Reality Shows History and subgenres By Shorina Ann Chuvash State University
Reality TV and history Reality programming began on the radio by using hidden microphones in the year 1948 . The idea was to give funny scenarios to regular people to take part in the show. The show was called Candid Microphone and as technology progressed the hidden microphones became hidden cameras and the show was called Candid Camera. The show a regular show on ABC in the year 1960 . The audience reactions were very positive and reality shows began to be very popular. During the year of 1992 MTV had its first reality show called the Real World .
<ul><li>-Reality television is a genre of television programming that presents: </li></ul><ul><li>purportedly unscripted dramatic or humorous situations </li></ul><ul><li>documents actual events, and usually features ordinary people instead of professional actors </li></ul><ul><li>sometimes in a contest or other situation where a prize is awarded. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The genre, which has existed in some form or another since the early years of television programming, exploded as a phenomenon around 1999–2000 with the success of such television series such as Big Brother and Survivor . </li></ul>
Programs in the reality television genre are commonly called reality shows and often are produced in a television series.
Talk shows <ul><li>- are a form of reality television where either real people or celebrities come on to discuss topics or tell a story in front of a live studio audience in real time. </li></ul>
Elimination shows <ul><li>-are where a group of people start and one persons wins. A prize may be a guy or a girl if it’s a show like “The Bachelor”. </li></ul>
Docu-soaps <ul><li>-are the real-world ones. There’s no prize in that one. It’s just how can these people get along. </li></ul><ul><li>-camera shooting and footage editing give the viewer the impression that they are passive observers following people going about their daily personal and professional activities . </li></ul>
Living sitcoms <ul><li>- are the kind that shows a true story of a family(mostly celebrity ones), trying to live with each other. It’s cut for comedy which is interesting. </li></ul>
First reality show in America <ul><li>The honor of being the first reality TV show in America goes to COPS. This dynamic program, which follows real cops as they battle criminals on various city streets, first aired on March 11, 1989. </li></ul>
Why are reality shows so popular? <ul><li>There so very many reality show, it is amazing. You could even say that there’s a reality show for everyone. If you’re interested in fashion, there’s shows like :”Project runway”, ”America’s next top model”. </li></ul><ul><li>If you are interested in cooking, there are cook shows. Moreover there are teen pregnancy shows, obesity ones .Some of the are quite educational. </li></ul>
<ul><li> There are also reality shows that investigate addictions like hoarding, morbid obesity, drug and alcohol addictions, so if you are suffering or someone who you know is suffering from an addiction, the shows can give you an idea of where to reach out to and perhaps steps to take to get someone help. </li></ul>
The Show <ul><li>The real world is a reality show of seven to eight strangers who are selected to live in a house and work together for a few months. They are given a job during their stay but agree to be filmed 24/7 for the entire season. During their stay they experience obstacles and differences between each other. Each season takes place in a different state or country where they have to learn to adapt to live together away from home in a new atmosphere. The real World has been the longest running show on MTV and one of the longest on reality TV history. It began its first season in 1992 and still runs today on MTV. When the characters are introduced in the intro before the show begins the reality members are introduced with a phrase: </li></ul>
<ul><li>"This is the true story... of eight strangers... picked to live in a house...work together and have their lives taped... to find out what happens... when people stop being polite... and start getting real... The Real World ." </li></ul>
Disadvantages of Reality Television <ul><li>Like every coin has two sides, reality television has its downside that is facing criticism. According to some people this helps in making pseudo stars and some express doubt about the element of reality. According to media person Tom Alderman "Reality TV can only be described as Shame TV because it uses humiliation as its core appeal". </li></ul>
<ul><li>Though reality television is facing criticism these days, yet the craze for it will remain the same because of its non-traditional element of reality. </li></ul>