Benchmarking open data


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The presentation analyses the open data movement across the world and in India. The current experiments in benchmarking open data initiatives are also briefly mentioned.

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  • In December 2007, 30 open government advocates gathered to develop a set of principles of open government data. The meeting, held in Sebastopol, California, was designed to develop a more robust understanding of why open government data is essential to democracy. 
  • In May 2006, the Indian government approved the National Egovernance Plan (NeGP), which was conceptualized as a holistic approach towards making government services available to people in their localities through CSCs while meeting goals of efficiency, transparency, reliability, and affordability. In short, the plan’s “vision is to use Information Technology as a tool for raising the living standards of the common man and enriching their lives.” The plan includes proposals for “streamlining, aligning, optimizing and automating all internal processes across government boundaries”; with respect to courts, “online availability of judgments and cause list, efiling of cases and notifications through emails”; and a portal providing “onestop access to government services.”
  • Benchmarking open data

    1. 1. Next Stage In Open Government Data: Using Data For Transparency, Accountability and Collaboration Nayana RenuKumar CENTRE FOR GOOD GOVERNANCE, INDIA
    2. 2. Web 2.0 Image source: Flat Classroom Pro
    3. 3. Open Government and Citizen Engagement     Open Government Data are data sets released by the government on public interest. Usage is unconstrained with the right to reshare and re-purpose without further notice (Source: Linked Open Data). Political paradigm is based on the principles of transparency, participation, and collaboration Open government is about how government can work with society and individuals to co--‐create public value OECD (2010) Core values of open government data can be summarized as:  Transparency: Governments should provide citizens information on what they are doing, to receive feedback on government decisions and be held accountable  Participation: Governments should actively solicit expertise and consult with all sectors of society so that it makes policies with the best information  Collaboration: Government officials should work together and with citizens and the private sector as part of their job of solving local and
    4. 4. Need for Open Data       More information might lead to more informed and better decisions Higher degree of effectiveness & efficiency Strengthen trust in establishment Leverage benefits of peer production New business models “Peoples right to know”  Execution of controlling rights by the citizens  Self-Determination  Communication on equal information level  Better Services – better Governance – better Regulation
    5. 5. Open Government Data Definition: The 8 Principles of Open Government Data  Government data shall be considered open if the data are made public in a way that complies with the principles below:  Data Must Be Complete: All public data are made available. Data are electronically stored information or recordings, including but not limited to documents, databases, transcripts, and audio/visual recordings. Public data are data that are not subject to valid privacy, security or privilege limitations, as governed by other statutes.  Data Must Be Primary: Data are published as collected at the source, with the finest possible level of granularity, not in aggregate or modified forms.  Data Must Be Timely: Data are made available as quickly as necessary to preserve the value of the data.  Data Must Be Accessible: Data are available to the widest range of users for the widest range of purposes.  Data Must Be Machine processable: Data are reasonably structured to allow automated processing of it.
    6. 6. Open Government Data Definition: The 8 Principles of Open Government Data  Access Must Be Non-Discriminatory: Data are available to anyone, with no requirement of registration.  Data Formats Must Be Non-Proprietary: Data are available in a format over which no entity has exclusive control  Data Must Be License-free: Data are not subject to any copyright, patent, trademark or trade secret regulation. Reasonable privacy, security and privilege restrictions may be allowed as governed by other statutes.  Finally, compliance must be reviewable. A contact person must be designated to respond to people trying to use the data. A contact person must be designated to respond to complaints about violations of principles. An administrative or judicial court must have the jurisdiction to review whether the agency has applied these principles appropriately. Opengovdata
    7. 7. Key open data initiatives State/Federal Private US and USA to track government  spending and improve transparency of public policies  data-catalog   www.undataapi.   org/wiki/datasets           
    8. 8. Benchmarking Open Data Initiatives  Wide range of indicators now used performance, especially in eGovernment  One of the challenges for the future government - design and implement new metrics for benchmarking governments‟ performance to ensure that citizen engagement and open government data initiatives can be monitored and improved  to evaluate government Necessary to allow benchmarking of “transformation readiness” of governments as well as improvements in “public value” from the point of view of citizens  qunb open data benchmark France vs UK vs US  Socrata, Inc., a leading advocate and technology enabler of Open Data launched the inaugural Open Government Data Benchmark Study on July 21, 2010  Study offered insights into the state of Open Government Data from three perspectives:    data producers and publishers in federal, state and local governments; civically-engaged data consuming citizens; and programmers who aim to build civic applications based on open, public
    9. 9. Why Open Data Benchmarking?   It‟s important to find out how far we‟ve come in this evolution towards government data transparency and civically-engaged citizens Answers some key questions  How aware is the public about Open Data initiatives?  How do they feel about it?  What percentage of people believe Open Data is important enough to fund with taxpayer money?  Would the public be more likely to support elected officials who champion data transparency?  How would people expect to consume and interact with public data?  For that matter, what would be examples of high-value datasets in their view? Source: Socrata
    11. 11. Open data in India  India provides one of the most fascinating examples of the use of open government data in a developing country context. It has one of the best right to information laws in the world and the government‟s approach to open data builds on this legacy of making open data relevant to Indian citizens.  Right to Information Act 2005  Sec 4 1(b) : Proactive disclosure of information  National eGovernance Plan  National Knowledge Commission  Public Information Infrastructure  National Data Sharing and Accessibility Policy-2012  Open Government Platform created through India- Us collaboration  to Promote Transparency and Citizen Engagement  by making more government data, documents, tools and processes publicly available  Government portal  National Spatial Data Infrastructure  National Knowledge Network
    12. 12. Prime Minister‟s Advisor on Public Information Infrastructure & Innovations  Operationalising the National Knowledge Network to interconnect all educational and research institutions  Overseeing broadband connectivity to local governments and enabling citizen interface to improve delivery of public services and citizen empowerment  Promoting greater use of Information Communications Technology in Public Transport Systems  Promoting greater use of Information Communications Technology in the Justice System  Developing an Action Plan for a Decade of Innovation  Undertaking other activities that impact the creation of a knowledge society  INDIAN GOVT HOLDS FIRST TWITTER SESSION   Sam Pitroda, Adviser to the Prime Minister on Public Information Infrastructure and Innovations, held the Indian government‟s first ever Twitter session to interact with citizens on 25th September, to discuss public access to information. The virtual conference, entitled „Democratisation of Information‟ which Pitroda defined as “information access for everyone”, invited questions regarding the PIII release of information by government departments, public information infrastructure, government initiatives in this field, and problems that participants could observe and foresee
    13. 13. National Knowledge Network  State-of-the-art multi-gigabit pan-India network for providing a unified high speed network backbone for all knowledge related institutions in the country  Comprises of an ultra-high speed CORE (multiples of 10 Gbps), complimented with a distribution layer at appropriate speeds  Participating institutions at the Edge will connect to the National Knowledge Network seamlessly at speeds of 1 Gbps or higher  Network is designed to support Overlay Networks, Dedicated Networks, and Virtual Networks  Advanced applications in areas such as Health, Education, Science & Technology, Grid Computing, Bio informatics, Agriculture, and Governance will be an integral part of NKN  The entire network will seamlessly integrate with the global scientific community at multiple gigabits per second speed NKN
    14. 14. Benchmarking Efforts   India eReadiness Assessment reports since 2003 Jointly prepared by NCAER and DIT
    15. 15. Key challenges for India‟s open data efforts        Absence of adequate eGovernance infrastructure to place identified government data online in an machine readable, reusable, and easily interpretable format Issues of privacy Language barriers Semantic and system interoperability issues Most data provided in „raw data‟ not amenable to sophisticated analysis Need for evolving and propagating open standards Elite capture of access
    16. 16. Final comments : Benchmarking Open Data  A very effective open method coordination for eGovernment, where most common policies and objectives are set on a voluntary basis, and implementation is ensured not by regulation but by peer pressure  Resulting rankings expose both the achievers and the laggards  Depending on the acceptance and exposure they receive, these rankings can have a significant impact on policy development  Benefits: simplicity, accountability and capacity to influence policy  Need to be mindful about drawbacks  Over-simplification and excessive focus on indicators rankings, rather than on actual needs and benefits and
    17. 17. Thank You