Intro to Linux 101 ver 1.1


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  • Short questions, and re-wind me throughout the presentation, longer save to q&a at end
  • From Wikipedia: Richard Stallman ... it is the user's purpose that matters, not the developer's purpose; you as a user are free to run the program for your purposes, and if you distribute it to someone else, she is then free to run it for her purposes, but you are not entitled to impose your purposes on her.
  • --my students and Excel templates EULA : you do NOT own the template, it is licensed to you. If your MOBO burns out & you install another in your PC, MS considers that a brand new PC requiring a new license. N o more BSOD, not so prevalent in Windows 7, however, consider security (Sony root kit) & spam zombies.
  • First view of linux -
  • First view of linux -
  • Try Live-CD first. Runs in RAM does NOT touch any hard-drives. The Live CD should detect & install all your hardware, if it can't, find another distribution. WUBI is an executable that you copy from the Live-CD to your Windows drive. It runs as a virtual machine (like VM-ware) inside windows, does not impact any windows o/s
  • Open Office Org ultimate licence is owned by Oracle Corporation. Recently, a large group of developers became dissatisfied with the direction Oracle was taking. They left the project, and started a new office suit called Libre Office. This has been designated as the default office suite earmarked for the next release of Ubuntu. The developers promised a ribbon (similar to MS-office) within two years.
  • Wine will attempt to emulate MS O/S PlayOnLinux is an application to ease the installation of Windows games using Wine. It uses an online database of scripts to apply to different games that need special configurations
  • Intro to Linux 101 ver 1.1

    1. 1. An Introduction to Linux Presented by Dave Bingham
    2. 2. Who Am I? Dave Bingham <ul><li>IT Team Leader @ Scotiabank
    3. 3. p/t Comp-Sci lecturer at Centennial College
    4. 4. CESO volunteer – e-Gov initiative in the Philippines </li></ul>
    5. 5. Road Map (part 1) <ul><li>What is Linux, why is it free?
    6. 6. Setting up the computer
    7. 7. Starting the computer
    8. 8. Logging in </li></ul>
    9. 9. Road Map (part 2) <ul><li>Working with Open Office
    10. 10. Ubuntu games
    11. 11. Shutting the machine down
    12. 12. Sources of Help
    13. 13. Questions
    14. 14. Wrap-up </li></ul>
    15. 15. Free software - a Quick History <ul><li>At the dawn of time, all software was free - MIT
    16. 16. The “free software” movement – RMS
    17. 17. “ Free as in speech, not as in beer”
    18. 18. Compare & contrast with Microsoft & Apple </li></ul>
    19. 19. Linux a Quick History <ul><li>Started by Linus Torvalds in 1991
    20. 20. Wanted a PC O/S he could study, change, understand, freely share, and not have to pay for
    21. 21. So, he did that – Linux (“Unix” + “Linus”) was the result
    22. 22. Many people collaborated – the Intertubes </li></ul><ul><li>Hundreds of versions of Linux available tailored to many needs. (PCs, large computers, phones, etc.)
    23. 23. e.g. Where is it used – hospitals, Google, 60% of all web servers, etc. </li></ul>
    24. 24. Linus' post on comp.os.minix, announcing linux Hello everybody out there using minix - I'm doing a (free) operating system (just a hobby, won't be big and professional like gnu) for 386(486) AT clones. This has been brewing since april, and is starting to get ready. I'd like any feedback on things people like/dislike in minix, as my OS resembles it somewhat (same physical layout of the file-system (due to practical reasons) among other things). I've currently ported bash(1.08) and gcc(1.40), and things seem to work. This implies that I'll get something practical within a few months, and I'd like to know what features most people would want. Any suggestions are welcome, but I won't promise I'll implement them :-) Linus ( PS. Yes – it's free of any minix code, and it has a multi-threaded fs. It is NOT portable (uses 386 task switching etc), and it probably never will support anything other than AT-harddisks, as that's all I have :-(.
    25. 25. What is Ubuntu? <ul><li>One of the most popular distributions
    26. 26. Easy to use, good for non-techies
    27. 27. Produced by Canonical Limited
    28. 28. Makes money on consulting / support services </li></ul><ul><li>Founded by Mark Shuttleworth from South Africa, dot-com millionaire who's been to the Space Station </li></ul>
    29. 29. Why Linux ? <ul><li>Money
    30. 30. Hardware costs
    31. 31. Software cost
    32. 32. Time
    33. 33. No more BSOD
    34. 34. Freedom </li></ul>
    35. 35. What is a Linux Distribution? <ul>Often shortened to “Distro” </ul><ul><li>Contains the operating system (the Linux kernel)
    36. 36. A set of libraries and utilities
    37. 37. Graphics support from the X Window System
    38. 38. A large collection of software applications such as word processors, spreadsheets, media players, and database applications </li></ul>
    39. 39. Deciding on a Distribution According to, the top 5 ranked distributions are currently: 1. Ubuntu 2. Linux Mint 3. Fedora 4. Debian 5. OpenSuse
    40. 40. Ubuntu 10.04
    41. 41. Linux Mint 10
    42. 42. Fedora
    43. 43. Debian 6
    44. 44. OpenSUSE 11.4
    45. 45. Getting started 2 ways to start off: <ul><li>a Linux disk, or
    46. 46. download it (e.g. WUBI) </li></ul><ul><li>IF BY DISK – insert disk, restart PC
    47. 47. Live CD or install linux </li></ul>
    48. 48. Hard disks and partitioning “ Help! Where is my C: drive???” According to Linux naming conventions, the entire first hard drive is called /dev/hda. Partitions on this drive are identified by increasing numbers. So the four primary partitions of the disk are called /dev/hda1, /dev/hda2, /dev/hda3 and /dev/hda4
    49. 49. File systems and partitioning Linux enables you to set up other operating systems on the same machine and to choose the one from which to boot. This is known as dual booting. To do this, you must have separate partitions for each operating system, e.g. Linux and Windows 7.
    50. 50. Navigating the Desktop Ubuntu uses two bars called panels – 1 on top and 1 on bottom. On the top panel there are three menu areas: Applications Places System
    51. 52. Applications Menu If you hover your mouse over Office you will find OpenOffice: Spreadsheet Word Processor Database Presentation
    52. 53. If you hover your mouse over Internet you will find browsers, chat and social networking clients Internet Applications
    53. 54. Sound and Video Applications If you hover your mouse over Sound & Video you will find: <ul><li>Brasero Disc burner
    54. 55. Movie Player (for DVDs / videos)
    55. 56. Rhythmbox music player </li></ul>
    56. 57. At the bottom of the Applications menu you'll find Ubuntu Software Centre . This will install or remove programs. Installing new applications
    57. 58. To install software, search for what you want to install, then press the Install button.
    58. 59. Places Menu Nautilus is the file manager used in Ubuntu. Selecting the Home option will display your Home directory.
    59. 60. Selecting the Computer option will show you all your drives and directories on the computer.
    60. 61. System Menu In the System menu you will see Preferences and Administration as well as Help and Support . Here you can tweak your overall system.
    61. 62. Surf the Web with Firefox To the right of the System menu is the Firefox web browser icon. Click on the icon to start the browser.
    62. 63. Bottom Panel The bottom panel has four applets by default. The left one is an applet that will minimize all applications and show you the desktop. Window list applet lists all your open applications. Next is the Workspace switcher (two by default, although you can have more) Instead of having 6 windows open on your desktop, you can have 3 on each desktop, less clutter.
    63. 64. Games From a Linux forum: “Linux sucks! I can't play a Windows game_X on Linux.” Workarounds: Wine , PlayOnLinux <ul><li>A range of free games available in every genre.
    64. 65. Some commercial games available, such as:
    65. 66. Doom 3
    66. 67. Quake 4
    67. 68. Unreal Tournament </li></ul>
    68. 69. Shutting the Machine Down <ul><li>The button in the Top left corner </li></ul><ul><li>Also for restart and fast user switching </li></ul>
    69. 70. Sources of Help <ul><li>Greater Toronto Area Linux User Group: 2nd Tuesday of each month:
    70. 71.
    71. 72. Online Official and Community Help: </li></ul> <ul><li>Google </li></ul>
    72. 73. Questions Any questions?
    73. 74. The End Thank You Thanks to Colin McGregor for the initial version of these slides. Thanks to FreeGeek, Planet Geek and SocialTechToronto