ADP L4 Methods


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Part 4 of a series of lessons on writing an academic paper. Presented in English to graduate students at Kansai University, Osaka, Japan.

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ADP L4 Methods

  1. 1. Lesson 4 Academic Paper The Method Section <br />Kansai University Spring 2011<br />
  2. 2. Review Transition Words<br />To describe the purpose<br />The purpose of this (project/paper/research) is to …<br />The goal is to …<br />The primary aim of this project is to …<br />Some words to state the purpose<br />Assess, compare, determine, evaluate, identify, develop, define, increase, decrease, improve, reduce<br />To describe the aim or goal of your research<br />When this project is completed, …<br />This paper will …<br />
  3. 3. ReviewBody of Academic Paper<br />Introduction<br />Introductory Paragraph<br />Literature Review<br />Concluding Paragraph or Study Overview<br />Method<br />Introductory Paragraph<br />Participants<br />Step-by-step Description of Procedure<br />Explanation of How Data was Analyzed<br />Results<br />Discussion<br />Conclusion<br />
  4. 4. Method Section • Purpose <br />To provide detailed information about your research or study <br />Provide enough information so that anyone can replicate or reproduce what you did<br />Describe the participants<br />Explain how the materials were used<br />Give a step-by-step explanation of what was done<br />How data was analyzed<br />
  5. 5. Method Section • Tips<br />Include an opening paragraph and a concluding paragraph<br />Write the Method Section in the past tense<br />Include enough details, but avoid unnecessary information<br />Avoid giving information that will identify the participants<br />Be sure that anyone can replicate what you did<br />
  6. 6. Method • Activity<br />In your group use the supplies to create a simple design that you can glue together. (5 minutes)<br />Write a paragraph describing the method you used to create your design.<br />Include descriptions of participants<br />What materials were used<br />Describe how data was collected to make your design<br />Explain a step-by-step procedure, so anyone can replicate or copy your design<br />
  7. 7. Four Basic Parts <br />Describe the participants or people who were involved in your research<br />Explain what materials, tools or instruments were used in your research.<br />Provide detailed procedures followed, what the participants did and the order in which the steps were taken<br />Explain measures that were used to collect and analyze data<br />
  8. 8. Participants (1)<br />Explain who participated in your research.<br />Pediatric patients in Japanese hospitals<br />NPO organizations in Japan and the Philippines<br />Describe the participants<br />Use or level of technology: Students used technology daily and were familiar with WEB 2.0 technologies.<br />Language level: Students ranged from low intermediate to advanced English speakers.<br />Awareness of other cultures: Students were familiar with other cultures because they spent summers and spring vacations in developing countries.<br />
  9. 9. Participants (2)<br />Explain why they were selected<br />High school students at High School A in Osaka were selected because their use of technology was rated the lowest in the Ministry of Education Survey (2010).<br />Kansai University and University of Hawaii students in the Informatics Department and Educational Technology Department were selected because of their interest in using technology for learning. <br />
  10. 10. Materials Used<br />Explain what was used to gather data and why.<br />A mobile phone survey was sent to Kansai University students, since all students students had easy access to mobile phones and could respond quickly.<br />Doctors and nurses at three major Osaka University were interviewed on three different occasions to examine their impression of how effective the program was.<br />You can include a copy of the survey or interview questions.<br />Provide information about any other materials used in your research<br />
  11. 11. Explain the Procedure<br />Keep in mind that anyone who reads your procedure should be able to follow your steps and replicate or repeat your research.<br />Give a step-by-step description of what you did. The example below is not detailed enough.<br />First students in Hawaii and Japan were placed in groups of five member teams.<br />Next students met using Skype and Facebook groups to select a topic for their video project.<br />Students made videos in their respective countries. <br />Students used DropBox to share their videos.<br />Finally, they edited the video on Final Cut Studio.<br />
  12. 12. Explain How Data Was Analyzed<br />Describe in detail how you analyzed the data<br />The KJ Method of Data Analysis was used. (Describe this method in detail and give a reference.) <br />Data from the Google Docs survey was downloaded and analyzed with Excel.<br />Be sure to be as specific or detailed as you can when you describe your data analysis.<br />Anyone should be able to reproduce the same results after following your method of analyzing your results.<br />
  13. 13. Method Section • Summary<br />Provides detailed information about your research or study.<br />Anyone can replicate or reproduce what you did.<br />Participants – Describe them.<br />Materials – What and how they were used.<br />Procedure - Step-by-step description of what was done.<br />Analysis – Explain how data was analyzed.<br />
  14. 14. Method Section Homework<br />Write brief paragraphs to describe your Method Section.Write what you are thinking of doing for your research.<br />Add these paragraphs to the end of your Google Docs homework.<br />Post questions to the ADP Facebook group <br />