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Continuous integration using jenkins

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Details on CI process and Jenkins workflow

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Continuous integration using jenkins

  1. 1. CONTINUOUS INTEGRATION USING JENKINS - Vinay Gopalkrishna
  2. 2. AGENDA  Continuous Integration  What is CI?  Why we need CI?  Best Practices  Workflow  Build Ingredients  CI Server – Jenkins  What is Jenkins?  How Jenkins work?  Plugins  What Jenkins can do?  Conclusion  References
  3. 3. CI - DEFINED  Continuous Integration is the practice, in software engineering, of merging all developer working copies with a shared mainline several times a day.  CI is a software development practice where members of a team integrate their work frequently, usually each person integrates at least daily – leading to multiple integrations per day. Each integration is verified by an automated build (including test) to detect integration errors as quickly as possible. – Martin Flower
  4. 4. CI – WHAT DOES IT REALLY MEAN?  At a regular frequency (ideally at every commit), the system is :  Integrated  All changes up until that point are combined into the project  Built  The code is compiled into an executable or package  Tested  Automated Test suites are run  Archived  Versioned and stored so it can be distributed as is, if desired  Deployed  Loaded onto a system where the developers can interact with it.
  5. 5. WHY WE NEED CI?  Fixing bugs late is costly  Lack of team cohesion  “Your changes to bar are incompatible with mine. How do we merge now?”  “When did we decided to upgrade to version 2.0 of the super library?”  “I thought you fixed that 2 months ago!”  Poor quality code base  “We have 3 classes doing the same thing!!”  “Everybody knows double checked locking is bad idea!”  “Why can’t I just include Foo and not require all of the other 13 libs? ”
  6. 6. WHY WE NEED CI? CONT…..  Lack of project visibility  “What do you mean the tests are failing? ”  “What’s in the version 1.2.3 of the build”  What’s our code coverage now?  Lack of deployable software  “It works on my machine!”  “I need a new build to test with”  “The boss|customer is coming, we need to demo progress asap.”
  7. 7. BEST PRACTICES  Maintain Code Repository  Automate the build  Everyone commits the baseline everyday  Every commit (to baseline) should be built  Keep the build fast  Test in the clone of production environment  Make it easy to get the test deliverables  Everyone can see the results of the latest build  Automate deployment
  8. 8. CI WORKFLOW
  9. 9. CI WORKFLOW
  10. 10. BUILD INGREDIENTS  Compilation  Ensures code actually compiles  On every target platform  Test execution  Ensures product functions as expected  Through repeatable testing  Database integration  Ensures DB and code is in sync  Automates (re)creation of test data
  11. 11. BUILD INGREDIENTS SOME MORE  Code inspection  Ensures a healthy code base  Identifies problems early  Enforces best practices  Automated deployment  Products can be released anytime  Continually demo-able state  Eliminates “Works on my machine”  Documentation generation  Ensures document is current  Removes burden from developers  Produces build reports and metrics
  12. 12. CI SERVER - JENKINS  It is an open source CI tool written in java.  It is a server based system running in a servlet container.  It supports SCM tools including Accurev, CVS, Subversion, Git, Mercurial, Perforce, Clearcase.  It can execute Apache Ant and Apache maven based projects.  Builds can be started by various means, including being triggered by commit in version control system.
  13. 13. HOW JENKINS WORK - SETUP  When setting up a project in Jenkins, out of the box you have the general options  Associating with a version control server  Triggering builds  Execution of shell scripts, bash scripts, Ant targets and maven targets.  Artifact archival  Publish jUnit test results and javadocs  Email Notifications
  14. 14. PLUGINS  Jenkins plugin system can enable a wide range of features including(but not certainly not limited to)  SCM  Testing  Notifications  Reporting  Artifact saving  Triggers  External integration  And most importantly – The CI game  A points based game where developers compete against each other to develop the most stable, well tested code
  15. 15. WHAT JENKINS CAN DO?  Generate Test Reports  Integrate with many different version control systems  Push to various artifact repositories  Deploys directly to production or test environments  Notify stakeholders of build status
  16. 16. CONCLUSION  Continuous Integration is a necessity on complex projects due to the benefits it provides regarding early detection of problems.  A good continuous build system should be flexible enough to fit into pre-existing development environments and provide all the features a team expects from such a system.  Jenkins, a continuous build system, can be an integral part of any continuous integration system due to its core feature set and extensibility through a plugin system.
  17. 17. REFERENCES  Continuous integration  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Continuous_integration  http://java.dzone.com/articles/continuous-integration- how-0  Jenkins  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jenkins_(software)
  18. 18. ANY QUESTIONS?

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