By: Sarah Craft<br />The Temple of Julius Caesar<br />Then<br />Now<br />
Mostly Archeological<br />Ruins<br />Literary<br />First hand accounts about location and story behind the temple<br />Evi...
Caesar was killed on the Ides of March in 44 BC<br />He died at the foot of the statue of Pompey<br />The man who Caesar h...
Temple is constructed on the spot where Caesar was cremated<br />The temple is located near the Temple of Vesta where the ...
The temple was originally made of…<br /><ul><li>A 20 foot column of rare Numidian Marble with the inscription “Father of t...
It also had an altar
These were replaced by a more grandiose structure
Approved by the Second Triumvirate (Octavian, Lepidus, & Antony)
Only built Octavian</li></ul>The Temple<br />
3.5 meter high, 26 meter wide, 30 meter long platform to avoid periodic floods<br />Second platform was: 2 ⅓ meters higher...
2 middle pillars were wider spaced than the other pillars</li></ul>The Temple (cont.)<br />
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The Temple Of Julius Caesar

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The Temple Of Julius Caesar

  1. 1. By: Sarah Craft<br />The Temple of Julius Caesar<br />Then<br />Now<br />
  2. 2. Mostly Archeological<br />Ruins<br />Literary<br />First hand accounts about location and story behind the temple<br />Evidence<br />
  3. 3. Caesar was killed on the Ides of March in 44 BC<br />He died at the foot of the statue of Pompey<br />The man who Caesar had unseated in order to gain control of Rome<br />Marc Antony made Caesar sound like a fallen hero and the mob quickly created a pyre<br />Using the furniture from surrounding temples and basilicas<br />Back Story<br />
  4. 4. Temple is constructed on the spot where Caesar was cremated<br />The temple is located near the Temple of Vesta where the Vestal Virgins tended the undying sacred flame<br />It is also near the Arch of Augustus<br />The Temple Site<br />
  5. 5. The temple was originally made of…<br /><ul><li>A 20 foot column of rare Numidian Marble with the inscription “Father of the Country”
  6. 6. It also had an altar
  7. 7. These were replaced by a more grandiose structure
  8. 8. Approved by the Second Triumvirate (Octavian, Lepidus, & Antony)
  9. 9. Only built Octavian</li></ul>The Temple<br />
  10. 10. 3.5 meter high, 26 meter wide, 30 meter long platform to avoid periodic floods<br />Second platform was: 2 ⅓ meters higher and 17 meters square<br />This was the base of the temple itself<br /><ul><li>Temple and pillared porch covered the upper platform and would have been over 20 meters high
  11. 11. 2 middle pillars were wider spaced than the other pillars</li></ul>The Temple (cont.)<br />
  12. 12. Inside at the back of the Cella (single room of the temple) was a huge statue of Julius Caesar with a star/comet on its head<br />This could be seen from the outside between the 2 middle pillars<br /><ul><li>2 stairways to the first level flanked a semi-circular niche
  13. 13. Accommodated the site of the original alter
  14. 14. Above and around the niche was Octavian’s expansion of Julius Caesar’s rostrum</li></ul>The Temple (inside)<br />
  15. 15. Octavian had replaced the rams of Pompey’s ships (that had been on JC’s rostrum) with those captured by Octavian & Agrippa (his admiral) when they defeated Antony<br />In front of the temple on a separate pedestal built on the level of the floor of the Forum was a large statue of Julius Caesar<br />The Temple (inside cont.)<br />
  16. 16. Octavian dedicated the temple to his uncle Julius Caesar<br />Was an expression of the supreme power of Octavian and his expectation that his family would permanently rule Rome<br />The Temple forever changed the character of the Roman Forum<br />1st Roman temple dedicated to deified emperors in the forum<br />Effect of the Temple<br />
  17. 17. Blocked out the Vestals and Regia on the western end of the Forum<br />Imposed a new “Julian” (Gens Julia) religious flavor<br />Religion was to be revived based on the worship of dead and deified Emperors<br />Temple was a place of worship much like churches and temples are today<br />Effect (cont.)<br />
  18. 18. THE END<br />

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