Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Drugs & crime
Drugs & crime
Drugs & crime
Drugs & crime
Drugs & crime
Drugs & crime
Drugs & crime
Drugs & crime
Drugs & crime
Drugs & crime
Drugs & crime
Drugs & crime
Drugs & crime
Drugs & crime
Drugs & crime
Drugs & crime
Drugs & crime
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Drugs & crime

1,277

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,277
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
21
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Resources
    • Office of National Drug Control Policy
    • http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov
    • Office of Justice Programs
    • http://www.ojp.gov
    • U. S. Department of Justice
    • http://searchjustice.usdoj.gov
    • U. S. Drug Enforcement Administration
    • http://www.justice.gov/dea
  • 2. Follow up from DV
    • Survey of data taken from the National Census of Domestic Violence Services by Radha Iyengar & Lindsay Sabick, 2009. Surveyed all calls for domestic violence within a 24 hour period.
    • Snapshot of services requested during this 24 hour period:
    • * There were 48,350 calls for help during this period.
    • * Of these, some 14,518 calls for emergency housing.
    • * Approximately 5,000 calls went ‘unmet’ during this time for lack of resources.
    • * 38% of all victims of DV become homeless at some point.
  • 3. Substance Abuse, Alcohol and Crime
    • The War on Drugs
      • 1999-Cost $17.1 billion dollars in Law Enforcement efforts.
      • What you don’t hear:
      • Through Asset Forfeitures, the DEA seized $522 million in cash between August, 2007 and November, 2008 (DOJ, 9-09).
    • (2009-$14 billion for treatment and prevention. US DOJ, 2009)
  • 4. Substance Abuse, Alcohol and Crime
    • The War on Drugs
      • The cash figure does not include the value of bank accounts, vehicles, guns, jewelry or homes.
      • The asset forfeiture program is designed to prevent criminals from benefitting financially from their illegal activities (US DOJ).
  • 5. Substance Abuse, Alcohol and Crime
    • The War on Drugs
      • The Vietnam War officially began 1959 and ended in 1975. Just over 58,000 soldiers lost their lives during this 16 year period.
      • 16,000 Americans die each year due directly to illegal drugs (excluding alcohol related deaths). In comparison, over a 16 year period, that equates to 256,000 deaths.
  • 6. Juvenile Drug Use
    • Arrest rates for juvenile drug violations have increased 23% from 1994 to 2003.
    • While the actual number of arrests has risen, the percentage of drug arrests compared to the total number of arrests has remained constant. For example 11.8% of juveniles were arrested for drug offenses in 1994 compared to 11.6% in 2003. However, the drug of choice has changed over time.
  • 7. Juvenile Drug Use
    • Demographics
    • For juveniles under age 10:
    • 79% of juveniles arrested were male
    • 21% of juveniles arrested were female
    • 75% of these offenders were white (2003)
    • Who is selling?
    • 10% of juveniles admit to buying drugs in school. ?
  • 8. Drugs & Criminal Activity
    • Six consistent findings associated with drug use:
    • More people incarcerated for drug offenses than any other offense.
    • Arrestees usually test positive for drugs.
    • Arrestees are usually under the influence of drugs.
    • Some property crimes supports the addiction of the offender.
    • Some drug trafficking creates violent crime.
    • Drug-crime affect is difficult to identify and measure.
  • 9. Drugs & Criminal Activity
    • The Tripartite Conceptual Model
    • Paul Goldstein
    • Psychopharmacologically driven crime-When a drug causes someone to become violent and engage in crime. Belief that this is rare, usually attributed to alcohol (PCP).
    • Systemic crime model-Drug trafficking is violent. The system it creates.
    • Economically compulsive-Criminal behavior that supports drug addiction.
  • 10. Major Categories of Drugs
    • Psychoactive Drugs
    • Hallucinogens-Marijuana, LSD, Psilocybin. Create changes in one’s reality.
    • Stimulants-Cocaine, Amphetamines, Nicotine. Stimulate the Central Nervous System.
    • Opiates-Opium & its derivatives-Heroin & Morphine. Used as a sedative & for pain relief.
    • Depressants-Alcohol, Ecstasy, Meth. Depress the Central Nervous System
  • 11. Schedules of Drugs
    • 54.1~3453
    • Schedule I – Has high potential for abuse and no medical purpose. Possession of is a Class 5 Felony.
    • Schedule II – High potential for abuse, though some medical purpose. Abuse may lead to severe psychic or physical dependence. Possession of is a Class 5 Felony.
    • Schedule III – High potential for abuse, though widely accepted medical use. May lead to moderate psychic or physical dependence. Possession of is a Class 1 Misdemeanor.
  • 12. Schedules of Drugs
    • Schedule IV – Low potential for abuse, though widely accepted medical use. May lead to limited psychic or physical dependence. Possession of is a Class 2 Misdemeanor
    • Schedule V – Low potential for abuse, though widely accepted medical use. May lead to limited psychic or physical dependence. Possession of is a Class 3 Misdemeanor
    • Schedule VI – Any prescription drug, not covered by above schedule, which is required to carry the federal warning that it is a prescribed drug. Possession is Class 4 Misdemeanor.
  • 13. Crime
    • The influence of Alcohol on Crime
    • 86% of Homicide offenders were drinking at time of offense.
    • 60% of Sexual offenders were drinking at the time of offense.
    • 57% of Domestic Violence offenders (Men) had been drinking at the time of the offense.
  • 14. Victimless Crime?
    • Drugs-the “victimless crime” and defending legalization.
    • Marijuana for medical purposes
    • Sorry, but there is a solution for medical marijuana that does not require smoking weed. It is called Marinol , a synthetic form of THC that is FDA approved. It provides the same relief for nausea, vomiting and appetite loss to cancer and AIDS patients as inhaling Marijuana (US DEA, 2009).
  • 15. Victimless Crime?
    • Drugs-the “victimless crime” and defending legalization.
    • Victimless:
    • Loss of income due to job attainment.
    • Loss of income due to performance.
    • Affect on families and society due to arrests.
    • Violence associated with the distribution of the drug.
  • 16. Drug Interdiction
    • Vehicle Interdiction
    • I
    • What can the police do?
    • Where or how does it start?
    • Reasonable, articulate suspicion!
    • Leads to brief detention.
    • Which leads to Probable Cause.
    • Which leads to search and arrest.
  • 17. Drug Interdiction
    • Vehicle Interdiction
    • II
    • What the police can do?
    • In consensual encounters:
    • No reason is needed. Anyone, at any time, is free to talk to anyone else. As long as a reasonable person feels free to leave the conversation, the “stop” no 4 th amendment issue is violated.

×