Give an example of how a preschool child’s appearance differs from a toddler’s. In what ways has a preschool child refined his/her motor, social, and cognitive skills compared to a toddler?
Give an example of cooperative play and how this prepares the child for elementary school. How does the preschool child’s memory and attention span differ from that of a toddler?
Give an example of how old skills become natural for the preschool child. Audience Response Question #1 If a child weighs 22 pounds at 1 year of age then the nurse would expect him or her to weigh approximately ________ at 5 years of age. 1. 33 pounds 2. 44 pounds 3. 55 pounds 4. 66 pounds
Give an example of symbolic functioning. Discuss the typical vocabulary for a preschool child. Audience Response Question #2 A preschool child tells the nurse that at night her toys dance. This is an example of: 1. animism. 2. artificialism. 3. ritualism. 4. centering.
Discuss prelogical thinking. What is centering? Give an example of how the preschool child will exclude other features of an object while focusing on one outstanding aspect of that object.
Give an example of how culture affects one’s sense of initiative. How is a preschool child’s language development affected by those in the family?
Give an example of physiological, psychological, and environmental factors that can cause developmental delays.
Ask students to give other examples of what a parent or family member might say for each of the following classifications: Articulation Expressive language delay Global language delay Language disorder Language loss
Give an example of how play can increase a preschooler’s complexities. Discuss a scenario in which a child might mimic a role to display emotions. How might a nurse provide a magical concept to assist in communicating with a preschooler?
Give examples of religious practices a preschool child might participate in at home. What is an example of an abstract concept a preschool child would not comprehend? Discuss how routine, which could include religious traditions, would assist the hospitalized child.
Give an example of how the nurse could assist the parents in discussing sexual education for their child.
Give an example of an honest and accurate conversation between a nurse and preschool child that is appropriate for the child’s level. Provide an example of terminology a nurse might use when discussing sexual curiosity with the preschool child. In what situation might a preschool child ask questions regarding his or her anatomical differences?
Give an example of how a nurse or parent might distract a preschool child who is constantly touching his or her private parts. How can the nurse help parents understand and deal with this milestone in their child’s development?
What is an example of a social developmental lag in the preschool child?
Give examples of how the preschool child can assist the parent in the household. How can this age group function independently or assist in daily activities?
Give examples of a 3-year-old’s vocabulary. Discuss how the 3-year-old’s imagination is different from the school-age child’s. How might a 3-year-old display an identification with a parent of the same sex?
Describe a situation in which the nurse might have to manage the hurt feelings of a 3-year-old. Discuss how the nurse could help decrease the 3-year-old child’s fear of bodily harm while hospitalized.
Give an example of how a 4-year-old child might be more aggressive than a 3-year-old. What education could the nurse provide to parents in dealing with an aggressive 4-year-old who picks on other children? Give an example of how a 4-year-old might display superiority over peers.
Give examples of the typical vocabulary of a 4-year-old. Discuss types of achievements a 4-year-old might accomplish.
Discuss how 4-year-old children play scenarios in which death is a concept. Discuss how a parent might encourage or stimulate discussion so this child can discuss death or the fear of it.
What actions would indicate how a 5-year-old child is more responsible than a 4-year-old? Discuss how the 5-year-old is very talkative and how parents can deal with the constant chatter.
Give an example of how a 5-year-old might react to rules of a game versus a 4-year-old child. In what ways is this age group less fearful of the environment?
Give examples of other skills a 5-year-old might be encouraged to accomplish. How might a parent discuss the failure of a desired skill attempted by a 5-year-old?
Limits make children feel secure, protect them from danger, and relieve them from decisions that they are too young to make. How do limits make children feel secure? Discuss how limits and self-discipline differ from each other and the parent’s role in each. How do rewards differ from bribes? Discuss how modeling by the parent affects the child. Parents should establish a general style for discipline. Audience Response Question #3 The best time to offer a reward for good behavior is: 1. during poor behavior. 2. following an episode of poor behavior. 3. when the child finishes a time-out episode. 4. before the poor behavior occurs.
How would a child display jealousy? Discuss how a parent might address a preschool child who is displaying jealousy. Audience Response Question #4 Encouraging a 4-year-old child to assist with the care of his newborn brother will assist in his adjustment to having a sibling. 1. True 2. False
Discuss regression. How can a parent effectively discourage thumb-sucking?
What organic causes can bring about enuresis?
Discuss information the nurse would collect regarding family history, stress, medications, and developmental milestones.
What might the child contribute to manage his or her enuresis? Discuss behavior modification and bladder training exercises. Discuss medications that can help with enuresis.
Discuss types of group activities that would promote cooperation among preschool children. What are examples of a positive or negative program and how it can affect a child’s self-esteem?
Discuss how a nurse or parent can provide education at a preschool child’s level so the child understands the importance of hygiene on a daily basis. Provide examples of restrictive versus nonrestrictive clothing.
Discuss methods parents or caregivers could institute to minimize accidents for this population. In what situations could children become victims of predators? Give an example of indirect supervision.
Give examples of situations in which the child might not visit the playroom or interact with others while in the hospital environment. What are appropriate toys for the preschool-age child?
Discuss education for parents or methods the nurse can institute so play is not competitive between children. In what ways is play important to the physical, psychosocial, and emotional development of the preschool child?
Give examples of how the nurse might interact with a preschool child who is interacting with his or her playmate.
Discuss why the handicapped child requires more stimulation through play versus a nonimpaired child. Give examples of situations in which mental age differs from chronological age and how the nurse can manage these children. How does repetitive play affect the handicapped child?
Give situations and examples of how therapeutic play can help rehabilitate or enhance development in the child. How can the nurse incorporate play therapy into the plan of care?
Discuss the stages of separation anxiety and how the nurse can assist the child to transition through anxiety. How can the nurse address and inform the child’s parents about management of separation anxiety?
Discuss the nurse’s rationale for obtaining information about how the preschool child interacts socially.