Simulated Activities for Teaching Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing
DENMARK ALELUYASecondary Education-English Major IIIProfessor A. ManaligodTeaching Listening, Speaking, Reading and WritingLISTENING ACTIVITIESCompleting the lyricsThis game takes practicing of listening skills in a very exciting manner. For this activity, the teacherneeds to prepare a song that the students are presumably familiar with. This can work as a motivationactivity stressing the use of prepositions (or any part of speech that the teacher wants to stress). First,the teacher plays the song using a cassette player. The audio should be loud and clear for the studentsto listen accurately to the lyrics. After playing the song, give the activity sheets containing the copy oflyrics with all the preposition words missing. The teacher asks them to provide the missing wordswithout telling that those are prepositions. After 3 minutes, the teacher plays again the song and hasthe students check their respective papers. After which, the teacher asks the students what the missingwords are and officially introduce the topic for the day.Example: My Love by Westlife Pronoun An empty street an empty house ___’m _____ inside ____ heart ___’m ______ alone the rooms are getting smaller ____ wonder how _____ wonder why ____ wonder where ______ are The days ____ had the song ______ sang together..Oh yeah.. And Oh ____ love ___’m holding on forever Reaching for the love that seems so far So ___ say a little prayer And hope _____ dreams would take ______ there Where the skies are blue to see _____ once again, _______ love
Over seas and coast to coast to find the place ____ love the most Where the fields are green to see ______ once again ______ loveGuess me!Guess me is a listening activity that enhances students’ ability to decipher answers by understandingclosely the clues presented by the teacher. It goes like a sort of a riddle/puzzle game where hintsdefining the word are given. The topic or classification will guide the students what the clues are for andthe answer. It can be done individually or through groups.PROCEDURES:The teacher groups the students into 6 with 8 members each. Afterwards, she gives the instruction tothem. She reads the first classification and the clues afterwards. The students are only allowed toanswer after 3 seconds.Example: ProfessionsI solve X and Y but I can also do grammarI write and talk all day with patience and perseveranceI check papers and themes like a machine, you seeI talk about history and essay, poems and short storiesAnswer : TeacherParts of SpeechThey call me namesMargarita, Jona and BrunoSomeone tells that I’ve gone to QuaipoAnd had myself adoboMy neighbor calls me Poochy-Poochy like a dog you shouldbeware ofIt’s just the way I am just names you love to tellAnswer: Nouns
Voice CameraVoice Camera is a listening activity that brings out how creative and imaginative students are inpicturing or representing the voice that they hear. The students listen to the audio and imagine how thevoice characterizes its physical appearance or psychological condition. It can be a springboard activityfor a lesson about tone, stress, pitch and volume.PROCEDURES: 1. The teacher prepares voice clips downloaded from the internet portraying different tone, stress, pace and emotion. 2. The teacher plays the audio twice and give students 3 seconds to imagine and picture how the voice characterizes a personality 3. The teacher presents some pictures or words that may characterize the voice. The students choose from them.Example:ROARING MAN: HAHAHAHA! At last! I finally had the crown I now have the power and strength I need to Let you all suffer under my tyrannical rule!! Never a day shall you all keep your rests Because you will all toil you bodies to satisfyme!! HAHAHA!!The choices may be:PICTURES: A. A big ordinary man B. A smiling king or prince C. A devilish-faced monarchWORDS: A. An insane man B. A dictatorial leader
C. A powerful kingSPEAKING ACTIVITIESKnotting your tonguesThis activity enhances the speaking abilities of students particularly in pronunciation and exercise theiroral cavity. They are required to read the sentences as quickly but understandably with proper diction.PROCEDURES: 1. The teacher prepares a number of tongue twisters and presents them in the class. (The teacher can use sheets and distribute it in the class or have it written in a Manila paper.) 2. The teacher reads every tongue twister before asking any student to read. 3. The student is allowed to read it twice as quickly as possible.Example: Peter PiperPeter Piper picked a pack of pickled pepperA pack of pickled pepper Peter Piper pickedIf Peter Piper picked a pack of pickled pepperWhere’s the pack of pickled pepper Peter Piper picked?Last Word ChainThis speaking activity enhances students’ ability to form questions, commands, requests and/orstatements in a short period of time.PROCEDURE: 1. The teacher starts the game by giving a complete sentence. 2. The teacher calls someone to give a statement, a question, a request or a command using the last word of the given sentence. Students can only answer in 10 seconds. 3. The student calls another student to give sentence using the last word she used. 4. The cycle goes on until a chain is formed.Example:
Teacher: I lived in Davao City Do everything I want.when I was 5 I want that teddy bear, canStudent: 5 students finished you please buy it?the project. It never stopped!Is your project easy to do?Class DebateThis speaking activity enhances students’ ability to express themselves freely by providing argumentsdefending their own point-of-view. It also enhances higher-order thinking skills (HOTS) as studentsthread arguments and find weak loopholes of the opposing team. Participation, camaraderie andlogical thinking are also enhanced.Procedures: 1. The teacher prepares an interesting and debatable point after the class discussion. It can be of a serious topic ranging from societal problems, issues and concerns to a subjective proposition where the decisions of a certain character of a story are evaluated. 2. The teacher divides the class into two opposing parties, asks their main argument and writes it on the board. 3. A toss coin is held to identify the starting group. Every speaker is given only 3-5 minutes to explain his/her side. 4. The first round should present the reasons why they favor their respective arguments. 5. The next round should present their arguments against the other. 6. The last round should conclude their arguments and the consequences if their argument is not followed or if the downsides if the opposing argument is followed. 7. A separate panel of judges will declare will present their observations and declares the winner.EXAMPLE:Hector and Andromache (The Fall of Troy)What would be a greater responsibility, being a warrior to defend your own country or being a father toyour family?Helen and ParisIf you were Helen, would you opt to go with Paris and leave Menelaus or stay with Menelaus and ignoreyour feelings to Paris?
READING ACTIVITIESAbout PointAbout Point is an interactive way of responding to the text by getting the main idea and the salientpoints that supports it. It enhances critical thinking skills of the students through readingcomprehension as they understand the text and get the gist and significant details of the text.PROCEDURE: 1. The teacher prepares 8 sticky notes and short stories (or any reading material) appropriate to the students’ level. 2. The teacher forms 8 groups with 5 members each. 3. The teacher gives the sticky notes, sheets and two selections to each group. 4. The teacher asks the students to get the main idea of each paragraph, write them on the sticky notes and paste them in the paragraphs. 5. The teacher asks the students to fill in the needed information in the sheet.Example: (The Cask of Amontillado for 9th Graders) Focus: British and American LiteratureAssociative HypothesisThis activity brings in the prior knowledge of the students regarding a certain topic for the day’sdiscussion. It is particularly done in groups to prompt brainstorming, collaborative discussion and anincreased level of comprehension as they share own understanding among themselves.PROCEDURE: 1. The teacher prepares a reading material appropriate to the level of the students 2. The teacher forms 8 groups with 5 members each.
3. The teacher asks the class to jot down their understanding about a certain question (Addressed by the teacher) or about the title of the selection. 4. The teacher hands each group 2 copies of the selection and asks them to read it. 5. Afterwards, the teacher asks the students to jot down the points presented by the author and compare them to their own ideas.Symbolic RepresentationSymbolic representation is a reading activity that enhances students reading comprehension byvisualizing a certain abstract theme into a symbolic representation.PROCEDURES: 1. The teacher prepares a reading material appropriate to the level of students 2. The teacher forms groups of 8 with 5 members each and hands them the reading material 3. After reading, the students draw an object or anything that will describe what they feel about the text or the theme of the text. 4. Groups take turns on explaining what their drawn material is all about.Figure me out!The figure me out activity works similarly as that of the concept attainment strategy. This is particularlyeffective when teaching a grammar lesson and the students are having difficulties understanding theslight differences between two concepts. It also fosters cooperative learning as the students arerequired to come up with an over-all understanding about the concept being studied.PROCEDURES: 1. The teacher prepares examples about two different concepts on a sheet. The examples must be accompanied by a definition to scaffold the students and get them on the right track. 2. The teacher introduces the grammar lesson and disseminates the sheets to the class. It can be done individually but it feels more engaging and would sound easier to do if answering would come in groups. The activity will run for 5 minutes. 3. Each group will state their explanations about their own observations and how they got with their conclusions. A definition of the concept is provided afterwards.
Example: Figure me!What’s the difference between an adjective and an adverb?General Instruction: Closely examine the relationship of the underlined words with the others in thesentence. You can write in the sheets to find points of differences.
Properties of Adjectives Properties of AdverbsExamples: The cruel witch is truly hateful. The cruel witch is truly hateful. The Sistine Chapel is majestically expansive. The Sistine Chapel is majestically expansive. Jamal made a bright guess. Jamal made a slightly bright guess.Examples: _______ Degree of Adjective Jamie is a tall fifteen-year old freshman. Janna definitely reviewed for the examinations. Distinguished honors classes are intelligent. Elvis probably took nights off sleep to read his lectures. His phone is slim. Tito meanly kicked Harold’s seat.Examples: ________ Degree of Adjective Examples: Adverb of _________ Janna made a better remark than he did. Elvis had a higher score than Serena. Peter went to school yesterday. Tito is the rowdiest among the Junior class. Lily gets ready for tomorrow.Examples: ________ Degree of Adjective Examples: Adverb of ___________ Polly got the highest rank among the class. He slowly walks his feet to his bed. Halley is the loveliest muse during the prom. She gently patted Rainier’s back. Thriller movies are the most exciting films to watch. Examples : Adverb of ___________ After the incident, Eva seldom goes to school. Lloyd often goes to see her mom at the city. The man always talks about freedom.DEFINITION: DEFINITION:WRITING ACTIVITIESWord Generator!
This writing activity works like the usual writing drama everyone has presumably played. However, thisactivity puts a higher bar as the students are required to generate word/s after word/s until the shortestword/s is derived. It enhances students’ ability to formulate words under pressure.Procedure: 1. The teacher forms 8 groups with 5 members each. He/She gives them sheets where they are to write their answers. 2. The teacher reads the first word and asks the student to read it afterwards. He/She also gives its definition. From this, the student gets a certain word corresponding to the number of letters written beside the given word. Students answer for 3 minutes per level. 3. The teacher presents all the possible words fitted in the required number of letters. Each word has numbers beside them corresponding to the number of letters that they need to fill in. 4. The procedure continues until the shortest word/s is/are derived.Example: MISUNDERSTANDING (1 thirteen-lettered word) UNDERSTANDING (1 ten-lettered word) UNDERSTAND (2 seven-lettered words)ASUNDER (2 six-lettered words) – SANDER (8 five-letteredwords) – (READS) (DEARS) (DARES) (NEARS) (EARNS) (DEANS)(NARES) (SNARE) – (9 four-lettered words) (READ) (EARS)(DEAR) (SEAR) (EARN) (DARE) (NEAR) (DEAN) (SAND) – (3 eight-lettered word) – (RED) (EAR) (AND) (SEA) (ARE) (END) (DEN)(RAN)SUNDER (1 five-lettered) UNDER – (8 four-lettered) (DUNE)(NUDE) (RUNS) (SEND) (DENS) (URNS) (SURD) (ENDS) – (5 three-lettered word) (RUN) (END) (RED) (DEN) (URN)
Write me a dialogue!This writing activity enhances the students’ ability to creatively formulate conversations after reading aselection. It can portray any particular scene in the story; the only important thing is the material madefor a classroom skit. The creative write-up would also show how good they understood the selectionand how effective they are to portray the scene.Procedure: 1. The teacher forms group and asks members to choose their leader. 2. Students choose a certain scene to portray and tell it to the teacher. 3. Students write their dialogue and have their mini-practice for 10 minutes. 4. Students are asked to pick their numbers. 5. Each group presents their skit for 5 minutes.JournalingThis writing activity is one of the not-so new activities that a teacher can use to prompt metacognitivethinking in the classroom. Yet, until now, this activity is not widely used. This is particularly effective tinenhancing students’ writing skills and shows an understanding of the topic the class learned for the day.Procedure: 1. After the class discussion, the teacher asks the students to write a short journal about what they have learned for the day. 2. The students are allowed to write for only 5 minutes. 3. The teacher calls for students to share their own write- ups.