WWI Background


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WWI Background

  1. 1. State of the World • Before World War I, the last time the Europeans nations all sat down together to discuss issues was at the Congress of Vienna (1814).
  2. 2. State of the World • There had been many changes to Europe since that time – rise of new nations, industrialization , and imperialism.
  3. 3. Changes to Europe 1815 - 1914
  4. 4. Rise of Militarism • As nations unified and developed a national identity, many of them also built up their militaries.
  5. 5. Rise of Militarism • Having a strong military showed national pride and helped nations to become imperial powers.
  6. 6. Rise of Militarism • Militarism is the belief that it is important to always have a large standing army, even in times of peace.
  7. 7. Creation of New Alliances Part I • Europeans made alliances during the Congress of Vienna to prevent war, but many changes had happened to Europe since that time.
  8. 8. Creation of New Alliances Part I • Otto von Bismarck created a new alliance for the unified Germany called the Triple Alliance which included Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy.
  9. 9. Creation of New Alliances Part 2 • When Britain learns about the Triple Alliance, they are concerned that Germany is becoming too powerful.
  10. 10. Creation of New Alliances Part 2 • Britain creates their own alliance called the Triple Entente which includes Britain, Russia, and France.
  11. 11. Alliances Leading into World War I
  12. 12. Problems with Imperialism • Imperialism led to intense competition between nations for power and resources, and created many enemies between nations.
  13. 13. Problems with Imperialism • Imperialism also fueled nations’ militarism, leading to them building up large armies and navies to compete.
  14. 14. Increase in Nationalism • Newly unified nation - states, such as Germany wanted to demonstrate how strong and powerful they were by building up their militaries.
  15. 15. Increase in Nationalism • This threatened other nation – states, and also led to nations that did not yet have their own countries to want independence.
  16. 16. Important Events Leading to War • Tensions are high in Europe amongst the nation – states. • Otto von Bismarck creates the Triple Alliance to protect Germany. • Kaiser Wilhelm II (new emperor of Germany) fires Bismarck and decides to build up his army and navy.
  17. 17. Important Events Leading to War • Kaiser Wilhelm II’s decisions concern Britain. They form the Triple Entente. • These new alliances increase tensions even more in Europe. • Causes of war: MAIN – militarism, alliances, imperialism, nationalism.
  18. 18. Key Players – Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany
  19. 19. Key Players – Otto von Bismarck of Germany
  20. 20. Key Players – Tsar Nicholas II of Russia