Universal Design Content in Curriculum - ATIA 2014


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  • To give you more of an understanding of my involvement with universal design and accessibility …Work on a grant to promote the inclusion of universal design content in university curriculum – I’ll talk more about that later if there’s time.Coordinate a conference called Accessing Higher Ground (under AHEAD) – focuses on accessible media.Teach a course on the topic of today’s workshop – it’s called …, which is really focused on UD for the Web.Usually, I teach this subject over the course of 14 weeks – can’t do that here. But will try to cover some of the key concepts that we cover in that class.
  • “This session will talk about integrating Universal Design into Web design, Environmental design and other curriculum at the University of Colorado-Boulder.”“And we’ll also talk about our effort to provide and developresources to promote the inclusion of UD content at other institutions”Lot’s of areas of UD – which area do am I talking about – what areas of UD is our project interested in?Talking to faculty & others(How this can intersect/promote accessibility & UD on campus - in the systems & physical environment on campus)UDE example – from U. of Hawaii – for those whose focus is UDE, not on contentInitiatives/plans of CU-Boulder projectConferencesResourcesMeetingsAudience feedback – this is a work in progress. We want to develop resources that individuals will use and find useful.
  • Want you to also know more about our project and perhaps provide feedback or collaborate
  • So, as I mentioned in the outline, I want to begin by reviewing the history, origins and definition of UD – to make sure we’re all on the same page.UD – term coined by Ron Mace in the 1980s – it grew out of the civil rights, disability rights and accessibility movements (source: . Referred more toward physical environment. It also stemed somewhat from the recognition or the philosophy that accessibility provides not only benefits to persons with disabilities but to many populations across the demographic spectrum. The ubiquitous and most used example of this is the curb cut – not only providing access and egress to persons in wheelchairs but to persons with babystrollers, wheeled luggage, delivery persons or anyone with a wheeled device.In contrast to an accessibility focus, it advocated for the inclusion of accessible environments and products from the beginning of a design project, not after the fact. Above definition – developed by Ron Mace and the Center for Universal Design - is the most common according the Steinfeld and Roger O. Smith from Universal Design for Quality ofLife Technologies, Vol. 100, 0018-9219/$31.00 2012 IEEE No. 8, August 2012 | Proceedings of the IEEE, pg 2539.
  • Going beyond code – thus focusing on user-centered design.
  • One I particularly like
  • Accessible design is a step forward when developing E&IT products, but it tends to lead to technologies that will be used separately, or in addition to, the main E&IT product, which diminishes the effectiveness of designing for all. (From NCD report)Not a separate accommodation – i.e. separate web page or separate vehicle for persons with mobility disabilities
  • Through this research, NCD aims to educate designers and manufacturers about how electronic and information technology intersects with the needs of individuals with disabilities.
  • In 1997, North Carolina State University's Center for Universal Design documented and published seven Principles of Universal Design (1997):Equitable Use: The design is useful and marketable to people with diverse abilities.Flexibility in Use: The design accommodates a wide range of individual preferences and abilities.Simple and Intuitive Use: Use of the design is easy to understand, regardless of the user's experience, knowledge, language skills, or current concentration level.Perceptible Information: The design communicates necessary information effectively to the user, regardless of ambient conditions or the user's sensory abilities.Tolerance for Error: The design minimizes hazards and the adverse consequences of accidental or unintended actions.Low Physical Effort: The design can be used efficiently and comfortably and with a minimum of fatigue.Size and Space for Approach and Use: Appropriate size and space are provided for approach, reach, manipulation, and use, regardless of the user's body size, posture, or mobility.
  • Has also been work done on Universal Design for services.
  • How does our grant regard UD?How does faculty regard UD?
  • The heart of what I’ll be talking about is the promotion of Universal Design Content. The grant focuses on this area. But I’ll be talking a bit about UDE and it will be our strategy to evangelize about UDE as part of our project activities.But the heart of this presentation are examples of the uses of content that involves Universal Design. Sometimes I may cheat a bit and talk about that content that is focused more on disability or accessibility.
  • Although faculty may not be able to provide the classic Ron Mace definition or one of it’s derivatives, they usually associate it with accessibility.Faculty like Karin relate it to the specific techniques they use – separating content from presentation.
  • Chart adapted by Meredith
  • Projects not only teach UD but CU-Boulder directed projects improve campus accessibility
  • Designed for K-12 but has been adopted at a number of community colleges.
  • Good segue to my class – also cover aria
  • Not only about accessibility Although class starts out talking about disability populations, aging demographics and other populations that should be considered when designing with UD principles. And we have 2 weeks of focus on Accessibility
  • Html 4.0 – first web standard for htmlXhtml 1.0Why do I say Web Standards brings you 90% of the way to accessibility?Web Standards have been very good for accessibility – why?Because web standards emphasize semantic markup – including alt text for images and other non-text elements.Because semantic markup - Before Web Standards(perhaps show or have them look at csszen-garden – to demonstrate the power of external style sheets. Remind them to look at high contrast view via style sheet found in web accessibility toolbar in firefox).
  • All the areas we’ll at least try to cover today(Following up on how the other 2 categories correspond to particular features).(Maybe print this as a handout)
  • Show handouts page – mention can buy audio
  • Universal Design Content in Curriculum - ATIA 2014

    1. 1. Integrating Universal Design into University Curriculum Howard Kramer University of Colorado-Boulder hkramer@colorado.edu, 303-492-8672 ATIA 2014
    2. 2. Presentation posted at slideshare http://slideshare.net/hkramer99/ UD in Curriculum – ATIA 2014.pptx or www.atia.org/orlandohandouts
    3. 3. Introduction Howard Kramer University of Colorado-Boulder hkramer@colorado.edu, 303-492-8672  Conference:   Class:   Accessing Higher Ground: Accessible Media, Web & Technology Universal Design for Digital Media - 14 week class Grant Project:  Promoting the Integration of Universal Design in University Curriculum (UDUC)
    4. 4. Today’s Outline  What do we/I mean by Universal Design  UDUC project info | some preliminary findings      Examples & models for including UD content in curriculum How this can intersect/promote accessibility & UD on campus UDE example / model Initiatives, accomplishments & future plans of UDUC project Your input, feedback & collaboration
    5. 5. Today’s Objective(s)    Acquire a sampling of examples of UD in curriculum that you may replicate or build upon Provide you with ideas for promoting UD curriculum at your own institutions Inspire you to become involved with this project by using our resources or sharing your resources with us
    6. 6. NEA 2-year Grant Promoting the Integration of Universal Design Content into University Curriculum (UDUC)
    7. 7. Promoting the Integration of UD into University Curriculum      Determining current inclusion of UD content on campus Increasing the amount of classes that address UD (content) on campus (and beyond) Determining resource needs for teaching UD Developing resources for teaching UD – syllabi, curriculum, teaching resources, etc. Developing a network of interested faculty – sharing resources
    8. 8. Universal Design – What do I mean?  Universal Design (Origins)  Universal Design is the design of products and environments to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design – Ron Mace, Architect Universal Design for the built environment
    9. 9. UD Defined – variations on a theme   …[T]he practice of designing products or environments that can be effectively and efficiently used by people with a wide range of abilities operating in a wide range of situations (Vanderheiden, 1997, p. 2014). …[B]uilding products that are robust and accommodating. Universal designs take account of differences in sight, hearing, mobility, speech, and cognition. Universal design helps not only people with disabilities, but also any of us when we’re tired, busy, or juggling many tasks (Francik, 1996).
    10. 10.  “Universal design implies a process that goes beyond minimum access codes and standards, to design environments that are comfortably usable by people from childhood into their oldest years.” - Nasar & Evans-Cowley, eds. 2007. Universal Design & Visitability.
    11. 11.  A framework for the design of buildings, products and information technology to be useable by the widest range of users.  Valerie Fletcher, The Institute for Human Centered Design
    12. 12. Universal Design – Key Points  Goes beyond accessibility  Not a separate accommodation  Goes beyond following legal requirements  Provides an improved product to the nonspecial needs or wider population
    13. 13. National Council on Disability   Design for Inclusion: Creating a New Marketplace – 2004 Report Key findings    A market for universally designed products and services exists. UD principles can be easily incorporated into current design practices. Designing with access in mind can significantly increase the size of targeted markets for electronic and information technology (E&IT).
    14. 14. 7 Principles of Universal Design
    15. 15. 7 Principles of Universal Design        Equitable Use Flexibility in Use Simple and Intuitive Use Perceptible Information Tolerance for Error Low Physical Effort Size and Space for Approach and Use Copyright © 1997 NC State University, The Center for Universal Design.
    16. 16. Universal Design – What do I mean?     Universal Design for the digital environment Universal Design in Education (UDE) Universal Design for Instruction (UDI) Universal Design for Learning (UDL)  Universal Instructional Design (UID)
    17. 17. Universal Design Universal Design Universal Design for the built environment Universal Design for UDE UDE UD Learnin Universal Design Universal Design for Education UDE UDWA  Universal Designv Universal Design for Universal DeUDL Learning UDL Universal Design sign for Universal Design for Instruction Instruction  UD UDE Universal Design Content in University  Curriculum
    18. 18. Universal Design  What does Universal Design mean in the context of today’s talk?
    19. 19. Campus & Faculty Conceptions of Universal Design    “[F]ew postsecondary administrators, faculty, and staff are even marginally acquainted with Universal Design or Universal Instructional Design” (Higbee & Goff, eds. 2008) Faculty at CU – may not have the definitive definition or understanding of UD Confusion on the distinction of “UD content”.
    20. 20. Examples of UD content
    21. 21. Examples of UD content Survey tool adapted by Meredith Banasiak, CU-Boulder
    22. 22. Student Projects
    23. 23. Arts & Humanities Beyond the Sciences & Built Environment http://digitalwriting101.net/teaching/content/an-exampleof-the-power-of-digital-storytelling/
    24. 24. Arts & Humanities Wayfinding – Multidisciplinary UD Project http://www.colorado.edu/news/features/students-create-new-cu-boulder-maps%E2%80%98universal-design%E2%80%99-expand-access
    25. 25. Beyond the Sciences & Built Environment Designed for different audiences & needs http://www.colorado.edu/campuswayfinding
    26. 26. Arts & Humanities Beyond the Sciences & Built Environment
    27. 27. Wayfinding Beyond the Sciences & Built Environment
    28. 28. Wayfinding
    29. 29. Arts & Humanities Beyond the Sciences & Built Environment
    30. 30. Arts & Humanities Beyond the Sciences & Built Environment
    31. 31. Other Communication & Design Projects Beyond the Sciences & Built Environment  Usability Study of Disability Services Website
    32. 32. Beyond CU-Boulder Course Profiles   Human-Computer Interaction undergraduate class Class-wide public policy projects Jonathan Lazar. PhD Towson University
    33. 33. HCI Interaction undergraduate class Course Profiles  Students learn:  1. international guidelines related to web accessibility  2. how to evaluate web sites for accessibility   3. specific details of federal and state laws related to web accessibility The students then perform a series of accessibility inspections on a group of web sites that are required under law to be accessible
    34. 34. HCI Interaction undergraduate class Course Profiles  Watch video of Dr. Lazar’s talk at: http://uduc.org/show1videosessi on.php?vpropid=1634
    35. 35. Standards-Based Web Design Course Course Profiles Terrill Thompson, University of Washington www.uw.edu/accesscomputing/webd2
    36. 36. Other Communication & Design Projects Planned for Future  Analyzing the D2L according to UD principles
    37. 37. Universal Design for Digital Media Course Outline (text version on next slide)
    38. 38. Web Standards our strategy for UD for the Web
    39. 39. User-Centered Design Tools for building awareness   Demographics – of disability, of ageing of population User profiles http://www.w3.org/WAI/intro/people-useweb/
    40. 40. Aspects of course particularly effective at promoting UD     Emphasis on multi-faceted benefits – mobile, SEO, etc. AT User Interview Use of screen reader and other evaluation tools Opportunity for them to redesign a site of their choice
    41. 41. Books & Curriculum Material      InterACT with Web Standards: A holistic approach to web design, Anderson, et. al. Zeldman, Jeffrey. Designing with Web Standards (3rd Edition) Chisholm & May. UD for Web Applications Norman, David A. The Design of Everyday Things (2002). Cooper, Alan; Reimann Robert M. About Face 2.0: The Essentials of Interaction Design (2003)
    42. 42. Books & Curriculum Material   Just Ask: Integrating Accessibility Throughout Design, Shawn Henry (2007) (free online edition) A Web for Everyone: Designing Accessible User Experiences, Sarah Horton & Whitney Quesenbery (2014)
    43. 43. Other Developments     Self-paced version of ATLAS 3518 Development of Universal Design for Content Management Systems – focus on & WordPress (spring 2014) Planned development of a graduate certificate program Website Project Resources – uduc.org
    44. 44. Opportunities for Collaboration  Sharing of Resources  E-text book –  looking for collaborators Continuation of grant – replicating model at other campuses
    45. 45. Projects/Resources at CU, AHEAD, ATHEN  3-credit class: Universal Design for Digital Media   ATHEN – Access Tech. Higher Ed. Network   Athenpro.org Universal Design in Curriculum Track and them at Accessing Higher Ground Conference 2013 (Nov. 4 – 8)   http://accessinghigherground.org/wp/udclass/ Accessinghigherground.org Videos from AHG 2012 –  http://accessinghigherground.org/recordedAHG2012. html
    46. 46. Other Curriculum Resources  A List Apart - Link-Rodrigue, The Inclusion Principle,   Dev.opera.com   http://dev.opera.com/articles/view/1-introductionto-the-web-standards-cur/ Usability.gov   http://www.alistapart.com/articles/the-inclusionprinciple/ http://usability.gov/methods/test_refine/heuristic.h tml Sitepoint.com  http://articles.sitepoint.com/article/informationarchitecture
    47. 47. Other Curriculum Resources  First Principles of Interaction Design”   “Personas”   http://wiki.fluidproject.org/display/fluid/Personas WebAIM.org – The Legend of the Typical …   (http://www.asktog.com/basics/firstPrinciples.html ); http://webaim.org/presentations/2010/csun/screen readersurvey.pdf W3C Web Standards Cirruculim  http://www.w3.org/community/webed/wiki/Main_P age
    48. 48. Other Resources  Web Design Awards & Training at CU   WAVE - WebAIM.org   http://wave.webaim.org/ W3C Web Standards Curriculum   http://www.colorado.edu/ODECE/UDAC/webcomp 2012.html http://www.w3.org/community/webed/wiki/Main_P age Physics Example page  http://www.colorado.edu/ODECE/UDAC/physics%2 0page-2.htm
    49. 49. Accessing Higher Ground Conference Accessible Media, Web & Technology     November 17 – 21, 2014 Universal Design in Curriculum Track Westin Hotel - between Boulder & Denver www.accessinghigherground.org
    50. 50. Online Resources from UDUC UDUC.org