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Rocks and Minerals By Mr. Templer
Layers of the Earth <ul><li>•  4 major layers </li></ul><ul><li>Crust, Mantle, Outer Core, and Core </li></ul><ul><li>• Th...
Weathering and Erosion <ul><li>Weathering is the process of rocks breaking (frozen is one factor that contributes to weath...
Why is weathering and erosion bad? <ul><li>Leads to habitat destruction </li></ul><ul><li>You can help by planting trees <...
Rocks v. Minerals <ul><li>A mineral is a natural solid found in nature that is composed of one substance only </li></ul><u...
<ul><li>Occur when lava cools </li></ul><ul><li>Often have crystal-like appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Examples include ____...
Sedimentary Rocks <ul><li>Formed by water </li></ul><ul><li>Have layers </li></ul><ul><li>Sediments group up in layers </l...
Metamorphic Rocks <ul><li>Transform igneous or sedimentary rocks into a different rock through intense heat and pressure o...
Pangaea <ul><li>All of the continents used to be one super-continent </li></ul><ul><li>The earth’s plates move 1-2 inches ...
Plate movement <ul><li>When the plates move, they cause volcanoes, hurricanes, or the formation of mountains </li></ul>
Fault Lines <ul><li>Faults are cracks in the earth </li></ul><ul><li>Hurricanes often occur at fault lines </li></ul><ul><...
Natural Resources <ul><li>A natural resource is anything that is part of nature which humans are able to use </li></ul><ul...
Nonrenewable Resources <ul><li>A non renewable resource is a resource that is being used up faster than it can replace its...
Renewable Resources <ul><li>A renewable resource is any natural resource that can replace itself in a person’s lifetime </...
Fossils <ul><li>Fossils are the remains of once living animals; the bones were preserved in sedimentary rocks or under wat...
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R&M Powerpoint

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  • Transcript of "R&M Powerpoint"

    1. 1. Rocks and Minerals By Mr. Templer
    2. 2. Layers of the Earth <ul><li>• 4 major layers </li></ul><ul><li>Crust, Mantle, Outer Core, and Core </li></ul><ul><li>• The core is molten iron and other substances </li></ul>
    3. 3. Weathering and Erosion <ul><li>Weathering is the process of rocks breaking (frozen is one factor that contributes to weathering) </li></ul><ul><li>Erosion is the process of weathered rocks moving </li></ul>
    4. 4. Why is weathering and erosion bad? <ul><li>Leads to habitat destruction </li></ul><ul><li>You can help by planting trees </li></ul>
    5. 5. Rocks v. Minerals <ul><li>A mineral is a natural solid found in nature that is composed of one substance only </li></ul><ul><li>A rock is composed of multiple minerals (I.e. the rock granite is made up of the minerals mica, quartz, and feldspar) </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>Occur when lava cools </li></ul><ul><li>Often have crystal-like appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Examples include ____________ </li></ul>Igneous Rocks
    7. 7. Sedimentary Rocks <ul><li>Formed by water </li></ul><ul><li>Have layers </li></ul><ul><li>Sediments group up in layers </li></ul><ul><li>Fossils can be found in sedimentary rocks </li></ul><ul><li>Examples include_________ </li></ul>
    8. 8. Metamorphic Rocks <ul><li>Transform igneous or sedimentary rocks into a different rock through intense heat and pressure over time </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples include_________ </li></ul>
    9. 9. Pangaea <ul><li>All of the continents used to be one super-continent </li></ul><ul><li>The earth’s plates move 1-2 inches every year </li></ul><ul><li>Fossils of similar animals were found in Africa and South America - the animal couldn’t swim </li></ul>
    10. 10. Plate movement <ul><li>When the plates move, they cause volcanoes, hurricanes, or the formation of mountains </li></ul>
    11. 11. Fault Lines <ul><li>Faults are cracks in the earth </li></ul><ul><li>Hurricanes often occur at fault lines </li></ul><ul><li>One of the biggest fault lines is the San Andreas fault in California </li></ul>
    12. 12. Natural Resources <ul><li>A natural resource is anything that is part of nature which humans are able to use </li></ul><ul><li>Examples include oil, trees, and all rocks and minerals </li></ul>
    13. 13. Nonrenewable Resources <ul><li>A non renewable resource is a resource that is being used up faster than it can replace itself </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples include coal, oil, and natural gas </li></ul><ul><li>It is important to find alternative forms of energy such as wind farms or solar energy </li></ul>
    14. 14. Renewable Resources <ul><li>A renewable resource is any natural resource that can replace itself in a person’s lifetime </li></ul><ul><li>To be classified as ‘renewable’ the resource must replace itself faster than it is being used by society </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples are apple trees or water </li></ul>
    15. 15. Fossils <ul><li>Fossils are the remains of once living animals; the bones were preserved in sedimentary rocks or under water </li></ul><ul><li>They help give evidence about land formations such as pangaea and show evolution </li></ul>
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