The Trinity A

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Dear brothers and sisters,

Let us live in the mystery of the Holy Trinity!

Fr. Cielo

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The Trinity A

  1. 1. Welcome to our Bible StudyWelcome to our Bible Study 15 June 201415 June 2014 Solemnity of the Most Holy Trinity ASolemnity of the Most Holy Trinity A In preparation for this Sunday’s LiturgyIn preparation for this Sunday’s Liturgy In aid of focusing our homilies and sharingIn aid of focusing our homilies and sharing Prepared by Fr. Cielo R. Almazan, OFM
  2. 2. 11stst reading: Exodus 34:4b-6.8-9reading: Exodus 34:4b-6.8-9  4 Early the next morning, Moses went up Mount Sinai as the LORD had commanded him, taking along the two stone tablets. 5 Having come down in a cloud, the LORD stood with him there and proclaimed his name, "LORD." 6 Thus the LORD passed before him and cried out, "The LORD, the LORD, a merciful and gracious God, slow to anger and rich in kindness and fidelity.” 8 Moses at once bowed down to the ground in worship. 9 Then he said, "If I find favor with you, O Lord, do come along in our company. This is indeed a stiff-necked people; yet pardon our wickedness and sins, and receive us as your own." The focus is on God the Father.
  3. 3. 11stst reading: Exodus 34:4b-6.8-9reading: Exodus 34:4b-6.8-9 Moses  4 Early the next morning, Moses went up Mount Sinai as the LORD had commanded him, taking along the two stone tablets. The Lord  5 Having come down in a cloud, the LORD stood with him there and proclaimed his name, "LORD." 6 Thus the LORD passed before him and cried out, "The LORD, the LORD, a merciful and gracious God, slow to anger and rich in kindness and fidelity.” Moses  8 Moses at once bowed down to the ground in worship. 9 Then he said, "If I find favor with you, O Lord, do come along in our company. This is indeed a stiff-necked people; yet pardon our wickedness and sins, and receive us as your own." A simple outline!
  4. 4. 11stst reading: Exodus 34:4b-6.8-9reading: Exodus 34:4b-6.8-9 Moses  4 Early the next morning, Moses went up Mount Sinai as the LORD had commanded him, taking along the two stone tablets. The Lord  5 Having come down in a cloud, the LORD stood with him there and proclaimed his name, "LORD." 6 Thus the LORD passed before him and cried out, "The LORD, the LORD, a merciful and gracious God, slow to anger and rich in kindness and fidelity.” Moses  8 Moses at once bowed down to the ground in worship. 9 Then he said, "If I find favor with you, O Lord, do come along in our company. This is indeed a stiff-necked people; yet pardon our wickedness and sins, and receive us as your own." Commentary  In v.4, Moses obeys God and he goes up to the mountain to meet him.  In v.5, God comes down, stands with Moses and proclaims his name, “Lord.”  In v.6, the Lord declares himself to be a merciful and gracious God, slow to anger and rich in kindness and fidelity.  In v.8, Moses acknowledges God by showing a sign of reverence.  In v.9, Moses asks a favor from God. He invites him to go to his people (though stiff-necked) and to pardon their sins and to receive them as his own.  Here, Moses intercedes for his people.
  5. 5. Reflections on the 1Reflections on the 1stst readingreading  God is forgiving to his wayward people.  Though he can be turned off, like a human being, by the unbecoming behavior of his chosen people, God can still have a lot of patience and understanding.  The text is an invitation to all of us, sinners, to go back to him.  No one should be afraid to turn back to him.  God is merciful.
  6. 6. Resp. Ps. Dn 3:52, 53, 54, 55, 56Resp. Ps. Dn 3:52, 53, 54, 55, 56  R. (52b)R. (52b) Glory and praise for ever!Glory and praise for ever!  52 Blessed are you, O Lord, the God of our fathers,52 Blessed are you, O Lord, the God of our fathers, praiseworthy and exalted above all forever;praiseworthy and exalted above all forever; 53 And blessed is your holy and glorious name,53 And blessed is your holy and glorious name, praiseworthy and exalted above all for all ages.praiseworthy and exalted above all for all ages.  54 Blessed are you in the temple of your holy glory,54 Blessed are you in the temple of your holy glory, praiseworthy and glorious above all forever.praiseworthy and glorious above all forever.  55 Blessed are you on the throne of your kingdom,55 Blessed are you on the throne of your kingdom, praiseworthy and exalted above all forever.praiseworthy and exalted above all forever.  56 Blessed are you who look into the depths56 Blessed are you who look into the depths from your throne upon the cherubim,from your throne upon the cherubim, praiseworthy and exalted above all forever.praiseworthy and exalted above all forever.
  7. 7. Resp. Ps. Dn 3:52, 53, 54, 55, 56Resp. Ps. Dn 3:52, 53, 54, 55, 56  R. (52b)R. (52b) Glory and praise for ever!Glory and praise for ever!  52 Blessed are you, O Lord, the God of52 Blessed are you, O Lord, the God of our fathers,our fathers, praiseworthy and exalted above allpraiseworthy and exalted above all forever;forever; 53 And blessed is your holy and glorious53 And blessed is your holy and glorious name,name, praiseworthy and exalted above all for allpraiseworthy and exalted above all for all ages.ages.  54 Blessed are you in the temple of your54 Blessed are you in the temple of your holy glory,holy glory, praiseworthy and glorious above allpraiseworthy and glorious above all forever.forever.  55 Blessed are you on the throne of your55 Blessed are you on the throne of your kingdom,kingdom, praiseworthy and exalted above allpraiseworthy and exalted above all forever.forever.  56 Blessed are you who look into the56 Blessed are you who look into the depthsdepths from your throne upon the cherubim,from your throne upon the cherubim, praiseworthy and exalted above allpraiseworthy and exalted above all forever.forever. Commentary  The responsorial psalm comes not from the book of Psalms, but from the book of Daniel.  It is a psalm / prayer blessing and praising God.  Each verse repeats, “praiseworthy and exalted above all forever / for all ages.  Vv.52-53 see God as the God of their history (fathers), with holy and glorious name.  Vv.54-56 state where God is praised:  In the temple  On the throne of his kingdom  On the throne upon the cherubim
  8. 8. Reflection on the PsalmReflection on the Psalm  The purpose of our life is not just to eat and drink, but to give praise to the Lord.  It is unbecoming of us if we don’t recognize God’s power and glory.  We should spend our prime time acknowledging his majesty.
  9. 9. 22ndnd reading: 2 Corinthians 13:11-13reading: 2 Corinthians 13:11-13  11 Brothers and sisters, rejoice. Mend your ways, encourage one another, agree with one another, live in peace, and the God of love and peace will be with you. 12 Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the holy ones greet you. 13 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the holy Spirit be with all of you. The focus is on the Trinity.
  10. 10. 22ndnd reading: 2 Corinthians 13:11-13reading: 2 Corinthians 13:11-13 Exhortations  11 Brothers and sisters, rejoice. Mend your ways, encourage one another, agree with one another, live in peace, and the God of love and peace will be with you. 12 Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the holy ones greet you. Greetings  13 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the holy Spirit be with all of you. A simple outline!
  11. 11. 22ndnd reading: 2 Corinthians 13:11-13reading: 2 Corinthians 13:11-13 Exhortations  11 Brothers and sisters, rejoice. Mend your ways, encourage one another, agree with one another, live in peace, and the God of love and peace will be with you. 12 Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the holy ones greet you. Greetings  13 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the holy Spirit be with all of you. CommentaryCommentary  Vv.11-12 give exhortations.Vv.11-12 give exhortations.  RejoiceRejoice  Mend your waysMend your ways  Encourage one anotherEncourage one another  Live in peace.Live in peace.  Greet one another…Greet one another…  Only two sentences in vv.11-12 areOnly two sentences in vv.11-12 are not in the imperative mood.not in the imperative mood.  The God of love and peace will beThe God of love and peace will be with you.with you.  All the holy ones greet you.All the holy ones greet you.  In v.13, Paul greets the Corinthians.In v.13, Paul greets the Corinthians. The liturgy has adopted this formulaThe liturgy has adopted this formula in the greetings at the beginning ofin the greetings at the beginning of the mass.the mass.
  12. 12. Reflections on the 2Reflections on the 2ndnd readingreading  St. Paul, the author, expresses his fatherly concern to the Christians in Corinth.  As a missionary, preacher and teacher, he reminds them of the good Christian behaviors.  The recommended Christian behaviors are useful for the building up of the Christian community in Corinth.  We, Christians, living at the present age, need also to exhibit good behavior towards others.  We remind ourselves to be: joyful and peaceable.  We acknowledge the presence of each one, by wishing them well, in the name of the Holy Trinity.
  13. 13. Gospel reading: John 3:16-18Gospel reading: John 3:16-18  16 For God so loved the world that he gave his only Son, so that everyone who believes in him might not perish but might have eternal life. 17 For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world might be saved through him. 18 Whoever believes in him will not be condemned, but whoever does not believe has already been condemned, because he has not believed in the name of the only Son of God. The focus is on the Father and the Son.
  14. 14. Gospel reading: John 3:16-18Gospel reading: John 3:16-18 God’s salvific love  16 For God so loved the world that he gave his only Son, so that everyone who believes in him might not perish but might have eternal life. 17 For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world might be saved through him. Man’s faith-response  18 Whoever believes in him will not be condemned, but whoever does not believe has already been condemned, because he has not believed in the name of the only Son of God. A simple outline!
  15. 15. Gospel reading: John 3:16-18Gospel reading: John 3:16-18 God’s salvific love  16 For God so loved the world that he gave his only Son, so that everyone who believes in him might not perish but might have eternal life. 17 For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world might be saved through him. Man’s faith-response  18 Whoever believes in him will not be condemned, but whoever does not believe has already been condemned, because he has not believed in the name of the only Son of God. CommentaryCommentary  V.16 affirms God’s love to the world.V.16 affirms God’s love to the world.  It is not just an ordinary love.It is not just an ordinary love.  It is a passionate love, as indicatedIt is a passionate love, as indicated in the phrase “Godin the phrase “God soso loved…”loved…”  It is also indicated by the fact that heIt is also indicated by the fact that he gives his only Son.gives his only Son.  His Son is not an ordinary gift.His Son is not an ordinary gift.  It is a total gift of Himself.It is a total gift of Himself.  Faith in him brings about life eternal,Faith in him brings about life eternal, not perdition.not perdition.  V.17 reinforces God’s purpose forV.17 reinforces God’s purpose for sending his Son: that the worldsending his Son: that the world might be saved through him, not tomight be saved through him, not to condemn it.condemn it.  Notice here that the worldNotice here that the world represents humans, not the worldrepresents humans, not the world that is opposed to God.that is opposed to God.
  16. 16. Gospel reading: John 3:16-18Gospel reading: John 3:16-18 God’s salvific love  16 For God so loved the world that he gave his only Son, so that everyone who believes in him might not perish but might have eternal life. 17 For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world might be saved through him. Man’s faith-response  18 Whoever believes in him will not be condemned, but whoever does not believe has already been condemned, because he has not believed in the name of the only Son of God.  V.18 makes an encouragingV.18 makes an encouraging statement to those, who wantstatement to those, who want eternal life and salvation.eternal life and salvation.  All they have to do is to believe inAll they have to do is to believe in the Son.the Son.  V.18 also mentions about those whoV.18 also mentions about those who don’t believe and what happens todon’t believe and what happens to them: condemnation.them: condemnation.  Those who don’t believe areThose who don’t believe are predestined to be condemned,predestined to be condemned, because they have not believed inbecause they have not believed in the first place.the first place.  It is a big mistake not to believe inIt is a big mistake not to believe in the only Son of God.the only Son of God.
  17. 17. Reflections on the gospel readingReflections on the gospel reading  The gospel reading states God’s loving purpose to the world (humanity): eternal life.  What the world (humanity) needs to do is to believe (accept) in the only Son of God, who comes precisely to save us.  Those who miss the point (purpose) of God has devastating effect: perdition, condemnation, no hope.  Listeners of this gospel message should take seriously God’s Son.
  18. 18. Tying the 3 readings and the PsalmTying the 3 readings and the Psalm  TheThe first readingfirst reading encourages the peopleencourages the people (sinners) to have hope in God because he is(sinners) to have hope in God because he is a merciful and gracious God, slow to anger and rich in kindness and fidelity.  TheThe second readingsecond reading encourages good Christianencourages good Christian behavior. The Christian must be positive in hisbehavior. The Christian must be positive in his dealings with other people. Christians must bedealings with other people. Christians must be saints (holy).saints (holy).  TheThe gospel readinggospel reading encourages the readers andencourages the readers and listeners (sinners) to believe in Jesus in order tolisteners (sinners) to believe in Jesus in order to have life eternal.have life eternal.
  19. 19. How to develop your homily / sharingHow to develop your homily / sharing  What is the meaning of the HolyWhat is the meaning of the Holy TrinityTrinity to us?to us?  TheThe FatherFather is a merciful God, who gives consideration tois a merciful God, who gives consideration to sinners (stiff necked people).sinners (stiff necked people). (1(1stst reading)reading)  TheThe SonSon is a gift of God, and when received (believed)is a gift of God, and when received (believed) brings us to salvation. (gospel)brings us to salvation. (gospel)  Real believers ofReal believers of JesusJesus will necessarily exhibit inspiringwill necessarily exhibit inspiring behavior to other people.behavior to other people. (2(2ndnd reading)reading)  Where is theWhere is the Holy SpiritHoly Spirit? We know him together with the? We know him together with the Father and the Son in the second reading.Father and the Son in the second reading.
  20. 20.  We can develop the meaning of the greeting, v.13, in theWe can develop the meaning of the greeting, v.13, in the second reading:second reading:  “The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the holy Spirit be with all of you.”  TheThe gracegrace of ourof our Lord Jesus ChristLord Jesus Christ:: charischaris, favor, favor  TheThe lovelove ofof GodGod:: agapeagape, love, the highest Christian virtue, love, the highest Christian virtue  TheThe fellowshipfellowship of theof the Holy SpiritHoly Spirit:: koinoniakoinonia, participation,, participation, sharingsharing  What more can we ask if we have them all as desired inWhat more can we ask if we have them all as desired in this greeting?this greeting?  This is the Christian greetingThis is the Christian greeting par excellencepar excellence, rightly, rightly considered by the liturgists, who put it at the start of theconsidered by the liturgists, who put it at the start of the Mass.Mass.
  21. 21.  If theIf the triune Godtriune God is with us and if we are filled with theis with us and if we are filled with the gifts, which each person of thegifts, which each person of the TrinityTrinity gives us, there isgives us, there is nothing more to ask.nothing more to ask.  This is what we call the fullness of life.This is what we call the fullness of life.  Our hearts cannot but rejoice and be thankful.Our hearts cannot but rejoice and be thankful.  Our minds cannot but put God and his gifts into ourOur minds cannot but put God and his gifts into our memory. We live and grow in pleasant memories.memory. We live and grow in pleasant memories.  Our souls cannot but soar up into heaven, our trueOur souls cannot but soar up into heaven, our true home, which can be anticipated now through our properhome, which can be anticipated now through our proper Christian behavior.Christian behavior.
  22. 22.  We, Catholics, believe in the HolyWe, Catholics, believe in the Holy TrinityTrinity..  We must be the luckiest and the happiest believers inWe must be the luckiest and the happiest believers in the world.the world.  We areWe are Trinitarians,Trinitarians, who believe in a super gracious andwho believe in a super gracious and merciful God.merciful God.  AsAs TrinitariansTrinitarians, we live our faith by making the sign of, we live our faith by making the sign of the cross at the beginning and end of our prayers andthe cross at the beginning and end of our prayers and liturgies.liturgies.  We are baptized in the name of the HolyWe are baptized in the name of the Holy TrinityTrinity..
  23. 23.  In theIn the eucharisteucharist, we affirm our faith in the Trinity., we affirm our faith in the Trinity.  In theIn the eucharisteucharist, we give glory to the Holy Trinity., we give glory to the Holy Trinity.  TheThe eucharisteucharist strengthens our belief in the Holystrengthens our belief in the Holy Trinity, the holy Community, that makes us holyTrinity, the holy Community, that makes us holy as a community.as a community.  In theIn the eucharisteucharist, we participate in the life of the, we participate in the life of the Trinity.Trinity.
  24. 24. Our Context of Sin and GraceOur Context of Sin and Grace  No faith in the Triune God  No faith in the merciful God  Does not celebrate  Does not acknowledge God’s greatness  Does not relate  Does not communicate  Trinitarian faithTrinitarian faith  Faith that leads toFaith that leads to community lifecommunity life  Faith that leads toFaith that leads to thankfulness andthankfulness and celebrationcelebration  Living in the mystery ofLiving in the mystery of the Trinitythe Trinity
  25. 25. Suggested SongsSuggested Songs  God Father Praise and GloryGod Father Praise and Glory  The Living God by Sebastian TempleThe Living God by Sebastian Temple

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