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Introduction to Jenkins (Hudson) Continuous Integration Server

Introduction to Jenkins (Hudson) Continuous Integration Server

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  • 1. Hudson CI haocheng 本著作係依據創用 CC Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported 授權條款進 行授權。如欲瀏覽本授權條款之副本,請造訪 http://creativecommons. org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ ,或寄信至 Creative Commons, 171 Second Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA 。
  • 2. Quick Survey
  • 3. How many of you have written Unit tests?
  • 4. How many of you are doing Continuous Integration?
  • 5. How many of you are using Hudson?
  • 6. Continuous Integration is a software development practice where members of a team integrate their work frequently, usually each person integrates at least daily – leading to multiple integrations per day. -- Martin Fowler
  • 7. Why CI? Rapid Feedback Reduced Risk Collective Ownership Continuous Deployment Offload from people
  • 8. Best Practices of CI Single Source Repository Commit often Make Your Build Self-Testing Automate the Build Build fast
  • 9. Hudson Extensible continuous integration server
  • 10. What is Hudson? Open-source CI server Easy to install and use Extensibility Over 330+ plugins (230+ last year) More than 20,000 installations
  • 11. Why Hudson? GUI to manage Strong community and eco-system Distributed builds Open Source and Free!
  • 12. Configuration in Cruise Control Configuration Reference of Cruise Control
  • 13. and there are more below...
  • 14. Lots of people are using Hudson... from Koshuke's slide: Continuous Integration in the Cloud with Hudson, JavaOne 2009
  • 15. Including Yahoo ;-)
  • 16. CI Tools survey in 2009 http://www.wakaleo.com/resources/polls
  • 17. CI Tools survey in 2010 http://www.wakaleo.com/resources/polls
  • 18. Another CI Tools Survey in 2010
  • 19. Hudson is still growing...
  • 20. And the Job Trend is increasing
  • 21. Basic Features Notice a change Check out source code Execute builds/tests Record and publish results Notify developers
  • 22. CI Overview from Continuous integration with Hudson
  • 23. Notice a change Build Periodically Depend on other projects Poll SCM Subversion Push vs. Pull
  • 24. Check out source code Subversion CVS Git Mercurial Perforce
  • 25. Execute builds/tests Java Ant, Maven, Gradle .Net MSBuild, PowerShell Shell Script Python, Ruby, Groovy
  • 26. Record and publish results JUnit TestNG Findbugs Cobertura Checkstyle PMD
  • 27. Job Status Job State: Job Stability:
  • 28. Findbugs Integration
  • 29. Cobertura Integration
  • 30. Project Relationship
  • 31. Notify developers Twitter email RSS IM IDE Android/iPhone Firefox
  • 32. Twitter
  • 33. Hudson on Eclipse Update Site: http://code.google.com/p/hudson-eclipse/
  • 34. Hudson on Android Android Market Hudson Wiki
  • 35. eXtreme Feedback Panel plugin
  • 36. Hudson Sound plugin http://wiki.hudson-ci.org/display/HUDSON/Hudson+Sounds+plugin
  • 37. DEMO
  • 38. Installation&Upgrade Download Tomcat 6 Download hudson.war Put hudson.war under webapps Start Tomcat
  • 39. Create a Job
  • 40. Configure a Job
  • 41. Configure Hudson
  • 42. Manage Plugins
  • 43. Going Distributed Need Isolation Need Different environments One Computer is not enough
  • 44. Add Slave using JNLP Java Web Start on slave initiates the session Hudson sends JNLP file and jar files A separate socket connection is made
  • 45. Add Slave using sshd Master talks to sshd on a slave Send slave.jar and “java -jar slave.jar” SSH session becomes bi-di byte stream
  • 46. Some Distributed Issues Different OS/Environment Install required tools System administration Need to install slave manually Tied Jobs to Slaves
  • 47. Monitor Slaves Monitor key metrics Low disck space and swap Clock out of sync Put offline automatically
  • 48. from Koshuke's slide: Continuous Integration in the Cloud with Hudson, JavaOne 2009
  • 49. from Koshuke's slide: Continuous Integration in the Cloud with Hudson, JavaOne 2009
  • 50. Labels to Rescue
  • 51. More on Label Don't tied job to Slave, tied to Label Label is a group of slaves Support boolean expressions since 1.372 windows&&IE FF||Chrome !windows Can be used with Matrix Project
  • 52. Matrix project Need to run in multiple environments Different JDK Different OS Different Browser Axis could be: Slave User defined Combination Filter !(OS=="linux" && browser=="IE") Touchstone builds Sanity check
  • 53. Create Matrix Project
  • 54. Configuration
  • 55. Results
  • 56. DEMO
  • 57. Hudson on Cloud Hudson EC2 plugin CloudBees 8.5 cents/hour of EC2 vs 1 cent/minute of CB
  • 58. Hudson EC2 plugin AWS Account Information
  • 59. Hudson EC2 plugin And which AMI you want to start
  • 60. CloudBees' Hudson as a Service
  • 61. Miscellaneous Integrate with Repository Browser Monitor an external job Hudson for non-Java Projects
  • 62. Tracking Changes
  • 63. Integration with Sventon
  • 64. Monitor an External Job Hudson Wiki - Monitor an External Job
  • 65. Hudson for non-Java Projects Python PHP Ruby .Net
  • 66. Hudson: http://hudson-ci.org/ Mailing List: http://wiki.hudson-ci. org/display/HUDSON/Mailing+List Wiki: http://wiki.hudson-ci.org/display/HUDSON/Home Follow @hudsonci on Twitter "TS-5301 Continuous Integration in the Cloud with Hudson" by Koshuke Hudson Wiki - Distributed builds Label and Matrix Project Enhancements Continous Integration by Martin Fowler Continuous Integration with Hudson - the book Continuous Integration with Hudson on JavaWorld
  • 67. haocheng.lee@gmail.com follow @haocheng on Twitter