We will:
    release data in open formats wherever possible, ensuring that the data are available to the widest range of users for the widest range of purposes; and
    release as much data as possible, and where it is not possible to offer free access at present, promote the benefits and encourage the allowance of free access to data. In many cases this will include providing data in multiple formats, so that they can be processed by computers and understood by people.
    4.Principle 4: Releasing Data for Improved Governance
    23) We recognise that the release of open data strengthens our democratic institutions and encourages better policy-making to meets the needs of our citizens. This is true not only in our own countries but across the world.
    24) We also recognise that interest in open data is growing in other multilateral organisations and initiatives.
    25) We will:
    share technical expertise and experience with each other and with other countries across the world so that everyone can reap the benefits of open data; and
    be transparent about our own data collection, standards, and publishing processes, by documenting all of these related processes online.
    5.Principle 5: Releasing Data for Innovation
    26) Recognising the importance of diversity in stimulating creativity and innovation, we agree that the more people and organisations that use our data, the greater the social and economic benefits that will be generated. This is true for both commercial and non-commercial uses.
    27) We will:
    work to increase open data literacy and encourage people, such as developers of applications and civil society organisations that work in the field of open data promotion, to unlock the value of open data;
    empower a future generation of data innovators by providing data in machine-readable formats.
  • You can contribute to report the status of the PSI of your country
  • You can contribute to report the status of the PSI of your country
  • Based oin the results of a crowdsourcing tools
    If you want to get more details about the score board the list of indicators used in this score is public and the link is avaiable on the slide
  • Based oin the results of a crowdsourcing tools
    If you want to get more details about the score board the list of indicators used in this score is public and the link is avaiable on the slide
  • Get more info abuot Tel Aviv
    Till now everything is happiness and joy, like these kids in tel aviv, even with a hard weather, they see the potential to enjoy and use the most basic instruments fhat they have at their disposal to have fun, provided that their goal is to have fun..
  • BUT, working in an open data initialtive can be scary too when time comes, and there are several issues in several categories that we need to deal with if we are to have a great project, let us consider that each issue is a kid, that witll trick or treat us in the project, and that if we are not ready, they will play tricks on us.
    Working in a open data project is like halloween, you must know that the kids will come and tick or traet you, and you must be prepared with candies (solutions), and that possibly, each kid will ask for a different kind of candie, actually, for sure they will
  • Open Nuts!
    Open Government Data activities in Austria
    Gregor Eibl*, Brigitte Lutz**
    How does opening government data compare to opening nuts? Opening government data can
    be compared well with the act of opening a nut.
    The kernel of the walnut for example, which is protected by the hard shell and is a valuable
    food for animals, is a calorie-rich winter food supply for birds, squirrels and other rodents.
    Let’s assume that government data is a rich supply for third parties (businesses, NGOs, citizens,
    universities, other government agencies…), this information resource is often protected well from
    third parties. Making this data available and easy to use is one of the core claims in the debate of
    open government. You will see later in this reflection that the principles of open government data
    all have the aim to make these valuable information resources easily available.
    Just like cracking a nut to access the rich fruit.
    In this reflection we will shortly talk about the hard shell, which the open government data
    movement will have to crack. First the activities, which shows what Austria has done so far to
    crack the shell and remove the barriers and finally the first fruits, which became available through
    the efforts of opening the nut itself.
    1. The Hard Shell of Open Government Data
    Figure 1 depicts some barriers encountered during the implementation of opening government
    data in Austrian public administrations. Only through the opening process of government data,
    data islands were identified, which had to be integrated and harmonized. Other data sources are consciously kept secret, which explains the resistance of some data
    owners. Arguments were raised, that opening can have unpredictable results (overwhelming
    feedback, new requirements,…) about the quality of data or new technical features.
    On the other hand administrations have to deal with missing resources, like lower budgets in the
    time of financial crisis, additional distribution cost with the open data portals and missing human
    resources capable of handling the new tasks.
    Raw data eliminates the possibility to publish only “censored” and non-critical data and
    information. Some administrations have concerns to publish their data in a quality that was
    sufficient for internal purposes, but not enough for the broad public audience.
  • http://static.fjcdn.com/pictures/Best_7327f7_1907506.jpg
    http://d3sdoylwcs36el.cloudfront.net/creative-commons-license-types-pros-cons.gif
  • Preparation Phase
    Open Data for Geographic datasets
    Guidelines deliberation which are an italian best practice
    The catalog (experimental)
    Start of the project
    First group of Data Sources
    The catalog on line: http://dati.trentino.it
    Activities on organizational, legal, communities issues
    Open Data Challenge
    Analysis of the semantic entities for the PAT
    Join the OKF CKAN community
    Platform evolution
    New processes development
    Data quality and reuse analysis/Impact assessment
    Cooperation with / involvement of the local ICT companies
    Modeling and implementing the semantic entities,
    Semantic Tools development
  • The Open Knowledge Foundation (OKF) is a non-profit organisation founded in 2004 and dedicated to promoting open data and open content in all their forms – including government data, publicly funded research and public domain cultural content. The OKF CKAN project is the world’s leading open source data portal platform.
    CKAN (Comprehensive Knowledge Archive Network) is a powerful data management system that makes data accessible – by providing tools to streamline publishing, sharing, finding and using data. CKAN is aimed at data publishers (national and regional governments, companies and organizations) wanting to make their data open and available.
  • Member of staff dedicated to to make communities building. Mainly involved with different data providers. The main activities are: event organizations, training courses, meetup, dissemination, social networking (twitter, facebook account). International community involment: openstreetmap, wikipedia, OKF. Trentino partecipate actively to these communities. Last weekend we had the OSMIT event with a mapping party which will involve some of our local public. Administration. Promote the use of openstreetmap by the institution to integrate public geographical information and openstreetmap crowdsourced datasets.
    We are going to involve research intitutions to integrate these datasets (added value datasets) and to gather research intitution datasets. For the PA departments, we are going to identify some needs of the Pat reguarding which datasets are interesting for the PA (data is power…). We have many local actors which are going to be involved into our publication process (comunità di valle, municipalities), etc. We have made some courses for the public administration (PA community building) by disseminnating the culture of data among the PA employers to facilitate the realese and understanding of the open data process. We are following the 5 stars model proposed by Tim Davies (Open data research network researcher).
    Besides the offline activities we have a social media strategy (ttwitter, Facebook) etc…
  • Member of staff dedicated to to make communities building. Mainly involved with different data providers. The main activities are: event organizations, training courses, meetup, dissemination, social networking (twitter, facebook account). International community involment: openstreetmap, wikipedia, OKF. Trentino partecipate actively to these communities. Last weekend we had the OSMIT event with a mapping party which will involve some of our local public. Administration. Promote the use of openstreetmap by the institution to integrate public geographical information and openstreetmap crowdsourced datasets.
    We are going to involve research intitutions to integrate these datasets (added value datasets) and to gather research intitution datasets. For the PA departments, we are going to identify some needs of the Pat reguarding which datasets are interesting for the PA (data is power…). We have many local actors which are going to be involved into our publication process (comunità di valle, municipalities), etc. We have made some courses for the public administration (PA community building) by disseminnating the culture of data among the PA employers to facilitate the realese and understanding of the open data process. We are following the 5 stars model proposed by Tim Davies (Open data research network researcher).
    Besides the offline activities we have a social media strategy (ttwitter, Facebook) etc…
  • Besides the offline activities we have a social media strategy (ttwitter, Facebook) etc…
  • The Open Data Institute is catalysing the evolution of open data culture to create economic, environmental, and social value. It helps unlock supply, generates demand, creates and disseminates knowledge to address local and global issues.
    We convene world-class experts to collaborate, incubate, nurture and mentor new ideas, and promote innovation. We enable anyone to learn and engage with open data, and empower our teams to help others through professional coaching and mentoring.
  • Smart Citizen kit (v. Barcellona)
  • Transcript

    • 1. Open Government Data* http://dati.trentino.it/ Lorenzino Vaccari Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it *Part of this presentation is taken from the “Open Government Data Tutorial” gave at CLEI2013 Conference by Lorenzino Vaccari and Juan Pane (Universidad Nacional de Asuncion, Paraguay) 1 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 2. In this presentation… • Introduce Open Government Data • • Intro (Part 1) Issues (Part 2) • If you need it, how can you organize it? • Real experience (Part 3) • Reusing open data • • 2 Applications (Part 4) Semantic layer (Part 5) Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 3. 3 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 Juan Pane, Lorenzino Vaccari of Trento, Trento,http://www.point-fort.com/index.php?2012/01/25/805-why-how-what 15/10/2013 http://www.point-fort.com/index.php?2012/01/25/805-why-how-what
    • 4. What? “is data that can be freely used, reused and redistributed by anyone – subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and sharealike.” * *(Source: 4 ) Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 http://www.opendefinition.org
    • 5. use reuse “open” = redistribution commercial reuse derivative works BUT, may require: - attribution - share alike http://myfbcovers.com/uploads/covers/2012/06/09/16628a1094aa012f7c6e0025902480d2/watermarked_cover.jpg 5 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 J. Gray (OKF): http://www.slideshare.net/jwyg/open-government-data-what-why-how
    • 6. The value is in its use 6 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 7. 7 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 Maurizio Napolitano: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YlkjrVAW43Q
    • 8. New visualizations http://wheredoesmymoneygo.org/ 8 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 J. Gray (OKF): http://www.slideshare.net/jwyg/open-government-data-what-why-how
    • 9. New visualizations http://openspending.org 9 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 13/11/2013 J. Gray (OKF): http://www.slideshare.net/jwyg/open-government-data-what-why-how
    • 10. Why  The Open data are the knowledge base to:  Improve the economic grow and the entrepreneurship based on the development of digital services reusing Public Sector Information  Answer to social needs through the publication of innovative services and applications  Aims at reducing the cost of the public administrative activities within Public – Private Partnerships (PPP)  Improve the transparency of the activities of the public institutions and the participation of the citizens to these activities 10 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 J. Gray (OKF): http://www.slideshare.net/jwyg/open-government-data-what-why-how
    • 11. How - Principles Tim Berners-Lee (5-Stars of Linked Open Data) http://5stardata.info/ vs. Tim Davis (5-Stars of Open Data Engagement) http://www.timdavies.org.uk/2012/01/21/5-stars-of-open-data-engagement/ vs. OGD: Ten principles for opening up government information http://sunlightfoundation.com/policy/documents/ten-open-data-principles/ … 11 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 12. 5 Stars Linked Open Data 12 Tim Berners-Lee Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 http://5stardata.info
    • 13. 5-Stars of Open Data Engagement Tim Davis Create Community 13 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 http://msnbcmedia.msn.com/j/MSNBC/Components/Photo/_new/pb-121007-spain-tarragona-pyramid-nj-02.photoblog900.jpg
    • 14. Open Government Data: Ten principles for opening up government information 1. Completeness 2. Primacy (primary source) 3. Timeliness 4. Ease of Physical and Electronic Access 5. Machine readability 6. Non-discrimination 7. Use of Commonly Owned Standards 8. Licensing 9. Permanence 10. Usage Costs 14 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 15. State of the Art What is happening around us? • Globally • Europe • Italy 15 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 16. Open Data Charter - G8 The principles are:  Open Data by Default  Quality and Quantity  Useable by All  Releasing Data for Improved Governance  Releasing Data for Innovation https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/open-data-charter/g8-open-data-charter-and-technical-annex 16 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 http://opensource.com/government
    • 17. Open Data Census (OKF) http://census.okfn.org/ 17 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 http://opensource.com/government
    • 18. http://census.okfn.org/country/ 18 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 http://opensource.com/government
    • 19. Open Data Barometer (ODI) http://census.okfn.org/ 19 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 http://opensource.com/government/13/7/open-data-charter-
    • 20. OGD in Europe screenshots 20 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 http://epsiplatform.eu/content/european-psi-scoreboard
    • 21. OGD in Europe Insert table http://epsiplatform.eu/content/european-psi-scoreboard http://epsiplatform.eu/content/psi-scoreboard-indicator-list 21 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 22. 22 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 http://open-data.europa.eu/
    • 23. OGD in Italy 23 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 http://www.dati.gov.it/content/infografica
    • 24. OGD: Part 2 - Issues 24 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 25. 25 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province Juan Pane, Lorenzino Vaccari of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 08/10/2013 http://evian-thesource.com/kids-having-fun/ http://evian-thesource.com/kids-having-fun/
    • 26. Open Data. Oh ohh Organizational 26 Legal Adoption Barriers Technical Contextual Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province Juan Pane, Lorenzino Vaccari of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 08/10/2013 http://www.wallpapermania.eu/wallpaper/trick-or-treat-cute-pumpkins-lanterns-halloween-wallpaper
    • 27. 27 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 http://de.straba.us/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/barrieres_for_implementation_of_ogd.png
    • 28. Organizational Barriers • Not ready • Lack of resources • IT • Human • Don’t want to be ready 28 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 http://montcomediation.org/images/MCMC_MyWayYourWay.jpg
    • 29. Legal barriers Open the Data All the data that was produced using public money has to be made publicly available (with exceptions) vs Privacy You cannot open data that could allow correlation of private personal data Or the complete lack of legislation! 29 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 30. Adoption barriers  Data is not contextualized  People are not informed  Opening data is a complex task, opening cleaned data is even more complex.  Unclear licenses 30 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 31. Technical Barriers  Access to data:  Organizational  Technical, Downtimes, logins,  Payment fees  Fragmentation, incomplete data, scattered  Format  Cataloging, indexing, search  Lack of explicit semantics, metadata  Data is not reliable  Conflicting standards, models, ontologies 31 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 32. Barriers Zuiderwijk et al 2010 http://www.ejeg.com/issue/download.html?idArticle=255 Listed 118 socio-technical impediments for opening data in the literature.  Findability  Usability  Understandablity  Quality  Linking  Comparability and compatibility  Metadata  …. 32 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 33. Context Barriers  Privileged access to data  Other companies what to avoid legislation of privacy.  Transparency is bad for fraudulent business 33 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 http://img.gawkerassets.com/img/182n8vzdlg1iojpg/original.jpg
    • 34. 34 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 http://netdna.webdesignerdepot.com/uploads/photo_manipulation/manipulation-9.jpg
    • 35. Part 3 - Real Experience 35 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 36. Our story started with GeoData… 36 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 http://www.territorio.provincia.tn.it
    • 37. 5 Stars Linked Geo Data Catalog DBpedia 37 TrentinoGeoData Freebase Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 38. The “Open Data in Trentino” project • The “Open Data in Trentino” project is a 3 years initiative finalized to develop an open data infrastructure to enhance Service Innovation for Trentino following the PAT strategy for services innovation enabled by ICT. The project will be developed within a partnership between Trento RISE and the Autonomous Province of Trento (PAT) according to the innovation PAT model • Goals • Improved quality of life for citizens • Open Data and local businesses • Transparency • Improved efficiency and productivity 38 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 39. Workplan – Best practices Not only a Project, but also a “Change management process” Best Practices: - 39 Guidelines (metadata, formats, licences) Point of contact (domain, operator) ONE dataset each provider Community Building Distributed catalog Clear Licences Enterprises Courses Contest Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 40. Guidelines Nome (Acronimo) Descrizione Tipo di Dato Estensione del file Comma Separated Value (CSV) Dato tabellare Formato testuale per l'interscambio testuale di tabelle, le cui righe corrispondono a linee e i cui valori delle singole colonne sono separati da una virgola (o punto e virgola) Geographic Markup Language (GML) Dato geografico Formato XML utile allo scambio di dati territoriali di tipo vettoriale vettoriale Keyhole Markup Language (KML) Formato basato su XML creato per gestire dati territoriali in tre dimensioni nei programmi Google Earth, Google Maps Open Document Format (ODF) Formato per l'archiviazione e lo scambio di documenti di testo, fogli di calcolo, diagrammi e presentazioni Resource Description Framework (RDF) Basato su XML, e' lo strumento base proposto da World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) per la codifica, lo scambio e il riutilizzo di metadati strutturati e consente l'interoperabilità tra applicazioni che si scambiano informazioni sul Web ESRI Shapefile (SHP) Lo Shapefile ESRI è un popolare formato vettoriale per sistemi informativi geografici. Il dato geografico viene distribuito normalmente attraverso tre o quattro files (se indicato il sistema di riferimento delle coordinate). Il formato è stato rilasciato da ESRI come formato (quasi) aperto Extensible Markup Language (XML) E' un formato di markup, ovvero basato su un meccanismo che consente di definire e controllare il significato degli elementi contenuti in un documento o in un testo attraverso delle etichette (markup) 40 .csv Dato geografico vettoriale .kml Dato tabellare .odc .gml Dato strutturato .rdf Dato geografico vettoriale .shp, .shx, .dbf, .prj Dato strutturato .xml Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 41. Tecnological platform … Comune Meteo GeoDati Statistica Comune Trasporti Meteo GeoDati Statistica Trento Trasporti Trento 41 … Etc… Etc… Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 42. Data Sources 42 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 43. Data Sources Plan Dati SA T #28 Catasto # 18 S GC CSW #9 Bilanci o PAT #37, 38 A ff F inanziari Consuienze #36 Gestione S trade #16 Immi grazi one #52 P ersonal e P AT #41 Imp Funivie #50 Idrom etri ci #26 Comune T rento update 20 Novembre 43 30 Turism o S TU #53 A genzie F orestali #64 Incendi #65 A ttività Culturalii Dati Progettone#59 #63 S ovr. Beni A rch #60 Dati Motorizzazione Dati Scuola #61 #72 Dati Energia #30 Trentino Cultura #32 S ervzio Europa #56 Dati Traffico Stra #70 20 Dicembre Osservatorio Lavori Pubb #17 T rasporti 2.0 #6 P ub. Eserci zi #49 Gesti oni Patri monialii #71 M in. Linguisti che #48 Ufficio Ri fiuti #34 10 Dati Cons. P rov #3 Attività Form #58 Imp Depurazione #68 Opere Civili #69 El ettorali #35 10 S ervizio Istruzione #57 Ci nform i Stranieri #66 30 10 20 Gennaio Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 30
    • 44. Catalog http://okfn.org (2004) The Open Knowledge Foundation (OKF) is a non-profit organisation founded in 2004 and dedicated to promoting open data and open content in all their forms – including government data, publicly funded research and public domain cultural content. 44 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 45. http://dati.trentino.it* * Available for all the data providers of Trentino   45 Analysis: http://dati.trentino.it/stats Admin: http://dati.trentino.it/admin Harvesting: http://dati.trentino.it/harvest Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 46. Services 46 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 47. Legal Issues Permissions: share, create, adapt Actual interoperability! Constraints: nothing! Permissions: share, create, adapt Actual interoperability! Constraints: nothing! http://www.hoax-slayer.com/images/privacy.jpg http://www.destateparks.com/images/general_info/privacy_policy.jpg 47 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 48. Organizational Issues - Macro 48 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 49. Organizational Issues - Micro 49 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 50. Community building Municipalities Municipalities “Consorzio dei “Consorzio dei Comuni” Comuni” Educational Institutes Educational Institutes “Comunità di Valle” “Comunità di Valle” of Trentino of Trentino Research Institutes Research Institutes Private Companies Private Companies Citizens Citizens 50 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 51. International Community 51 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 52. Also Trentino is going to launch a challenge to build software applications and creative products (multimedia, audiovisual products, posters, illustrations) based on the datasets published on the http://dati.trentino.it open data catalog.  #ODTChallenge will be the official hashtag for our first open data challenge in Trentino!  52 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 53. 53 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 54. 580 datasets provided by 10 departments of PAT… 8 months until now 68.555 visits 7.988 unique visits 2.516 downloads 62,64% new visitors 37,36% returning visitors 20 15 10 6 54 reporting errors asking for new data new suggestions OD Applications Agriculture Culture Geographical Data Welfare Weather Forecast Social policies Statistics Transports …MUNICIPALITY OF TRENTO, and INFORMATICA TRENTINA NOW - ALL the departmnets demand to be involved - Plus other local actors 100% ENTHUSIASTIC REACTIONS Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 55. Want to Know more? A couple of links 55 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 56. 56 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 http://www.theodi.org/
    • 57. 57 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 http://schoolofdata.org/
    • 58. 58 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 http://schoolofdata.org/online-resources/
    • 59. OGD: Part 4 - Applications 59 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 60. Apps4Italy 60 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 61. Best Application: http://parlamento17.openpolis.it/ 61 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 62. Open Bilancio Best Idea: http://opendata.comune.fi.it/open_bilancio/ 62 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 63. Open Source, Open Data, Open Hardware http://limaio.innovacion.pe/ http://www.limaio.com/demo 63 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 64. 64 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 http://www.mysociety.org/2007/more-travel-maps/morehousing
    • 65. Johann MITTHEISZ (CIO der Stadt Wien) Total hours to develop 38 applications: around 2.600 City of Wien saved around 208.000 Euro 65 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 http://www.slideshare.net/BrigitteLutz/keynote-mittheisz-cio-stadt-wien/16
    • 66. Beyond Data (The OpenStreetMap Case) 66 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 67. OpenStreetMap OpenStreetMap project creates and provides geographical data, such as road maps, freely available to anyone. Behind the establishment and growth of the project have been restrictions on use or availability of map information across much of the world and the advent of inexpensive portable satellite navigation devices. OpenStreetMap is a free map of the world, created by someone like you 67 ~ Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 68. 68 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 http://tools.geofabrik.de/mc/?mt0=mapnik&mt1=googlemap&lon=11.12042&lat=46.07224&zoom=18
    • 69. Watercolor maps 69 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 http://content.stamen.com/files/cartography/index_watercolor.html#18.00/46.07204/11.12097
    • 70. From maps to blankets… 70 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 http://softcities.net
    • 71. Sharing Data Globally (the eHabitat example) 71 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 72. The Group of Earth Observation 84 GEO members and 61 Participating organizations 72 Source: http://www.slideshare.net/angeled/geoss © GEO secretariat Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 73. GEOSS Data Sharing Principles • Full and Open Exchange of Data, recognizing Relevant International Instruments and National Policies • Data and Products at Minimum Time delay and Minimum Cost http://www.geoportal.org/web/guest/geo_home 73 • Free of Charge or minimal Cost for Research and Education Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 74. GEOSS for biodiversity 74 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 http://www.eurogeoss-broker.eu/
    • 75. The eHabitat Model 75 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 http://ehabitat-wps.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ehabitat/
    • 76. OGD: Part 5 – Semantic Layer 76 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 77. Available Structured Linked Open Data Open formats Redefenceable Linked The best data is an open data Vs. All data must be perfect 77 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 78. Lack of explicit semantics The real meaning of the data was kept in the developers mind when creating the data 78 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 http://goo.gl/npEHKr
    • 79. Lack of explicit semantics Can lead to things like: 79 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 80. Semantic heterogeneity Difference in the meaning of local data 80 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 81. Available Data Catalog Data Catalog Structured Open formats Redefenceable Linked 81 Entity centric Entity centric Importing tool Importing tool Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 82. Entity centric: Added value Aggregated data Accurate data, manually curated Unique identifiers, distributed perspectives Re-think identifiers Semantified values E1 name name Ignacio P. F. nationality italian born in Paraguay lives in Trento date of birth 1980 affiliation 82 Juan Pane E2 Univ. Trento affiliation PF-UNA Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 83. Entities Real world: is something that has a distinct, separate existence, although it need not be a material (physical) existence. Has a set of properties, which evolve over time. Example: Mental: personal (local) model created and maintained by a person that references and describes a real world entity. Digital: capture the semantics of real world entities, provided by people. 83 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 84. Entity based Semantic Layer: • Address the integration problems due to semantic heterogeneity: • Different formats • Different identifiers • Implicit semantics • Homonyms, synonyms, aliases • Partial knowledge • Knowledge evolution http://www.webfoundation.org/2011/11/5-staropen-data-initiatives/ 84 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 85. The semantic Layer: why? Applications use entities instead of raw data REST/HTTP REST/HTTP Importing Importing Tool Tool Importing Importing Tool Tool v0 85 Importing Importing Tool Tool i Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 i+1
    • 86. Importing steps 1. Selection Schema Matching 3. Data Validation 4. Semantic Enrichment 5. Reconciliation 6. Exporting 7. 86 2. Publishing 8. Take raw data from dati.trentino.it Map to an EntityType Cleanse data Link data to entities/concepts Update/insert entities Export to Entitypedia Publish to dati.trentino.it Get insights about entities Visualization Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 87. 1. Source Selection Import one data file at a time 87 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 88. 2. Schema Matching Select a target type of entity -> correspondences between the input columns and the output attributes nome provincia descrizione Andalo (1047) Provincia di Trento Canazei (1450) Trento Prov. 88 funivie lat long Sorge su un'ampia sella 3 prativa al centro... 654463 712857 Situato all'estremità settentrionale della... 511504 147444 2 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 89. 3. Data Validation Applies format and structure validation and possible automatic transformations needed to have the input data in the expected format. 89 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 90. 4. Semantic Enrichment (1/2) Entity disambiguation : Transform text references into links to existing entities. 90 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 91. 4. Semantic Enrichment (2/2) Natural Language Processing : Extract concepts and entity references from free-text. 91 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 92. 5. Reconciliation Run Identity Management Algorithms to identify each row as a new or existing entity. Result •No Match •Match •Multiple Matches Action: •Use ID •New ID •Ignore Row 92 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 93. 6. Exporting At this point: We know what to export. All values for target attributes conform to the expected format. All text has been semantified (NLP). All textual references to entities are converted to links Each row has an identifier v0 93 i Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 i+1
    • 94. 7. Publishing Put back the semantified entities into CKAN so that the entities can be Open Data and can be found in the same catalog as the original data.  Developers and find the data files of the cleaned, aggregated entities  But can also interact with the entities via the Entitypedia APIs 8. Visualization Search and Navigation 94 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 95. Our Goal TN UK BE 95 ES Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13
    • 96. BEYOND 96 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bq_ZWl1ZXA0
    • 97. Thanks to all the Open Data in Trentino Team and in particular to: Juan Pane, Maurizio Napolitano, Marco Combetto, Moaz Reyad and Luca Paolazzi 97 Lorenzino Vaccari - Autonomous Province of Trento, Trento, Italy - lorenzino.vaccari@provincia.tn.it 20/12/13

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