In Homo Ludens : A Study of the Play-Element in Culture by Johan Huizinga (July 1986, Beacon Press, Boston), “play” is a significant function, it transcends the immediate needs of life and has meaning to the actions associated with play.
“ Play is older than culture, for culture, however inadequately defined, always presupposes human society, and animals have not waited for man to teach them their playing.” [ Johan Huizinga
On play and civilizing functions
“ The view we take in the following pages is that culture arises in the form of play, that it is played from the very beginning... Social life is endued with supra-biological forms, in the shape of play, which enhances its value.”
“ The judge's wig, however, is more than a mere relic of antiquated professional dress. Functionally it has close connections with the dancing masks of savages. It transforms the wearer into another ″being″. And it is by no means the only very ancient feature which the strong sense of tradition so peculiar to the British has preserved in law. The sporting element and the humour so much in evidence in British legal practice is one of the basic features of law in archaic society.” 
Huizinga puts forward the idea that there are “three play-forms in the lawsuit" and that these forms can be deduced by comparing practice today with “legal proceedings in archaic society"  :
“ For archaic man, doing and daring are power, but knowing is magical power. For him all particular knowledge is sacred knowledge—esoteric and wonder-working wisdom, because any knowing is directly related to the cosmic order itself.” 
THREE TYPES OF PLAYERS player Puzzle Role-playing Puzzle/Role-playing
AGE MAKES A DIFFERENCE 5-10: Action/color makes a difference 11-16: Action/Story/color makes a difference 16-21: Action/Story/Complexity/color /player interaction/makes a difference 21-35: Action/Story/Complexity/color/player interaction/ makes a difference 35-55: Action/Story/Complexity/color/ makes a difference player Puzzle Role-playing Puzzle/Role-playing
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