Leybold Web20 Expo

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Leybold Web20 Expo

  1. 1. BV CAPITAL Web 2.0 Business Models Web 2.0 Expo Berlin November 2007 BV CAPITAL
  2. 2. Agenda Follow the traffic (and then worry about the money) ▪ Social Networks and Communities ▪ Traffic, Advertising, Examples ▪ Video ▪ Traffic, Sustainability, Monetization, Examples ▪ Local ▪ Market, Monetization, Examples 30 BV CAPITAL 2
  3. 3. Social Networks and Communities 1 Ya hoo! 2 Goo gle 3 YouTube 4 MSN 5 Windows Live 6 My Spa ce Over the last 2-3 years, 7 Facebook 8 Wikiped ia social networks and 9 Hi5 communities have emerged Rank Rank Web site 10 Ork ut 1 as massive traffic drivers. 11 Rapidsha re .co m 2 12 Blog ger 3 13 Ba id u 4 5 14 Meg auploa d 6 15 Friend ster 7 16 Ya hoo Japa n 8 17 QQ (China) 9 18 Micro soft 10 19 Fotolo g 20 EBay Source: Alexa World Top 100 Sites, Nov 4th, 2007 30 BV CAPITAL 3
  4. 4. Social Networks and Communities ▪ MySpace alone ≥ 6% of US online visits ▪ <4% of US online advertising spent across all US Social Networks 30 $US [B] 25.0 24 Rank 18 12 6 0.9 0 2007 US Online 2007 US Social Ad Spend Networking Ad Spend Source: Goldman Sachs 10/07, eMarketer 05/07, Piper Jaffray 02/07 ▪ Alternative to ads: Virtual items. (Cyworld Korea: $100M++ revenue, $7 ARPU/year) 30 BV CAPITAL 4
  5. 5. Social Networks and Communities So if advertising is tough, how can Social Networks be a viable business ? ▪ If they are viral - extremely low customer acquisition cost ▪ Critical mass of users in each geography required (Revenue per click in the US > UK > Europe > ROW) ▪ Scale, scale, scale Web site Rank Rank Example: www.fotolog.com $12M invested 12M+ accounts <$1 invested per account* *Note that this is capital invested per account, not customer acquisition cost. BV Capital is an investor in Fotolog. Data as of Nov 4th, 2007 (Source: fotolog.com). 30 BV CAPITAL 5
  6. 6. Social Networks and Communities Why is advertising on Social Networks “difficult”? ▪ Internet advertising today works most efficiently driving transactions. Need to know what the customer wants now. (→ Search text ads) ▪ On Social Networks, people are not in buying mode. However, high repeat site usage helps transport branding messages. Need to know who the user is to build brand affinity for a future purchase. 30 BV CAPITAL 6
  7. 7. Social Networks and Communities How do the leading Social Networks increase ad revenue? r ▪ Large players launching their own ad marketplace ▪ MySpace “SelfServe”, Facebook “Pandemic”(?) launching today ▪ Targeted at display advertising (banners etc.) ▪ What role will application platforms play? ▪ Facebook developer platform very successful, but few ways to monetize - will Facebook provide a monetization engine? ▪ OpenSocial, Google’s open counterpart, looks like well- crafted defensive move - will Google leverage its advertiser relationships here? Scale audiences becoming their own ad networks, but maybe syndication/participation opportunity for smaller publishers 30 BV CAPITAL 7
  8. 8. Example: Glam Media ▪ Model ▪ Sells advertising for women-focused brands ▪ Publishes ads on “mid-tail” content partner (communities, blogs...) sites with female audiences ▪ Why it makes sense ▪ Small sites can get targeted brand advertising without their own ad sales force ▪ Not a new model (ad network), but specific audience & content focus is new ▪ But: Questions whether audience is as targeted as claimed 30 BV CAPITAL 8
  9. 9. Example: Peanut Labs ▪ Model ▪ Aggregates “Gen Y” surveys from market research firms ▪ Builds a panel from partner social networking or gaming sites ▪ Users get rewarded with virtual Rank currency or premium features on partner site ▪ Why it makes sense ▪ Many social network users don’t pay, but don’t mind spending time on a survey as much ▪ Works for social networks and to monetize Facebook apps 30 BV CAPITAL 9
  10. 10. Video 1 Ya hoo! ▪ Why does Video work online? 2 Goo gle ▪ Lots of content (User 3 YouTube 4 MSN generated, Pro-amateurs, 5 Windows Live Hollywood) 6 My Spa ce 7 Facebook ▪ People engagement (rating, 8 Wikiped ia tagging etc) 9 Hi5 ▪ Huge audience 10 Ork ut 11 Rapidsha re .co m ▪ Playback quality increasing 12 Blog ger (broadband) 13 Ba id u 14 Meg auploa d ▪ Multiple monetization 15 Friend ster opportunities, targeting and 16 Ya hoo Japa n analytics 17 QQ (China) 18 Micro soft ▪ Good medium for branding 19 Fotolo g messages 20 EBay 30 BV CAPITAL 10
  11. 11. Video Video Overall 20 18.0 Absolute Difference 16 minus Control) 12 9.3 8.4 8 6.3 (Exposed 5.1 3.7 4 2.9 2.8 2.2 1.9 0 Aided Brand Awareness Online Ad Awareness Message Association Brand Favorability Purchase Intent Source: Dynamic Logic Market Norms, Q2 06 Video advertising suitable to increase brand awareness 30 BV CAPITAL 11
  12. 12. Video ▪ How do you monetize ▪ Works best with long-form, video? differentiated content ▪ Pre- and post-roll ▪ Mass UGC harder to monetize than semi- ▪ In-video ads professional and pro content ▪ Promotional content ▪ Environment and content ▪ Sponsorships need to be brand-safe ▪ Search/Display ▪ 3s instead of 30s ads advertising ▪ High CPMs of $20++ but still ▪ Pay per views small budgets, large brand advertisers 30 BV CAPITAL 12
  13. 13. Example: Yume Networks ▪ Model ▪ Acquires pre- and post roll advertising from brands ▪ Distributes videos with targeting and analytics (geo, environment etc) to partner sites ▪ Why it makes sense ▪ Even smaller video sites can start monetizing content ▪ Targeting allows brands to make sure their video appears in right context BV CAPITAL 13
  14. 14. Local Advertising ▪ Many communities/services trying to crack local ad market ▪ Huge Market ▪ US Offline Yellow Pages & Classifieds Market: $37B ▪ Online share of this market: $5B today and growing fast ▪ Presenting ads in local context skyrockets ad prices Price for Price for Price for Keyword Keyword Keyword Top Position Top Position Top Position General term General term General term dentist 0.31 US$ Contractor 0.52 US$ Restaurants 0.11 US$ Local term Local term Local term San Francisco dentist 1.02 US$ Boston contractor 0.51 US$ Boston restaurants 0.30 US$ Chicago dentist 1.39 US$ San Francisco contractor 2.12 US$ Los Angeles restaurants 0.30 US$ New York dentist 3.69 US$ Los Angeles contractor 2.01 US$ Chicago restaurants 0.32 US$ Boston dentist 4.01 US$ New York contractor 1.91 US$ San Francisco restaurants 0.51 US$ Los Angeles dentist 5.00 US$ Chicago contractor 5.01 US$ New York restaurants 0.51 US$ 3× - 10× price uplift by adding local context Source: Piper Jaffray, 02/2007 BV CAPITAL 14
  15. 15. Local Advertising If there is lots of money in local ads, why is it so hard to get to ? Solutions Issues ▪ Syndicate ads (Google) → margin hit ▪ High cost of advertising sales ▪ SMBs often unfamiliar with online ad ▪ Partner w/ someone else’s salesforce strategies and metrics ▪ Sell someone else’s ads to increase ASP ▪ Critical mass of inventory required ▪ Charge for premium content ▪ Need scale for different categories ▪ Rebuild scale in each new market ▪ Lookup traffic ▪ SEO leads to phone number lookup traffic by businesses’ existing customers BV CAPITAL 15
  16. 16. Example: Angie’s List ▪ Model ▪ Provide highly detailed reviews of local contractors and related services ▪ Charge consumers a subscription for access to content ▪ Additionally, sell ads to very positively reviewed businesses ▪ Why it makes sense ▪ Consumer subscription business model not relying on selling local ads BV CAPITAL 16
  17. 17. Example: ReachLocal ▪ Model ▪ Help SMBs advertise on Google, Yahoo... ▪ Focus on easy-to-understand ad success metrics & reports ▪ Why it makes sense ▪ No need to create content - piggyback on existing search traffic ▪ Lower margins offset by no content cost BV CAPITAL 17
  18. 18. Conclusions Social Networking + Communities + Blogs + Video ▪ Enormous inventory for ads ▪ All these environments will be primarily monetized by brand advertising. Watch the US players roll out their platforms. ▪ As with any new, fast growing category the advertising models have to still develop. Remember search ca. 1999? Local ▪ Some companies successful with very specific approach/model ▪ Mass local ad $$ still hard to reach for most online properties ▪ Yet, as SMB buyers understand online, this sector will grow fast 30 BV CAPITAL 18
  19. 19. Thank you! Questions? christian@bvcapital.com 30 BV CAPITAL 19
  20. 20. Usage Stats http://blog.compete.com/2007/09/11/facebook-third-biggest-site-page-views-myspace-down/ http://seekingalpha.com/article/51685-youtube-leads-internet-video-market-facebook-emerges-myspace-stumbles?source=feed

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