Company Movement And Assessment Tool Command Brief V5

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Command Brief and Users Guide on the Company Movement and Assessment Tool

Command Brief and Users Guide on the Company Movement and Assessment Tool

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  • 1. Unclassified. Marine Corps Combat Development Command 3300 Russell Road Quantico, VA 22134-5130Company Movement & Assessment Tool (CMAT) Command Brief January 2012 Unclassified.
  • 2. UNCLASSIFIED (U) Contents • Situation: Tactical C2 • Intent: Why CMAT? • What is CMAT? • Examples of CMAT analysis • Support • Counterargument • Demonstration • Backup Slides (CMAT Users Guide)Operations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 2
  • 3. UNCLASSIFIED (U) Tactical C2 • (U) How will you train your COC to do C2? • (U) How will you task your patrols? • (U) How will you collect information in order to shape future ops? • (U) How will you show your platoon commanders that their efforts are working/not working? • (U) How will you illustrate the changes in capabilities to your partnered force? • (U) How will you turn over your battlespace?Operations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 3
  • 4. UNCLASSIFIED (U) Intent – enable planning, reporting, assessment• (U) Purpose: to provide Company Commanders a tool to organize their patrolling effort against COIN objectives.• (U) Method: an Excel Workbook on a COC workstation where patrol information is stored for analysis.• (U) End state: Commanders posses a standard, supportable, sustainable, tool that organizes patrol- generated information for decision-making. “Subordinate commanders must make decisions on their own initiative, based on their understanding of their senior’s intent, rather than passing information up the chain of command and waiting for the decision to be passed down.” MCDP 1, page 78Operations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 4
  • 5. UNCLASSIFIED (U) Intent – enable planning, reporting, assessment• (U) Purpose: to provide Company Commanders a tool to organize their patrolling effort against COIN objectives. Why? (U) Because otherwise they rely on initiative, what the last unit did, or what they’re told to do – and this may fall short of the answering the questions on the first slide. (U) Because there are no C2 systems alternatives that appropriately address this for the tactical environment (U) Helping tactical commanders do objective assessments is a responsibility of operations research analystsOperations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 5
  • 6. UNCLASSIFIED (U) Intent – enable planning, reporting, assessment• (U) Method: an Excel workbook on a COC workstation where patrol information is stored for analysis (U) Because it requires no software installation (U) Compatible with web-enabled C2 systems (U) Documents are small enough to travel through bandwidth limited pipes (U) Excel supports validated data input (U) Easy to use charts and graphs for trend analysis (U) Web systems (CPOF, Google Earth, C2PC) may not be practical in the tactical environment (U) Text, MS Word, PowerPoint are difficult to use for analysis (U) Web systems (MarineLink, CPOF, Google Earth, C2PC) may not be set up to database activityOperations Analysis Division 6 UNCLASSIFIED
  • 7. UNCLASSIFIED (U) Intent – enable planning, reporting, assessment• (U) End State: Commanders possess a standard, supportable, sustainable tool that organizes patrol-generated information for decision-making. (U) Decision makers up and down the chain of command have objective data that supports planning. (U) Supports the relief in place (U) Supports analysis and decision making throughout the supporting establishmentOperations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 7
  • 8. UNCLASSIFIED (U) What is CMAT?• Company Movement and Assessment Tool – (U) Supports Company Command and Control (C2) – (U) Supports Company Ops/Intel Cycle – (U) Builds historic record of activity for turnover• (U) Microsoft Excel file saved on workstation This is not an additive burden!• (U) Files can be uploaded Tactical units will be searching for a to CPOF, Google Earth, etc. way to do this somehow regardless. We owe them a tool. (“Do this instead for further analysis of that…and this is what you get!”) UNCLASSIFIED 8
  • 9. UNCLASSIFIED (U) CMAT in the Company COC• (U) The Company COC uses CMAT to organize patrol reports and information.• (U) CMAT establishes an Excel Workbook digital log of information typically written down in a green book or a yellow canary.• (U) Company COC opens CMAT and records patrol information contained in Mission Cards and Debriefs.• (U) Information radioed up from patrol bases (voice or data) before and after missions.• (U) Uses pre-formatted lists and dropdown menus to standardize locations, call signs, tasks, ratings for partnered forces, atmospherics, and user defined CCIRs UNCLASSIFIED 9
  • 10. UNCLASSIFIED (U) CMAT List Management• (U) The information in the lists can be managed through the CMAT Settings section. Also, the points of contact both CONUS and deployed can adjust these lists if big changes are necessary. – (U) For example, if you’re training at Fort A.P. Hill and your CMAT version only has 29 Palms GRG checkpoints, entering in hundreds of points manually would be difficult. Use the POCs. UNCLASSIFIED 10
  • 11. UNCLASSIFIED (U) What CMAT is NOT • (U) CMAT is not a C2 system • (U) CMAT is not an acquisition program or off-the- shelf software • (U) CMAT is not a contracted arrangement • (U) CMAT is not web-enabled software • (U) CMAT does not require software installation • (U) Does not provide geospatial analysis (GIS) – (U) Data is exported to GIS-enabled software • (U) CMAT is not a substitute for good reporting and COC procedures • (U) CMAT does not add a reporting burden!Operations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 11
  • 12. UNCLASSIFIED AUP Patrol Partnering, Planning and Execution Ratings by PB 24 March to 1 June Overall Level of Partnering 24 March - 1 June•82.8% of all patrols in the AO were partnered or AUP 350 300only 250•Fatwan Gul had the most AUP only patrols at 97 200(29.9% of their total patrol activity) 150•UN had the highest percentage of AUP only patrols 100at 94 (40.9% of their total patrol activity) 50 0 Ja Camp Ali Fatwan Gul UN ANSF Only ISAF Only Joint CMAT automatically Level of Partnering w/AUP by week 24 March - 1 June•Fatwan Gul had the highest number of patrols rated generates power point 100 90independent in planning at 51 (18.7%) 80•UN had the highest percentage of presentation with graphs (by patrols rated 70 60independent in planning at 24.3% location and over time) with a 50•UN had the highest percentage of word picture of summary patrols rated 40 30effective with assistance or effective with mentoringin planning at 75.7% stats for the commander to 20 10 assess the unit’s progress 0 24-Mar 31-Mar 7-Apr 14-Apr 21-Apr 28-Apr 5-May 12-May 19-May 26-May and provide insight (context) ANSF Only ISAF Only Joint•Fatwan Gul had the highest number of patrols ratedidentified by AUP Patrol Planning Rating by Week 24 March - 1 June to the trendsindependent in execution at 51 (18.7%) 80 CMAT•UN had the highest percentage of patrols rated 70 60independent in execution at 24.3% 50•UN had the highest percentage of patrols rated 40effective with assistance or effective with mentoring 30in execution at 75.7% 20 10 0 24-Mar 31-Mar 7-Apr 14-Apr 21-Apr 28-Apr 5-May 12-May 19-May 26-May Established Developing Effective w/Assistance Effective w/Advisors Independent UNCLASSIFIED
  • 13. 23 Mar 11 to 21 Apr 11 UNCLASSIFIED 23 Mar 11 to 21 Apr 11 ANSF Only Patrols USMC Only Patrols Example of CMAT output data displayed in IDAPT Density map Comparing 2 time periods on Range220 at 29 Palms22 Apr 11 to 23 May 11 22 Apr 11 to 23 May 11 ANSF Only Patrols USMC Only Patrols UNCLASSIFIED
  • 14. UNCLASSIFIED (U) The Counterargument • (U) “Great tool, but we don’t need another system that doesn’t talk to the others.” – (U) CMAT is not a system, but establishes a standard way of collecting information. Electronic notebook. – (U) Interfaces with Palantir and CPOF • (U) “This is a reporting drag on companies.” – (U) CMAT directly benefits the company by maintaining patrol activity and debriefs in digital format. – The tradeoff is the ability to quickly answer RFI’s • (U) “This is too sophisticated.” – (U) No web connection, FSR, software download, or money.Operations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 14
  • 15. UNCLASSIFIED (U) Who we’ve talked to• Operating Forces • TTECG• EWS • MCWL• MCTOG • PP&O• C2 ID • Military Operations• CAOCL Research Society• C2TECOE • Center for Army Analysis• Combat Hunter • JIEDDO• Marine Corps Intel • MCTSSA Schools • Palantir• Marine Corps Systems • CPOF Developers Command • MicrosoftOperations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 15
  • 16. UNCLASSIFIED Testimonials From RCT-1 AAR: • (U//FOUO) “There needs to be a standardized system or system of systems supporting command and control to ensure commonality and understanding across the service. The current systems are also far from being expeditionary. The RCT staff participated in numerous exercises during PTP which prepared them fundamentally to employ the systems but not for the scope of the architecture with connections to over 100 locations." • (U//FOUO) Units down to the platoon level operated COCs, often with little to no training on how to establish or run one. During training, Marines should occupy a forward operating base (FOB) replicating how they would live and function while they are in country.”Operations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 16
  • 17. UNCLASSIFIED Testimonials • 2/6’s AAR on EMV: “Bottom line, use EMV as an opportunity to refine IM plan and validate, not a venue to build an IM Plan from the ground up.” • 1/8 Company Commander: “Thank you for all of your help and effort. I know this will make us smarter on the battlefield.” • 1/8 CLIC/COC Marines: “We see and understand the potential of this product. We envision the possibility of making the CMAT program an SOP for all Marine Corps forward operating forces (especially Infantry battalions). By marrying this analytical database with the operations side of the house, we see endless possibilities….. • Palantir FSR: – “From the data you provided we ingested 4,677 patrols occurring between 01APR and 03DEC. 16,240 grid references were associated (mostly CPs, LPs, and SPs). Im excited to do some further analysis of this data based off of IED emplacement times...knowing when the last friendlies traversed the site is the holy grail!”Operations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 17
  • 18. UNCLASSIFIED Testimonials • From the CO C/1/9: “You truly have been combat enablers to the Marines of Chaos Company 1/9…the virtues of (CMAT) compromise the core of (watch chief’s turnover to the oncoming watch officers/chiefs.” • From the Watch Chief of C/1/9: “We used CMAT as our patrol tracker database. This tool allowed us to input data for each patrol to include the areas covered and any SIGACTS that occurred in our battle space.”Operations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 18
  • 19. UNCLASSIFIED Marine Corps Tactical Systems Support Activity (MCTSSA) Engineering Evaluation (Dec 2011)• “CMATs enforcement of standardized entry assures data is stored cleanly and consistently, facilitating the employment of the tools and techniques used in analysis of properly formatted spreadsheet data. Further, CMAT incorporates some of the most complex aspects of working with and manipulating MS Excel workbooks and consolidates them into a UI that someone with even the most basic computer skill level can operate effectively. Widespread use of CMAT by units in theater would enhance the collection, analysis, and turnover of critical patrol information. As such, it is recommended that CMAT be made available to units through some central means such that they can easily obtain and implement CMAT into their standard operating procedures for recording the conduct of patrols.” UNCLASSIFIED
  • 20. UNCLASSIFIED What is Next? • CMAT is hosted at http://www.mctssa.usmc.smil.mil/ • Plan to transition program to PG-11 at MarSysComm and C2ID for incorporation into future systems • Planning for data consolidation and information management • Research and analysis on existing data, for ongoing work and future programs.Operations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 20
  • 21. UNCLASSIFIED For questions or comments on CMAT, use the following points of contact Maj John VOSIP DSN Primary Wray NIPR: John.Wray@usmc.mil SIPR: John.Wray@usmc.smil.mil 308.357.7109 318.357.6980 Comm Maj John NIPR: VOSIP 703.432.8560 Alternate Bancroft John.Bancroft@usmc.mil SIPR: John.Bancroft@usmc.smil.mil 302.278.4115 DSN 378.xxxx Comm Maj Dan NIPR: VOSIP 703.784.4115 Alternate Zappa Daniel.Zappa@usmc.mil SIPR: Daniel.Zappa@usmc.smil.mil 302.278.4115 DSN 278.xxxx Mr. Doug NIPR: SIPR: VOSIP Comm Alternate Hoffman Douglas.Hoffman@usmc.mil Douglas.Hoffman@usmc.smil.mil 302.378.8556 703.432.8181Operations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 21
  • 22. UNCLASSIFIED BACKUPSOperations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 22
  • 23. UNCLASSIFIED Part 1: CMAT Settings.• Geographic Reference Points – Start locations: Patrol bases, FOBs, COPs – Checkpoints: Compound & building names, LZs, etc.• Customized metrics to meet the commander’s needs• Call signsOperations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 23
  • 24. UNCLASSIFIED Gridded Reference Graphics and CMAT• Gridded Reference Graphics provide sector identifiers as well as compound numbers with associated 10 digit MGRS• This data will auto- populate CMAT to quickly and accurately record which checkpoints the patrol visited• Ex: Compound B in sector K5 = 11S MS 12345 67890Operations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 24
  • 25. UNCLASSIFIED Adjust Start Location List • 1. Select “Adjust Start Location” • 2. Select “Add” or “Delete Location” • 3. Select Unit, Type Start Location Name, Type in 10 digit MGRS with grid zone Identifier (ex. 11S MS) • 4. Select SubmitOperations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 25
  • 26. UNCLASSIFIED Adjust Checkpoint List• 1. Select “Adjust Check point List”• 2. Select “Add” or “Delete Entry”• 3. Select Unit (Battalion and Company) , Type “Checkpoint Name,” Type in 10 digit MGRS with grid zone Identifier (ex. 11S MS)• 4. Select SubmitOperations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 26
  • 27. UNCLASSIFIED Adjust Commander’s Information Requests• 1. Select “Adjust Commander’s Information Requests”• 2. Select “Add” or “Delete Entry”• 3. Enter the question you want the patrols to answer• 4. Select if the question will be “Mandatory” or “Optional”• 5. Select the Unit (Battalion and Company) that the question will be answered by• 6. Select “Submit”Operations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 27
  • 28. UNCLASSIFIED Part 2: Data Entry and Changes• Enter Patrol from Scratch• Change Previously Submitted Patrol• Enter Mission Card for Planned Patrol• Enter patrol From Previously Filled in Mission CardOperations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 28
  • 29. UNCLASSIFIED Mission Cards and CMAT • Company COC manages CMAT on desktop • Prior to departing friendly lines, patrols complete Mission Card – Patrols cannot leave wire without providing mission card info to Company COC • Mission Card information is sent from Patrol Base to Company COC • Either by voice or data burst over the radio • COC enters Mission Card data into CMAT (2 methods) • Post mission, patrol sends additional debrief data to COC. • COC completes the appropriate data fields.Operations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 29
  • 30. UNCLASSIFIED Process of Data Input For CMAT: Mission Card vs Patrol from Scratch • Two choices for patrol data input for CMAT: – Mission Card for Planned Patrol – Patrol from Scratch • Mission Card method puts the patrol data in “holding” until mission is complete – Company COC reopens the mission card at patrol’s completion and submits the mission card after mission debrief data is sent – Mission Card is then automatically discarded and the patrol is added to the database • Patrol from Scratch method allows user to enter patrol data at beginning of patrol and then “Save Incomplete Patrol Report” until mission debrief is complete – Mission will not be added to the database until the mission is submitted as completeOperations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 30
  • 31. UNCLASSIFIED Enter Patrol from Scratch Initial Input• Select “Enter Patrol From Scratch”• 1. Select “Battalion, Company and Call Sign”• 2. Select type of patrol: “Mounted/Dismounted/Combined”• 3. Select “Patrol Activity” (Up to 3)• 4. Select the “Number of Personnel” from each category• 5. Select if there were SigActs to report (Yes or No).• 6. Select “Time Out (Hour and Minute)”• 7. Select “Date Out”• Select “Next,” “Save Incomplete Report,” or “Cancel”Operations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 31
  • 32. UNCLASSIFIED Enter Patrol from Scratch (Ctn’d) SigAct Information• If you select that you have a SigAct to report (on the previous menu) then there will be a SigAct Info Menu to fill out• 1. Select Yes/No for “Was there a TIC?” – A. If so “# of Direct Fire / # of IDF Events – B. Friendly Action in response to TIC (did you withdraw, proceed without responding or neutralize the threat)? – C. Did you use Air Support?• 2. # of IED Attacks• 3. # of IED Finds – A. IED Method of Detection (Up to 3)• 4. # of Friendly KIA• 5. # of Friendly WIA, and level of severity of each injury• 6. # of Enemy KIA• 7. # of Enemy WIA• 8. # of EPW• 9. # of CIVCAS Operations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 32
  • 33. UNCLASSIFIED Enter Patrol from Scratch (Ctn’d) Conduct of the Patrol• 1. Start Location and District• 2. a. Points Patrolled (up to 12)• 2b. Atmospherics observed at those each checkpoint• 3. Type in Op Name• If Joint, select whether ANSF element are on the ground, with the patrol or in overwatch.• Rating of ANSF for Planning and Execution of the Patrol• 4. Additional Comments• 5. Return time (Hour and Minute)• 6. Select Return Date• Select “Submit Completed Report,” “Save Incomplete Report,” or “Cancel” Operations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 33
  • 34. UNCLASSIFIED Enter Patrol from Scratch (Ctn’d) Patrol Summary• Patrol Summary Verifies all data you input and gives quick stats on patrol: Duration, distance covered• This reporting format does not remove the requirement to report SigActs in CIDNE or other required databases• Patrol receives unique identifier• Select “Ok” or “Modify this Patrol” to adjust the data you input• Can also “Show Details” if the initial Patrol Summary does not give you enough infoOperations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 34
  • 35. UNCLASSIFIED Mission Card for Planned Patrol Data Entry• Similar format to “Enter Patrol from Scratch” – CMAT will save Mission Card which can be open after mission completion by the “Enter patrol From Previously Filled in Mission Card” for editing and submission• After submitting the patrol the Mission Card will no longer be available for editingOperations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 35
  • 36. UNCLASSIFIED Enter Patrol From Previously Filled in Mission Card• Select “Enter patrol From Previously Filled in Mission Card’• 1. Select “Start for the filter” to find the Mission Card• 2 . Select “End date for the filter”• Select “Next”• 1. Select the record you wish to modify from the dropdown• Select “Modify Selected Patrol”• Edit Mission Card with Patrol Debrief infoOperations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 36
  • 37. UNCLASSIFIED Change Previously Submitted Patrol• If after submitting a patrol, the COC realizes there is an error with the data, the COC can re-open the patrol and update the data• Select “Change Previously Submitted Patrol”• Select Date Range• Select the record you wish to modify from the dropdown• Edit patrolOperations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 37
  • 38. UNCLASSIFIED Part 3: Data Management and Analysis.• Save CMAT: “Save As” for archive and management.• Close CMAT (exit the document)• Run Analysis• Output Patrol Data to New Workbook• Output Mission Card Data to New WorkbookOperations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 38
  • 39. UNCLASSIFIED Part 3: Data Management and Analysis. • Run Analysis Button • Charts and graphs • Statistics on performance – # of patrols during given time period (broken down by unit, type, start point, etc) – # partnered versus unpartnered (% breakdown of composition) • Trend analysis – Changes to the composition of patrols (USMC, Partnered, HN) – Changes to the capabilities of partnered force particular to planning and executionOperations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 39
  • 40. UNCLASSIFIED Data to Assessment Products • On demand, user pushes a button that generates PowerPoint slide-show – Displays charts and graphs – Text boxes to record additional context • Units can email CMAT Excel files to analysts as needed for further study/analysis. – Would be done according to SOP or when higher units needed it. – Company to battalion, battalion to RCT, etc.Operations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 40
  • 41. UNCLASSIFIED AUP Patrol Partnering, Planning and Execution Ratings by PB 24 March to 1 June Overall Level of Partnering 24 March - 1 June•82.8% of all patrols in the AO were partnered or AUP 350 300only 250•Fatwan Gul had the most AUP only patrols at 97 200(29.9% of their total patrol activity) 150•UN had the highest percentage of AUP only patrols 100at 94 (40.9% of their total patrol activity) 50 0 Ja Camp Ali Fatwan Gul UN ANSF Only ISAF Only Joint CMAT automatically Level of Partnering w/AUP by week 24 March - 1 June•Fatwan Gul had the highest number of patrols rated generates power point 100 90independent in planning at 51 (18.7%) 80•UN had the highest percentage of presentation with graphs (by patrols rated 70 60independent in planning at 24.3% location and over time) with a 50•UN had the highest percentage of word picture of summary patrols rated 40 30effective with assistance or effective with mentoringin planning at 75.7% stats for the commander to 20 10 assess the unit’s progress 0 24-Mar 31-Mar 7-Apr 14-Apr 21-Apr 28-Apr 5-May 12-May 19-May 26-May and provide insight (context) ANSF Only ISAF Only Joint•Fatwan Gul had the highest number of patrols ratedidentified by AUP Patrol Planning Rating by Week 24 March - 1 June to the trendsindependent in execution at 51 (18.7%) 80 CMAT•UN had the highest percentage of patrols rated 70 60independent in execution at 24.3% 50•UN had the highest percentage of patrols rated 40effective with assistance or effective with mentoring 30in execution at 75.7% 20 10 0 24-Mar 31-Mar 7-Apr 14-Apr 21-Apr 28-Apr 5-May 12-May 19-May 26-May Established Developing Effective w/Assistance Effective w/Advisors Independent UNCLASSIFIED
  • 42. UNCLASSIFIED Saving, Closing, and Exporting CMAT Data• Recommend Saving CMAT at least Daily – Click “Save CMAT” and pick the location for saving CMAT• If you want to close CMAT, you will be prompted for where to save CMAT to• For external (Geo-Spatial in CPOF, Google Earth, or IDAPT select “Out Completed Patrol Data to New Workbook” – Select how many weeks of CMAT data you want to export – Creates new workbook (flat Excel file) for Analysis – Automatically saves flat file to same folder that CMAT is saved to • Filename is the Date Time stamp• Can also export the Mission Cards as a flat Excel FileOperations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 42
  • 43. UNCLASSIFIED CMAT Excel Output• Two Tabs in CMAT Excel Output: – Data – IDAPT Feed• Data Tab gives you a row for each patrol for summary stats analysis (Pivot Tables)• IDAPT Feed Tab gives you a row for each patrol check point reported in the data tab – Useful for importing to CPOF, Google Earth or IDAPT to display Company’s Patrol Footprint (Gaps/Seams)Operations Analysis Division UNCLASSIFIED 43
  • 44. 23 Mar 11 to 21 Apr 11 UNCLASSIFIED 23 Mar 11 to 21 Apr 11 ANSF Only Patrols USMC Only Patrols Example of CMAT output data displayed in IDAPT Density map Comparing 2 time periods on Range220 at 29 Palms22 Apr 11 to 23 May 11 22 Apr 11 to 23 May 11 ANSF Only Patrols USMC Only Patrols UNCLASSIFIED