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Cities In Northern India  A Comparative Analysis
 

Cities In Northern India A Comparative Analysis

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Performance of cities and their competitiveness in trying to attract the best is not a recent phenomenon. In India however, the measurement of this is very recent. We at Indicus Analytics attempt to ...

Performance of cities and their competitiveness in trying to attract the best is not a recent phenomenon. In India however, the measurement of this is very recent. We at Indicus Analytics attempt to measure these performance on various parameters for most of the urban cities. Our publication City Skyline of India measures the comparative performance of the top 112 urban centers in India. Presented here is this analysis of the top 38 cities of Northern India. Why 38? or why 122? The process of identification of these urban centers is the way that markets are catered to by locations within a state and region. The identified set are the entry points to the large urban market in the region they represent. Thus together they cover the majority part of the state and the country as a whole.
A set of broad parameters across 38 cities in the following states - J&K, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Rajashan, Madhya Pradesh, Chattigarh, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Delhi, were covered to arrive at some interesting conclusions.
A composite ranking based on inverse of unemployment rate, employment growth rate, reside in Index, economy index, penetration of 4 wheelers and 2 wheelers, market size and inverse of population growth (higher ranking on any of these indicates easier and better living) was constructed.
Clearly Chandigarh and Delhi are the most vibrant hubs and cities around it make it to the top bracket. Chandigarh, Ludhiana, Rupanagar and Ambala form one vibrant cluster apart from the established NCR cluster. Indore is the lone ranger outside these two clusters. It is clear that the performance of the state does push the cities performance. Punjab and Haryana have been the most consistent high performing states, while UP, MP and Rajasthan are among the lowest performers in these 38 cities, there are hardly any surprises. Most of these are traditional centres and have not benefited from the surging economy in the same way as rest of the major urban center in the country have. Moradabad with its export potential does seem to be an outlier, however the current slowdown may actually impact this city. It may be noted that these 38 centres analyzed are the top ones in terms of market size. Hence, they are the bottom 10 out of the top 38 only, and continue to be among the top cities of the region.
We also looked at a few psychographic characteristics - Experimentation, Westernization and Cosmopolitan character of the city. The table shows the cities that scored very high on the above characteristics

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    Cities In Northern India  A Comparative Analysis Cities In Northern India A Comparative Analysis Document Transcript

    • Indicus Analytics, An Economics Research Firm http://indicus.net/Media/index.php Cities in Northern India- A comparative analysis Peeyush Bajpai, COO, Indicus Analytics (www.indicus.net) Published in The Economic Times 19th March, 2008 Performance of cities and their competitiveness in trying to attract the best is not a recent phenomenon. In India however, the measurement of this is very recent. We at Indicus Analytics attempt to measure these performance on various parameters for most of the urban cities. Our publication City Skyline of India measures the comparative performance of the top 112 urban centers in India. Presented here is this analysis of the top 38 cities of Northern India. Why 38? or why 122? The process of identification of these urban centers is the way that markets are catered to by locations within a state and region. The identified set are the entry points to the large urban market in the region they represent. Thus together they cover the majority part of the state and the country as a whole. The past few years had seen unprecedented growth in many of the urban centers in India. Most cities in northern India led this with huge surge in consumer confidence, employment opportunities and investments.
    • Indicus Analytics, An Economics Research Firm http://indicus.net/Media/index.php The real estate story of Delhi and the NCR have become legends. So which is the best cities to live and work in? There is no straight answer to a broad question of this nature. Indicus Analytics recent analysis on top cities of Northern India attempts to capture this. A, closer look at some of the economic and psychographic data reveals clear differentiation between these cities. A set of broad parameters across 38 cities in the following states - J&K, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Rajashan, Madhya Pradesh, Chattigarh, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Delhi, were covered to arrive at some interesting conclusions. A composite ranking based on inverse of unemployment rate, employment growth rate, reside in Index, economy index, penetration of 4 wheelers and 2 wheelers, market size and inverse of population growth (higher ranking on any of these indicates easier and better living) was constructed. Table: The overall performance of cities in Northern India Bottom Top Ten Rank Ten Rank Gurgaon 1 Ajmer 29 Chandigarh 2 Bikaner 30 Noida 3 Kanpur 31 Shimla 4 Varanasi 32 Delhi 5 Meerut 33 Ambala 6 Agra 34 Ludhiana 7 Durg-Bhilai 35 Jaipur 8 Allahabad 36 Rupnagar 9 Moradabad 37 Indore 10 Bareilly 38 Source: The City Skyline of India, 2008-09 (http://www.indicus.net) Clearly Chandigarh and Delhi are the most vibrant hubs and cities around it make it to the top bracket. Chandigarh, Ludhiana, Rupanagar and Ambala form one
    • Indicus Analytics, An Economics Research Firm http://indicus.net/Media/index.php vibrant cluster apart from the established NCR cluster. Indore is the lone ranger outside these two clusters. It is clear that the performance of the state does push the cities performance. Punjab and Haryana have been the most consistent high performing states, while UP, MP and Rajasthan are among the lowest performers in these 38 cities, there are hardly any surprises. Most of these are traditional centres and have not benefited from the surging economy in the same way as rest of the major urban center in the country have. Moradabad with its export potential does seem to be an outlier, however the current slowdown may actually impact this city. It may be noted that these 38 centres analyzed are the top ones in terms of market size. Hence, they are the bottom 10 out of the top 38 only, and continue to be among the top cities of the region. Annual per capita income of some of the cities shows the vast disparities that exist in the cities. While income levels in Chandigarh are the highest they are more than six times that of Varanasi. Even Delhi has income levels that
    • Indicus Analytics, An Economics Research Firm http://indicus.net/Media/index.php are almost half of those in Chandigarh. Table: annual per capita income of urban households in some of the cities Annual per capita income Cities (Rupees) Chandigarh 142,000 Noida 86,000 Rupnagar 80,000 Delhi 79,000 Jabalpur 37,000 Moradabad 29,000 Varanasi 26,000 Source: The City Skyline of India, 2008-09 (http://www.indicus.net) In terms of market size the top cities are Delhi, Chandigarh, Faridabad, Jaipur, Ludhiana, Raipur, Amritsar, Kanpur, Indore, Lucknow. However, Delhi towers above all the cities and is nearly 10 times larger than its nearest rival. It is the large market and accompanying opportunities which makes Delhi attractive, even though it scores low on several other parameters. When we look at two interlinked parameters unemployment rates and the employment growth rate, we find an interesting result and the top cities that emerge are - Panipat, Gurgaon, Faridabad, Noida, Delhi, Jaipur, Hisar, Chandigarh, Ludhiana, and Ghaziabad. Panipat, Hisar and Jaipur make the cut on this score, indicating that these might be the cities to watch out for in the future. Indicus has formulated an “economy index” which reflects the economic conditions in a particular city, opportunities to start a new business, investment etc. On the basis of rankings based on the “economy index”, the top five cities are Gurgaon, Noida, Chandigarh, Panipat, Ludhiana. The relatively new centres such as Gurgaon, Noida and
    • Indicus Analytics, An Economics Research Firm http://indicus.net/Media/index.php Chandigarh, clearly outrank Delhi. On the basis of rankings based on “Reside-in index” (Reflects a city’s suitability for residing based on the following Sub-heads: Health, Education, Environment, Safety, Public Facilities, Entertainment and Housing) the top cities are Shimla, Rupnagar, Gurgaon, Noida, Chandigarh, Bhopal, Ambala, Patiala, Udaipur, Hisar. Delhi get’s knocked out of the top ten list and in fact comes in at a lowly 14th rank. Clearly, everyday living is tougher in Delhi compared to the above cities. The reason Chandigarh ranks high is that it scores well across all the parameters mentioned. Cities like Jaipur, Udaipur, Lucknow and Bhopal make the cut on one or two parameters only and hence fall back on overall rankings. Delhi scores poorly on some of the parameters but the sheer size continues to make it an attractive destination for migrants. We also looked at a few psychographic characteristics - Experimentation, Westernization and Cosmopolitan character of the city. The table shows the cities that scored very high on the above characteristics. Table: Top cities of Northern India across various psycho-graphic indices Cosmopolitan Westernization Experimentation Index Index Index Chandigarh Chandigarh Chandigarh Delhi Delhi Delhi Patiala Patiala Shimla Ambala Ambala Agra Faridabad Shimla Udaipur Source: The City Skyline of India, 2008-09 (http://www.indicus.net) These are the most happening cities of the region and with a few exception most of them also rank high on the economic parameters presented earlier. It’s interesting to note that major tourist destinations such as Agra, Dehradun, Jodhpur, Jaipur and Shimla score high on
    • Indicus Analytics, An Economics Research Firm http://indicus.net/Media/index.php psychographic indices. Past data is a good indicator of how current and future performance would be. The current trends may change this scenario. The global slowdown has impacted the growth in most parts of urban India. The growth has slowed, employment rates affected, salary raises frozen and general confidence is low. But it will be a while till the impact of the current slowdown is visible through statistics. We will just have to wait and watch how each of these cities of Northern India withstand the current recessionary trends. (The data is from Indicus Analytics publication “The City Skyline of India 2008-09”. Indicus Analytics is one of India's premier economics research firm specializing in providing data on consumers, demography and markets at various geographical levels.) For query or placing orders on Indicus Products please contact Indicus Analytics Pvt. Ltd. 2nd Floor, Nehru House, 4 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg New Delhi- 110002. Phone: 91-11-42512400/01 E-mail: products@indicus.net
    • Indicus Analytics, An Economics Research Firm http://indicus.net/Media/index.php www.indicus.net