22.1 building a german nation


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22.1 building a german nation

  1. 1. LEQ: How did Otto von Bismarck, thechancellor of Prussia, lead the drive forGerman unity?
  2. 2. Napoleon’s 1. He dissolved the Holyinvasions into Roman Empire.German-speaking 2. He organized severalstates produced German states into thechanges in these Rhine Confederation.territories. 3. He made trade easier in the region.German-speaking people fought together to freethemselves from French rule and began to considercreating a united German state.
  3. 3. Creating a united Germany was difficult.• It required dissolving the small governments of each German state.• Instead, leaders created a weak alliance called the German Confederation.• Prussia created an economic union in the 1830s called the Zollverein, but Germany remained fragmented politically.
  4. 4. • Otto von Bismarck – a leader from Prussia who succeeding in unifying German-speaking states under Prussian rule• chancellor – the highest official of a monarch This changed when Otto von Bismarck rose to power in Prussia. He became prime minister in 1862, then rose to chancellor. Bismarck was determined to unite Germany under Prussian rule and used a policy of “blood and iron” to do so.
  5. 5. • Realpolitik – realistic politics based on the needs of the state • Realpolitik was Bismarck mastered an ideology that Realpolitik and favored power strengthened the over principle. Prussian army. • He then led Prussia into three wars. • These actions all paved the way for German unification.
  6. 6. • annex – to take control of, usually referring to land Otto von Bismarck took methodical steps to increase Prussia’s power and territory.He formed Next, he He dissolvedan alliance attacked the Germanwith Austria, Austria and Confederationthen seized annexed and replacedprovinces from several it with one ledDenmark. states. by Prussia.
  7. 7. The unification of Germany under Prussianrule occurred mainly between 1865 and 1871.
  8. 8. The Franco-Prussian War broke out in 1870. After a furiousBismarck stoked the Napoleon IIIrivalry between the declared war, Prussiatwo states by editing and other Germana telegram to make states easilyit appear that King defeated the FrenchWilliam I of Prussia within weeks.had insulted aFrench ambassador.
  9. 9. kaiser – emperor Reich – German empire Leaders in many German states urged William I of Prussia to take the title kaiser.• German nationalists celebrated the beginning of the second Reich, the second German empire after the Holy Roman Empire.• Bismarck wrote a constitution and set up a two-house legislature. However, real power remained with the emperor and chancellor.
  10. 10. LEQ: How did Otto von Bismarck, thechancellor of Prussia, lead the drive forGerman unity?Bismarck strengthened the army and directed themilitary in three successful wars. After the last victory,over France, leaders of most of the German statesinvited the Prussian king to become emperor of allGermany