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  1. 1. Chapter 12 Part 2The New Deal continued<br />
  2. 2. Criticism of the New Deal<br />Roosevelt began deficit spending by borrowing money to pay for his programs.<br /><ul><li> Others believed</li></ul>that FDR had <br />turned the US into<br />a socialist <br />country <br />
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  4. 4. Huey Long<br />Huey Long was a former governor and current senator from Louisiana who opposed the New Deal.<br />Ran a populist “Share the Wealth” program and gained incredible popularity<br />Was going to run for president in 1936 but was assassinated in 1935<br />
  5. 5. Carl Weiss: The Physician <br />The man said to have killed Huey Long<br />Long was trying to get rid of his father-in-law as judge<br />Said to be in a good mood by his parents that day…<br />Tried to talk to Long twice at the court house and was brushed off…3rd time he shot him<br />Body guards shot Weiss 30 times<br />Largest known funeral ever for an assassin<br />
  6. 6. Father Coughlin<br />Father Coughlin was a catholic priest from Detroit who opposed the New Deal on his weekly radio show. (30-45 million listeners) <br />
  7. 7. Dr. Francis Townsend<br />Dr. Francis Townsend said to give everyone over 60 years of age $200 a month not to work in factories.<br />
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  10. 10. Second New Deal<br />Some of the Second New Deal policies were:<br /> 1. Works Progress Administration(WPA)<br />- Spent 11 billion fixing streets,bridges, airports, and parks<br /> 2. Committee for Industrial Organization<br /> - Organized industrial unions<br /> 3. Social Security Act<br />- Provides money for elderly people when they retire<br /> - People could begin collecting at age 65<br />
  11. 11. WPA Construction Workers<br />
  12. 12. WPA Sewing Shop<br />
  13. 13. The most controversial part of the WPA was the hiring of artists, playwrights, orchestras, and journalists.<br />
  14. 14. WPA Artists 90% of WPA work went to unskilled labor…but artists were also hired for propaganda purposes (and to give work)<br />
  15. 15. WPA Propaganda<br />
  16. 16. WPA Park Photographer<br />
  17. 17. WPA Art Mural<br />
  18. 18. WPA-made art poster<br />
  19. 19. UAW<br />Sit Down Strikes are when workers would stop doing their job and sit down. The workers would then refuse to leave the factory.<br />The United Auto Workers (UAW) organized a Sit Down strike the General Motors Plantin Flint Michigan on December 31st 1936.<br />Workers were passed food from family members through the fence.<br />On February 11th 1937, GM recognized the strike and the UAW became very popular.<br />
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  23. 23. Passing food into the workers<br />
  24. 24. Sit down strike supporters<br />
  25. 25. The Strike Ends!<br />
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  29. 29. National Guard at the Maytag Strike<br />
  30. 30. Roosevelt’s Second Term<br />FDR’s wife Eleanor made sure he began putting African Americans in important governmental jobs.<br />These African Americans became known as the Black Cabinet. <br />In all, FDR had 45 African-American members in his executive branch of New Deal departments<br />He appointed Frances Perkins to his cabinet which was the first lady member.<br />
  31. 31. Frances Perkinsled the Dept. of Labor for 12 years<br />
  32. 32. Court-Packing Plan<br />Roosevelt called the Supreme Court “nine old men.”<br />FDR’s idea was to increase the number of justices. If a justice did not retire at the age of 70, the President could appoint another justice to serve.<br />This idea was cancelled in Congress but made the Supreme Court realize it needed to work more closely with FDR.<br />
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  37. 37. Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938<br />This provided the first federal minimum wage at 25 cents an hour and provided more protection.<br />This was the LAST MAJOR piece of New Deal legislation<br />Republicans won back many seats in Congress and by 1939 the New Deal was over.<br />FDR began to focus more on world issues rising out of Germany and Europe.<br />
  38. 38. LEGACY OF THE NEW DEAL<br />Only moderately successful<br />We wouldn’t fully get out of the depression until after WWII<br />Increased the role of the federal government incredibly—and this debate still goes on today<br />BUT it did instill faith in the lower classes that the federal government would help them when they need it<br />