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Introduction to greek


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A PowerPoint introducing Mythology and the gods/goddesses.

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Introduction to greek

  1. 1. Introduction to Greek Mythology
  2. 2. Introduction to Greek Mythology <ul><li>Prepare yourself for a spectacular and scandalous journey filled with: </li></ul>DANGER! MAGIC! JEALOUSY! BLOOD AND GORE! EXTRA-MARITAL RELATIONS PRE MARITAL RELATIONS LOVE!
  3. 3. Unit Objectives <ul><li>Students will be able to… </li></ul><ul><li>define mythology and explain its purpose. </li></ul><ul><li>identify mythological vocabulary and its relevance in today’s world. </li></ul><ul><li>identify the gods and goddesses and explain their relevance to today’s world. </li></ul><ul><li>identify the archetypes of mythology and explain their relevance to today’s world. </li></ul><ul><li>read and analyze stories from Greek Mythology to make connections between these classic stories and modern society. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why We Study Greek Mythology <ul><li>It provides insight into the human condition ( human nature ). </li></ul><ul><li>It grants us a glimpse at an ancient people trying to make sense of phenomena they could not explain. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the source for many names and terms we use today. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Big Ideas of the Unit <ul><li>Greek Mythology has provided the foundation of our modern vocabulary. </li></ul><ul><li>The plots, themes, and characters of classical literature still resonate today because they illustrate human nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Archetypes are symbols used in literature to effectively communicate their ideas. </li></ul>
  6. 6. What is a myth? <ul><li>Myth comes from the Greek “mythos” which meant “speech” or “discourse” and </li></ul><ul><li>now means “fable” or “legend.” </li></ul><ul><li>A myth is “a story of forgotten or vague origin, basically religious or supernatural in nature, which seeks to explain or rationalize one or more aspects of the world or a society.” - </li></ul>
  7. 7. Summary of Greek Mythology <ul><li>Polytheistic – They had more than just one god </li></ul><ul><li>Gods were different from the representation of the Catholic deity. They were more human in personality and likeness and had many human flaws. </li></ul><ul><li>Gods and goddesses controlled many elements and aspects of the earth, skies, heavens, and underworld. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Zeus / Jupiter <ul><li>King of the gods </li></ul><ul><li>God of air </li></ul><ul><li>Uses Thunderbolts as his weapon </li></ul><ul><li>Womanizer – married his own sister </li></ul><ul><li>Most powerful </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols: the royal scepter and the lightning bolt. </li></ul>Jupiter is so named because it is so big – it is the “King of Planets”
  9. 9. Poseidon / Neptune <ul><li>God of the sea and earthquakes </li></ul><ul><li>Known as the &quot;Earth Shaker.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Made horses </li></ul><ul><li>Trident is weapon and symbol </li></ul><ul><li>Zeus ’ brother </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd most powerful </li></ul>Neptune is so named because the blue looks like water
  10. 10. Hades / Pluto <ul><li>God of the Underworld and Wealth </li></ul><ul><li>King of the dead but he is not Death </li></ul><ul><li>Zeus ’ brother </li></ul><ul><li>Son of Cronos and Rhea </li></ul><ul><li>Has a helmet that makes the wearer invisible </li></ul><ul><li>Persephone (Spring) is his wife </li></ul><ul><li>NOT EVIL! (but he is unpitying) </li></ul><ul><li>3 rd most powerful </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols: the key of Hades, the Helm of Darkness, and the three-headed dog, Cerberus . </li></ul>
  11. 11. Hera / Juno <ul><li>Queen of the gods </li></ul><ul><li>Protector of marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Wife/sister of Zeus </li></ul><ul><li>The peacock is her symbol </li></ul><ul><li>Cows are sacred to her (ox-eyed Hera) </li></ul><ul><li>Jealous </li></ul>No planet, but there is an asteroid named after her plus a city in Alaska
  12. 12. Apollo <ul><li>God of truth, light, archery, and healing </li></ul><ul><li>Sun god in some myths (Helios is the sun god in other myths) </li></ul><ul><li>Son of Zeus and Leto </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols are a laurel wreath, a bow and quiver, a raven , and a lyre . </li></ul><ul><li>Wolves, dolphins, and crows are sacred to him </li></ul><ul><li>Has the Oracle of Delphi </li></ul>Apollo asteroids are near-earth asteroids
  13. 13. Artemis / Diana <ul><li>Apollo ’s Twin sister </li></ul><ul><li>Goddess of the hunt, wild things, and crossways </li></ul><ul><li>She is the moon goddess sometimes </li></ul><ul><li>Virgin goddess </li></ul><ul><li>As Diana, she is also a goddess of light </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols: bow, hunting spears </li></ul><ul><li>Stags are sacred </li></ul>The Artemis navigation satellite
  14. 14. Aphrodite / Venus <ul><li>Goddess of beauty and love </li></ul><ul><li>Mother of Eros/Cupid </li></ul><ul><li>Wife of Hephaestus/Vulcan but lover of Ares/Mars and other guys </li></ul><ul><li>Her symbols include the rose, the scallop shell, and the myrtle wreath. Her sacred animal is the dove. </li></ul><ul><li>Born from the foam in the sea caused by the attack of Cronos/ Saturn on Ouranus/Uranus </li></ul>Venus is so named because it is a beautiful planet and can be easily seen with just the eye
  15. 15. Ares / Mars <ul><li>God of War </li></ul><ul><li>Son of Zeus and Hera, but both hate him </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols: golden armor and a bronze-tipped spear </li></ul><ul><li>He has three children with Aphrodite: Phobos (panic) and Deimos (fear) are twins </li></ul>Mars and its moons, Phobos and Deimos
  16. 16. Athena / Minerva <ul><li>Goddess of wisdom and defensive war </li></ul><ul><li>Daughter of Zeus and Metis (titan) – she popped out of his head after he swallowed the pregnant Metis </li></ul><ul><li>She carries a shield with Medusa ’s head on it </li></ul><ul><li>Her symbols include the aegis (represented by spear) and the olive tree. </li></ul>Minerva was a tiny robot designed by the Japanese to land on an asteroid, but got lost in space.
  17. 17. Hephaestus / Vulcan <ul><li>God of fire and the forge </li></ul><ul><li>Son of Zeus and Hera </li></ul><ul><li>Ugly </li></ul><ul><li>Lame because he was thrown off Mt. Olympus for interfering with a fight between Hera and Zeus </li></ul><ul><li>Husband to Aphrodite </li></ul><ul><li>His symbols are the hammer, tongs, and anvil . </li></ul>
  18. 18. Hermes / Mercury <ul><li>Messenger god and the god of thieves </li></ul><ul><li>Greek Trickster figure </li></ul><ul><li>Very fast </li></ul><ul><li>Son of Zeus and Maia </li></ul><ul><li>Loves Aphrodite </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks believed he guided souls to Hades </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols: herald's wand or caduceus , winged sandals, and a traveler's cap. </li></ul>Mercury revolves around the sun so fast, it was named for the messenger god. One year is faster than one day on Mercury The Hermes Asteroid
  19. 19. Hestia / Vesta <ul><li>Zeus ’ sister – Oldest of the original gods </li></ul><ul><li>Goddess of the hearth and home </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols are the hearth and kettle </li></ul>Asteroid Vesta
  20. 20. Eros / Cupid <ul><li>God of love </li></ul><ul><li>Son of Ares and Aphrodite </li></ul><ul><li>Often portrayed as a child, but not always. </li></ul><ul><li>He has wings </li></ul><ul><li>Uses a bow and arrow – arrows cause one to fall in love </li></ul>Eros is a near earth asteroid
  21. 21. Demeter / Ceres <ul><li>Goddess of vegetation </li></ul><ul><li>Had powers of growth and resurrection </li></ul><ul><li>Her daughter is Persephone </li></ul><ul><li>Her symbols are the Cornucopia (horn of plenty), wheat-ears, the winged serpent and the lotus staff. </li></ul>The asteroid Ceres was the first asteroid ever discovered and is one of the largest (about the size of Texas). It almost became a designated as a planet
  22. 22. Dionysus / Bacchus <ul><li>Son of Zeus and Semele </li></ul><ul><li>God of wine and happiness </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols: the thyrsus (a pinecone-tipped staff), drinking cup, grape vine, and a crown of ivy . </li></ul>The Bacchus asteroid