5th Grade Indicator Activity


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5th Grade Indicator Activity

  1. 1. Stargazing By Lynsey Wilkie September 30, 2009
  2. 2. Science Standard 3- The Physical Setting <ul><li>Indicator 5.3.3- Observe the stars and identify stars that are unusually bright and those that have unusual colors, such as reddish or bluish. </li></ul><ul><li>Taken from- http://dc.doe.in.gov/Standards/AcademicStandards/StandardSearch.aspx </li></ul><ul><li>http://school.discoveryeducation.com/lessonplans/programs/stargazing/ </li></ul><ul><li>Link to Activity-http://www.indianastandardsresources.org/files/sci/sci_5_3_starlight.pdf </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definitions <ul><li>Atmosphere- The envelope of gasses surrounding any celestial body </li></ul><ul><li>Celestial- Of or relating to the night sky </li></ul><ul><li>Orbit- The path described by one celestial body in its revolution about another </li></ul><ul><li>Pulsar- A young neutron star that produces beams of radiation from its magnetic poles </li></ul><ul><li>Solar System- The sun with the celestial bodies that revolve around it in its gravitational field </li></ul><ul><li>Supernova- The death explosion of a massive star, resulting in a sharp increase in brightness </li></ul>Taken from: http://school.discoveryeducation.com/lessonplans/programs/stargazing/
  4. 4. Materials <ul><li>Make sure that the weather forecast will be nice for star gazing </li></ul><ul><li>Pencil </li></ul><ul><li>Crayons or colored pencils </li></ul><ul><li>Paper </li></ul><ul><li>Pencils </li></ul><ul><li>Scissors </li></ul><ul><li>Glue or tape </li></ul><ul><li>Magazines and handouts with pictures of various stars, planets, and celestial bodies </li></ul><ul><li>White construction paper, one piece per student </li></ul><ul><li>Astronomy texts and encyclopedias </li></ul><ul><li>Computer with Internet access </li></ul><ul><li>Stargazing movie </li></ul>
  5. 5. Pre-Activity Discussion <ul><li>Why do we not see the sun at night when we see many other stars at night? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The sun is closer to the Earth than other stars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At night the Earth rotates away from us so we can’t see it </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What do you notice about the stars at night? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Color </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brightness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Talking about the Milky Way galaxy and our solar system </li></ul><ul><li>Have students identify the planets in our solar system and talk about the characteristics of each planet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What makes Earth different from other planets? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Discuss the various stars and other celestial bodies found in our galaxy. </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce this topic is to view segments of the Stargazing video or DVD. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Procedure <ul><li>Tell students that they will observe the night sky </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They will have to look closely at the stars and write down their observations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Spilt students into groups of 3 or 4 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have students discuss what the observed about the stars </li></ul></ul><ul><li>After watching the program and discussing their observations, tell students that they will pretend to be astronauts who have just returned from a journey across our galaxy </li></ul><ul><li>In that role, they will create journals that document what they saw in outer space. </li></ul><ul><li>Their journals must be descriptive and creative </li></ul><ul><li>Each journal should be a minimum of 3 pages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They must collect facts, by using library references and other texts, the Internet, or other research material </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Product <ul><li>This is an example of what a students journal cover might look like </li></ul>
  8. 8. Procedure <ul><li>When students have finished writing have them decorate sheets of white construction paper with drawings or photographs of planets, stars, and/or celestial objects. </li></ul><ul><li>Have students fold these collages in half and &quot;bind&quot; their journal entries inside. </li></ul><ul><li>Allow volunteers to read parts of their journals aloud to the class. </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor each group’s discussion and ask students questions such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Did you notice any stars that were unusually bright? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why do you think stars appear to have different colors? </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Activity Discussion <ul><li>Discuss with students that how bright a star looks to us depends on its magnitude, or brightness, and its distance from Earth. </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss with students how the color of a star is due to its surface temperature. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blue stars have the hottest surface temperatures, while red stars have the coolest. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ask students to list a characteristic of each planet </li></ul><ul><li>Ask students to describe and compare different types of celestial bodies found in our galaxy </li></ul>
  10. 10. Resources <ul><li>Activity </li></ul><ul><li>http://dc.doe.in.gov/Standards/AcademicStandards/StandardSearch.aspx </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.indianastandardsresources.org/files/sci/sci_5_3_starlight.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Journal Example </li></ul><ul><li>http://chesterfield.k12.va.us/Schools/Hening_ES/Mariaweb/artsonia%20work/ShawnScholl.JPG </li></ul>