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Evaluate Daily Checklist with PBM and CMS
 

Evaluate Daily Checklist with PBM and CMS

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This presentation gives an introduction to evaluating a daily checklist against 100+ instances of SQL Server while you get a cup of coffee. It will be given at SQLRally 2011

This presentation gives an introduction to evaluating a daily checklist against 100+ instances of SQL Server while you get a cup of coffee. It will be given at SQLRally 2011

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    Evaluate Daily Checklist with PBM and CMS Evaluate Daily Checklist with PBM and CMS Presentation Transcript

    • Evaluate your Daily Checklist against 100+ instances of SQL Server while you get a cup of coffee
      John Sterrett (@JohnSterrett)
      http://johnsterrett.com/go/PBM
      5/12/2011
    • Thank you Attendees & Sponsors
    • Titles are set to 34 pt, ArialClick to edit Master title style
      Level 1 text is 28 pt Arial
      Level 2 text is 24 pt Arial
      Level 3 text is 20 pt Arial
      Level 4 text is 20 pt Arial
      Level 5 text is 20 pt Arial
      Session Title
      3
    • I am not an expert but I stayed at a Holiday Inn once….
      Founder of WVPASS (SQL UG)
      I reside in Wheeling, WV (Pittsburgh, PA)
      Work for Orrick Herrington & Sutcliffe LLP
      Responsible 100+ Instances of SQL Server
      Responsible for PeopleSoft
      About Me….
    • My Story….
      BackupsCorruptionFailed mission critical SQL Jobs
      Failed Jobs
      Low Disk Space
      Urgency
      Process improvements
      Continuing education
      Projects
      Index Management
      Performance Tuning
      Pittsburgh Pirates winning the world series
      Everything else…
      Importance
      Comes from The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People by Stephen R. Covey
    • Do you have a daily checklist?
      What is your daily checklist?
      Full backups
      Transactional Log backups
      Free space
      SQL Agents are enabled
      SQL Agent jobs succeeded
      How do you evaluate your daily checklist?
      Central Management Server (CMS)
      Policy Based Management (PBM)
      Daily Checklist Questions
    • Daily Checklist
    • Daily Checklist?
    • Daily Checklist?
    • Job Notifications…..
    • Trust but verify…..
      Is the SQL Agent enabled for all servers?
      Does email operator exist for all jobs?
      Is the operator the same across all servers?
      Is Database Mail enabled for all servers?
    • I prefer notifications and….
    • Similar to local server group except it’s a repository for your team.
      Group database servers
      Environment
      Version
      Location
      Apply scripts against all servers in a group
      Not all checklist items can be validated with PBM
      Can use SQL Server 2008 R2 Express
      Central Management Server (CMS)
    • Which version of SQL should I use?
    • MSDB is used to store servers and groups
      Servers – msdb.dbo.sysmanagement_shared_registered_servers_internal
      Groups – msdb.dbo.sysmanagement_shared_server_groups_internal
      CMS Internals
    • CMS Security
      Security –
      ServerGroupAdministratorRole role can manage the central management server.
      ServerGroupReaderRole role is required to connect to a central management server.
      Windows Authentication of the individual servers is used to execute t-sql and policies.
    • First look at CMS
    • Create Configuration Management Server
      Create Groups
      Register Servers
      Execute scripts against a group
      Find missing backups
      Find failed SQL Agent Jobs
      Check SQL Agent Service is enabled
      DEMO
    • CMS itself cannot automate query execution.
      CMS only supports windows authentication
      Query results are ordered by server name
      Cannot include host server (Unless you use 127.0.0.1 or add port number)
      Query executes for all listed servers. (Includes duplicates)
      CMS Gotchas!
    • Leverage PowerShell to automate CMS
      Aaron Nelson – SQL University PowerShell Week
    • DEMO!
      Automate CMS with PowerShell
    • Policy-Based Management is a system for managing one or more instances of SQL Server 2008 (* BOL).
      Some facets allow you to enforce standards with “On-Change – Prevent”
      Can import and export policies
      Apply changes when evaluation fails
      Policies can run against SQL 2000 & 2005
      Policy-Based Management (PBM)
    • Prevent things from happening Apply changes
      Automate validation of checklists
      Checklists are prone to human error.
      Server configurations can change over time.
      Daily checklist items we will validate
      SQL Agent is enabled
      SQL Agent Jobs
      Full backups
      Transactional Log backups
      Free Space
      I use CMS & PBM to do two things…
    • Targets
      facets
      conditions
      policy
      categories
      server restrictions
      PBM Concepts and Terms
    • PBM Example – Page Verify
      http://www.littlekendra.com/2011/01/25/pageverify/
    • On Demand
      Executed by user or powershell scripts
      On Schedule
      Uses SQL Agent
      On Change – Prevent
      Uses DDL Triggers
      * Nested Triggers should be enabled
      On Change – Log Only
      uses event notification
      For More: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb510667%28SQL.100%29.aspx
      Evaluation Modes
    • Not all facets support On-change.
      On Change – Log (17)
      On Change – Prevent (12)
      Application Role
      Asymmetric Key
      Database Role
      Endpoint
      Login Options
      Multipart Name
      On-Change Evaluation….
      • Resource Pool
      • Schema
      • Stored Procedure
      • Table Options
      • User Defined Function
      • User Options
      • View Options
      • Workload Group
    • Best Practices
      SQL Server 2008 Feature Packs
      C:Program FilesMicrosoft SQL Server100ToolsPoliciesDatabaseEngine1033
      Interwebs
      http://www.mssqltips.com/category.asp?catid=89
      Blogs
      Bing or Google
      Where can I find policies?
    • Policy Alerts
      * On demand cannot be enabled so there are no alerts.
    • Views in MSDB database and dbo schema
      syspolicy_policies
      syspolicy_conditions
      syspolicy_system_health_state
      syspolicy_categories
      syspolicy_policy_category_subscriptions
      syspolicy_policy_execution_history
      syspolicy_policy_execution_history_details
      syspolicy_object_sets
      syspolicy_target_sets
      For more: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb510742.aspx
      PBM Views
    • PBM - ExecuteSQL
      The ExecuteSql() function can be used against any facet and it'll be executed once for each target in the target set.
      The proxy account is called ##MS_PolicyTsqlExecutionLogin## used for scheduled jobs
      http://blogs.msdn.com/b/sqlpbm/archive/2008/07/03/executesql.aspx
    • Cannot modify or create facets
      Policies fail to read mount points as separate locations
      ExecuteSQL only supports @ObjectName and @SchemaName
      Reporting is very limited out of the box
      On Change-Prevent is limited
      Best Practice Policies may not be best practice for your shop.
      Gotchas!
    • Create a Category
      Import Policies
      Export Policies
      Create Policy
      Evaluate Policy
      On-Demand
      Scheduled
      On Change – Prevent
      On Change – Log
      Apply Policy
      Evaluate Policy on Multiple Servers using CMS
      View Policy History
      PBM Demo!
    • http://epmframework.codeplex.com/
      EPMF leverages
      Central Management Server
      Policy-Based Management
      PowerShell
      XML
      SQL Server Reporting Services
      Reporting - EPM Framework
    • Show EMPF…
      DEMO!
    • All reference material can be found at http://johnsterrett.com/go/PBM
      Books On Line
      Administering Servers by Using Policy-Based Management
      Book
      Pro SQL Server 2008 Policy-Based Management
      White Papers
      Enterprise Policy Management Framework with SQL Server 2008
      SQL Server 2008 Policy-Based Management
      Web
      www.mssqltips.com
      Where you should go from here?
    • Notes (hidden)
      Some speakers may use this slide for hidden notes
      Please delete if you prefer not to use
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      Session Title
      38
    • Please Complete the Evaluation Form
      Pick up your evaluation form:
      In each presentation room
      Drop off your completed form
      Near the exit of each presentation room
      At the registration area
      Sponsored by Dell
      Session Title
      39
    • THANK YOU!
      For attending this session and PASS SQLRally Orlando, Florida
      Sponsored by Dell
      Session Code | Session Title
      40