Volunteer Teacher's Toolkit
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Volunteer Teacher's Toolkit

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Check out our volunteer teacher's toolkit if you're heading overseas on a volunteer project. Whether you're teaching English, working at a children's home or coaching sports, you'll find an activity ...

Check out our volunteer teacher's toolkit if you're heading overseas on a volunteer project. Whether you're teaching English, working at a children's home or coaching sports, you'll find an activity in here to help you feel more confident about heading to a new country. www.onlinetefl.com?source=slideshare

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Volunteer Teacher's Toolkit Volunteer Teacher's Toolkit Document Transcript

  • Volunteer Teacher’s Toolkit Ideas & Activities for Volunteer Teachers of English Volunteer Teacher’s Toolkit: [Lesson]www.onlinetefl.com/volunteer-tefl Call: 0800 093 3148 Visit: www.onlinetefl.com/volunteer-tefl 1
  • VolunteerTeacher’s ToolkitIdeas & Activities for Volunteer Teachers of EnglishWelcome to the Volunteer Teacher’s Toolkit, the ultimate guidewith practical information for volunteer teachers, fun activities forchildren, and a host of great lesson plans.The guide is packed with tips to teach the four main skills: Listening,Speaking, Reading and Writing. There’s also information onpreparing grammar classes, teaching vocabulary and correctingyour students.ContentsTeaching the Four Skills 3Ten Fun Activities for Children 4Lesson Plans 10Lesson 1: Sentence Building 11Lesson 2: Likes and Dislikes 13Lesson 3: ‘Can’ for Permission 16 Volunteer Teacher’s ToolkitLesson 4: The Present Tense 19Lesson 5: Writing A Letter To A Pen-Pal 22Call: 0800 093 3148 Visit: www.onlinetefl.com/volunteer-tefl 2
  • Teaching the Four Skills:Listening, Speaking,Reading and WritingWhile teaching these skills:Always:1.  eep in mind the list of vocabulary and phrases you want to cover so that you can throw K them in at every opportunity.2. Keep track of each student, so you can focus on their needs and interests.3. Make sure your students practice asking questions as well as answering them.4. Balance and link the four skills.5. Use homework to check comprehension.Never:1. Assume that students remember - check regularly.2. Simply repeat. Keep it varied and interesting.3. Treat each skill separately. Volunteer Teacher’s Toolkit: Teaching the Four SkillsCall: 0800 093 3148 Visit: www.onlinetefl.com/volunteer-tefl 3 View slide
  • Ten Fun Activities forChildren1. Double-Sided VocabLevel: Elementary and aboveAims: To recycle vocabularyMaterials: Paper, pensPrep time: 0 mins•  ive students pieces of paper - five each, approx. 6cm x 6cm. Students write a recently G learned word on one side of the paper and a definition on the reverse. A translation might be easier at the lowest levels. Go round and check, help, correct, etc. It is important to provide a model of a definition - a made up definition is better than one lifted from a dictionary.•  hen the students are ready, they gather their papers in groups of three with the definition W facing up.•  hey pass their papers to the group on the left who are then in competition with each other. T Student one reads the definition aloud and offers her answer aloud and then discreetly checks it. If wrong, student two has a go. If all three are wrong, the word goes to the bottom of the pack. If any student is right, they keep the paper. The winner is the student with the most papers at the end.Variation:Students write an example sentence with the target word gapped or a translation (for the lowestlevels) instead of the definition.NB:If you must use a translation, you should ensure it iscorrect. It is better not to translate - the skill is to writeaccurate definitions/sentences. Volunteer Teacher’s Toolkit: Ten Fun Activities for ChildrenCall: 0800 093 3148 Visit: www.onlinetefl.com/volunteer-tefl 4 View slide
  • 2. Noughts and CrossesLevel: Elementary and above.Aims: Revision of vocab or grammarMaterials: Board, board pen, (pens, paper for extended activity)Prep time: 15-20 mins•  ut a grid on the board like this: P•  ivide the class into two teams - the noughts (0) and the crosses (X). The first team chooses D a square. (Tell them that the center square is the most difficult.) When they have chosen, give them a definition of a word they have recently learned. Tell them that you will only accept the first answer they give you and that if it is wrong the other team will have a chance to get an extra point.• f their answer is correct, put an X or a 0 in the box and also write the word on the board. The I board will look like a large noughts and crosses grid.•  ou could play perhaps the best of three or you could, after the first game, get them into Y groups of three (after first individually choosing nine words of their own). One student is then the quizmaster, one the X and one the 0, with the students taking it in turns to be the quizmaster.Variation 1:The same game based on irregular verbs.Students must give the quizmaster the correct past simple of these infinitives. Example: take-took, go-went, etc.Variation 2:Based on spelling. You give them the word orally, Volunteer Teacher’s Toolkit: Ten Fun Activities for Childrenthey must spell it correctly.NB: Non-European students may know this gameas tic-tac-toe.Call: 0800 093 3148 Visit: www.onlinetefl.com/volunteer-tefl 5
  • 3. The Hot SeatLevel: Elementary and aboveAims: To help students remember wordsMaterials: Board, board-pen/chalkPrep time: 5 mins to get a list of words together•  ut the class into two teams. A representative from each team comes up to the front and sits P facing away from the board.•  n the board, write down a recently learned word. It is now the job of each team (who can see O the word) to define the word to their rep. The first rep to shout out the word wins a point for his team.NB: Keep on rotating the reps. Don’t allow the teams to use any part of the word to define theword.At the lowest levels, the students can give the rep a translation instead of a definition in English.4. Famous Folk: The Indignity of ComparisonLevel: Elementary to intermediateAims: To give students practice of comparative formsMaterials: Board & penPrep time: 0 mins•  licit about 12 famous people and write their names on the board. E• n teams of three or four students, make as many comparisons as possible within a given I time limit (about four minutes). They have been told that it is a team competition. Comparative forms might be fairly straightforward at the lower levels: “Nelson Mandela is older than Pope Benedict.” or more sophisticated at higher levels: Volunteer Teacher’s Toolkit: Ten Fun Activities for Children “Madonna is older than Britney Spears.” “Michael Jackson is not as spiritual as the Pope.”•  he winning team is the one with the most comparisons. A point should be deducted if the T sentence is grammatically incorrect.NB: Who is ‘famous’ may differ greatly. If you think the students won’t know many ‘celebrities’,you could use local animals, buildings, etc.Call: 0800 093 3148 Visit: www.onlinetefl.com/volunteer-tefl 6
  • 5. Dead Famous PeopleLevel: Elementary to intermediateAims: Past simple (especially question forms) and speakingMaterials: nonePrep time: none•  hink of a famous dead person. The students must ascertain the identity of this person by T asking you questions. You could allow, say, 12 yes/no questions or a mix of maybe seven yes/ no questions and three ‘Wh-’ questions. Make sure the students know what the limit is.•  tudents do the same in groups of three or four, taking it in turns to be questioned. SVariation (stage 2):Get the students to write the name on an adhesive label and stick it on the back of a classmate.Students then stand up and have to mill around asking only one question about their identity toeach person they meet.NB: Remember - when modeling the activity, you should choose someone they know. If youthink they won’t have heard of the ‘famous people’, use classmates for present tense practice orphysical descriptions.6. Change Places If...Level: Elementary and aboveAims: Listening practice of various structures/functions, keeping energy levels highMaterials: nonePrep time: 5 mins to think of the sentences•  hoose any recently taught/learned structure and think of some sentences using that C structure (see below). Instruct students to change places (with another student) if: ...they are wearing jeans (present continuous) ...they went to the cinema last week (past simple) ...they have been to Prague (present perfect) Volunteer Teacher’s Toolkit: Ten Fun Activities for Children ...they live in the center of town (present simple) (to give a few structures).•  tudents have to stand up and physically change seats with another student who can fulfill S the given criteria.• f they say ‘yes’ to a question, check it by encouraging students to ask more questions. I Example: What did you see? Did you like the film?NB: Good as a warmer at the start of class, and to swap pairs during class to raise energylevels.Call: 0800 093 3148 Visit: www.onlinetefl.com/volunteer-tefl 7
  • 7. Physical TextLevel: Elementary and aboveAims: Depends on the text you chooseMaterials: A short text cut-up into sections or sentencesPrep time: 15-20 mins•  ind a model text that includes the grammar or functions that you want to revise or focus on. F Dialogues and narratives are especially good. Cut the text up into sections or sentences - one piece for each student.•  ach student gets one piece of the ‘jigsaw’ - make sure you have put them into the wrong E order before handing them out.•  tudents have to stand up and order themselves in a line by saying the sentence only. S•  hen they are satisfied with the order, listen to the whole thing and suggest, or better, let W them suggest changes. Correct pronunciation at this point.•  hen the order has been sorted out, students return to their seats and take it in turns to W dictate their section in order to the rest of the class who write it down as consolidation.NB: This is best done when the text has a clear sense of progression.8. Ring A WordLevel: Beginners/ElementaryAims: Develop vocabMaterials: Board, 3 different colored pensPrep time: 0 mins•  rite a random selection of words all over the board (about 10-15). W•  ivide the class into 2 or 3 groups and stand them in 3 lines facing the board; give the person D at the head of each line a different colored pen. Volunteer Teacher’s Toolkit: Ten Fun Activities for Children•  all out a word and the people with pens have to run to the board and circle it. Only the first C person to reach it can do so.•  hey then give their pens to the next person in line and join the back of the line. T•  he winning team has the most words circled. TNB: This is particularly good to practice numbers, especially larger ones.Call: 0800 093 3148 Visit: www.onlinetefl.com/volunteer-tefl 8
  • 9. Topics in the TropicsLevel: Elementary/pre-intermediateAims: Develop vocab, improve fluency, practice communication skills & writing skillsMaterials: Board, pens, paperPrep time: 0 mins•  ake a topic from the list below and class brainstorm it. T•  ut any vocabulary on the board and deal with the meaning. P•  et students to write a brief paragraph on the topic using the vocab on the board (the teacher G should model one of these).•  tudents show each other their paragraphs and correct in pairs. S•  eacher corrects. T•  tudents get into groups of four and read out the prepared paragraphs; try to encourage S questions and discussion where you can.Topic ListAnimals Things in the houseColors Things in the gardenWeather At the beachJobs FeelingsSport Personal DescriptionsBody parts Public Transport At the market-food and drink Shopping10. Whisper CircleLevel: Elementary - IntermediateAims: Speaking (using a whisper), pronunciation, listening, grammar (e.g. it takes...to do)Materials: Card with a sentence on it Volunteer Teacher’s Toolkit: Ten Fun Activities for ChildrenPrep time: 2 mins•  ivide the students into groups of 7 to 10. D•  hoose one leader from each group. Give the leaders the card which has a sentence, e.g. C “It takes about six seconds for something you drink to reach your stomach.” Ask him/her to memorize the sentence, go back to the group and whisper what he/she has read on the card to the person on his/her right.•  ach person will whisper the sentence to the next person and the sentence can be said only E once. The last person will say the sentence out loud. If the sentence is the same with the one written on the card, that group wins.Call: 0800 093 3148 Visit: www.onlinetefl.com/volunteer-tefl 9
  • Welcome to i-to-i’s triedand tested lesson plansWhat you will find on your first teaching post (and possibly yoursecond, third and fourth ones too!) is that you’ll spend much of yourtime looking on in envy at those teachers who have a seeminglyendless supply of fantastic lesson plans. The people who seemable to teach any lesson, at any level, simply by delving into a bigbox and pulling out yet another cunning plan!Be the best volunteer teacher you can be with these lesson plans! Volunteer Teacher’s Toolkit: Lesson PlansCall: 0800 093 3148 Visit: www.onlinetefl.com/volunteer-tefl 10
  • Lesson 1: Sentence BuildingOverview:This is an all-purpose lesson designed to help your learners make sentences by clause building.You can do this lesson with large or small classes, and adapt it so that you could teach smallchildren or adults.Level:Elementary (but can be used for all levels): Children / Teenagers / AdultsLesson Length:There should be enough material here for a lesson lasting 60 – 90 minutesMaterials:Writing paperTo get the students to create and join clauses together using adjectives, adverbs and nounphrases in order to make long complex sentences.Elicit: • The dog ran for the ball.How can you turn this sentence of six words into a longer sentence without changing themeaning? Is it possible to create a sentence of fifty words? Put your learners in pairs or groups.You may have to give your class many hints, depending on their level. You will know what yourlearners are capable of so don’t be afraid to stretch them. As a teacher you need to be awareof labelling words such adverb, adjective and noun phrase and you will need to be able toidentify subordinate clauses and how the main verb in each clauses is treated. You can use anysentence to start with. Be prepared for what sentences your learners might create.Here is a sentence that your Upper Intermediate or Advanced learners should be able to cope Volunteer Teacher’s Toolkit: Lesson Plans - Sentence Buildingwith: • The large, wildly excited dog, which was a cross between a Border Collie and a  Labrador, ran in a frenzied manner across the park near my home, for the small rubber ball, which sailed through the air at great speed as if it had been shot from a cannon. (50 words)With lower level learners, this is an excellent opportunity to introduce new adjectives andadverbs and show your learners how to use this new vocabulary in context. Of course, thesentence length must be appropriate for the level of the learner.With your initial sentence do feedback on the board, perhaps getting your learners to write theirsentence on the board one at a time. If the sentence is grammatical incorrect, get your class togive feedback and elicit the correct sentence form.Now give your learners more examples.Call: 0800 093 3148 Visit: www.onlinetefl.com/volunteer-tefl 11
  • Practice:Part One: Pair workPut these sentences on the board and let the students see who can make the longestsentences. These sentences are only suggestions. Feel free to use your own. For lower levellearners, don’t give so many sentences and make sure that they are easily understandable. • Mark studied at Leeds University. • My friend is a writer. • Yuki works in a school. • Bill Clinton used to be president. • Kingdom of Heaven is the new film by Ridley Scott. • Many students study at this school. • Studying English can be interesting. • Mark is a teacher. • 65 million people live in Britain. • I write a diary every day. • I enjoy life. • My friend has a car.Remember to do feedback with your class. Is it possible to put some of these long sentencestogether to make a paragraph, so that a story is being told?Part Two: Pair workNow do the exercise the other way around. Give your learners a long complicated sentence andsee if they can take out all the unnecessary words to make a small sentence without changingthe meaning. A  n unkempt teacher, with wild staring eyes, black horn-rimmed glasses perched on the end of his nose and a shock of unruly hair, which looked as if it hadn’t been brushed for a week, came rushing into the classroom, carrying an unorganised pile of half marked papers and essays and a large and battered brown briefcase tucked under his arm, and tried unsuccessfully to organise himself before the class.Here is one example, used for (possibly) Upper Intermediate or Advanced learners, but pleasefeel free to create your own. How do you transform this sentence of 69 words into a sentence of Volunteer Teacher’s Toolkit: Lesson Plans - Sentence Building12 words? A  teacher came rushing into the classroom and tried to organise himself.Make up other sentences and get your learners to identify the unnecessary (but useful andinteresting information). Make sure that the sentences you give your lower level learners are nottoo difficult. Start with short sentences and build up to longer ones.You may find that your learners reaching for their dictionaries to help them understand themeanings of the adverbs and adjectives. Stop them from doing this! Instead, get your learnersto try and guess the meanings of the words through the context of each sentence. If they can’tguess, give clues using gestures, mime and board work. Only when they still don’t understand,allow them to use their English to English dictionaries. If that fails then they can use their Englishto native language dictionaries.This is a fun and creative lesson, which will build up the confidence of your students and pushthem to use what they already know in a different way. Have fun!Call: 0800 093 3148 Visit: www.onlinetefl.com/volunteer-tefl 12
  • Lesson 2: Likes & DislikesOverview:This is a grammar-based lesson that focuses on expressing likes and dislikes.Level:Elementary, although you can do this as a review lesson with Lower Intermediate learners byintroducing more vocabulary and a faster, more natural pace.Lesson Length:60 – 90 minutes depending on the level of your students.Assumed Knowledge:This is one of the first lessons your learners will have when learning a new language. It is usefulas it deals with an easily communicable target language and it focuses attention on the personalfeelings of your learners, giving them a reason to communicate in the class. Take your time withBeginners pre-teaching them a lot of vocabulary, which they will need to communicate with.Target Language: • Do you like ____________________? • Yes, I like _____________________. • No, I don’t like _________________. • Do you like to __________________? [Using the infinitive form of the verb] • Do you like ________ing _________? [Using the gerund] • Do you enjoy __________________? [Changing like to enjoy]Elicit:Using realia, pictures or miming, make sure the students have enough vocabulary to use andvary the structure of the TL. Volunteer Teacher’s Toolkit: Lesson Plans - Likes & DislikesF irst mime that you like eating / drinking / playing something and that you like a movie orsports personality. This will help your learners to understand the meaning of like and don’t likesomething.E licit (or model at Beginner level) the statement first: “I like ______________.” Then elicit thequestion form: “Do you like _______________?F or Lower Intermediate learners you can introduce: “What _________ do you like?A t the end of this lesson plan you will see some suggestions for extending this dialogue that youmay wish to use at Lower Intermediate level.Call: 0800 093 3148 Visit: www.onlinetefl.com/volunteer-tefl 13
  • Prompts:[Food & Drink] [Infinitive forms] • Coffee To play the guitar • Tea To play football • Milk To listen to Billy Joel • Biscuits To do your housework • Eggs To go to the dentist • Apples To eat fish & chips To walk into town[Games & Activities] • Baseball [Gerunds] • Football (soccer) Playing the piano • Tennis Playing squash • Badminton Listening to Elton John • Table tennis Doing your homework • Swimming Going to work Eating in a restaurant[Movie & Pop Stars] Walking in the countryside • Brad Pitt • Tom Cruise • Cameron Diaz • George Clooney • Leonardo DiCaprio • Kate WinsletPractice:Pair work: It is good to move your learners around so that they speak with different people inthe class.Milling Activity: Find Someone Who... (prepared handout)Don’t forget that you ask the same question (“Do you like _______?”) for: Volunteer Teacher’s Toolkit: Lesson Plans - Likes & Dislikes • Find someone who likes ___________. and... • Find someone who doesn’t like ______________.Don’t forget to do feedback on the milling activity.Call: 0800 093 3148 Visit: www.onlinetefl.com/volunteer-tefl 14
  • Extension Questions:You may wish to do this with Lower Intermediate learners. • Who likes ____________? • Who enjoys ___________? • What kind of _________ do you like? • Do you like __________ing ________? • Which ___________ do you like ________ing? Volunteer Teacher’s Toolkit: Lesson Plans - Likes & DislikesCall: 0800 093 3148 Visit: www.onlinetefl.com/volunteer-tefl 15
  • Lesson 3: ‘Can’ ForPermissionOverview:This is a fairly simple grammar lesson focusing on a simple grammar structure. The modal verb“can” is used in different ways. It is important not to let your learners become confused with“can for ability”. It is also important to help your learners use other modal verbs that have thesame function such as “may” and “could”.Level:Elementary (and up to Lower Intermediate students)The greater the English level of your students the faster you will go through this lesson plan. Youmay wish to spend time constructing further practice activities.Lesson Length:There is enough in this lesson for a lesson of up to 90 minutes at Elementary level.Assumed Knowledge:It is likely that most of your students will have already been taught this structure before. You canuse the students who are familiar with this structure to elicit the Target Language. If your learnersare a very low level you may have to model the target language.Target Language:To get the students to practice asking for things politely and to be able to refuse politely. • Can I... + verb + noun • May I... • Could I... Volunteer Teacher’s Toolkit: Lesson Plans - ‘Can’ for PermissionElicit:Elicit a story of a friend of yours (show them a picture of your friend) who decided to do a homestay in your country. He stayed with a British family and they were very different from this ownfamily back home.Using pictures, mime, drawing or realia, elicit the following questions (feel free to think of yourown): • Can I listen to music? • Can I play my CDs in my room? • Can I help myself to the food in the fridge when I am hungry? • Can I bring my friend to my room? • Can I watch TV? • Can I go out at night? • Can I stay out until midnight?Call: 0800 093 3148 Visit: www.onlinetefl.com/volunteer-tefl 16
  • • Can I visit my friend? • Can I stay over at my friend’s house? • Can I wash my clothes? • Can I open the window?Make sure that your learners are able to use other modal verbs such as “may” and “could”. Thelatter is considered quite formal and depending on your level you may wish to introduce thislater.Elicit the questions forms and show them clearly on the board. Depending on the level of yourlearners, perhaps they could write on the board. Be careful of mistakes and clearness.When drilling, make sure that your learners use ‘polite’ intonation when asking these questions.To make drilling interesting get your learners to do role play by asking each other questions.To make things even more interesting try to elicit a number of different replies for both affirmativeand negative responses. • Sure. • No problem. • That’s fine by me. • Of course you can. • Actually, I’d rather you didn’t. • Sorry, I’m using it right now. • I’m afraid it’s broken. • Sorry, I haven’t finished it yet.Practice 1:Write a list of verbs and nouns on the board and get the students to make collocations. Here area few suggestions. Feel free to make your own list:Verbs: Nouns: Borrow Apple Have Camera Listen to Chocolate Look at Computer Open Dictionary Shut Door Volunteer Teacher’s Toolkit: Lesson Plans - ‘Can’ for Permission Play Piano Read Light Turn up Magazine Turn down Money Turn on Walkman Turn off TV Use Window WatchCall: 0800 093 3148 Visit: www.onlinetefl.com/volunteer-tefl 17
  • Practice 2:This activity is to help your learners to make polite negative responses. On the attached handoutget your learners to match the permission question with the correct response so that theymake sense. You could cut them into squares, paste them onto some card and in pairs or smallgroups do a mix and match activity on the floor. It’s up to you. Here are the answers: 1. May I use the bathroom? Sorry, my wife’s taking a shower. 2. Could I have this last apple? Oh, that’s for my husband’s lunch tomorrow. 3. Can I listen to some music? I’m afraid I’m working right now. 4. Can I open the window? I’d rather you didn’t. It’s a bit cold in here. 5. Could I borrow some money off you? I’m afraid I’m a bit skint myself. 6. May I play your guitar? You can’t. One of the strings is missing. 7. May I borrow your Walkman? Sorry, I’m going out in a moment and I’ll be using it later. 8.  an I use your computer? Oh, it crashed yesterday. I’m waiting for my friend to come C and fix it. 9. Would you mind if I read this book? Sorry, I haven’t finished it yet. 10. Can I switch on the light? I’ve got a bad headache. I prefer it dark right now. Volunteer Teacher’s Toolkit: Lesson Plans - ‘Can’ for PermissionCall: 0800 093 3148 Visit: www.onlinetefl.com/volunteer-tefl 18
  • Lesson 4: The PresentTenseOverview:The objective of this lesson is to introduce and practice simple structures using the PresentTense.It is likely that your learners have already done work on this - you will know your class and howmuch new vocabulary you want to introduce / elicit from your learners and how many of thestructures introduced in this lesson plan your learners can cope with in one lesson.Level:Elementary. Take your time with really low-level learnersLesson Length:There should be enough material here for a lesson lasting 60 - 90 minutes (depending on howmany practice activities you decide to do in your lesson)Materials:HandoutsTarget Language:Question forms: • What’s your name? • How old are you? • What do you do? • How tall are you? Volunteer Teacher’s Toolkit: Lesson Plans - The Present Tense • Where do you live? • What are your hobbies?Verbs focussed on: • Like • Enjoy • Has (for possession) • Play • WantCall: 0800 093 3148 Visit: www.onlinetefl.com/volunteer-tefl 19
  • Elicit:Write the following (of course it has to relate to you) on the board and get your students to askyou the questions to these answers: 1. Mark 2. 35 3. English teacher 4. 1.85m 5. South Yorkshire, England 6. Playing the piano 7. Amy and ChloëAt this level you will need to do a lot of drilling. Keep the intonation bright and crisp, usingdifferent forms of pronunciation that make drilling fun. Get your learners to introduce themselvesto each other: name - age - live - hobbies - tall etc.Make sure that you move your learners around as much as possible getting them to introducethemselves to as many people as possible.Practice:Find someone who (Handout for each student): • First practice the question forms from the handout making sure your learners are  familiar with the correct question forms. • Now do the milling activity. • Don’t forget to do feedback.If there is time you may wish to introduce some of the following: • Work - what do you do? How long have you ________? • What are your hobbies? What do you do in your spare time? How long have you been  ________? • Do you like watching movies? What movies do you like? What movies do you not like? • ’m new in Peru. Please suggest places to visit. (I came to Lima last week. Where can I I go?) Volunteer Teacher’s Toolkit: Lesson Plans - The Present TenseCall: 0800 093 3148 Visit: www.onlinetefl.com/volunteer-tefl 20
  • The Present Tense - HandoutFind someone who… 1. likes playing football. __________________________ 2. likes listening to music. __________________________ 3. likes playing the piano. __________________________ 4. likes swimming. __________________________ 5. enjoys studying English. __________________________ 6. enjoys going to the cinema. __________________________ 7. has a young brother. __________________________ 8. has a CD of Eva Ayllon or Pepe Vasquez. __________________________ 9. has a younger sister. __________________________ 10. has a Playstation. __________________________ 11. has a back pack __________________________ 12. plays volleyball. __________________________ 13. plays the quena. __________________________ 14. plays the charango. __________________________ 15. plays Playstation games. __________________________ 16. plays the cajon. __________________________ 17. wants to be a movie star. __________________________ 18. wants to be a doctor. __________________________ 19. wants to be a singer. __________________________ 20. wants to be an artist. __________________________ 21. wants to be a teacher. __________________________ Volunteer Teacher’s Toolkit: Lesson Plans - The Present TenseCall: 0800 093 3148 Visit: www.onlinetefl.com/volunteer-tefl 21
  • Lesson 5: Writing A LetterTo A Pen PalOverview:This is a low-level skills-based lesson focussing on a reading activity followed by a writingactivity. This lesson can be used with large classes and the language used is focussed onyoung children. The ideas and handouts presented here can be adapted to older children oreven adults.Level:Elementary: Children / TeenagersLesson Length:There should be enough material here for a lesson lasting 60 – 90 minutesMaterials:Handouts and writing paperElicit:Your learners are going to read a letter from Chloë, a twelve-year-old girl living in the UK. Bythe end of the lesson, you will hopefully your learners to write a letter to her. If you have a youngsister, brother, son or daughter, you may wish to substitute Chloë for someone you know.1. To create interest and introduce the topic here are some questions you may wish to ask yourclass: • How old are you? Volunteer Teacher’s Toolkit: Lesson Plans - Writing A Letter To A Pen Pal • Where do you live? • Do you have a brother or a sister? • What’s his / her name? • Do you have a pet? • What’s its name?Get your learners to ask each other.2. Show the letter from Chloë: • What is it? • Who wrote this letter?Call: 0800 093 3148 Visit: www.onlinetefl.com/volunteer-tefl 22
  • Show a picture of a young girl. Try to get your learners to ask YOU some questions about her,such as: • What’s her name? • How old is she? • Where does she live? • Does she have a brother or a sister? • What’s his / her name? • Does she have a pet? • What’s its name?Prompt the class to ask you. Let them use their imaginations.3. n pairs or small groups get the class to look at the letter to see if they can find information I about Chloë. You may have to pre-teach words such as pen pal, hamster and guinea pig. Monitor the groups and do feedback with the class on the board.4.  ead the letter slowly but clearly to your class. It is important for them to hear the rhythm, R stress and intonation as you read it. Now ask some concept questions, such as: • Where does Chloë live? • How old is she? • What’s her sister’s name? • How is she? • Where does she live? • What pets does she have? • What are their names? • Do you have a pet?Practice:5.  ow get your learners to do the handout you have prepared. It is important to consolidate N what they have learned by writing. Monitor your students as they do this activity giving help where needed. If you have a large class you may decide to have your learners do this activity in pairs. Volunteer Teacher’s Toolkit: Lesson Plans - Writing A Letter To A Pen Pal6. It is time for your learners to write their own letter. To prepare for this, get your learners to  decide what they could write about. If they are working in groups make sure you change the groups around for every activity. Here are some suggestions: • Age • Where they live • Siblings • Pets • Parents • Their country or town • Their school • Their friends • Their hobbiesA lot depends on the age and the language level of your learners and adapt accordingly.Call: 0800 093 3148 Visit: www.onlinetefl.com/volunteer-tefl 23
  • Important Things To Remember: •  ou may wish to pay attention the conventions of letter writing, showing where to place Y the address, the date and paragraphing. • You will need to be aware of the simple tense constructions you use, such as: “My name is Chloë” = present simple “It was my birthday on 23 April” = past simple “I have an older sister” = present simple (have for possession) • Be careful not to say much and elicit as much as you can from your learners.Depending on the size of the class you may even wish to display some of their work on the wallfor a week or two.Hopefully you found this useful and you’re ready and raring tostart teaching! If you’re looking for more training, why not look attaking a TEFL course? Look no further than i-to-i TEFL, the world’sleading TEFL course provider, established in 1994. Find us atwww.onlinetefl.com/volunteer-tefl today!Good Luck! Volunteer Teacher’s ToolkitCall: 0800 093 3148 Visit: www.onlinetefl.com/volunteer-tefl 24
  • Volunteer Teacher’s Toolkit Ideas & Activities for Volunteer Teachers of English www.onlinetefl.com/volunteer-tefl Find us on Follow us on Chat with TEFLers on Chalkboardfacebook.com/itoiTEFL twitter.com/i_to_iTEFL onlinetefl.com/tefl-chalkboard/ Volunteer Teacher’s Toolkit: [Lesson] 25 09/12