蘇軾「李白仙詩卷」探研

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《宋代文哲研究集刊》第1期(2011年6月),頁153-196。

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蘇軾「李白仙詩卷」探研

  1. 1. ! ֺ ж Ў ণ ࣴ ‫ ز‬໣ т ಃ ΋ ය 2011 ԃ 6 ДǷ। 153-196 ! Ɏ ឃၸȶ‫؃‬ ҩ ц ၑ ‫ڢ‬ ȷ௤ ं ရ␛nj!ⓒ ᝶ ṱ ࡐ Β ‫ ף‬ᾨ ࿲ V ! ா!‫!؇!ـ‬ ᄢ!!ौ! ȶ‫؃‬ ҩ ц ၑ ‫ڢ‬ȷ౪ ᙠ Р ҏ σ ٬ ѿ ҳ छ ೚ ᓢ Ȃϱ ৠ ࣏ ‫ڍ‬ ॶ Ϥ ِ Ѡ ၑ ȂᏰ ‫ޱ‬ ਲ਼ ᐃ ๋ ‫ݲ‬ ॳ ਿ о Ѕ ‫ڢ‬ґ ࡣ Ρ ᚠ ຾ Ȃᇯ ࣏ ࢐ ឃ ၸ ‫ޟ‬ ਪ ᙺ ȂՄ ‫ڍ‬ ॶ Ϥ ِ Ѡ ၑ Ȃࠌ ೝ ݂ Ρ ॏ Ӫ ࣏ ‫؃‬ ҩ ‫ޟ‬ Ȳΰ ఼ ᝘ Ⴡ ၑ ȳ Ȅ Ԇ ж ᚠ ࣏ ឃ ၸ ‫ ܚ‬ቸ ‫ޟ‬ ਪ ᙺ σ घ Ѳ Ϊ Ꮇ Ӈ Ȃȶ‫؃‬ ҩ ц ၑ ‫ڢ‬ȷ Ϟ ࣢ ິ Ϛ ِ џ ൕ Ȃџ ௔ Ԫ հ ࠢ ‫ۦ‬ ી এ տ ౏ Σ ‫ޟ‬ ं ‫ـ‬ ȇՄ ϱ ৠ ॏ Ӫ ࣏ ‫ ؃‬ҩ ‫ ޟ‬Ȳΰ ఼ ᝘ Ⴡ ၑ ȳ ֏ Ȃ࢐ ։ ‫ ؃‬ҩ ‫ܚ‬ հ Ȃᗙ ঄ ு ୦ ᄼ Ȅ ҏ М ᙏ ϭ ȶ‫؃‬ ҩ ц ၑ ‫ڢ‬ȷ‫ޟ‬ ࢺ ༈ ᇄ ԝ ᙠ ௑ ‫ל‬ Ȃᛳ Ӗ Ᏸ ‫ޱ‬ ᄇ ܻ Ȳΰ ఼ ᝘ Ⴡ ၑ ȳհ ‫ޱ‬ ‫ޟ‬ Ϛ ӣ َ ၌ Ȃ᝷ Մ ௤ ଆ ө ឃ ၸ ༈ ႀ Ԫ ၑ ‫ޟ‬ ၾ ρ ϝ ϯ υ ‫ޟ‬ ٘ Ӌ ȃϝ ϯ υ ᇄ ឃ ၸ Ѕ ‫ڏ‬ ‫ں‬ ᜞ Ρ ‫ސ‬ ‫ޟ‬ Һ ၽ ᜰ ߽ȂϷ ‫ݙ‬ Ԫ ၑ џ ૖ ‫ޟ‬ հ ‫ޱ‬ ȄӔ ௃ ၑ ጕϱ ৠ ‫ޟ‬ ၾ ఀ ၽ ц Փ ி ȃ ଊ Ӫ ‫؃‬ ҩ ‫ޟ‬ ౪ ຫ Ȃ፣ क़ ‫ڏ‬ М ᝦ ཎ ဎ Ȅശ ࡣ ᄇ Ш ӣ ਢ ෈ ឃ ၸ ‫ޟ‬ ਪ ᙺ Ȃԃȶࢾ ৳ ࢌ Փ ፭ ȷȶϛ ό ȃ ‫ݘ‬ ௔ ፭ ȷȂо ᡗ Ұ ȶ‫؃‬ ҩ ц ၑ ‫ڢ‬ȷ‫ޟ‬ ᛺ ೚ ቋ ঄ ȄɎ ҏМቸհ෈໢ෆငᒑ॓σ٬ᇔ໱ं‫ـ‬ၥਟȂ‫ܛ‬ ᇌ σ٬ѿ ҳ छ ೚ ᓢ ϖ ഏ ໪ Ϟ ӑ ҡ ‫ڞ‬ օ ҧ ፜ অ ᢎ ȶ‫؃‬ ҩ ц ၑ ‫ڢ‬ ȷȂо ЅР ҏᏰ ‫ ޱ‬ᚠ ຾ Ϟ ȶឃ ‫ ۃݍ‬ਪ‫ ؃‬Њ ҩ ц ၑ Π ॶ ઍ ᙺ ୙ ‫ڢ‬ ȷ Ȃ‫ٮ‬ ֙ ‫ޣ‬ ߡ ഋ ‫ ܘ‬ԩ ॢ ԝ ᙠ ȶ‫ ؃‬ҩ ц ၑ ‫ ڢ‬ȷ ۖ Ϟ ґ Ȃᙱ Ԫ ౏ म ᗂ ‫ ף‬Ȅ
  2. 2. ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! 154 ‫ ⁞ ׶‬࿲ ♭ ≿ ⓡ ╝ ⎅ ! Ιȃ ȶ ‫؃‬ ҩ ц ၑ ‫ڢ‬ ȷ‫ޟ‬ ࢺ ༈ ᇄ ԝ ᙠ ! ȶ‫؃‬ ҩ ц ၑ ‫ڢ‬ ȷ1ন ࣏ ߡഋ ‫ܘ‬ ԩ ॢ 2 Ȟ1868-1937ȟӑ ҡ ড় ᙟ ᙠ Ȅߡ ഋ ‫ܘ‬ ԩ ॢ ў ж Ϟ ࡣ Ȃ‫ڏ‬ υ ߡഋ ‫׃‬ ԩ ॢ ܻ 1943 ԑᒳ ‫ڏ‬ ᒸ ᡥ Ȃ஠ հ ࠢ ச 3 ᜒ σ ٬ ѿ ҳ छ ೚ ᓢ Ȃ౪ ࣏ Р ҏ १ ौ М Ͻ ଒ Ȅ ȶ‫؃‬ ҩ ц ၑ ‫ڢ‬ ȷଽ 34.4 ϴ Ϸ Ȃߝ 111.1 ϴ Ϸ Ȃẁ ߆ ᆕ ા ҏ Ȃΰ ਪϤ ِ Ѡ ၑ ‫ڍ‬ ॶ Ȑߕ კ 1ȑȈ ᆈഖ΍ᨏᩍၹ▋ ᔾ ᡰ ‫چ‬ ‫چ‬ Ҵ‫ٶ‬ Í ਂ ᨴ ἤ ၹᾨၵᾨׂ ∹ ┶ၶ⌀ ᅴ ᾄ ⊾ ╋ Ҵ☱ ׂ ‫ـ‬ ᾴ ৐ ၹ᎓ ⑝ ϭ ᰶ ̯ ҴᏟ ‫ء‬ ⛊ Δ ͜ ၹϐ ̄ ᾈ ╪ ᔪ Ҵᔬ ⍻ ⏭ ᪭ { ၹ᪣ ࿲ ᲆ ᮷ ᮷ ҴĐ ᅸ Ⓖ   Ἓ ၹί ೦ ⁔ ‵ ಪ Ҵ 1 ᜰ ܻ Ԫ ਪ‫ڢ‬ ‫ ޟ‬Ӫ ᆎ Ȃᐣ ‫پ‬ ๿ ᓃ ౱ Ԥ ୤ ৯ Ȅ఼ ф ଽ ρ ‫ ۉ‬Ȯ԰ ؆ ᎛ ে ᓃ ȯ‫ ڢ‬έ ๿ ᓃ ࣏ȶ‫ ׈‬ឃ М‫܆‬ ϴ ਪ‫ ؃‬Њ ҩ ၑ ‫ ڢ‬ȷ Ȅ఼ ф ֔ ݇ Ȯσᢎ ᓃ ȯ Ϥ ๿ ‫ڢ‬ ᓃ ࣏ȶЊ ҩ ၑ ‫ڢ‬ ȷ Ȅ σ٬ѿ ҳ छ ೚ ᓢ ๿ ᓃ ࣏ȶ‫ ؃‬ҩ ц ၑ ਪ‫ڢ‬ ȷ σ٬ѿ Ȅَ ҳ छ ೚ ᓢ ጡȈ Ȯߡ ഋ ᥝ ᦖ ᥙ ᥡ ᦑ ᦝ ϛ ୽ ᛲ ห Ҭ ᳷ȯȞσ٬Ȉσ٬ѿ Ȃ ҳ छ ೚ ᓢ Ȃ1954 ԑȟȄσ٬ѿ ҳ छ ೚ ᓢ ጡȈȮσ٬ѿ ҳ छ ೚ ᓢ ᙠ ϛ ୽ ᛲ ห ȯȞ‫ٵݍ‬Ȉ෉ Ȃ Р ཱི ᆸ ‫ޥ‬ Ȃ1975 ԑȟȄ๋ ‫ݧ ޱ‬ ཎ ‫ڗ‬ ਪ‫ڢ‬ Ѵ ‫ ޟ‬ᚠ ᛫ Ԥ ȶ‫׈‬ ឃ М‫܆‬ ϴ ਪ‫؃‬ Њ ҩ ц ၑ ઍ ᙺ ȷȞᆒ ྩ ឃ ਴ ল જ ᙠ ӎ ᆱ Ҧ ٛ [1904]۟ ь ଄ ȟ ȇਪ‫ ࠉ ڢ‬Е ॶ Ԥ д ᘄ ᆱ ਪȶឃ М‫ ܆‬ਪЊ ҩ ц ၑ ઍ ᙺ ડ ࠢ ΰ ΰ ᠁ ᘍ જ ᙠ ȷ ก Ȃ௰ ȶц ၑ ȷ‫ ޟ‬Ӫ ᆎ σ྅ ӵ ఼ ஶ ᅨ ԑ໢д ᘄ ᆱ ਢ ॏ ۡ Ȅ 2 ߡ ഋ ‫ܘ‬ ԩ ॢ Ȃဴ ಓ ࢸ Ȃю ҡ ܻ ฅ ຳ ᑪ Ȅኊ ᔖ ဎ ჩ σᏰ ౳ ཾ Ȅ‫ ࢷݍ‬લ ᕼ ੁ Ԓ ོ ‫ޥ‬ ‫ޥ‬ ߝ Ȃ1931 ԑሻ ᒵ ິ ఊ ଱ ដ ষ Ȅԝ ᙠ Ԥ ϛ ୽ ਪห ኵ Ի Ӈ Ȃ‫ ڏ‬ϛ घ ‫ڍ‬ Ի Ӈ ᒵ ѐ ࣏Ȯౝ ᠗ ᓢ ‫ ݠ‬፬ ȯȞσ٬Ȉി Мஆ Ȃ1930 Ѕ 1939 ԑȟ Ȃ಑ 1 ᒮЅ಑ 2 ᒮȄ 3 ȶ‫ ؃‬ҩ ц ၑ ‫ڢ‬ ȷ‫ޟ‬ ߖ ԑ৤ ю ყ ᓃ ၌ ᇳ Ȃџ ୤ ࣼ σ٬ѿ ҳ छ ೚ ᓢ Ȃ‫ ޥ‬ღ ‫ ݲ‬Ρ Р ҏ ਪ᛺ ଱ Ȃΰ੕ി ‫ސ‬ ᓢ ጡ໱Ȉ Ȯσ٬ѿ ҳ छ ೚ ᓢ ᙠ ΰ੕ി ‫ސ‬ ᓢ ᙠ ϛ ୽ ਪห Ӫ ࠢ ყ ᓃ ȯȞσ٬Ȉ Ȃ Ȯϛ ୽ ਪห Ӫ ࠢ ৤ ȯᄂ ՗ ‫ۏ‬ ষ ོ Ȃ1994 ԑȟȄσ٬ѿ ҳ छ ೚ ᓢ ጡ໱Ȉ Ȯ੕᥉෮ᤚ ᤖ ϛ ኡ ᤥਪ! ᥒ ᦔ ᥔ ᥭ ᥲ ঘᥝ ᦖ ᥙ ᥡ ᦑ ᦝ ᤟۠ ϯ ᤥӪ ᙺ ȯ ȂȞ‫ݍ‬ ‫ٵ‬Ȉ᠞ ፲ ཱི ᆸ ‫ޥ‬ Ȃ2003 ԑȟ Ȅ
  3. 3. ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ॢ ቙ ҽᆹ ⃨ ⁔ හ ⓲ Ҿญ ≿ ! 155 ‫ ܆‬ᅃ † ᾲ ┶ၹ២ ᚎ ℰ ϧ ᠧ Ҵ⋨ ֻ ⛿ ໥ ⒑ ၹ⒑ ⃗ ደ ، Ҵၣ ౼ Ǩ Ǩ ṋ ၹ᪼ ᪼ ၹ ᅳ ⋄ Ҵ⑳ ౼ ⓪ Î ƒ ၹdž ⃗ ఴ ᣮ ἖ Ҵඤ ֻ ⁠ ྇ ┶ၹย ╼ ι Ꮥ ᳴ Ҵ! ‵ ᾊ ᱘ ᾅ ݊ ၹ⋄ ᤰ ࡒ ϸ ⅌ Ҵ႐ ᰃ ƹ ᒤ ᮈ ၹၐ բ ⒑ ࡐ ᎍ Ҵ╥ ≐ ᩃ ᪍ စ ၹᾈ ι ᩑ ‫ޘ‬ ጬ Ҵ౼ ၿ ᰶ ḃ Ⴍ ၹ௃ ೦ ῡ ˂ ̞ Ҵ᪭ ᇩ ᪟ ᆈ ᩹ၹƔ ⅲ ۜ ᾆ ᆼ Ҵ၍ ᗦ ၹ ᅳ ẟ ၹᮌ ਔ Ḧ ἳ ẝ Ҵ੠ ᗏ ύ Ҍ ᪼ ၹ ᣒ š ⃦ ‫ݼ‬ ‫ ބ‬Ҵᓤ ޲ ⅹ ⃲ ா ၹႊ ဂ Ⅺ ╪ ූ Ҵ! ၑ ࡣ ဣ ෡ ȶϯ ઝ Τ ԑΜ Т Ϊ Р ϝ ϯ ඈ ༈ Ԫ Π ၑ ȷȄࡸ ѕ ‫׈‬ ঱ ۠ ϯ ઝ Τ ԑ։ ՙ ϯ 1093 ԑȂҏ հ ࠢ ᗶ Ґ ဍ Ӫ Ȃҥ ‫ڢ‬ ࡣ ᚠ ຾ ு ‫ޣ‬ Ν ю ܻ ឃ ၸȞ1037-1101ȟϞ ๋ Ȃ࿋ ਢ ឃ ၸϤ Ϊ Τ ྑ Ȃӵ ‫ٵ‬ ৱ Ȃԑ‫ۻ‬ ᙽ ӈ ۡ Ԏ Ȅ ȶ‫؃‬ ҩ ц ၑ ‫ڢ‬ ȷ‫ޟ‬ ᚠ ຾ ‫ޱ‬ ѓ ࢂ ߜ ф ጾ ‫ݘ‬ ԑȞ1107-1159ȟȃࢊ ۣ ҡ Ȟ@-1160ȟ ቓ ‫ ث‬ȃ ȃ ଽỞ Ȟ@-1167ȟ ጾ ੶ Ȟ@-1174ȟ ݂ ෉ ȃ Ȃ ஻ ආ Ȟ1425-1487ȟ Ȃ ఼ Ρ ଽρ ‫ ۉ‬Ȟ1645-1794ȟ ȃؕ ኈ ዖ Ȟ1673-1769ȟ Ȅҥᚠ຾Ѕ໛ӟுَȂ ਪ‫ޟڢ‬ ᐣ ‫پ‬ԝ ᙠ ‫ޱ‬ ѓ ࢂ ጾ ‫ݘ‬ ԑȃϯ ф ൖ ᙎ ԙ ȃ݂ ф ങ ᖾȃగ պ ၷ ȃЩ ਣȐ1599 -1659ȑ ȃ఼ ф д ᘄ ᆱ Ȑ1645-1723ȑ ȃଽ ρ ‫ ۉ‬Ȑ1645-1794ȑ ȃؕ ኈ ዖ ȃቓ ৽ Ȑ1759-1816ȑ ȃแ ྇ ဎ Ȑӕ ‫ ݯ‬ԃ໔ Γ ȑȃឃϯ ࿅ ้ΡȄ ጾ ‫ݘ‬ ԑԅ ղ ஀ ȂՌ ဴ ᒃ ໡ Ղ ΡȄ‫ݬ‬ ѕ ઍ ۡ ΡȄѕ ‫׈‬ ᔕ ۠ ࡇ ‫ڷ‬ ґ ԑ ௃ Ю ᒑ ጾ Ⴎ Ԉ ᐸ ό Ȃռ ఁ ᓍ Ю ६ ܻ ߜ ȄЈ ོ ԑ໢ ௲ ઍ ۡ ‫ۺ‬ ր ۢ Ȅс Ս ѡ Ҵ ࣺ Ȃࡌ ፏ ୽ ϴ Ȃ‫ڝ‬ ࡞ М ᙏ Ȅጾ ‫ݘ‬ ԑҐ ӵ ᚠ຾ϛ ፙ Ѕԝ ᙠ ȶ‫؃‬ҩ цၑ ‫ڢ‬ȷ‫ޟ‬ င ႆ Ȃ‫ڏ‬ υ ጾ ੶ Ѕࢊ ۣ ҡ ‫ޟ‬ ᚠ຾ࠌ ᡗ Ұ Ο հ ࠢ ឴ ܻ ጾ ‫ݘ‬ ԑȄ ࢊ ۣ ҡ ԅ ݂ ఖ Ȃߗ ‫ݡ‬ ΡȐϡ ӳ ୢ Ƞ ύ Ԁ ໣ ȡ բ ੅ ࠤ Γ ȑ ȂՌ ဴ έ ՞ Ղ ΡȄҏ ӵ ᔕ ۠ ࢇ ‫ڷ‬ Ѳ ԑ Ȑ 1114 ȑ ෈ ໢ ࣏ ᑗ Ԏ ఀ ۢ Ȃᇄሁ х ≽ Ȑ1061-1134ȑҺ ၽ Ȅѕ ‫׈‬ ྞ ι ࡣ Σ ߜ Ȃ࣏ ᑱ ‫ݓ‬ Ᏸ ρ Ȅࢊ ۣ ҡ ӵ ᚠ຾ϛ ඪ ‫ ڗ‬ȶҴ ࣺ ጾ ፏ ϴ ȷȶፏ ȃ ϴ ȷȶᒃ ȃ ໡ ȷਢȂέ ࡙ Ѫ ଔ Ι՗ Ȃᇳ ‫ ڗ‬ȶ᏾ ԤՄ ᙠ Ϟ ‫ޱ‬ ȷ Ȃζ ࢐ Ѫ ଔ Ι՗ Ȃߒ ౪ Ο ᄇܻ ጾ ‫ݘ‬ ԑ‫ޟ‬ ཱ१ Ȅ ጾ ੶ ࣏ ጾ ‫ݘ‬ ԑߝ υ Ȃԅ ғ ‫ ط‬Ȅෆ ӈ ᑱ ‫ݓ‬ ও እ Ȃӣ ‫ޣ‬ ‫ڙ‬ ᇴ Ȃ‫׽‬ᅜഋ

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