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How To Make A Film Pwp


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  • 1.  
  • 2.  
  • 3. The idea
    • All film begins to be an idea.
    • The ideas are born by the author.
    • The film idea and the theme is the same.
  • 4. The plot
    • It is the idea’s development.
    • The person who writes it is called writer.
    • The plot is the same as action.
    • We usually can distinguish three parts:
        • The action’s approach.
        • The knot or development.
        • The ending.
    • A work with a resolved end is called <closed work>.
    • A work without a resolved end is called <opened work>.
  • 5.  
  • 6. The rhythm
    • It is the dynamic impression given by the length of the shots, the dramatic intensity and the effects.
    • Long shots create a slow rhythm.
    • Short shots create a quick rhythm.
  • 7. Kinds
    • Analytical: short sots and very numerous.
    • Synthetics: long shots and few in number.
    • “ In crescendo”: shots increasingly shorter and increasingly longer.
  • 8. The time
    • The time film is different to real time.
    • Forms of time film:
        • Suitability.
        • Condensation.
        • Relaxation.
        • Continuity.
        • Concurrency.
        • Flash back.
        • Psychological time.
        • Ellipsis.
        • Resources to represent the past.
        • Resources to represent the passage of time.
  • 9.  
  • 10. The camera
    • It is a machine with we obtain a series of photographs on film.
    • The camera has two reels:
        • The reel feeder.
        • The reel recorded.
    • There is a lens which is called zoom.
    • The most important thing is the objective, a lens trough the light enters in the camera.
  • 11. The angles
    • It is called at the way that the camera is placed.
    • The camera can catch the figures:
        • In a normal way.
        • Sharply.
        • <contrapicat>.
        • Sight of worm.
        • Sight of bird.
  • 12. The movement
    • The author writes with the film camera.
    • It moves in all directions of the stage or space.
    • Subjective used when the camera becomes a character in the action film and we can see what it sees.
    • The camera rests on a tripod and it can do:
        • Balancing.
        • Pitch or tilt.
        • Rotation or look around.
        • Travelling.
  • 13.  
  • 14. Classes
    • The shot is obtained by photographing from a certain distance one or more figures.
    • Classes of shots:
        • The very first close-up, insert or detail.
        • The first level.
        • The median.
        • The short general shot.
        • The long general shot.
        • The great general map.
  • 15.  
  • 16. The colours
    • It is not an essential element of the images.
    • It does not say anything.
    • It speaks for itself.
    • On some occasions they are used symbolically, but these symbols are not universal.
  • 17.  
  • 18. Light and kinds
    • The light in film serves to express things clearly and to create the right climate.
    • It gives life to objects.
    • Kinds of light:
        • Natural.
        • Artificial.
        • Diffuse.
        • Direct.
  • 19. Effects
    • Light comes from above.
    • Light comes from below.
    • Light comes from front.
    • Light comes from side.
    • Rear lighting.
  • 20.  
  • 21. The sound
    • The sound element in film is composed by: Words, Sounds and Music.
    • OFF voice is the voice of a character we hear and it’s outside the shot by telling the story.
    • They are taken from the microphone.
    • Silence is also an expressive sound.
  • 22.  
  • 23. How to make it
    • It is a tape that was made of celluloid and now is made of a material seems that one but this doesn’t ignite.
    • The organized phrases or shots as a whole make a film.
    • The procedure through which is organized the parts of a film or narrative units is called assembly.
    • The meaning of the film depends on the assembly.
  • 24. Kinds of transition
    • Cast (in black or white): the scene goes dark or lights quickly.
    • Chained: slowly the image disappears.
    • Wipe: looks like a moving image that comes to the other.
    • Scanning: the camera moves quickly.
    • Court: two different images are connected.
  • 25. The develop
    • The film to print is called blank film; it’s ready to receive the images.
    • First we obtain the negative film where the whites of the image appear blacks and the blacks, whites.
    • Then it is passed to a positive film and when it’s developed gives a positive image like we see reality.
  • 26. The soundtrack
    • It can be obtained:
      • Optically: photographing sound on celluloid.
      • Magnetically: a refined magnetic phonetic tape that it is stuck in film.
  • 27. The projector
    • It is a machine which shows the film.
    • It has got two reels:
      • A feed one which provides the film to the projector.
      • A receiver one which gathers the film once projected.
    • It also has a mechanism that transforms photographed sound in real noises.
  • 28.  
  • 29. Traditional tricks
    • Appearances and quick disappearances of characters.
    • Appearances and quick disappearances transparent characters.
    • Invisible persons.
    • Transparency.
    • Models.
    • Rain and storms.
    • Explosions and bullet holes.
    • Landslides.
    • Slow & Quick motion.
    • Photographic tricks.