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OPEN DATA AS A DRIVER OF SOCIETY 5.0:
HOW YOU AND YOUR SCIENTIFIC OUTPUTS CAN
CONTRIBUTE TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SUPER SMART
SOCIETY AND TRANSFORMATION INTO SMART LIVING?
Anastasija Nikiforova, PhD
IT-expert and researcher, Latvian Biomedical Research and Study Centre (BMC, BBMRI-LV), Latvian Biobank (LGDB)
Expert of the Latvian Council of Sciences (1) Computer Science and Informatics and (2) Electrical Engineering, Electronics, ICT
Associate member of the Latvian Open Technology Association
Anastasija.Nikiforova@lu.lv, https://anastasijanikiforova.com/
Acknowledgements : The results were achieved thanks to INTEGROMED project funded by the
European Union under the programme, grant agreement 857572.
https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/21/15/5204/htm
Image source: https://arcticanthropology.org/
a way by which to guide and mobilize action in science, technology and innovation (STI)
to achieve a prosperous, sustainable, and inclusive future
-- Japan, 5th Science and Technology Basic Plan
SOCIETY 5.0
Source: https://www.japanhouselondon.uk/whats-on/2020/society-5-0-a-new-model-for-an-ageing-society-a-talk-by-professor-harayama-yuko/
Society 5.0 aims to resolve various modern social challenges by incorporating game-changing innovations such as the
Internet of things (IoT), robotics, AI and big data into all industries and social activities.
Rather than a future controlled and monitored by AI and robots, technology is harnessed to achieve a human-centred society
in which each and every person can lead an active and enjoyable life.
Following the hunting society (Society 1.0), the agricultural society (Society 2.0), the industrial society (Society 3.0), and the information
society (Society 4.0), the far-reaching policies of Society 5.0 propose a new transformation of contemporary ways of life.
Acknowledgements : The results were achieved thanks to INTEGROMED project funded by the
European Union under the programme, grant agreement 857572 (Horizon2020).
Image source: https://globalbusinesscoalition.org/global-governance-news/b20-tokyo-summit-joint-recommendations-society-5-0-for-sdgs/attachment/figure-2-society-5-0-for-sdgs/
DIGITAL
TRANSFORMATION
IMAGINATION AND CREATIVITY
OF INDIVIDUALS
PROBLEM SOLVING
VALUE CREATION
X
https://digital.thecatcompanyinc.com/b20magazine/tokyo-2019/society-5-0-updates-on-japanese-business-and-economy/
Source: https://digital.thecatcompanyinc.com/b20magazine/tokyo-2019/society-5-0-updates-on-japanese-business-and-economy/
OPENNESS
Open data, i.e., freely accessible, shareable, and usable data;
Open science, i.e., making scientific research and its dissemination
accessible to all levels of the society;
Open standards, i.e., technology neutral specifications for hardware, software,
or data developed through an open process;
Open source software, i.e., free and open collaborative software development;
Open hardware, i.e., physical products, machines and systems designed and
offered by means of publicly shared information;
Open education, i.e., learning and teaching without barriers
OPENNESS
ROLE OF THE OPENNESS. O(G)D
COVID-19 OGD  a SARS-CoV-2 virus transmission model based on human flow networks  new perspectives + modeling
of different scenarios + illustrating the evolution of and trends in the pandemic*.
relationship between COVID-19 open data and PM2.5  a positive relationship between long-term PM2.5 exposure and the
incidence of COVID-19 **.
air pollution open data catalog  detecting and treatment of one of the most important sleep disorders, Obtrusive sleep
apnea (OSA)***.
real-time (!!!) open data  urban-sensing framework for fine particulate matters PM2.5 - Taiwan +29 countries  one of the
largest deployment projects for PM2.5 monitoring in the world  collected data are released in real time and in an open data
manner, which has contributed to the development of other products and services using data which has been made open, thereby
creating a chain of valuable open data-based solutions and services**
*López, V.; Čukić, M. A dynamical model of SARS-CoV-2 based on people flow networks. Saf. Sci. 2021, 134, 105034
** Stieb, D.M.; Evans, G.J.; To, T.M.; Brook, J.R.; Burnett, R.T. An ecological analysis of long-term exposure to PM2.5 and incidence of COVID-19 in Canadian health regions. Environ. Res. 2020, 191, 110052
***Yacchirema, D.C.; Sarabia, D.; Palau, C.E.; Esteve, M. A Smart System for Sleep Monitoring by Integrating IoT With Big Data Analytics. IEEE Access 2018, 6, 35988–36001
****Chen, L.J.; Ho, Y.H.; Lee, H.C.; Wu, H.C.; Liu, H.M.; Hsieh, H.H.; Lung, S.C.C. An open framework for participatory PM2.5 monitoring in smart cities. IEEE Access 2017, 5, 14441–14454.
ROLE OF THE OPENNESS. O(G)D
The majority of studies found which actively utilize or promote open data can be classified in at least two general categories, where
open data are used as:
(1) an input for new services, such as (bio)medicine or healthcare, transport, environment, Smart City etc.,
(2) a tool to improve the algorithms already developed, optimize solutions in use, or introduce new ones where the open data
can be used as training data without the need for resources (both, time, money and human) to be spent on data collection.
The way in which open (government) data are reused points to:
 their potential by themselves as a resource and a tool, i.e. data opening can be considered to be the key to various benefits,
both commercial and non-commercial,
 their potential in regards to Society 5.0,
 the more data become available, the more new application areas will be explored.
This, in turn, contributes significantly to the development of new cooperation and combating challenges
with common forces
SMARTER OPEN GOVERNMENT DATA FOR SOCIETY 5.0: ARE
YOUR OPEN DATA SMART ENOUGH?
60 countries  51 OGD portal
Method: usability test
Data: real-time, sensor-generated and COVID-19 – high-value data,
meet Society 5.0 and Industry 4.0 trends
1.Are the open data related to the topic under question ({sensor; real-time; COVID-
19}) published, i.e., available?
2.Are these data available in a machine-readable format
3.Are these data current, i.e., regularly updated?
4.Is API ensured for these data (most importantly for real-time and sensor data)?
5.Have they been published in a timely manner?
6.What is the total number of available data sets?
7.Does the open government data portal provides use-cases/showcases?
8.Does the open government portal provide an opportunity to gain insight into the
popularity of the data?
9.Is there an opportunity to provide feedback, comment, suggestion or complaint?
10.Is the artifact, i.e., feedback, comment, suggestion or complaint, visible to other users?
SMARTER OPEN GOVERNMENT DATA FOR SOCIETY 5.0.
SOME RESULTS
Real-time data Sensor data
COVID-19 data
For more details see:
Nikiforova, A. (2021). Smarter Open Government Data for Society
5.0: Are Your Open Data Smart Enough?. Sensors, 21(15), 5204.
SMARTER OPEN GOVERNMENT DATA FOR SOCIETY 5.0: ARE
YOUR OPEN DATA SMART ENOUGH?
40 out of 51 OGD portals provide open data related to COVID-19,
32 portals provide real-time data
29 provide sensor data.
many countries are trying to follow the latest trends and provide data that could be important for their users in transforming into innovative
solutions and services that create value for both the economy and the society, including moving towards the Smart City and the Smart Society
BUT some countries have not yet opened these data.
Although in general, “smarter” data and higher quality data are often typical for highly developed countries, which follow the
trends of Smart Cities at both economic, political and social levels, for many countries this relationship is less obvious:
developed countries can demonstrate weak results in terms of data provision and their usability, while less developed countries can be characterized
by relatively competitive results;
among the countries that have already opened these data, the majority of portals have gaps in the usability of these data in terms of their machine-
readability, the unavailability of API, and the timeliness and frequency of updates.
Partial compliance with Society 5.0 trends (users needs and intentions)
CONCLUSIONS
open data became a daily phenomena.
“open science” as “making findings available to the (scientific) audience by means of articles, preferably OA”, is not enough!
Society 5.0 requires some more advanced guidelines to be defined and involved (is the case for biomedicine, including BMC and LGDB).
Openness (open data + open science) is
one of the crucial drivers of a sustainable economy and real transformation of the society, science, government
a creativity bridge in developing a new ecosystem in Industry 4.0 and Society 5.0
allows solving problems that were not central research objects to the original data holders,
improve previous results, establish cooperation to tackle challenges together.
So ask yourself - am I promoting open science? and how can I promote open science to change the world?
Let’s transform the world together!
Acknowledgements : The results were achieved thanks to
INTEGROMED project funded by the European Union under the
programme, grant agreement 857572.
THANK YOU FOR
ATTENTION!
QUESTIONS?
For more information, see ResearchGate
See also https://anastasijanikiforova.com/
For question or any queries, contact me via
anastasija.nikiforova@lu.lv

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How Your Scientific Outputs Can Drive Society 5.0

  • 1. OPEN DATA AS A DRIVER OF SOCIETY 5.0: HOW YOU AND YOUR SCIENTIFIC OUTPUTS CAN CONTRIBUTE TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SUPER SMART SOCIETY AND TRANSFORMATION INTO SMART LIVING? Anastasija Nikiforova, PhD IT-expert and researcher, Latvian Biomedical Research and Study Centre (BMC, BBMRI-LV), Latvian Biobank (LGDB) Expert of the Latvian Council of Sciences (1) Computer Science and Informatics and (2) Electrical Engineering, Electronics, ICT Associate member of the Latvian Open Technology Association Anastasija.Nikiforova@lu.lv, https://anastasijanikiforova.com/
  • 2. Acknowledgements : The results were achieved thanks to INTEGROMED project funded by the European Union under the programme, grant agreement 857572. https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/21/15/5204/htm
  • 4. a way by which to guide and mobilize action in science, technology and innovation (STI) to achieve a prosperous, sustainable, and inclusive future -- Japan, 5th Science and Technology Basic Plan SOCIETY 5.0 Source: https://www.japanhouselondon.uk/whats-on/2020/society-5-0-a-new-model-for-an-ageing-society-a-talk-by-professor-harayama-yuko/ Society 5.0 aims to resolve various modern social challenges by incorporating game-changing innovations such as the Internet of things (IoT), robotics, AI and big data into all industries and social activities. Rather than a future controlled and monitored by AI and robots, technology is harnessed to achieve a human-centred society in which each and every person can lead an active and enjoyable life. Following the hunting society (Society 1.0), the agricultural society (Society 2.0), the industrial society (Society 3.0), and the information society (Society 4.0), the far-reaching policies of Society 5.0 propose a new transformation of contemporary ways of life. Acknowledgements : The results were achieved thanks to INTEGROMED project funded by the European Union under the programme, grant agreement 857572 (Horizon2020).
  • 6. DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION IMAGINATION AND CREATIVITY OF INDIVIDUALS PROBLEM SOLVING VALUE CREATION X https://digital.thecatcompanyinc.com/b20magazine/tokyo-2019/society-5-0-updates-on-japanese-business-and-economy/
  • 8. Open data, i.e., freely accessible, shareable, and usable data; Open science, i.e., making scientific research and its dissemination accessible to all levels of the society; Open standards, i.e., technology neutral specifications for hardware, software, or data developed through an open process; Open source software, i.e., free and open collaborative software development; Open hardware, i.e., physical products, machines and systems designed and offered by means of publicly shared information; Open education, i.e., learning and teaching without barriers OPENNESS
  • 9. ROLE OF THE OPENNESS. O(G)D COVID-19 OGD  a SARS-CoV-2 virus transmission model based on human flow networks  new perspectives + modeling of different scenarios + illustrating the evolution of and trends in the pandemic*. relationship between COVID-19 open data and PM2.5  a positive relationship between long-term PM2.5 exposure and the incidence of COVID-19 **. air pollution open data catalog  detecting and treatment of one of the most important sleep disorders, Obtrusive sleep apnea (OSA)***. real-time (!!!) open data  urban-sensing framework for fine particulate matters PM2.5 - Taiwan +29 countries  one of the largest deployment projects for PM2.5 monitoring in the world  collected data are released in real time and in an open data manner, which has contributed to the development of other products and services using data which has been made open, thereby creating a chain of valuable open data-based solutions and services** *López, V.; Čukić, M. A dynamical model of SARS-CoV-2 based on people flow networks. Saf. Sci. 2021, 134, 105034 ** Stieb, D.M.; Evans, G.J.; To, T.M.; Brook, J.R.; Burnett, R.T. An ecological analysis of long-term exposure to PM2.5 and incidence of COVID-19 in Canadian health regions. Environ. Res. 2020, 191, 110052 ***Yacchirema, D.C.; Sarabia, D.; Palau, C.E.; Esteve, M. A Smart System for Sleep Monitoring by Integrating IoT With Big Data Analytics. IEEE Access 2018, 6, 35988–36001 ****Chen, L.J.; Ho, Y.H.; Lee, H.C.; Wu, H.C.; Liu, H.M.; Hsieh, H.H.; Lung, S.C.C. An open framework for participatory PM2.5 monitoring in smart cities. IEEE Access 2017, 5, 14441–14454.
  • 10. ROLE OF THE OPENNESS. O(G)D The majority of studies found which actively utilize or promote open data can be classified in at least two general categories, where open data are used as: (1) an input for new services, such as (bio)medicine or healthcare, transport, environment, Smart City etc., (2) a tool to improve the algorithms already developed, optimize solutions in use, or introduce new ones where the open data can be used as training data without the need for resources (both, time, money and human) to be spent on data collection. The way in which open (government) data are reused points to:  their potential by themselves as a resource and a tool, i.e. data opening can be considered to be the key to various benefits, both commercial and non-commercial,  their potential in regards to Society 5.0,  the more data become available, the more new application areas will be explored. This, in turn, contributes significantly to the development of new cooperation and combating challenges with common forces
  • 11. SMARTER OPEN GOVERNMENT DATA FOR SOCIETY 5.0: ARE YOUR OPEN DATA SMART ENOUGH? 60 countries  51 OGD portal Method: usability test Data: real-time, sensor-generated and COVID-19 – high-value data, meet Society 5.0 and Industry 4.0 trends 1.Are the open data related to the topic under question ({sensor; real-time; COVID- 19}) published, i.e., available? 2.Are these data available in a machine-readable format 3.Are these data current, i.e., regularly updated? 4.Is API ensured for these data (most importantly for real-time and sensor data)? 5.Have they been published in a timely manner? 6.What is the total number of available data sets? 7.Does the open government data portal provides use-cases/showcases? 8.Does the open government portal provide an opportunity to gain insight into the popularity of the data? 9.Is there an opportunity to provide feedback, comment, suggestion or complaint? 10.Is the artifact, i.e., feedback, comment, suggestion or complaint, visible to other users?
  • 12. SMARTER OPEN GOVERNMENT DATA FOR SOCIETY 5.0. SOME RESULTS Real-time data Sensor data COVID-19 data For more details see: Nikiforova, A. (2021). Smarter Open Government Data for Society 5.0: Are Your Open Data Smart Enough?. Sensors, 21(15), 5204.
  • 13. SMARTER OPEN GOVERNMENT DATA FOR SOCIETY 5.0: ARE YOUR OPEN DATA SMART ENOUGH? 40 out of 51 OGD portals provide open data related to COVID-19, 32 portals provide real-time data 29 provide sensor data. many countries are trying to follow the latest trends and provide data that could be important for their users in transforming into innovative solutions and services that create value for both the economy and the society, including moving towards the Smart City and the Smart Society BUT some countries have not yet opened these data. Although in general, “smarter” data and higher quality data are often typical for highly developed countries, which follow the trends of Smart Cities at both economic, political and social levels, for many countries this relationship is less obvious: developed countries can demonstrate weak results in terms of data provision and their usability, while less developed countries can be characterized by relatively competitive results; among the countries that have already opened these data, the majority of portals have gaps in the usability of these data in terms of their machine- readability, the unavailability of API, and the timeliness and frequency of updates. Partial compliance with Society 5.0 trends (users needs and intentions)
  • 14. CONCLUSIONS open data became a daily phenomena. “open science” as “making findings available to the (scientific) audience by means of articles, preferably OA”, is not enough! Society 5.0 requires some more advanced guidelines to be defined and involved (is the case for biomedicine, including BMC and LGDB). Openness (open data + open science) is one of the crucial drivers of a sustainable economy and real transformation of the society, science, government a creativity bridge in developing a new ecosystem in Industry 4.0 and Society 5.0 allows solving problems that were not central research objects to the original data holders, improve previous results, establish cooperation to tackle challenges together. So ask yourself - am I promoting open science? and how can I promote open science to change the world? Let’s transform the world together!
  • 15. Acknowledgements : The results were achieved thanks to INTEGROMED project funded by the European Union under the programme, grant agreement 857572. THANK YOU FOR ATTENTION! QUESTIONS? For more information, see ResearchGate See also https://anastasijanikiforova.com/ For question or any queries, contact me via anastasija.nikiforova@lu.lv