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# Conditionals

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### Conditionals

1. 1. CONDITIONALS
2. 2. ZERO CONDITIONAL <ul><li>A zero conditional sentence consists of two clauses, an if clause and a main clause. </li></ul><ul><li>If you heat water to 100 degrees, it boils. </li></ul><ul><li>Note that most of the zero conditional sentences will mean the same thing if “when” is used instead of “if” </li></ul><ul><li>You succeed when you work hard . </li></ul>
3. 3. Activity Put the words in order to form zero conditional sentences There is more than one possible option. <ul><li>My daughter / eat / too much chocolate / she /get / sick </li></ul><ul><li>Answers: </li></ul><ul><li>If my daughter eats too much chocolate, she gets sick. If she eats too much chocolate, my daughter gets sick. My daughter gets sick if she eats too much chocolate. </li></ul><ul><li>Ice / float / you / drop / it / in water </li></ul><ul><li>Answers: </li></ul><ul><li>Ice floats if you drop it in water. If you drop ice in water, it floats. </li></ul><ul><li>If you drop it in water, ice floats. </li></ul>
4. 4. FIRST CONDITIONAL <ul><li>The first conditional is a structure used for talking about possibilities in the present or in the future. </li></ul><ul><li>It is composed by two parts: </li></ul><ul><li>One that expresses the condition, IF + SIMPLE PRESENT </li></ul><ul><li>One that expresses the RESULT </li></ul><ul><li>If you work hard, you will succeed </li></ul><ul><li>First Conditional sentences are used for actions which are true or likely to happen. </li></ul>
5. 5. Activity Complete the following sentences <ul><li>1. If I (see) ______ him, I (give) ______ him a lift. </li></ul><ul><li>2. I (give) ______ him £10 if he (give) ______ me a lift. </li></ul><ul><li>3. If you (not go) ______ away, I (call) ______ the police. </li></ul><ul><li>4. You (be) ______ late if you (not hurry up)______ </li></ul><ul><li>5. If he (not leave) ______ immediately, he (miss) ______ the train. </li></ul>
6. 6. CHECK YOUR ANSWERS: <ul><li>1. If I (see) SEE him, I (give) WILL GIVE him a lift. </li></ul><ul><li>2. I (give) WILL GIVE him £10 if he (give) GIVES me a lift. </li></ul><ul><li>3. If you (not go) DON´T GO away, I (call) WILL CALL the police. </li></ul><ul><li>4. You (be) WILL BE late if you (not hurry up) DON´T HURRY UP </li></ul><ul><li>5. If he (not leave) DOES NOT LEAVE immediately, he (miss) WILL MISS the train. </li></ul>
7. 7. SECOND CONDITIONAL <ul><li>Second conditional sentences are u sed for present or future activities which are improbable or unlikely to happen. </li></ul><ul><li>If grandma had wheels, she would be a bicycle. </li></ul><ul><li>The IF clause is either hypothetical or unlikely to happen. </li></ul><ul><li>If I won the lottery (I will probably never win the lottery), I wouldn´t stop working. </li></ul><ul><li>Note that after the IF clause, we use the SIMPLE PAST. </li></ul><ul><li>We can use WOULD, COULD OR MIGHT. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
8. 8. <ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>In the conditional clauses “were” is sometimes used instead of “was” especially after “ I ”. </li></ul><ul><li>Example : </li></ul><ul><li>If I were as big as you, I’d be happy. </li></ul><ul><li>If I were you, I’d buy this dress. </li></ul>
9. 9. ACTIVITY Complete the following sentences with your own ideas <ul><li>If I were a bird… </li></ul><ul><li>If I could speak perfect English… </li></ul><ul><li>If I were the richest person in the world… </li></ul><ul><li>If I could be invisible… </li></ul><ul><li>If aliens landed on earth… </li></ul><ul><li>If I could change sex for a day… </li></ul><ul><li>If I could go to the moon… </li></ul><ul><li>If I had magic powers… </li></ul>
10. 10. THIRD CONDITIONAL <ul><li>We use the 3rd conditional to talk about a situation in the past that DIDN’T HAPPEN , </li></ul><ul><li>always IMAGINARY </li></ul><ul><li>If + subject + past perfect, subject + would + present perfect </li></ul><ul><li>The third conditional is for “past if”, something that cannot be changed. </li></ul><ul><li>If I had worked harder, I would have succeeded </li></ul>