7th session reading strategies
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7th session reading strategies Presentation Transcript

  • 1. READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS
  • 2. READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS Reference Alderson, J.C. (2000) Assessing reading. (pp. 85-115). C.U.P
  • 3. READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS Research into the assessment of reading. FACTORS AFFECTING THE DIFFICULTY OF READING TEST ITEMS  Language of questions  Types of Questions  Testing Skills  Role of Grammar in Reading Tests  Role of Vocabulary in Reading Tests  Use of Dictionaries in Reading Tests Exercise: Understanding Fact and Opinion FACTORS AFFECTING THE DIFFICULTY OF READING TEST TEXTS  Background knowledge Vs Text Content  Text length
  • 4. READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS Research into the assessment of reading. FACTORS AFFECTING THE DIFFICULTY OF READING TEST ITEMS FACTORS AFFECTING THE DIFFICULTY OF READING TEST TEXTS  Background knowledge Vs Text Content  Text length  Infering
  • 5. READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS FACTORS AFFECTING THE DIFFICULTY OF READING TEST TEXTS Text Length
  • 6. READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS Text Length Alderson (2000. p.108-109) A problem all reading-test developers face is how long the texts should be on which they base their tests.
  • 7. READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS Text Length Engineer (1997) “texts longer than 1.000 words were used, the abilities that could be measured changed”. “The ability to identify the main idea of long texts might be thought to be qualitatively different from the ability to identify the man idea in shorter texts ”. “Testing for academic purposes, is that this practice reflects more closely the situation where students have to read and study long texts ”.
  • 8. READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS Text Length “Long texts allow testers to assess syntactic and lexical knowledge more than discourse processing abilities.. It is also likely to be much easier to measure reading speed using longer texts than with a number of short passages with associated questions” Alderson (p.108-109)
  • 9. READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS Text Length SHORT TEXTS LONG TEXTS  Abilities are qualitatively better  Abilities are qualitatively measured. different.  Better for testing academic purposes - Syntactic knowledge - Lexical knowledge - Background knowledge  Measure reading speed.
  • 10. READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS Text Length In linguistics, syntax is the study of the principles and rules for constructing sentences in natural languages. In addition to referring to the discipline, the term syntax is also used to refer directly to the rules and principles that govern the sentence structure of any individual language. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syntax
  • 11. READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS SUMMARY We have explored variables that affect the assessment of reading in a first and second language. The influence of both the questioning set and the passages on which comprehension is assessed. The implications of difficulty of a reading test towards the relationship between text and items. The language of the questions, their wording and the frequency of the vocabulary used. The relationship between the question and the required information in the text are clearly crucial. Item testing reading comprehension and those testing what might be called linguistic skills is something to be bore in mind when designing reading tests.
  • 12. READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS SUMMARY We have explored variables that affect the assessment of reading in a first and second language. Whether vocabulary knowledge is felt to be a relevant or a contaminating variable in reading assessment is an important consideration. Text topic clearly has an important effect on comprehension, and especially in the extent to which it engages background knowledge.
  • 13. READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS TECHNIQUES FOR TESTING READING Chapter Seven