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Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
Conferencia José Manuel Torralba
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Conferencia José Manuel Torralba

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Instituto IMDEA Materiales de la Comunidad de Madrid: una experiencia basada en el liderazgo y la atención de talento.

Instituto IMDEA Materiales de la Comunidad de Madrid: una experiencia basada en el liderazgo y la atención de talento.

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  • ..
  • Electrode Induction Melting Gas Atomization (EIGA)-Crucible free technique. Prealloyed rod is required.-The tip of the rod is heated up and the melt drops into the center of a gas nozzle, where the melt is atomized by Ar gas.-By an electric drive the consuming electrode can be feed into the induction coil. The melt flow rate can be controlled by the induction power applied, and by the downward velocity of the road
  • Transcript

    • 1. Instituto IMDEA Materiales de la Comunidad de Madrid: una experiencia innovadora basada en el liderazgo y la atracción de talento José Manuel Torralba Instituto IMDEA Materiales, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid
    • 2. IMPOSSIBLE IS NOTHING 2
    • 3. 1987 1996 2008 4
    • 4. 1987-1995 > 1.000 k€ > 10 PhD thesis > 80 papers JCR 5
    • 5. ‹#›
    • 6. IMDEA es una red de organizaciones independientes de investigación, sin animo de lucro, promovidas por el gobierno de la Comunidad de Madrid
    • 7. MISSION MISION - Realizar investigación de excelencia - Promover la transferencia de tecnología a la industria y mejorar la competitividad - Atraer talento a la Comunidad de Madrid
    • 8. Investigación de excelencia - Publicar en las mejores revistas (non multa sed multum) - Definir progamas de investigación y capacidades - Visibilidad internacional - Referencia en la dirección y tutorización - Liderazgo Transferencia de tecnología - Colaboración estratégica con empresas (nacionales y multinacionales) - La colaboración con la industria se basa en proyectos de investigación (que permita publicar o patentar), no en desarrollo de ingeniería o ensayos. - Las patentes siempre pensando en licenciarlas. - Transferencia de talento a la industria. Atracción de talento - Crear un ambiente que facilite atraer talento de forma individual de cualquier lugar del mundo Jovenes investigadores que quieran formar su grupo de investigación independiente y con potencial para conseguir una ERC StG En qué areas queremos ser una referencia internacional?
    • 9. MISSION Algunos comentarios - Para que una mesa de tres patas se mantenga estable y plana, las tres patas tienen que tener la misma longitud. - Para hacer investigación de excelencia, hay que atraer talento. - El gobierno y la sociedad (los políticos) son muy sensibles a la transferencia de tecnología. - Necesitamos socios industriales para cubrir el presupuesto (especialmente en la actual situación económica) - Colaboración en equipo vs. metas individuales
    • 10. La iniciativa IMDEA ha promovido siete institutos independientes en distintas áreas (agua, alimentación, energía, materiales, nanociencia, redes y software).
    • 11. ORGANIZACION DEL INSTITUTO PATRONATO COMISION PERMANENTE COMITE CIENTIFICO CONSEJO DIRECCION Director, Director Adjunto, Gerente COMITÉ TECNICO 2 semanas COMITE DE GESTION Director, Director Adjunto, Gerente, Director técnico, Groupleaders Gerente, Director Técnico, Direccion personal Mes. 2 semanas CONSEJO INSTITUTO Director, Director Adjunto, Gerente, Groupleaders, representantes PhD 3 meses
    • 12. El instituto IMDEA Materiales está gobernado por un patronato que incluye (4) representantes de la Comunidad de Madrid, (4) instituciones de investigación (UPM, UCM, UC3M, CSIC), (5) científicos de prestigio internacional y la industria (ITP, Airbus, Gamesa, Alciturri, Antolín)
    • 13. Prof. Dr. Manuel Elices Professor Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. Spain Prof. Dr. Dierk Raabe Director Max-Planck Institute for Iron Research (MPIE) RWTH Aachen University. Germany Dr. Pedro Muñoz-Esquer Independent Consultant Prof. Dr. Peter Gumbsch Director Fraunhofer Institute for Mechanics of Materials (IWM) University of Karlsruhe. Germany Prof. Dr. Eugenio Oñate Director CIMNE Universidad Politécnica de Cataluña. Spain Prof. Dr. Andreas Mortensen Director Institute of Materials Ecole Federale Polytechnique of Lausanne (EPFL). Switzerland Prof. Dr. Rodolfo Miranda Director IMDEA Nanoscience Institute Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. Spain Prof. Dr. Brian Cantor University of Bradford. UK Dr. Gary Savage Independent Consultant Prof. Dr. Bill A. Curtin Ecole Federale Polytechnique of Lausanne (EPFL). Switzerland Prof. Dr. Bill Clyne Cambridge University. UK Prof. Dr. John R. Willis Cambridge University. UK Prof. Dr. John E. Allison Univ. of Michigan. USA Prof. Dr. Yiu-Wing Mai Director Centre for Advanced Materials Prof. Dr. Randall M. German Technology (CAMT) Associate Dean of University of Sydney. Engineering Australia San Diego State University. USA 18
    • 14. RESEARCH LINES Tratamos de combinar investigación aplicada (de acuerdo con los intereses a medio plazo de los socios industriales) con investigación fundamental (topicos en la frontrera del conocimiento que nos propicie liderazgo tecnológico a largo plazo).
    • 15. PERSONNEL Llamadas internacionales (2007, 2008 & 2010) para reclutar investigadores de plantilla - Más de 300 solicitudes de 35 países - Evaluación preliminar del Comité Científico (≈ 10%) - Selección final después de entrevista En la actualidad: - 68 investigadores de 15 países: 7 senior, 8 junior, 3 visitantes, 13 postdoctorales, 37 doctorandos. - 50% de los investigadores extranjeros - 70% de los doctores hicieron el doctorado fuera de España: España: UPM (4), UPC, UPV, UCM (4), Univ. de Valladolid, Univ. de Zaragoza, … Europa: Cambridge (2), Max Planck for Iron Research, Delft University of Technology, University of Leoben, Dublin City University, Grenoble INP, … America: MIT, UC Berkeley, Dayton University, State Univ. Campinas, … Asia: India Institute of Technology, NIMS Japan, China Central South University, Sichuan University, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Seoul National University, …
    • 16. Design & Simulation Composite Structures Dr. C. S. Lopes Structural Composites Dr. C. Gonzalez Solidification Processing & Engineering Dr. S. Milenkovic Solid State Processing Prof. J.M. Torralba Nano-Architectures & Materials Design Dr. R. Guzmán de Villoria Physical Metallurgy Dr. M. T. Perez-Prado Multifunctional Nanocomposites Dr. J. J. Vilatela Physical Simulation Dr. I. Sabirov Computational Alloy Design Dr. Y. W. Cui Polymer Nanocomposites Dr. D. Y. Wang Mechanics of Materials Prof. J. LLorca Atomistic Materials Modeling Dr. I. Martín-Bragado Theoretical & Applied Mechanics Prof. P. Ponte-Castañeda Multiscale Materials Modeling Dr. J. Segurado Nanomechanics & Micromechanics Dr. J. M. Molina RESEARCH GROUPS
    • 17. RESEARCH PROGRAMS Next generation of Composites Nanomaterials & Nanomechanics -Graphene and 2D materials, nanotubes and nanofibers -Nanomaterials for energy generation and storage -Nanomechanics -In situ characterization of materials at the nm and µm scale Novel Alloy Design, Processing & Development - Metallic alloys for high temperature structural applications (Ni/Co, TiAl, NiAl, etc.) - Light alloys and their composites - Casting, solidification & welding - Optimization of properties by means of thermo-mechanical treatments - Low-cost processing of high performance composites (out-ofautoclave, hot-forming, in-situ consolidation of thermoplastics) - New frontiers of structural performance (high temperature, impact, self-healing, nonconventional lay-up configuration) - Composites with multifunctional capabilities (fire resistance, electrical and thermal conductivity) Integrated Computational Materials Engineering - Virtual design, virtual processing and virtual testing - Multiscale materials modelling (molecular mechanics, kinetic MonteCarlo, computational thermodynamics, phase-field, finite element, homogenization, etc.)
    • 18. SINGULAR RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES Carbon Nanotube Fibre Spinning Reactor CVD Reactor to manufacture graphene, 2D materials & nanotubes Processing of structural composites (pultrusion, RTM, infiltration, hot-press) Injection processing of polymer and polymer nanocomposites Directional solidification and casting Thermo-mechanical processing of metallic alloys (Gleeble 3800) X-ray computer-assisted tomography scanner Dual-beam FIB FEGSEM with EBSD In situ mechanical testing (SEM, AFM, XCT) at high temperature (700ºC) Fire testing (cone calorimeter, UL94, LOI) Nanoindentors (up to 750ºC) High performance computer cluster (232 processors)
    • 19. RESULTS (2012) Publications, conferences and patents - 65 articles in SCI Journals: Acta Mater (4), J Mech Phys Solids, Phys Rev Let, Int J Plasticity (2), Carbon (2), Langmuir, Chem Sus Chem, Composites Sci Techno (4), Scripta Mater (2), Metall Mater Trans A (3), etc. - Organization of 6 international symposia - 23 plenary/keynote lectures at international Conferences - 20 invited seminars at universities and research centers (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Beijing University of Science and Technology, Oxford University, Cambridge University, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Osaka University, Arizona State University, - 2 patent submissions, 2 software packages licensed - 2 PhD theses and 7 MEng theses. 33 PhD theses on going. Current research projects: 38 - 1 regional, 3 national, 15 european, 6 international and 13 industrial
    • 20. PROYECTOS INVESTIGACION ACTIVOS Structural composites and nanocomposites: - IMS&CPS (Electrical prop. & fire resistance nanocomposites, EU 7th FP, NMP) - Fire retardant polymer nanocomposites (Tolsa) - Development of shields against high velocity impact on A30X fuselage, Airbus) - SELF HEALING (Self-healing polymer-matrix composites, Acciona) - Semi-cured processing of structural composites (Airbus) - NFRP (Nano-Engineered Fiber-Reinforced Polymers, EU 7th FP, People) - MUFIN (New multifunctional fiber for new multifunctional composites, EU 7th FP) - MUDATCOM (Damage-tolerant, multifunctional structural composites, MEC) Integrated Computational Materials Engineering: - MICROMECH (microstructure-based modelling of IN718, EU 7th FP, JTI) - SIMCREEN (Simulation for screening properties of composites, Airbus) - VMD (Virtual Materials Design platform, Abengoa Research) - MODENA (Mutiscale modeling of PU foams, EU 7th FP, NMP) - ICMEg (Integrated Computational Materials Engineering Network, EU 7th, NMP)
    • 21. PROYECTOS INVESTIGACION ACTIVOS Nanomechanics: - RADINTERFACE (Nanoscale metallic multilayers, EU 7th FP, NMP) - NANOLAM (Metal-ceramic multilayers, USA-Spain Materials World Network) - HOTNANOMECH (Nanomechanics of strong solids at high temperature, MEC) Advanced metallic materials: - MAGMAN (Mg-RE alloys, USA-Spain Materials World Network) - TiAlES (Processing & simulation of TiAl, ITP) - VANCAST (Casting of superalloy NGV, ERA-Net Matera+, EU 7th FP) - LIMEDU (Nanostructured Al and Ti by SPD, ERA-Net Matera+, EU 7th FP) - NEWQP (Advanced high strength steels by QP process, EU, RFCS) - VINAT (Ti-based nanomaterials, EU 7th FP, NMP) - EXOMET (Novel liquid processing routes of light alloys, EU 7th FP, NMP) - NECTAR (Advanced NiAl-based Eutetic Alloys, EU 7th FP, People) - PILOTMANU (Advanced manufacturing metals & cemets, EU, 7th FP, SME)
    • 22. PROYECTOS INVESTIGACION ACTIVOS Materials for electronics: - MasID (Modeling of advanced semiconductor integrated device, Global Foundries Pte. Ltd., Singapore) - MASTIC (MonteCarlo simulation of technological crystals, EU, 7th FP, People) - COMPOSE3 (Compound Semiconductors for 3D integration, EU, 7th FP, ICT) Materials for energy: - CARINHYPH (Nanocarbon-inorganic hybrids for photocatalysis, EU 7th FP, NMP)
    • 23. • • • • • PM steels Iron Base Cermets Powder injection moulding PM Titanium Alloys Aluminium and magnesium matrix composites • Intermetallics • Coatings • Spray pyrolysis 28
    • 24. PM Ti alloys Ti Design of new low-cost Ti alloys •Modification of composition: sustitution of V for Fe •Conventional PM techniques : pressing and sintering Development of full dense PM Ti alloys •Consolidation for: •Pressing & Sintering HIP, Hot Pressing •Heat treatments •Ti-6Al-4V •Ti-3Al-2.5V •Ti-6Al-7Nb 29
    • 25. PM Ti alloys Ti Design of new low-cost Ti alloys 1, 3, 5 7 wt% Fe ASC Ti (HDH) + 1, 3, 5, 7 wt% Fe Carbonyl primary Fe-25Ti Master Alloy Ti-7Fe (carbonyl) alloy sintered at 1300ºC-1h-5ºC/min. 30
    • 26. PM Ti alloys Comparison among materials UTS comparable to wrought Ti-6Al-4V Ingot Metallurgy Powder Metallurgy 31
    • 27. PM Ti alloys Ti Development of full dense PM Ti alloys Prealloyed powder Ti-6Al-4V HDH Elemental Ti HDH + Master Alloy HEM Elemental Al Al:V (35:65) Al:V (60:40) CB Ti64 PA CB: Conventional blending HEM: High Energy Milling Ti64 MA 32
    • 28. PM Ti alloys Properties of Ti6Al4V alloy obtained from prealloyed powders (PA) and master alloys (MA), sintered at different temperatures. Comparison to wrought Ti (*) Ti6Al4V alloy from MA powders, sintered at 1250ºC-2h. UTS [MPa] Ti (grade 4) Ti-6Al-4V (annealed) 550 - 662 900 - 993 (*) Guide to Engineered Materials (GEM 2002), Advanced Materials and Processes, Vol. 159, Issue 12, p29-184 December 2001 33
    • 29. Ti base alloys by PM Design of alloys Coloidal processing Agomerates of particles and sintered material “net-shape” or “nearnet shape” technologies Ti-6Al-7Nb: 1350°C – 2h Homogeneous microstructure Competitive properties (UTS > 900 MPa)
    • 30. • • • • • Outline PM steels Iron Base Cermets Powder injection moulding PM Titanium Alloys Aluminium and magnesium matrix composites • Intermetallics • Coatings • Spray pyrolysis 35
    • 31. SECUENCIA DE FABRICACIÓN Al matrix composites Powder developed by mechanical alloying Preform by uniaxial pressing or CIP Hot extrusion without canning and degassing 36
    • 32. Al matrix composites 20 m 37
    • 33. The side views of the specimens compressed at (a) different temperatures and strain rates to a strain of about 0.8, (b) 200 °C and 0.01 s-1 to the strains of about 1.2 and 1.6. 38
    • 34. The processing maps of AZ91 alloy developed at the strain of 0.1 (up) and 0.5 (down) 39
    • 35. • • • • • Outline PM steels Iron Base Cermets Powder injection moulding PM Titanium Alloys Aluminium and magnesium matrix composites • Intermetallics • Coatings • Spray pyrolysis 40
    • 36. Intermetallics Ti4522XD, Ti-45Al-2Nb-2Mn-0.8(%v.) TiB2 I. Centrifugal casting (CC): Access e. V. TechCenter I.1. CC-blades: II. PM – Prealloyed Powder R. Gerling et al: Adv. Eng. Mat, 2004, vol. 6, N. 1-2 I.2. CC- samples: II.1. PM - HIP II.2. PM – FAHP Field assisted hot pressing + Heat Treatments 41
    • 37. Intermetallics Ti4522XD, Ti-45Al-2Nb-2Mn-0.8(%v.) TiB2 II. PM – Prealloyed Powder Electrode Induction Melting Gas Atomization (EIGA) R. Gerling et al: Adv. Eng. Mat, 2004, vol. 6, N. 1-2 42
    • 38. Intermetallics Experimental procedure: Material and Processing Ti4522XD, Ti-45Al-2Nb-2Mn-0.8(%v.) TiB2 II.1. PM – Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) 300 Heating rate: <10°C/min HIP conditions: temperature: 1185°C ±10 Dwell Dwell pressure: 1720bar ±50 Dwell time: 240min ±15 Cooling rate: <10°C/min Atmosphere: Argon Intensity (counts) 250 200 150 100 50 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Angle (‫)؛‬ 43 70 80 90 100
    • 39. Ti4522XD, Ti-45Al-2Nb-2Mn-0.8(%v.) TiB2 II.2. PM – FAHP (Field assisted hot pressing) Nearly lamellar microstructure 44
    • 40. TiAl base composites TiAl + Al2O3 (+ Al Ti2C) • Near full density Sintering High energy milling Compaction LP CIP Reactive Vacuum Verde Sinterizado TiAl Al2O3  Mecanizado • Low porosity (avoiding HIP) • 30% - 40% volumen • „In situ‟ formation of the reinforcement
    • 41. Sol-gel coatings Porous coatings Titanium, 316L stainless steel Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2 COATINGS AND SURFACE MODIFICATION Termochemical coatings Surface activity Electrochemistry activity Oxidation Biocompability 46
    • 42. Spray pyrolysis “as prepared” particles Primary particles MET - 500 ºC LiFePO4 system Primary 30 nm 50 nm particles: <
    • 43. ¡¡¡GRACIAS P R SU ATENCION!!! ¿Preguntas? 48

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