Nuclear arms race:space race


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Nuclear arms race:space race

  1. 1. There are many different facets of the cold war.... we will be exploring many of them over the course of this term. The first and most famous area of the Cold War is.. The nuclear arms race Friday, 2 August 13
  2. 2. The Cold War Nuclear Arms Race Friday, 2 August 13
  3. 3. The term ‘Cold War’ was first used by George Orwell in 1945 In the article titled ‘You and the Atomic Bomb’ Friday, 2 August 13
  4. 4. 1945 - July - The creation of the first atomic bomb Tested in new Mexico at a site called ‘Trinity’ Hiroshima and Nagasaki - Similar bombs to ‘Trinity’ used to end WWII. Russians obtain top secret blue prints of the original Trinity Design 1949 - Soviet Union detonated it’s first atomic bomb in Kazakhstan (some say that this marked the beginning of the Cold War). Friday, 2 August 13
  5. 5. 1954 - US announces policy of “MASSIVE RETALIATION” Meaning that any Soviet attack would be met with a massive nuclear response. As a result, then came the creation of the: “INTERCONTINENTAL BALLISTIC MISSILE” Friday, 2 August 13
  6. 6. Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) range of up to 8000 kilometres Friday, 2 August 13
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  8. 8. Crash Course History: Cold War Friday, 2 August 13
  9. 9. Mutually Assured Destruction..... MAD Friday, 2 August 13
  10. 10. Cuban Missile Crisis 1962 Soviet Union placed missiles on Cuba directed at America. Said to be “defensive” rather than “offensive” America quarantined Cuba. Eventually made agreement that America wouldn’t invade Cuba if the Soviet Union removed the Missiles. The closest we all came to nuclear war. Friday, 2 August 13
  11. 11. Recap.... Summary from Josh.. After world war two the big powers consisting of America, Britain and Russia came together to have a conference named the "Yalta Conference" . This is where they decided what to do with Germany now that the war was over and America had dropped atomic bombs on Japan. The decided to split Germany and Berlin in half, the western side was taken by the british and americans adopting their culture, the east was taken on by Russia and became a communist country. The Berlin wall was built though Berlin to split the city between the two opposing forces, America creates the "Policy of Containment" in order to contain communism from spreading. The world then moved on and America began further development into nuclear arms in competition with Russia whom were also developing nuclear arms. This marked the beginning of the cold war between America and Russia.  Friday, 2 August 13
  12. 12. Space Race Friday, 2 August 13
  13. 13. Friday, 2 August 13
  14. 14. The Race Begins....... After World War II both the United States and the Soviet Union realised how important rocket research would be to the military. They each recruited the top rocket scientists from Germany to help with their research. Soon both sides were making progress in rocket technology. The Space Race began in 1955 when both countries announced that they would soon be launching satellites into orbit. The Soviets took the US announcement as a challenge and even established a commission whose goal was to beat the US in putting a satellite into space.... Friday, 2 August 13
  15. 15. On October 4, 1957 the Russians placed the first successful satellite into orbit. It was called Sputnik I. The Russians had taken the lead in the Space Race. The Americans successfully launched their first satellite four months later called the Explorer I. Friday, 2 August 13
  16. 16. The First Man in Orbit The Soviets again won the race for putting the first man into space. On April 12, 1961 Yuri Gagarin was the first man to orbit the Earth in the spacecraft in Vostok I. Three weeks later the US launched the Freedom 7 and astronaut Alan Shepherd became the first American in space. Shepherd's craft did not orbit the Earth, however. It was nearly a year later on February 20, 1962 when the first American, John Glenn, orbited the Earth on the Friendship 7 spacecraft. Friday, 2 August 13
  17. 17. Race to the Moon The Americans were embarrassed at being behind the Space Race. In 1961 President Kennedy went to congress and announced that he wanted to be the first to put a man on the Moon. He felt this was important for the country and the western world. The Apollo Moon program was launched. Friday, 2 August 13
  18. 18. Man on the Moon After many years of experiments, test flights, and training the Apollo 11 spacecraft was launched into space on July 16, 1969. The crew included astronauts Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins. The trip to the Moon took three days. Upon arriving Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin moved to the Lunar module, called the Eagle, and began their descent to the Moon. There were some malfunctions and Armstrong had to land the module manually. On July 20, 1969 the Eagle landed on the Moon. Neil Armstrong stepped outside and became the first man to walk on the Moon. With his first step on the Moon, Armstrong said "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind". Friday, 2 August 13
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  20. 20. Add to your timeline..... 1955: Space race begins with both US and the Soviet Union announcing that they would soon be launching satellites into orbit. Effectively marks the beginning of the space race. 1957: Soviets put the first successful satellite into orbit called Sputnik 1. Americans follow some months afterwards. 1961: Soviets put the first man into space.Yuri Gagarin inVostok 1. 1962: Americans put their first man into space 1961: America launches the Apollo Moon program was launched. Kennedy says he will put a man on the moon within 10 years. 1969: Americans put the first man on the moon with Apollo 11. Neil Armstrong becomes first man to set foot on the moon. Friday, 2 August 13
  21. 21. Interesting Facts About the Space Race........ • The Russians called their space pilots cosmonauts meaning "sailors of the universe". The Americans were called astronauts meaning "star sailors". • Before Kennedy was assassinated, the Russians and the Americans were discussing working together to put a man on the Moon. After he was killed, the Russians backed off the joint venture. • The US would likely have had the first satellite in orbit if they had been allowed to use military rockets from the start. However, Eisenhower was worried he would be called a warmonger if he used military rockets for space. He told the scientists they must use research rockets instead. • The Space Race was not a long series of successes. Both sides had plenty of failures including crashes and explosions that resulted in the death of several astronauts. Friday, 2 August 13
  22. 22. Interesting reading... Friday, 2 August 13
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