Bone Health Lydia DiSipio Christine Jackson Janet Salgado Kait McComeskey Dean Scornaienchi Andrew Press Calcium Vitamin D...
What is Bone Health? <ul><li>Bone health is receiving the right amount of vitamins and minerals required in order to uphol...
How they work together: <ul><li>These vitamins and minerals are all needed in order to prevent bone loss </li></ul><ul><li...
Calcium <ul><li>Main functions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To form and strengthen bones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To contract ...
Vitamin D <ul><li>Main functions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To maintain blood concentrations of calcium and phosphorous </li><...
Vitamin K <ul><li>Main functions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Synthesizes several blood clotting proteins and bone proteins </li...
Phosphorous <ul><li>Main functions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Second most abundant mineral in the body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Magnesium <ul><li>Main functions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Magnesium is critical to the operation of enzymes </li></ul></ul><...
Fluoride <ul><li>Main functions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Magnesium is critical to the operation of enzymes </li></ul></ul><u...
Multiple Choice <ul><li>1.  What happens when there is a calcium deficiency? </li></ul><ul><li>a. bone loss b. kidney ston...
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Bone Health

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powerpoint on bone health, vitamins and minerals

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Bone Health

  1. 1. Bone Health Lydia DiSipio Christine Jackson Janet Salgado Kait McComeskey Dean Scornaienchi Andrew Press Calcium Vitamin D Vitamin K Phosphorous, Magnesium Fluoride
  2. 2. What is Bone Health? <ul><li>Bone health is receiving the right amount of vitamins and minerals required in order to uphold strong and healthy bones </li></ul>
  3. 3. How they work together: <ul><li>These vitamins and minerals are all needed in order to prevent bone loss </li></ul><ul><li>Phosphorous, magnesium, fluoride, and Vitamins D and K help to form and stabilize the structure of bones </li></ul><ul><li>The crystal hydroxyapatite forms from calcium and phosphorous when teeth and bones become mineralized </li></ul>
  4. 4. Calcium <ul><li>Main functions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To form and strengthen bones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To contract and relax muscles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Needed for blood clots and the immune system </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Food sources: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Milk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheese </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fish </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Excess amount of calcium: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Constipation, kidney stones, interferes with other minerals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Deficiency of calcium: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Osteoporosis, weak bones, and bone loss </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Vitamin D <ul><li>Main functions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To maintain blood concentrations of calcium and phosphorous </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stimulates absorption from the GI tract </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mobilizes calcium and phosphorous from bones into the blood </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stimulates their retention by the kidneys </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Food sources: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Few animal foods, eggs, and liver </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fatty fish </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Butter and fortified milk </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Excess amount of Vitamin D: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhances calcium absorption, produces high blood calcium, and promotes return of bone calcium into blood </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Deficiency of Vitamin D: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In adults: osteomalacia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In children: rickets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High blood pressure, inflamed bowel disease </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Vitamin K <ul><li>Main functions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Synthesizes several blood clotting proteins and bone proteins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Without Vitamin K, the bones produce an abnormal protein that cannot bind to the minerals that normally form bones, so the bone density is low </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Food sources: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Green leafy vegetables </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cabbage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Liver </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Excess amount of Vitamin K: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vitamin K toxicity is very rare and has not established any known effects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Deficiency of Vitamin K: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deficiency of Vitamin K is also rare but may occur under two circumstances: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>From conditions of fat malabsorption </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some antibiotics interfere with Vitamin K’s synthesis in the body </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Short term Vitamin K deficiency increases the rate of bone turnover </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Phosphorous <ul><li>Main functions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Second most abundant mineral in the body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many key roles in the transfer of energy that occurs during cellular metabolism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A part of DNA and RNA in every cell, necessary for growth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Food sources: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Animal protein, because of it’s so abundant in the cells of animals (tissues) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Excess amount of Phosphorous: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May cause calcium excretion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Deficiency of Phosphorous: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unknown </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Magnesium <ul><li>Main functions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Magnesium is critical to the operation of enzymes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It acts in all cells of the soft tissues where it forms part of the protein-making machinery and is necessary for the release of energy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Helps muscles relax after contraction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Food sources: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dark green, leafy vegetables </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whole grain breads and cereals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seafood </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Excess amount of Magnesium: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can cause lack of coordination, confusion, coma, and even death </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Deficiency of Magnesium: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Causes tetany (an extreme and prolonged contraction of the muscles), weakness and confusion, hallucinations, and difficulty swallowing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and colon cancer may also be related to magnesium deficiency </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Fluoride <ul><li>Main functions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Magnesium is critical to the operation of enzymes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It acts in all cells of the soft tissues where it forms part of the protein-making machinery and is necessary for the release of energy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Helps muscles relax after contraction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Food sources: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Soft drinks made with fluorinated water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Toothpastes, gels, and oral rinses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fish and tea supply fluoride as well </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Excess amount of Fluoride: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discoloration of teeth, nausea, diarrhea, chest pain, itching, and vomiting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Deficiency of Fluoride: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Susceptibility to tooth decay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dental decay, which if not treated could lead to more serious health problems affecting the entire body </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Multiple Choice <ul><li>1. What happens when there is a calcium deficiency? </li></ul><ul><li>a. bone loss b. kidney stones c. loss of appetite d. all of the above </li></ul><ul><li>2. What is Vitamin D deficiency in children? </li></ul><ul><li>a. osteoporosis b. rickets c. anemia d. weakened immune response </li></ul><ul><li>3. Where in the body is Vitamin K produced? </li></ul><ul><li>a. liver b. heart c. GI tract d. pancreas </li></ul>
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