Online protein making notes
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Online protein making notes

on

  • 485 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
485
Views on SlideShare
485
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Online protein making notes Online protein making notes Presentation Transcript

  • DNA
  • ( DNA is a type of nucleic acid! ) Do you remember the four biomolecules? lipids, protein, carbohydrates and... nucleic acids!
    • The goal of the cell is to make
    • Proteins make your traits .
    proteins.
  • Proteins…
    • Such as…
      • hemoglobin : transport oxygen
      • insulin : hormone; removes sugar from blood
      • antibodies : fights infection
      • lactase : enzyme; digests milk sugar (lactose)
      • collagen : skin, bones, tendons
      • keratin : skin, hair, nails
      • myosin : muscle contraction
  • DNA= Deoxyribonucleic Acid Location in cell: Nucleus
  • The nucleus contains chromosomes which contains DNA. DNA makes your genes.
  •  
  •  
  •  
  • Structure of DNA
    • 2 long strands of nucleotides in a spiral shape.
    • Ladder-shaped when “untwisted”.
    • The sides of the DNA “ladder” consist of alternating
    • (sugar) and
    • molecules.
    Deoxyribose Phosphate
    • The rungs of the DNA “ladder” consist of
    Nitrogen bases
  •  
  • DNA nucleotide
    • One nucleotide is one piece of DNA.
    • Consist of three parts:
      • Deoxyribose (sugar)
      • Phosphate
      • Nitrogen base (A, T, C, G)
  • There are 4 possible nitrogen bases in DNA: (A) (T) (C) (G) Adenine Guanine Thymine Cytosine
  • Nucleic Acid Model Deoxyribose (sugar) PHOSPHATE NITROGEN BASES (A, T, C, G) Deoxyribose (sugar) PHOSPHATE PHOSPHATE
    • adenine always pairs with
    • guanine always pairs with
    thymine cytosine This is known as complimentary base pairing .
  • A-T C-G
  •  
  •