Bill of Rights

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Bill of Rights

  1. 1. THE BILL OF RIGHTS NOTES
  2. 2. <ul><li>General Information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First 10 Amendments to the Constitution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ratified in 1791 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Essential component of LIMITED GOVERNMENT in the United States (Hmmm…I wonder if Mrs. C. is going to expect me to explain this on a test?) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The FIRST Amendment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protects 5 basic freedoms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of RELIGION </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of SPEECH </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of the PRESS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of ASSEMBLY </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom to PETITION the government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Hmmm…Mrs. C. is probably going to want to know if I think the government should ever limit these rights…) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Freedom of RELIGION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First Amendment protects religious freedom in two ways: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The government can not establish an official religion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Americans have the right to practice religion as they wish </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Freedom of SPEECH </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limiting Free Speech </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Constitution does not permit speech that harms other people, SLANDER for example </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extending Free Speech </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Constitution does protect SYMBOLIC SPEECH </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Hmmm…What about burning an American flag in protest? Is that protected?) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Freedom of the PRESS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited in many of the same ways as freedom of speech. For example, you cannot commit LIBEL . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also prohibits the government from banning books, magazines, newspapers, or other printed materials. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(But shouldn’t the government be able to ban some offensive materials?) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Freedom of ASSEMBLY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protects our right to attend meetings, parades, rallies, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also protects our right to form and join organizations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Hmmm…but some organizations are mean. Shouldn’t the government ban those?) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Freedom to PETITION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protects our right to express our ideas to the government. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>The SECOND Amendment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guarantees the right to BEAR ARMS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(…So do gun control measures like the BRADY LAW violate the Constitution?) </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>The THIRD Amendment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limits the power of the national government to force Americans to QUARTER soldiers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Least controversial amendment </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The FOURTH Amendment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protects against unreasonable searches and seizures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Key Terms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Search Warrant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(What if we could guarantee an end to murder in the United States? Would it be worth giving up the 4th Amendment?) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>The FIFTH Amendment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protects the rights of people accused of a crime </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Key Terms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Double Jeopardy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Right to Remain Silent </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Due Process of Law </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eminent Domain </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>The SIXTH Amendment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guarantees additional rights to people accused of crimes, including the rights to: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Be told the charges against you </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A speedy and public trial by a jury </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Confront your accusers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Call witnesses in your behalf </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have a lawyer </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>The SEVENTH Amendment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guarantees the right to a jury trial in civil cases </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>The EIGHTH Amendment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forbids “excessive” bail and “ CRUEL AND UNUSUAL PUNISHMENTS ” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(Does this include the death penalty…?) </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>The NINTH Amendment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protects rights not specifically mentioned in the Constitution </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>The TENTH Amendment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintains that powers not specifically given to the federal government are reserved for the states </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. THE BIG QUESTION… How do we balance the rights of one individual against the rights of others and against the rights of the community? (Suggestions…anyone? Anyone?)

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