15 part 2


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15 part 2

  1. 1. Chapter 15 part 2Life in the Red Scare<br />
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  3. 3. Red Scare<br />This term “Red Scare” was used to define a time of fear in Americans. <br />Citizens of the U.S. were afraid of a communist take over.<br />1947-1957<br />The word Red comes from the red color of the USSR flag.<br />Thousands of Americans were accused of being “reds” during the Red Scare.<br />
  4. 4. HUAC<br />House of Un-American Activities Committee.<br />HUAC looked to find communists living in the US<br />Thousands of people were given “loyalty test” to determine if they were “reds”.<br />The search for communist behaviors became known as McCarthyism.<br />
  5. 5. HUAC Hearing<br />
  6. 6. McCarthyism<br />Senator Joseph McCarthy gave a speech and held up a piece of paper claiming to be a list of soviet spies in the US<br />Meteoric rise to fame and almost celebrity status for saving US from communism<br />Modern day Salem Witch Trial<br />Eventually accused the wrong people…US army <br />Lost all credibility<br />
  7. 7. Senator Joseph McCarthy<br />
  8. 8. The Rosenbergs<br />When the USSR tested its first atomic bomb in 1949, many people thought that spies from the U.S. gave them the technology.<br />An FBI investigation arrested a couple named Julius and Ethel Rosenberg.<br />(SPIES! DEATH TO YOU!!)<br />It was believed that this couple were in charge of a soviet spy ring.<br />They were executed in June of 1953. <br />1st Americans to be executed for espionage<br />
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  11. 11. Hollywood Blacklists151 suspected communists actors<br />
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  13. 13. Living With The Red Scare<br />Americans lived in fear of a nuclear attack.<br />School children would practice the “duck and cover” method where they would duck under a desk and cover themselves from the blast of a nuclear shockwave.<br />Also, many people were afraid of dying from fallout—radiation left over after a nuclear blast<br />
  14. 14. Election of 1952<br />Dwight D. Eisenhower (R) vs. Adlai Stevenson (D).<br />Eisenhower won. His nickname was “Ike”.<br />Americans hoped he could fight the Cold War better with his military background.<br />He was the man in charge of the D-Day invasion at Normandy<br />
  15. 15. Death of Stalin<br />In 1953 USSR leader Joseph Stalin died of a stroke.<br />Although he was a horrible and cruel man, many Russians were sad that he died.<br />His successor would be Nikita Khrushchev.<br />
  16. 16. Sputnik<br />On October 4th 1957, the USSR launched the first satellite named Sputnik.<br />American citizens believed this meant the Soviets were now officially “ahead” of us. <br />The U.S. was afraid Sputnik would launch missiles from space.<br />Fearing the USSR might have the upper hand, the U.S. created a space program called NASA. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.<br />
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  18. 18. The Space Race Begins…<br />
  19. 19. 1958 – Explorer I1st US satellite <br />
  20. 20. Terms to KnowSlide 8 of 8<br />*Covert Operation- Something done in secret. Mostly done by the CIA and FBI.<br />*Fallout- The radiation left over after a nuclear blast.<br />