Open Data - Intro & Current State for Planners

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This is an introduction to Open Data and its current state.

This is an introduction to Open Data and its current state.

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  • 1. Open Data- Introduction & Current State
    Presented by
    Jury Konga, Principal
    eGovFutures Group
    .
    Presented to
    Regional Information Systems
    Working Group
    Toronto, June 3, 2011.
  • 2. Context – Open Gov, Gov 2.0 and Open Data
    Open Data Current State
    Principles
    Open Data – local to global
    Open Data Framework
    Open Data Value Proposition
    Open Data and the Planning Community
    Closing thoughts
    Overview
    Open Data – Intro & Current State
    2
  • 3. Context- Open Government
    • Roots in Freedom of Information legislation (oldest identified with Sweden in 1766, U.S.A. 1966; Canada FOI as well as Privacy Act; 1983)
    • 4. More recently, Open Government focuses on citizen engagement, transparency, accountability, collaboration and innovation
    • 5. 3 Pillars of Open Government from Senator Kate Lundy, Australia:Citizen- Centric Government, Open and Transparent Government and Innovation Facilitation (June 2009)
    • 6. President Obama’s Open Government directive (Jan. 2009) synopsis: Government should be transparent, participatory andcollaborative
    3
    Open Data – Intro & Current State
  • 7. Context- Gov(ernment) 2.0
    • “Government 2.0: Using Technology to Improve Education, Cut Red Tape, Reduce Gridlock, and Enhance Democracy”William Eggers, Deloitte. 2005
    • 8. Gov 2.0 “is the use of technology – especially the collaborative technologies at the heart of Web 2.0 – to better solve the collective problems at a city, state, national and international level”Tim O’Reilly, “Open Government – Collaboration, Transparency and Participation in Practice”. 2010
    4
    Open Data – Intro & Current State
  • 9. Context- Open Data
    • Open Data is a foundational component for Open Government and focuses on freely making public data available in a usable format for all to re-use and add value for the benefit of citizens.
    • 10. Open Data – it’s about public data being easily discoverable, readily accessible and freely available without restrictions (to a degree)
    • 11. Recent Open Data initiatives have focused on public sector data and very recently has also turned to private sector corporate data
    • 12. Open Data – not new, we’ve been doing it for a while … what has changed is the public’s expectations of expanded scope and ease of access to government data
    5
    Open Data – Intro & Current State
  • 13. Open Government Components- Focus on Citizens
    6
    What needs to improve to benefit citizens …
    Open Data – Intro & Current State
  • 14. Open Government- Perspective for Local Government
    Business: Public Services
    Structure: Corporation
    Governance: Council (Board of Directors)
    Servicing: Citizens and Businesses - the SHAREHOLDERS
    7
    Open Data – Intro & Current State
  • 15. Open Government, Open Data- Why?
    8
    Shareholders…. needs & expectations
    Images via MS Office
    Open Data – Intro & Current State
  • 16. Open Data Current State- Principles
    • 10 Principles for Opening Up Government Informationhttp://sunlightfoundation.com/policy/documents/ten-open-data-principles/
    • 17. Completeness
    • 18. Primacy
    • 19. Timeliness
    • 20. Ease of Physical and Electronic Access
    • 21. Machine readability
    • 22. Non-discrimination
    • 23. Use of Commonly owned standards
    • 24. Licensing
    • 25. Permanence
    • 26. Usage costs
    Open Data – Intro & Current State
    9
  • 27. Open Data Current State- Principles
    • 10 Principles for Opening Up Government Information
    Complements of www.wordle.net
    Open Data – Intro & Current State
    10
  • 28. Open Data Current State- Where in the World?
    Open Data – Intro & Current State
    11
  • 29. Open Data Current State- From Local to Global
    Open Data – Intro & Current State
    12
  • 30. Federal : started shortly before election call. One year pilot. Considered 2 – 3 years behind UK & USA
    Provinces: some GIS data related sites. BC has Minister of Open Gov
    Municipalities: Leaders in Open Data. In Ontario: Toronto, Ottawa, London, Windsor, Mississauga. Others in planning stages.
    Open Data Current State- the Canadian Open Scene
    Open Data – Intro & Current State
    13
  • 31. 14
    Open Data Current State- Open Data Framework Project
    Open Data Framework
    G4: Vancouver, Toronto, Edmonton & Ottawa
    ODF Project: August – December 2010.
    ODF Components
    Governance
    Principles & Policy
    Standards
    Technology
    Data, Operations & Human Resources
    Open Data Portal
    Future Roadmap
    Open Data – Intro & Current State
  • 32. Open Data Value Proposition- Use & Re-Use of the Data
    Great video on value of open data
    - http://www.streetfilms.org/a-case-for-open-data-in-transit/
    Value is not in the raw data alone
    Apps for use of the data is key to open data success
    Value to the Citizen is the bottom line
    15
    Open Data - the New Reality
    Open Data – Intro & Current State
  • 33. Hans Rosling’sGapminder App
    Raw data input from simple table
    Animation to simplify understanding of temporal data
    16
    Open Data Value Proposition- Visualization for Education
    Open Data – Intro & Current State
  • 34. Enhanced services
    Cost reductions (e.g. FOI requests)
    Economic development
    Improved government transparency & trust
    Increased citizen engagement
    Open Data – Intro & Current State
    17
    Open Data Value Proposition- Some Commonly Defined Benefits
  • 35. Open Data - the New Reality
    Open Data Current State - Collaboration from Local to Global
    • Local Open Data Community sites and events “owned and operated” by citizens
    • 36. USING Open Data - Local to Global collaborations – all at once!
    • 37. Participated in RHoK Dec 4 – 5, 2010. Combined with Intl Open Data Hackathon: 63 cities, 25 countries, 5 continents
    Open Data – Intro & Current State
    18
  • 38. 19
    Open Data Current State- Open Data Maturity Model
    Five Phases of Open Data
    Evolutionary within
    Info Management Best Practices
    Open Data – Intro & Current State
  • 39. Open Data NxGen- Enhanced Content & Access
    Municipal
    Public Service
    Provincial
    Federal
    OpenData.
    EARTH
    Academia, Non-Profits, Community Groups
    External
    Data Linkages
    (e.g. World Bank)
    OpenData.CA
    OpenStreetMap
    Community Updates
    Source: Municipal Open Government Framework, 2010 www.slideshare.net/jkonga
    20
    Open Data – Intro & Current State
  • 40. Open Data andthe Planning Community
    Planning Data + Open
    =
    HUGE Opportunity
    …. lots of activity
    21
    Open Data – Intro & Current State
  • 41. Open Plans (1999) focused on Open Gov , “livable streets” & reporting urban issues
    Focus on “Helping cities work better”
    Numerous community focused projects developing open source tools & using open data
    Open Planning Community- U.S. Example
    Open Data – Intro & Current State
    22
  • 42. Open Planning Community - Local Non-Profit Example
    Neptis Foundation -Focus on urban growth management research & education
    Developing an Open Data Strategy to allow better access to research data including geospatial data
    Wiki Mapping project seeks to share GIS data ,foster collaboration and develop info to support GGH regional planning
    Open Data – Intro & Current State
    23
    DRAFT
  • 43. Open Planning Community - Local “Open Data”
    Open Data – Intro & Current State
    24
  • 44. Open Planning Community - Local Neighbourhood “Open Data”
    Open Data – Intro & Current State
    25
    “Place Matters”
    … over to Harvey Low for details
    Source: Harvey Low, City of Toronto
  • 45. Moving forward together … as a community
    Need to leverage our
    Community Intellectual Capital
    and resources
    Open Data – Intro & Current State
    26
  • 46. … a few Concluding Thoughts
    Embrace Open Government and Open Data – you’re actually already part of the way there and momentum is growing
    Accelerate Open Data – all levels of government need to increase knowledge and pick up the pace of moving forward to benefit all
    Plan now, develop incrementally – awareness of the new environment, readiness assessment, align with priorities & allocate resources
    Collaborate Now - limited resources and increasing internal and external demands for efficient and effective government dictate it
    Build and Leverage Your Community – engage the citizens, businesses and community groups … the community wants to help
    Planning community has much to offer – the data used to develop an Official Plan should be optimized … making it open and accessible by all will add value to your sizable investment
    27
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
  • 47. Thank You
    Jury Konga, PrincipaleGovFutures Groupjkonga@sympatico.caTwitter @jkongaSkype jury.kongaOther presentations:www.slideshare.net/jkonga