Nccp Presentation Ubuntu

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Nccp Presentation Ubuntu

  1. 1. FOSS@NCCP
  2. 2. What we can learn in this presentation - Understand what is FOSS
  3. 3. What we can learn in this presentation - Understand what is FOSS - What is LINUX and UBUNTU
  4. 4. What we can learn in this presentation - Understand what is FOSS - What is LINUX and UBUNTU - How to install UBUNTU
  5. 5. What we can learn in this presentation - Understand what is FOSS - What is LINUX and UBUNTU - How to install UBUNTU - How to use UBUNTU
  6. 6. FREE AND OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE
  7. 7. FREE not as in Free Beer
  8. 8. FREE as in Free Speech
  9. 9. FOSS IS ALL ABOUT FREEDOM
  10. 10. THE Four (4) FREEDOM
  11. 11. Freedom 0 Freedom to run the program
  12. 12. Freedom 1 Freedom to study how the program works, and adapt it to your needs (Access to the source code is a precondition for this).
  13. 13. Freedom 2 Freedom to redistribute so you can help your neighbor.
  14. 14. Freedom 3 Freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements to the public, so that the whole community (Access to the source code is a precondition for this).
  15. 15. The World of Linux
  16. 16. HISTORY
  17. 17. 17 Years of existence 17
  18. 18. 17 years of existence 17 Changing the world
  19. 19. Operating System (Kernel)
  20. 20. Minix (Andrew Tanenbaum)
  21. 21. Minix (Andrew Tanenbaum) Unix (early 1970s)
  22. 22. Linus Torvalds (University of Helsinki from 1988 to 1996) **Freax**
  23. 23. Richard Stallman Massachusetts Institute of Technology Free Software Foundation Hurd
  24. 24. BENEFITS - Fewer Crashes
  25. 25. BENEFITS - Fewer Crashes - Security
  26. 26. BENEFITS - Fewer Crashes - Security - Free and Sharable, https://shipit.ubuntu.com
  27. 27. BENEFITS - Fewer Crashes - Security - Free and Sharable, https://shipit.ubuntu.com - Linux is about freedom, rather than restrictions.
  28. 28. BENEFITS - Fewer Crashes - Security - Free and Sharable, https://shipit.ubuntu.com - Linux is about freedom, rather than restrictions. - Community
  29. 29. VS WINDOWS - United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team (www.us-cert.gov) reported 812 security vulnerabilities for Microsoft Windows during 2005.
  30. 30. VS WINDOWS - United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team (www.us-cert.gov) reported 812 security vulnerabilities for Microsoft Windows during 2005. - 15 vulnerability per week 2005
  31. 31. VS WINDOWS - United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team (www.us-cert.gov) reported 812 security vulnerabilities for Microsoft Windows during 2005. - 15 vulnerability per week 2005 - Sophos (www.sophos.com) advertised that its Windows antivirus program defended against over 103,000 viruses!
  32. 32. VS WINDOWS - United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team (www.us-cert.gov) reported 812 security vulnerabilities for Microsoft Windows during 2005. - 15 vulnerability per week 2005 - Sophos (www.sophos.com) advertised that its Windows antivirus program defended against over 103,000 viruses!
  33. 33. WHAT is UBUNTU
  34. 34. ”Humanity to others”
  35. 35. Easy to use
  36. 36. Easy to use Design to be shared
  37. 37. Easy to use Design to be shared Not a trial version
  38. 38. Mark Shuttleworth (South Africa) $10 million
  39. 39. Version Code name Release date Supported until Desktops Servers 4.10 Warty Warthog 2004-10-20 2006-04-30 5.04 Hoary Hedgehog 2005-04-08 2006-10-31 5.10 Breezy Badger 2005-10-13 2007-04-13 6.06 LTS Dapper Drake 2006-06-01 June 2009 June 2011 6.10 Edgy Eft 2006-10-26 2008-04-25 7.04 Feisty Fawn 2007-04-19 2008-10-19 7.10 Gutsy Gibbon 2007-10-18 2009-04-18 8.04 LTS Hardy Heron 2008-04-24 April 2011 April 2013 8.10 Intrepid Ibex 2008-10-30 April 2010 Debian, 1993 9.04 Jaunty Jackalope 2009-04-23[48] October 2010 First release, 2004 9.10 Karmic Koala[49] October 2009 April 2011 11th release, April 23, 2009
  40. 40. Who uses ubuntu - Jamie Hyneman of the popular TV show MythBusters,novelist and blogger Cory Doctorow - Digg.com and Reddit (Internet Communities) - Dell (www.dell.com), System 76 (http://system76.com), Tesco (www.tesco.com)
  41. 41. REQUIREMENTS # 300 MHz x86 processor # 64 MB of system memory (RAM) # At least 4 GB of disk space (for full installation and swap space) # VGA graphics card capable of 640x480 resolution # CD-ROM drive or network card
  42. 42. INSTALLING UBUNTU
  43. 43. Select the type of installation - Dual boot - Removing Windows - Using Another Hard Disk
  44. 44. Pre-installation - Understanding Partition - Backing up your data - Office Files - E-mail Files - Digital Image - Multimedia Files - Use pencil and paper
  45. 45. What do I need to get started? Installer of UBUNTU Your Computer Some of your reading skills
  46. 46. Step by Step Installation Guide
  47. 47. Stage 1: Prepare the Windows Partition for Resizing
  48. 48. Stage 2: Boot from the DVD-ROM
  49. 49. Stage 3: Choose Language Settings
  50. 50. Stage 4: Select from the Boot Menu
  51. 51. Stage 5: Choose a Language for Ubuntu
  52. 52. Stage 6: Select Your Country and Time Zone
  53. 53. Stage 7: Confirm Your Keyboard Layout
  54. 54. Stage 8: Repartition Your Hard Disk
  55. 55. Stage 9: Enter a Username
  56. 56. Stage 10: Wait During Installation
  57. 57. Stage 11: Reboot
  58. 58. Stage 12: Eject CD/ DVD installer
  59. 59. Stage 13: Input Username and Password
  60. 60. Notice the Boot OS Choices RECOVERY MODE: **Resume – Resume normal boot **Root – Drop to root shell promp **Xfix – Try to fix X server
  61. 61. First Impressions Basic Program Counterpart **Application = Start -> Program Menu **Places = My Computer **System =Control Panel Shutting Down or Restarting Ubuntu **Log out **Lock Screen **Switch User **Suspend **Hibernate
  62. 62. Desktop Guide
  63. 63. Windows Desktop Features Equivalents Under Ubuntu Windows Function Description Ubuntu Equivalent My Computer/ Double-clicking the My Computer/ Click Places ➤ Computer to see all Computer Computer icon gives you access to the thedrives attached to the computer inthe PC system. In particular, it lets you file browser window. If you wishto browse the file system. browse the file system, double-clickFile System in the list on the left side of the file browser window. Recycle Bin The Recycle Bin is the repository of Click the small Trash icon located at deleted files. the bottom-right corner of the buntu desktop. Start menu The Start menu provides access to many This function is split between the computer functions, as well as a list of Applications and System menus. the programs installed on the system TheApplications menu provides access tosoftware installed under Ubuntu. The System menu lets you configure andadminister the system, similar to the Windows Control Panel.
  64. 64. Windows Desktop Features Equivalents Under Ubuntu Windows Function Description Ubuntu Equivalent Quick Launch toolbar Located just to the right of the Start Similar icons are located to the right of button, these small icons let you launch the main menus at the top of the Ubuntu popular programs with a single click. desktop. You can add your own entries here by clicking and dragging program icons from the Applications menu. My Network Places/ Network This icon is used to access network To browse the local network, click Neighborhood services, usually within a business Places ➤ Network Servers. environment (on newer versions of Windows, this icon is often hidden by default). My Documents/ Documents The My Documents/Documents folder, The user’s Home folder serves this accessed via its icon on the Windows purpose and can be accessed by clicking desktop, is a storage space set aside for Places ➤ Home Folder. a user’s documents.
  65. 65. Windows Desktop Features Equivalents Under Ubuntu Windows Function Description Ubuntu Equivalent Control Panel The Windows Control Panel, located Similar functionality can be found off the Start menu, allows the user to under the System ➤ Administration and change system settings and preferences. System ➤ Preferences menu options. Find Files/ Start Search Located on the Start menu, the Find To find files, click Places ➤ Search for Files/Start Search function lets a user Files. You can also click the Deskbar search the file system for missing items. applet, located to the left of the notification area, or the Tracker search tool icon, located in the notification area, to search for files. Shutdown/Reboot At the bottom of the Start menu within Clicking System ➤ Quit brings up a Windows is the Shutdown/ Reboot dialog box that is almost identical to the button. one displayed in Windows XP and offers the same options as the Windows Vista shutdown submenu.
  66. 66. Windows Desktop Features Equivalents Under Ubuntu Windows Function Description Ubuntu Equivalent Windows Update Located in the system tray, the The Software Update Notifier checks Windows Update program checks for for software updates, and then notifies and downloads software updates, and you when updates are available. then notifies you that the updates are Clicking the Update Manager icon pops ready to be installed at your command.. up a window from which you can download and install updates. Switch User This option is available when you The User Switcher is located on the left choose to log off from Windows. You side of the notification area. Click the can keep the login session of the current username or real name, select another user alive, while allowing another user user to log in to the system, and supply to log in to Windows. the correct password. The current user’s session will be locked, while a new session will be activated for the new logged-in user.
  67. 67. Running Programs
  68. 68. Working with Virtual Desktop
  69. 69. Using the Mouse Cutting and Pasting Text
  70. 70. MAKING ALL WORKS
  71. 71. Installing Device Manager (On line) 1. Select System ➤ Administration ➤ Synaptic Package Manager. 2. Click the Search button on the toolbar, and then type gnome-device-manager in the Search field. Click the Search button. 3. Click the program’s entry in the list of results. Select to mark it for installation (don’t worry if a dialog box appears telling you additional software needs to be installed). 4. Click Apply on the toolbar.
  72. 72. Installing Device Manager (offline) *http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/universe/g/gnome-device-manager/ gnome-device-manager_0.2-1_i386.deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/universe/g/gnome-device-manager/ libgnome-device-manager0_0.2-1_i386.deb **Copy the downloaded file in the desktop ***Applications ➤ Accessories ➤ Terminal ***Enter the code below to the terminal cd ~/Desktop sudo dpkg –i libgnome-device-manager0_0.2-1_i386.deb sudo dpkg –i gnome-device-manager_0.2-1_i386.deb
  73. 73. Adding a Printer Configuring a Local Printer If the printer malfunctions when printing: - churning out paper when a print job is sent to it - printing garbage - not working at all Follow the Steps in the Next Slide
  74. 74. Configuring a Local Printer (When error exist) 1. Click System ➤ Administration ➤ Printing. Click the New printer button. 2. In the New Printer dialog box, you need to select which printer to configure. Click the printer you want to use, and then click the Forward button to continue. You’ll see the message “Searching for Drivers.” 8. Select the printer manufacturer. Alternatively, you can provide the PostScript Printer Description (PPD) file if the built-in drivers cannot operate your printer. When you’ve finished, click Forward. 12. Ubuntu again selects the detected model and corresponding driver for your printer, but you can change these selections. If you find the default driver simply doesn’t work correctly, try a similar but different model. Select the appropriate model in the Model list in the left column, and then select the appropriate driver for your printer from the Drivers list in the right column. Click the Forward button to continue. 5. You’ll be invited to give the printer a name. The default should be OK. You can fill in the Description and Location fields if you want, but these are necessary only if you intend to share the printer across a network. Click Apply when you’ve finished.
  75. 75. Adding a Printer Configuring a Network Printer Before beginning: find out the printer’s network address the queue name or the port number find out these details by speaking to your network administrator or the person who configured the printer.
  76. 76. Steps to configure a network printer: 1. Click System ➤ Administration ➤ Printing. In the Printer Configuration window, click the New Printer button. 2. In the Devices list of the New Printer dialog box, select the type of shared printer you want to connect to. If you’re unsure of which to choose, try Internet Printing Protocol (IPP). If you wish to connect to a Hewlett Packard (HP) printer with an HP print server attached, select AppSocket/HP JetDirect. 3. Enter the network address of the printer. Once you have the correct settings, click Forward. 4. As prompted, choose the printer manufacturer, printer model and driver, and printer name, just as if you were configuring a local printer. See steps 3, 4, and 5 in the previous section for guidance. Click the Apply button after you’ve made your selections. 5. When the printer is installed, select the printer from the list in the Printer Configuration window, and then click Print Test Page.
  77. 77. Configuring a Sound Card 1. Right-click the volume control icon (the one that looks like a speaker), and select Open Volume Control. 2. In the dialog box that appears, click Edit, and then click Preferences. 3. The Volume Control Preferences dialog box appears. Select the sliders that you wish to be visible. For example, on a desktop computer that has 5.1 surround sound, we were able to add a slider for the center and back speakers. On a notebook that has a sound card featuring pseudo-surround sound, we could add a control to alter the intensity of the effect. 4. When you’ve finished, click the Close button. The new controls should then be visible in the Volume Control window.
  78. 78. MAKING EVERYTHING JUST RIGHT
  79. 79. Changing the Look and Feel Altering the Theme/ Changing Background: System ➤ Preferences ➤ Appearance Installing Additional Components GNOME Art (http://art.gnome.org) GNOME-Look (http://gnome-look.org)
  80. 80. Managing File
  81. 81. Managing File
  82. 82. Understanding File System Concepts Drive References: • The Linux file system doesn’t use drive letters. • The Linux file system uses a forward slash (/) instead of a backslash () in filename paths. Names of Files:
  83. 83. Understanding File System Concepts File Access and Storage Using Nautilus
  84. 84. Searching for Files File and Folder Icons
  85. 85. END

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