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A Bible Study on the 33rd Sunday of Ordinary Time - C

A Bible Study on the 33rd Sunday of Ordinary Time - C

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33rd Sunday C 33rd Sunday C Presentation Transcript

  • Welcome to our Bible Study 33rd Sunday in Ordinary Time C November 17, 2013 In preparation for this Sunday’s liturgy As aid in focusing our homilies and sharing Prepared by Fr. Cielo R. Almazan, OFM
  • 1 reading: Malachi 3,19-20 st  19 Lo, the day is coming, blazing like an oven, when all the proud and all evildoers will be stubble, and the day that is coming will set them on fire, leaving them neither root nor branch, says the LORD of hosts. 20 But for you who fear my name, there will arise the sun of justice with its healing rays. The focus is on the coming day of the Lord.
  • 1st reading: Malachi 3,19-20  Commentary  The book of Malachi is the last 19 Lo, the day is prophetic book of the Hebrew Bible. coming, blazing like  It was written after the Exile. an oven, when all the proud and all  V.19 talks about the coming of the evildoers will be Lord. It is described as a very hot day stubble, and the day (blazing like an oven). that is coming will  It eliminates all the proud and set them on fire, leaving them neither evildoers. root nor branch,  It sets them on fire, leaving them no says the LORD of root or branch. They are totally hosts. 20 But for you who fear my eliminated. name, there will  V. 20 talks about the future of those arise the sun of who fear God: justice with its  The sun of justice will arise; healing rays.  They will be healed with its rays. View slide
  • Textual Context of Malachi 3,19-20 1,2-5 1,6-2,9 2,10-16 2,17-3,5 3,6-12 3,13-4,6 God's love for Israel over Edom The sins of the priests in unworthy sacrifice The people's sins through divorce The coming of God's messenger in judgment Call to repent and pay the tithes owed The day of judgment will bless the just View slide
  • Reflection on the 1 reading st  We are about to end the liturgical year C and the readings are about the end of the world, which is associated with the coming of the Messiah.  Terrible is the day of the Lord for evildoers. Consoling is the day of the Lord for those who fear God. God will come to judge. No one will be spared. God will reward the just and punish the wicked. Are you just or an evildoer? If you have been a crook, reform now.     
  • Resp. Ps 98:5-6, 7-8, 9  R. (cf. 9) The Lord comes to rule the earth with justice. 5 Sing praise to the LORD with the harp, with the harp and melodious song. 6 With trumpets and the sound of the horn sing joyfully before the King, the LORD.  7 Let the sea and what fills it resound, the world and those who dwell in it; 8 let the rivers clap their hands, the mountains shout with them for joy.  9 Before the LORD, for he comes, for he comes to rule the earth, He will rule the world with justice and the peoples with equity.
  • Resp. Ps 98:5-6, 7-8, 9  R. (cf. 9) The Lord comes to rule the earth with justice.  5 Sing praise to the LORD with the harp, with the harp and melodious song. 6 With trumpets and the sound of the horn sing joyfully before the King, the LORD.  7 Let the sea and what fills it resound, the world and those who dwell in it; 8 let the rivers clap their hands, the mountains shout with them for joy.  9 Before the LORD, for he comes, for he comes to rule the earth, He will rule the world with justice and the peoples with equity. Commentary Vv.5-6 exhort us to sing praise to the Lord with musical instruments (harp, trumpets and horn). Our singing must be joyful. Vv.7-8 also exhort all creation, not only human beings, to praise God. V.9 gives the reason for praising God.   God is coming to rule us with justice and equity.
  • Reflections on the Psalm      God’s coming must trigger our rejoicing if we are righteous. As we await the day, we must sing joyfully with musical instruments. As Christians, we do this best in our liturgies. We anticipate God’s vindication. When he comes, he will make us right and our enemies wrong.
  • 2nd reading: 2 Thess 3,7-12  7 You know how one must imitate us. For we did not act in a disorderly way among you, 8 nor did we eat food received free from anyone. On the contrary, in toil and drudgery, night and day we worked, so as not to burden any of you. 9 Not that we do not have the right. Rather, we wanted to present ourselves as a model for you, so that you might imitate us. 10 In fact, when we were with you, we instructed you that if anyone was unwilling to work, neither should that one eat. 11 We hear that some are conducting themselves among you in a disorderly way, by not keeping busy but minding the business of others. 12 Such people we instruct and urge in the Lord Jesus Christ to work quietly and to eat their own food. The focus is on imitation of Paul (work with hands).
  • 2nd reading: 2 Thess 3,7-12 Need to imitate Paul  7 You know how one must imitate us.    A simple outline! For we did not act in a disorderly way among you, 8 nor did we eat food received free from anyone. On the contrary, in toil and drudgery, night and day we worked, so as not to burden any of you. 9 Not that we do not have the right. Rather, we wanted to present ourselves as a model for you, so that you might imitate us.  10 In fact, when we were with you, we instructed you that if anyone was unwilling to work, neither should that one eat. Paul’s observations  11 We hear that some are conducting themselves among you in a disorderly way, by not keeping busy but minding the business of others. Instruction of Paul  12 Such people we instruct and urge in the Lord Jesus Christ to work quietly and to eat their own food.
  • Textual Context of 2 Thess 3,7-12 I Opening Formula 1,1-2 II Test of Persecution Leading to the Lord’s Glory in Judgment 1,3-12 A. Thanksgiving 1,3-10 B. Prayer 1,11-12 III Proper Understanding of the Parousia 2,1-17 A. The Lord’s Triumph over Deception 2,1-15 B. Prayer for Strengthening 2,16-17 IV Two Sets of Closing Exhortations and Prayers 3,1—5,6-16 V Final Greetings 3,17-18
  • 2nd reading: 2 Thess 3,7-12 Need to imitate Paul  7 You know how one must imitate us.    For we did not act in a disorderly way among you, 8 nor did we eat food received free from anyone. On the contrary, in toil and drudgery, night and day we worked, so as not to burden any of you. 9 Not that we do not have the right. Rather, we wanted to present ourselves as a model for you, so that you might imitate us.  10 In fact, when we were with you, we instructed you that if anyone was unwilling to work, neither should that one eat. Paul’s observations  11 We hear that some are conducting themselves among you in a disorderly way, by not keeping busy but minding the business of others. Instruction of Paul  12 Such people we instruct and urge in the Lord Jesus Christ to work quietly and to eat their own food. Commentary         The context of the reading is the imminent coming of the Lord. The Thessalonians believe that Jesus is coming soon and they find it impractical to start to work (in the field) or to continue working. But since his coming is delayed, not as soon as expected, those who do not have resources rely on the efforts of others and live like parasites. Here Paul, putting modesty aside, is in a way self-conceited. He says “imitate us.” We are a model to you. Paul has all the right to demand to be imitated, invoking his efforts when he was with them. He was not a visitor, not a burden. He took care of his own needs. Vv.7-9 V.10 recalls a past instruction not to allow anyone to eat if he/she does not work with his hands. Strong words! (parang bastos)
  • 2nd reading: 2 Thess 3,7-12 Need to imitate Paul  7 You know how one must imitate us.    For we did not act in a disorderly way among you, 8 nor did we eat food received free from anyone. On the contrary, in toil and drudgery, night and day we worked, so as not to burden any of you. 9 Not that we do not have the right.  Rather, we wanted to present ourselves as a model for you, so that you might imitate us.  10 In fact, when we were with you, we instructed you that if anyone was unwilling to work, neither should that one eat. Paul’s observations  11 We hear that some are conducting themselves among you in a disorderly way, by not keeping busy but minding the business of others.  Instruction of Paul  12 Such people we instruct and urge in the Lord Jesus Christ to work quietly and to eat their own food. In v.11, Paul concretizes the problem of the community. Some are (not all):    conducting in a disorderly way (nagkakalat) Not keeping busy (tamad) But minding others’ business (nakikialam, miron), fouling up, messing up, distracting others. In v.12, Paul focuses on these few troublemakers. He enjoins them now to work and to earn their own bread.
  • Reflections on the 2nd reading   We, who are still energetic, have no excuse for not working. The reading is clearly against parasitism (too dependent on others).      He reminds the lazy ones to change their ways. There is truth in the old saying, “Idleness is the workshop of the devil.” Some people are troublemakers because they have nothing else to do. But if they are given a task, if they find a job, they become more serious in life, they focus on how to be productive with their money, time and resources, they stop destructive criticisms, fault-findings and making unnecessary remarks. If Jesus comes again, will he find you working?
  • Gospel reading: Luke 21,5-19  5 While some people were speaking about how the temple was adorned with costly stones and votive offerings, he said, 6 "All that you see here-- the days will come when there will not be left a stone upon another stone that will not be thrown down." 7 Then they asked him, "Teacher, when will this happen? And what sign will there be when all these things are about to happen?" 8 He answered, "See that you not be deceived, for many will come in my name, saying, 'I am he,' and 'The time has come.' Do not follow them! 9 When you hear of wars and insurrections, do not be terrified; for such things must happen first, but it will not immediately be the end."
  •  10 Then he said to them, "Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. 11 There will be powerful earthquakes, famines, and plagues from place to place; and awesome sights and mighty signs will come from the sky. 12 "Before all this happens, however, they will seize and persecute you, they will hand you over to the synagogues and to prisons, and they will have you led before kings and governors because of my name. 13 It will lead to your giving testimony. 14 Remember, you are not to prepare your defense beforehand, 15 for I myself shall give you a wisdom in speaking that all your adversaries will be powerless to resist or refute. 16 You will even be handed over by parents, brothers, relatives, and friends, and they will put some of you to death. 17 You will be hated by all because of my name, 18 but not a hair on your head will be destroyed. 19 By your perseverance you will secure your lives.
  • Textual Context of Luke 21,5-19 Jerusalem Ministry of Jesus  21,1-4 The Poor Widow’s Contribution  21,5-11 The Destruction of the Temple Foretold  21,12-19 The Coming Persecution  21,20-24 The Great Tribulation  21,25-28 The Coming of the Son of Man  21,29-23 The Lesson of the Fig Tree  21,24-26 Exhortation to be Vigilant  21,27-28 Ministry in Jerusalem Passion Narrative  22,1-6 The Conspiracy against Jesus
  • Gospel reading: Luke 21,5-19 The Temple: well built, but will be destroyed 5 While some people were speaking about how the temple was adorned with costly stones and votive offerings, he said, 6 "All that you see here-- the days will come when there will not be left a stone upon another stone that will not be thrown down." Questions 7 Then they asked him, "Teacher, when will this happen? And what sign will there be when all these things are about to happen?" Commentary  In vv.5-6, Jesus is somewhat kill joy.  Imagine that while people are appreciating the beautiful architecture and ornaments of the Temple, Jesus predicts of its destruction. Terrible!  In v.7, surprisingly, people seem to be resigned.  They ask when and what the signs are.
  •     Warning: Don’t be misled. 8 He answered, "See that you not be deceived, for many will come in my name, saying, 'I am he,' and 'The time has come.' Do not follow them! Terrestial signs: Wars 9 When you hear of wars and insurrections, do not be terrified; for such things must happen first, but it will not immediately be the end.“10 Then he said to them, "Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom.      In v. 8, Christians should be discerning whom to listen to. Many will falsely claim they are the Messiah. They should be rejected. In v.9, terrible are the signs on earth, but Jesus says “Don’t be terrified.” But who cannot be terrified by wars and insurrections (revolutions)? What did Jesus mean? Shall we be scared only by the end, not by the signs?
  •  Terrestial signs: catastrophes 11 There will be powerful earthquakes, famines, and plagues from place to place; Heavenly signs and awesome sights and mighty signs will come from the sky.    In v. 11, again this is scary. Who can live normally under this situation? It can drive you to go nuts. We have seen samples of these in the movies. How much more when we are personally involved? Learn from the survivors of volcanic eruptions, landslides, earthquakes and tsunami.
  • Terrestial signs: catastrophes 11 There will be powerful earthquakes, famines, and plagues from place to place; Heavenly signs and awesome sights and mighty signs will come from the sky.     In v. 11, again this is scary. Who can live normally under this situation? It can drive you to go nuts. We have seen samples of these in the movies. How much more when we are personally involved and our lives threatened? Learn from the survivors of volcanic eruptions, hurricanes, landslides, earthquakes and tsunami.
  • Persecutions by people, relatives and friends 12 "Before all this happens, however, they will seize and persecute you, they will hand you over to the synagogues and to prisons, and they will have you led before kings and governors because of my name. 13 It will lead to your giving testimony. 14 Remember, you are not to prepare your defense beforehand, 15 for I myself shall give you a wisdom in speaking that all your adversaries will be powerless to resist or refute. 16 You will even be handed over by parents, brothers, relatives, and friends, and they will put some of you to death. 17 You will be hated by all because of my name,   In v.12, Christians will be persecuted. They will be counted as criminals. They will be investigated in the courts (what an inconvenience! Disruption of normal life.)     Vv. 13-14 contain a challenge: not to lose focus. We are bound to speak clearly about Jesus (to give testimony). In v.16, even our loved ones will betray us. Nothing seems to be right on the last day. In v.17, Jesus gives the reason, like in v.12
  •    Persecutions by people, relatives and friends 12 "Before all this happens, however, they will seize and persecute you, they will hand you over to the synagogues and to prisons, and they will have you led before kings and governors because of my name. 13 It will lead to your giving testimony. 14 Remember, you are not to prepare your defense beforehand, 15 for I myself shall give you a wisdom in speaking that all your adversaries will be powerless to resist or refute. 16 You will even be handed over by parents, brothers, relatives, and friends, and they will put some of you to death. 17 You will be hated by all because of my name,   In v.12, Christians will be persecuted. They will be counted as criminals. They will be investigated in the courts (what an inconvenience! Disruption of normal life.)     Vv. 13-14 contain a challenge: not to lose focus. We are bound to speak clearly about Jesus (to give testimony). In v.16, even our loved ones will betray us. Nothing seems to be right on the last day. In v.17, Jesus gives the reason, like in v.12
  •  Jesus’ promise 18 but not a hair on your head will be destroyed. Need to persevere 19 By your perseverance you will secure your lives.    In v.18, Jesus assures us of our salvation. No harm will be done unto us if we do good. Really? The gospel writer has to exaggerate to drive to a point. In v.19, Yes, perseverance spells salvation according to this verse. What perseverance?  Perseverance in doing good, in giving witness, perseverance in faith. The focus is on perseverance at end times.
  • Reflections on the gospel reading    If we are faithful to Christ, we will have strength to go on no matter what. Disasters may threaten our lives. They disrupt our activities. As Christians, we should interpret these portentous events (crises) as opportunities to show our best, who we really are (persevering, charitable, just, sport, happy to share God’s pain).   It is in these difficult moments that we can best witness to our faith. When falsely accused, let it be. It is better to die a martyr’s death than to pass death unto others (putting the blame on others).  Anyway God will punish the evildoer.
  • Tying the 3 readings and the Psalm  The day of the Lord will bring about the sun of justice (healing) to those who fear the name of the Lord. (1st reading)    The psalm encourages us to celebrate for God is coming to administer justice. Even with the imminent coming of the Lord, let us keep working. (2nd reading) The gospel reading portrays what will happen before the second coming of the Lord. Christians should persevere doing God’s work.
  • How to develop your homily / sharing       If you know that Jesus is coming, would you stop working? No, you should keep on working, according to St. Paul. The second reading is against any form of voluntary unemployment, any form of idleness, even for just a second. Why? So that you will not become a parasite. You never know when Jesus is coming. It can be delayed for a long time. What a waste of time, talent and energy, if you don’t work. You also prolong the agony of others.
  •      Another reason: to avoid gossip (tsismis), minding other people’s business. If we are busy, we will not have time to destroy other people. The little hurts that we have will have a little impact on us. We will always be looking forward to the next event. Our energies will be spent for the more productive activities, than licking our wounds, like a defeated dog.
  •       The gospel reading teaches us that in the end of times, as we will be tested by many frightening events, we should persevere in doing good works. We continue our mission to testify to Jesus even if it means persecution by those who are close to us. The gospel reading encourages suffering Christians, those who are victimized by bigotry to persevere in faith. It is an opportune time to prove our worth before the Lord and others. Our patience will be tested, including our heroism, loyalty and commitment to him. It prepares us, Christians, to face death, with honor and dignity (not cowardice).
  •      The first reading speaks of the reward of the just and the punishment of the evildoers. The evildoers will be uprooted. They will wither and die, while the just will see sunshine that will heal their wounds. In the end of times, God exercises justice to all peoples depending on how well they have made use of their time, talents and energy. Jewish people dedicate 6 days a week to serious work, to earn a living. One day is reserved to have quality time with their families (recreation) and the Lord (worship).
  •      Many catholics spend the whole day in the church (church premises) or going from one church to another, abandoning work. Strange behavior and way of worshipping! No drive to find a job and be productive! In the US and in some other countries, even the senior citizens still work in the shopping malls and fast food chains. To earn our bread, we must sweat it out.
  •      The eucharist assures us that on the last day we will be saved. Participation in the eucharist is the Christian way of preparing for the coming of the Lord. In the eucharist, we offer our diligence, we offer the works of our hands, disappointments and fatigue. In the eucharist, we reap the fruits of our labor. Happy are we when God finds us doing and celebrating our faith.
  • Our Context of Sin and Grace      Lazy, acting like busy bodies, unruly Parasitism, overdependent Playing when the boss is away Has no self-respect as a worker Scrambling to do something when the boss is coming (hypocrite and       dishonest worker)    No sense of the end Irresponsible, does not prepare for any eventuality Millenniarism  Hardworking Persevering Does not go away when the going gets rough Faithful, loyal, focused Ability to take blames, the brunt Hopes for God’s justice and vindication at the end Accepts temporariness of all
  • Suggested Songs   Service Biyayang Mula Sa ‘Yo (offertory)   Buhay Maging Maligaya   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hh0VyqcYK3I Come, Build My Church   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NxbmC_LVJrQ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dZugkzkgjDk Lord, Here I am  http://youtu.be/xHK7_Ng7K8k