Open Data - Intro & Current State for Planners


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This is an introduction to Open Data and its current state.

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Open Data - Intro & Current State for Planners

  1. 1. Open Data- Introduction & Current State<br />Presented by <br />Jury Konga, Principal<br />eGovFutures Group<br />.<br />Presented to<br />Regional Information Systems <br />Working Group<br />Toronto, June 3, 2011.<br />
  2. 2. Context – Open Gov, Gov 2.0 and Open Data<br />Open Data Current State<br />Principles<br />Open Data – local to global<br />Open Data Framework<br />Open Data Value Proposition<br />Open Data and the Planning Community<br />Closing thoughts<br />Overview<br />Open Data – Intro & Current State<br />2<br />
  3. 3. Context- Open Government<br /><ul><li>Roots in Freedom of Information legislation (oldest identified with Sweden in 1766, U.S.A. 1966; Canada FOI as well as Privacy Act; 1983)
  4. 4. More recently, Open Government focuses on citizen engagement, transparency, accountability, collaboration and innovation
  5. 5. 3 Pillars of Open Government from Senator Kate Lundy, Australia:Citizen- Centric Government, Open and Transparent Government and Innovation Facilitation (June 2009)
  6. 6. President Obama’s Open Government directive (Jan. 2009) synopsis: Government should be transparent, participatory andcollaborative</li></ul>3<br />Open Data – Intro & Current State<br />
  7. 7. Context- Gov(ernment) 2.0<br /><ul><li>“Government 2.0: Using Technology to Improve Education, Cut Red Tape, Reduce Gridlock, and Enhance Democracy”William Eggers, Deloitte. 2005
  8. 8. Gov 2.0 “is the use of technology – especially the collaborative technologies at the heart of Web 2.0 – to better solve the collective problems at a city, state, national and international level”Tim O’Reilly, “Open Government – Collaboration, Transparency and Participation in Practice”. 2010</li></ul>4<br />Open Data – Intro & Current State<br />
  9. 9. Context- Open Data<br /><ul><li>Open Data is a foundational component for Open Government and focuses on freely making public data available in a usable format for all to re-use and add value for the benefit of citizens.
  10. 10. Open Data – it’s about public data being easily discoverable, readily accessible and freely available without restrictions (to a degree)
  11. 11. Recent Open Data initiatives have focused on public sector data and very recently has also turned to private sector corporate data
  12. 12. Open Data – not new, we’ve been doing it for a while … what has changed is the public’s expectations of expanded scope and ease of access to government data</li></ul>5<br />Open Data – Intro & Current State<br />
  13. 13. Open Government Components- Focus on Citizens<br />6<br />What needs to improve to benefit citizens … <br />Open Data – Intro & Current State<br />
  14. 14. Open Government- Perspective for Local Government<br />Business: Public Services<br />Structure: Corporation<br />Governance: Council (Board of Directors)<br />Servicing: Citizens and Businesses - the SHAREHOLDERS<br />7<br />Open Data – Intro & Current State<br />
  15. 15. Open Government, Open Data- Why?<br />8<br />Shareholders…. needs & expectations<br />Images via MS Office<br />Open Data – Intro & Current State<br />
  16. 16. Open Data Current State- Principles<br /><ul><li>10 Principles for Opening Up Government Information
  17. 17. Completeness
  18. 18. Primacy
  19. 19. Timeliness
  20. 20. Ease of Physical and Electronic Access
  21. 21. Machine readability
  22. 22. Non-discrimination
  23. 23. Use of Commonly owned standards
  24. 24. Licensing
  25. 25. Permanence
  26. 26. Usage costs</li></ul>Open Data – Intro & Current State<br />9<br />
  27. 27. Open Data Current State- Principles<br /><ul><li>10 Principles for Opening Up Government Information</li></ul>Complements of<br />Open Data – Intro & Current State<br />10<br />
  28. 28. Open Data Current State- Where in the World?<br />Open Data – Intro & Current State<br />11<br />
  29. 29. Open Data Current State- From Local to Global<br />Open Data – Intro & Current State<br />12<br />
  30. 30. Federal : started shortly before election call. One year pilot. Considered 2 – 3 years behind UK & USA<br />Provinces: some GIS data related sites. BC has Minister of Open Gov<br />Municipalities: Leaders in Open Data. In Ontario: Toronto, Ottawa, London, Windsor, Mississauga. Others in planning stages.<br />Open Data Current State- the Canadian Open Scene<br />Open Data – Intro & Current State<br />13<br />
  31. 31. 14<br />Open Data Current State- Open Data Framework Project<br />Open Data Framework<br />G4: Vancouver, Toronto, Edmonton & Ottawa<br />ODF Project: August – December 2010.<br />ODF Components<br />Governance<br />Principles & Policy<br />Standards<br />Technology<br />Data, Operations & Human Resources<br />Open Data Portal<br />Future Roadmap<br />Open Data – Intro & Current State<br />
  32. 32. Open Data Value Proposition- Use & Re-Use of the Data<br />Great video on value of open data<br />-<br />Value is not in the raw data alone<br />Apps for use of the data is key to open data success<br />Value to the Citizen is the bottom line<br />15<br />Open Data - the New Reality<br />Open Data – Intro & Current State<br />
  33. 33. Hans Rosling’sGapminder App<br />Raw data input from simple table<br />Animation to simplify understanding of temporal data<br />16<br />Open Data Value Proposition- Visualization for Education<br />Open Data – Intro & Current State<br />
  34. 34. Enhanced services<br />Cost reductions (e.g. FOI requests)<br />Economic development<br />Improved government transparency & trust<br />Increased citizen engagement<br />Open Data – Intro & Current State<br />17<br />Open Data Value Proposition- Some Commonly Defined Benefits<br />
  35. 35. Open Data - the New Reality<br />Open Data Current State - Collaboration from Local to Global<br /><ul><li>Local Open Data Community sites and events “owned and operated” by citizens
  36. 36. USING Open Data - Local to Global collaborations – all at once!
  37. 37. Participated in RHoK Dec 4 – 5, 2010. Combined with Intl Open Data Hackathon: 63 cities, 25 countries, 5 continents</li></ul>Open Data – Intro & Current State<br />18<br />
  38. 38. 19<br />Open Data Current State- Open Data Maturity Model<br />Five Phases of Open Data<br />Evolutionary within<br />Info Management Best Practices<br />Open Data – Intro & Current State<br />
  39. 39. Open Data NxGen- Enhanced Content & Access<br />Municipal<br />Public Service<br />Provincial<br />Federal<br />OpenData.<br />EARTH<br />Academia, Non-Profits, Community Groups<br />External <br />Data Linkages<br />(e.g. World Bank)<br />OpenData.CA<br />OpenStreetMap<br />Community Updates<br />Source: Municipal Open Government Framework, 2010<br />20<br />Open Data – Intro & Current State<br />
  40. 40. Open Data andthe Planning Community <br />Planning Data + Open <br />=<br />HUGE Opportunity<br />…. lots of activity<br />21<br />Open Data – Intro & Current State<br />
  41. 41. Open Plans (1999) focused on Open Gov , “livable streets” & reporting urban issues<br />Focus on “Helping cities work better”<br />Numerous community focused projects developing open source tools & using open data<br />Open Planning Community- U.S. Example <br />Open Data – Intro & Current State<br />22<br />
  42. 42. Open Planning Community - Local Non-Profit Example<br />Neptis Foundation -Focus on urban growth management research & education<br />Developing an Open Data Strategy to allow better access to research data including geospatial data<br />Wiki Mapping project seeks to share GIS data ,foster collaboration and develop info to support GGH regional planning <br />Open Data – Intro & Current State<br />23<br />DRAFT<br />
  43. 43. Open Planning Community - Local “Open Data” <br />Open Data – Intro & Current State<br />24<br />
  44. 44. Open Planning Community - Local Neighbourhood “Open Data” <br />Open Data – Intro & Current State<br />25<br />“Place Matters”<br />… over to Harvey Low for details <br />Source: Harvey Low, City of Toronto<br />
  45. 45. Moving forward together … as a community <br />Need to leverage our<br />Community Intellectual Capital<br />and resources<br />Open Data – Intro & Current State<br />26<br />
  46. 46. … a few Concluding Thoughts <br />Embrace Open Government and Open Data – you’re actually already part of the way there and momentum is growing<br />Accelerate Open Data – all levels of government need to increase knowledge and pick up the pace of moving forward to benefit all<br />Plan now, develop incrementally – awareness of the new environment, readiness assessment, align with priorities & allocate resources<br />Collaborate Now - limited resources and increasing internal and external demands for efficient and effective government dictate it<br />Build and Leverage Your Community – engage the citizens, businesses and community groups … the community wants to help<br />Planning community has much to offer – the data used to develop an Official Plan should be optimized … making it open and accessible by all will add value to your sizable investment<br />27<br />Open Data – Current State & Next Gen<br />
  47. 47. Thank You<br />Jury Konga, PrincipaleGovFutures Groupjkonga@sympatico.caTwitter @jkongaSkype jury.kongaOther<br />
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