President Lyndon B. Johnson ordered all executive agencies to require federal contractors to "take affirmative action to ensure that applicants are employed and that employees are treated during employment without regard to race, color, religion, sex, or national origin."
Affirmative action was a way to compensate for past discrimination
Teaching With Documents: The Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission . (n.d.). National Archives . Retrieved April 27, 2011, from The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration website: http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/civil-rights-act/
The 24th Amendment Ended the Poll Tax January 23, 1964 . (n.d.). America's Story . Retrieved April 27, 2011, from The Library of Congress website: http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/modern/jb_modern_polltax_2.html
Trueman, C. (2000). The 1957 Civil Rights Act. In Civil Rights . Retrieved April 27, 2011, from website: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/1957_civil_rights_act.htm
Voting Rights Act . (2011). Retrieved April 27, 2011, from The Leadership Conference on Civil and
Human Rights website: http://www.civilrights.org/voting-rights/vra/