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Be free be linux v1.4

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Be free be linux v1.4

  1. 1. GNU/Linux Introduction Be Free, Be Linux
  2. 2. About This Document This document is under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0
  3. 3. History <ul><li>GNU project : </li><ul><li>Richard Stallman. </li></ul><li>Linux Beginning : </li><ul><li>Linus Torvalds. </li></ul><li>GNU/Linux Combination. </li></ul>
  4. 4. 4 Freedoms <ul><li>Freedom 0: The freedom to run the program for any purpose.
  5. 5. Freedom 1: The freedom to study how the program works, and change it to make it do what you wish.
  6. 6. Freedom 2: The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor.
  7. 7. Freedom 3: The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements (and modified versions in general) to the public, so that the whole community benefits. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Distributions <ul><li>Meaning of a Distribution.
  9. 9. Many Resales of one Distribution.
  10. 10. Debian ,Slack ware ,Red Hat (The Big three).
  11. 11. Other Distributions Based on Others.
  12. 12. Distribtion Map
  13. 13. Best one's For Beginners. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Ubuntu <ul><li>Ubuntu History.
  15. 15. Meaning of “Ubuntu”.
  16. 16. Ubuntu Releases. </li><ul><li>version every 6 months
  17. 17. version every 2 years. </li></ul><li>Why Ubuntu? </li></ul>
  18. 18. Release TimeLine
  19. 19. Alternatives M$ Office Open Office Photo Shop GIMP Media Player Mplayer,vlc,totem Yahoo,MSN Messenger Pidgin,Empathy IE Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome <ul><li>For more alternatives check osalt.com </li></ul>
  20. 20. Installation <ul><li>Via live Environments(CD, Flash memory).
  21. 21. Device drivers. </li><ul><li>Availability
  22. 22. New DD?? Window$: please reinstall !! </li></ul><li>Pre-installed software. </li></ul>
  23. 23. System Requirements <ul><li>Minimum To Work: </li><ul><li>1 GHz x86 processor.
  24. 24. 512 MB of system memory (RAM).
  25. 25. At least 7 GB of disk space.
  26. 26. VGA graphics card capable.
  27. 27. CD-ROM drive or network connection. </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Swap <ul><li>What's Swap?
  29. 29. Why Swap? </li><ul><li>Some programs are very memory-consuming.
  30. 30. Extra memory can come in handy.
  31. 31. Optimizing memory usage.
  32. 32. Hibernation (suspend-to-disk) </li></ul><li>How much?
  33. 33. Swap in Linux & Virtual Memory in Window$. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Desktop Environment <ul><li>Meaning of “Desktop Environment”: </li><ul><li>DE not Themes.
  35. 35. ‫‪” Explorer‬‬” in Window$.
  36. 36. Explorer Components. </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. Desktop Environment <ul><li>Dead Points in Window$ DE: </li><ul><li>Build inside Kernel.
  38. 38. ONE FORMAT,ONE SHAPE ,ONE DE.
  39. 39. Limited And powerfulness.
  40. 40. A Big Security Hole Inside Your PC. </li></ul></ul>
  41. 41. Desktop Environment <ul><li>Advantages of Linux DE: </li><ul><li>Build Away from Kernel.
  42. 42. Open source so it's very customizable.
  43. 43. Separated Modules.
  44. 44. Multi DE on one OS.
  45. 45. Faster, More flexible.
  46. 46. Resources Friendly. </li></ul></ul>
  47. 47. Desktop Environment <ul><li>GNOME: </li></ul>
  48. 48. Desktop Environment <ul><li>The Official Desktop Environment For Ubuntu.
  49. 49. Fast and Easy </li></ul>
  50. 50. Desktop Environment <ul><li>KDE: </li></ul>
  51. 51. Desktop Environment <ul><li>The Official Desktop Environment For Kubuntu.
  52. 52. More Beautiful.
  53. 53. Similar to Window$ DE. </li></ul>
  54. 54. Desktop Environment <ul><li>XFCE: </li></ul>
  55. 55. Desktop Environment <ul><li>The Official Desktop Environment For Xubuntu.
  56. 56. More Simple.
  57. 57. Lighter than Gnome and Kde. </li></ul>
  58. 58. Dealing with programs <ul><li>Repositories Concept.
  59. 59. Installation Ways: </li><ul><li>From Ubuntu Software Center
  60. 60. From Synaptic Package Manager.
  61. 61. Dealing With APT throw the Command Line.
  62. 62. Compiling From Source Code. </li></ul></ul>
  63. 63. Linux File System <ul><li>Every thing is a file inside Linux.
  64. 64. Linux Directory Structure. </li><ul><li>/bin , /usr/bin.
  65. 65. /sbin , /usr/sbin.
  66. 66. /home , /root.
  67. 67. /media , /mnt.
  68. 68. /dev.
  69. 69. /var.
  70. 70. /proc , /sys.
  71. 71. /tmp.
  72. 72. /etc. </li></ul></ul>
  73. 73. Users And Groups <ul><li>Users Privileges: </li><ul><li>Disadvantages in Window$.
  74. 74. Advantages in Linux. </li></ul><li>Users types in Linux: </li><ul><li>Root User.
  75. 75. Regular User.
  76. 76. Super User. </li></ul></ul>
  77. 77. Terminal <ul><li>What's The Terminal?
  78. 78. Difference Between Terminal and C.L.
  79. 79. Why Terminal? </li></ul>
  80. 80. How To Get HELP <ul><li>Offline system documentation‬.
  81. 81. ‫‪ Online system documentation‬‬. </li><ul><li>Ubuntu manual project </li></ul><li>‫‪ Community Support ‬‬(‫‪Forums‬‬ ,IRC ,....). </li><ul><li>ubuntuforums.com
  82. 82. linuxac.org
  83. 83. eglug.org </li></ul><li>Man Pages. </li></ul>
  84. 84. Window$ Vs Linux <ul><li>Airline companies Example.
  85. 85. Window$: </li><ul><li>Advantage
  86. 86. Disadvantage </li></ul><li>Gnu/Linux: </li><ul><li>Advantage
  87. 87. Disadvantage </li></ul></ul>
  88. 88. Thanks Thanks For your Attention any Questions are Welcomed. Contact : [email_address] Blogging @ maboelnour.wordpress.com

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