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The temple of Venus and Roma was built in 121 AD by Emperor Hadrian, it was dedicated in 135 and finished in 141 under the...
The Temple Of  Venus And  Roma
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The Temple Of Venus And Roma

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The Temple Of Venus And Roma

  1. 1. The temple of Venus and Roma was built in 121 AD by Emperor Hadrian, it was dedicated in 135 and finished in 141 under the rule of Antoninus Pius. Hadrian built it to honor the goddesses, Venus and Roma. <br />It’s one of the largest Temples in Rome and the only one to have ten columns. It is on the east side of Forum Romanum, near the Coliseum, between the Basilica of Maxentius and the Valley of the Coliseum. It’s designed is based off of Greek temples, having a stylobate base and a peristyle shape, and is made of brick concrete and coated with marble. It was built over the remains of Nero’s Domus Aurea and had the Colossus of Nero had to be moved. The temple itself has two main chambers, one that houses Roma and the other Venus. Roma faces toward the west, overlooking the Forum Romanum and Venus to the east, overlooking the Coliseum. <br />The temple is also known as the “Siamese Temples,” because everything about the two chambers is symmetrical. A funny thing about the name is that Venus, the goddess love, or Amor in Latin, and Amor spelled backwards is Roma. Hadrian did this on purpose, for it to be part of the symmetry.<br />It is reported that when Hadrian had the temple built, he was told by his greatest architect Apollodorus that if the statues of the goddesses wanted to stand up then they would hit their heads on the ceiling. At first, the architect was banished, but Hadrian later had Apollodorus executed. <br />In 307, the temple was destroyed by a fire and it was later restored by emperor Maxentius. But, it was once again destroyed in an earthquake in the 9th century and around 850, Pope Leo IV had the Santa Maria Antiqua (now the Santa Francesca Romana) built in its place. Now, most of the temples columns have disappeared and some have simply been replaced with trees. <br />http://penelope.uchicago.edu/~grout/encyclopaedia_romana/romanurbs/venusrome.html<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Temple_of_Venus_and_Roma<br />http://www.romaviva.com/colosseo-fori-imperiali/temple_venus_roma.htm<br />http://www.school-portal.co.uk/GroupRenderWiki.asp?GroupId=508326&WorkspaceID=956901&ResourceID=2900479<br />

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