How To Make A Film Pwp


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How To Make A Film Pwp

  1. 3. The idea <ul><li>All film begins to be an idea. </li></ul><ul><li>The ideas are born by the author. </li></ul><ul><li>The film idea and the theme is the same. </li></ul>
  2. 4. The plot <ul><li>It is the idea’s development. </li></ul><ul><li>The person who writes it is called writer. </li></ul><ul><li>The plot is the same as action. </li></ul><ul><li>We usually can distinguish three parts: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The action’s approach. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The knot or development. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The ending. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>A work with a resolved end is called <closed work>. </li></ul><ul><li>A work without a resolved end is called <opened work>. </li></ul>
  3. 6. The rhythm <ul><li>It is the dynamic impression given by the length of the shots, the dramatic intensity and the effects. </li></ul><ul><li>Long shots create a slow rhythm. </li></ul><ul><li>Short shots create a quick rhythm. </li></ul>
  4. 7. Kinds <ul><li>Analytical: short sots and very numerous. </li></ul><ul><li>Synthetics: long shots and few in number. </li></ul><ul><li>“ In crescendo”: shots increasingly shorter and increasingly longer. </li></ul>
  5. 8. The time <ul><li>The time film is different to real time. </li></ul><ul><li>Forms of time film: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Suitability. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Condensation. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Relaxation. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Continuity. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Concurrency. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flash back. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological time. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ellipsis. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resources to represent the past. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resources to represent the passage of time. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 10. The camera <ul><li>It is a machine with we obtain a series of photographs on film. </li></ul><ul><li>The camera has two reels: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The reel feeder. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The reel recorded. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>There is a lens which is called zoom. </li></ul><ul><li>The most important thing is the objective, a lens trough the light enters in the camera. </li></ul>
  7. 11. The angles <ul><li>It is called at the way that the camera is placed. </li></ul><ul><li>The camera can catch the figures: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In a normal way. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sharply. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li><contrapicat>. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sight of worm. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sight of bird. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 12. The movement <ul><li>The author writes with the film camera. </li></ul><ul><li>It moves in all directions of the stage or space. </li></ul><ul><li>Subjective used when the camera becomes a character in the action film and we can see what it sees. </li></ul><ul><li>The camera rests on a tripod and it can do: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Balancing. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pitch or tilt. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rotation or look around. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Travelling. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 14. Classes <ul><li>The shot is obtained by photographing from a certain distance one or more figures. </li></ul><ul><li>Classes of shots: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The very first close-up, insert or detail. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The first level. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The median. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The short general shot. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The long general shot. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The great general map. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 16. The colours <ul><li>It is not an essential element of the images. </li></ul><ul><li>It does not say anything. </li></ul><ul><li>It speaks for itself. </li></ul><ul><li>On some occasions they are used symbolically, but these symbols are not universal. </li></ul>
  11. 18. Light and kinds <ul><li>The light in film serves to express things clearly and to create the right climate. </li></ul><ul><li>It gives life to objects. </li></ul><ul><li>Kinds of light: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Natural. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Artificial. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Diffuse. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Direct. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 19. Effects <ul><li>Light comes from above. </li></ul><ul><li>Light comes from below. </li></ul><ul><li>Light comes from front. </li></ul><ul><li>Light comes from side. </li></ul><ul><li>Rear lighting. </li></ul>
  13. 21. The sound <ul><li>The sound element in film is composed by: Words, Sounds and Music. </li></ul><ul><li>OFF voice is the voice of a character we hear and it’s outside the shot by telling the story. </li></ul><ul><li>They are taken from the microphone. </li></ul><ul><li>Silence is also an expressive sound. </li></ul>
  14. 23. How to make it <ul><li>It is a tape that was made of celluloid and now is made of a material seems that one but this doesn’t ignite. </li></ul><ul><li>The organized phrases or shots as a whole make a film. </li></ul><ul><li>The procedure through which is organized the parts of a film or narrative units is called assembly. </li></ul><ul><li>The meaning of the film depends on the assembly. </li></ul>
  15. 24. Kinds of transition <ul><li>Cast (in black or white): the scene goes dark or lights quickly. </li></ul><ul><li>Chained: slowly the image disappears. </li></ul><ul><li>Wipe: looks like a moving image that comes to the other. </li></ul><ul><li>Scanning: the camera moves quickly. </li></ul><ul><li>Court: two different images are connected. </li></ul>
  16. 25. The develop <ul><li>The film to print is called blank film; it’s ready to receive the images. </li></ul><ul><li>First we obtain the negative film where the whites of the image appear blacks and the blacks, whites. </li></ul><ul><li>Then it is passed to a positive film and when it’s developed gives a positive image like we see reality. </li></ul>
  17. 26. The soundtrack <ul><li>It can be obtained: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Optically: photographing sound on celluloid. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Magnetically: a refined magnetic phonetic tape that it is stuck in film. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 27. The projector <ul><li>It is a machine which shows the film. </li></ul><ul><li>It has got two reels: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A feed one which provides the film to the projector. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A receiver one which gathers the film once projected. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It also has a mechanism that transforms photographed sound in real noises. </li></ul>
  19. 29. Traditional tricks <ul><li>Appearances and quick disappearances of characters. </li></ul><ul><li>Appearances and quick disappearances transparent characters. </li></ul><ul><li>Invisible persons. </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency. </li></ul><ul><li>Models. </li></ul><ul><li>Rain and storms. </li></ul><ul><li>Explosions and bullet holes. </li></ul><ul><li>Landslides. </li></ul><ul><li>Slow & Quick motion. </li></ul><ul><li>Photographic tricks. </li></ul>