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2013automatedelection

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  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Legal Framework of the Electoral Process and the Automated Elections Atty Esmeralda Ladra
  • Transcript

    • 1. 2013AUTOMATED ELECTION SYSTEMIntegrated Bar of the Philippines Zambales Chapter
    • 2. Automated Election SystemA system using appropriate technology whichhas been demonstrated in the voting, counting,consolidating, canvassing, and transmission ofelection results, and other electoral processesIts purpose is to ensure the secrecy andsanctity of the ballot and all election,consolidation and transmission documents inorder that the process shall be transparent andcredible and that the results shall be fast,accurate and reflective of the genuine will ofthe people - RA No. 9369 -
    • 3. Relevant Laws Rep. Act No. 8436 approved December 22, 1997 RA 8436 was considered a “purchase order” law – provides for 23specifications that appear to be tailored-fit to a particular bidder Rep. Act No. 9369 approved January 23, 2007 RA 9369 amended RA 8436 by providing for systems requirements thatare neutral – paper based or non paper-based technology - appropriate andpractical for the process of voting, counting of votes and canvassing/consolidation and transmittal of results of electoral exercises. Rep. Act No. 9525 approved on March 23, 2009 An Act appropriating the sum of P11,301,790,000.00 as supplementalappropriations for an Automated Election System and Other Purposes
    • 4. Precinct Count Optical Scan (PCOS) System  Similar to the OMR technology used in the five provinces of the ARMM during the August 2008 ARMM elections.  A paper- based technology. It uses a paper ballot where the names of the candidates to be voted are pre- printed in the ballot.  After voting, ballots will be fed in an automated counting machine (ACM).  It has a 99.99999% accuracy rate.
    • 5. PCOS or AUTOMATED COUNTING MACHINE (ACM)  Counting of votes will be done in the precinct, one PCOS or Automated Counting Machine (ACM) for every clustered precinct  Scans ballot, both sides of the paper ballot can be read in a single pass  Takes and stores a digital image of every ballot cast  Automatically rejects fake, photocopied, invalid and previously scanned ballots  Runs on a main power source of 220V AC, has a back-up battery that will allow machine to run for 12 hours
    • 6. SAMPLE BALLOT BOX  Transparent, clear plastic  Will be subject to bidding by COMELEC
    • 7. Ballot box has twocompartments, onefor valid ballotsand the other forspoiled or invalidballots
    • 8. pcos (precinct count optical scan)… and get dropped into the ballotbox thru this chute … PCOS takes a photograph of ballots … Ballots go in here …
    • 9. pcos (precinct count optical scan) … and there they are. :)
    • 10. statistics∗ Estimated 47,000,000 + registered voters ∗ 45,411,887 registered voters - as of July 20, 2009 ERB Hearing • Last ERB Hearing on November 16, 2009∗ 80 Provinces∗ 1,631 cities and municipalities∗ 320,415 Established Precincts (estimate)∗ 80,136 Clustered Precincts (estimate)∗ 37,884 Polling Centers (estimate)∗ 82,200 PCOS Machines∗ 80,136 PCOS Machines for distribution to clustered precincts
    • 11. PCOS Allocation No. of MachinesLuzon 43,412Visayas 17,820Mindanao 18,904TOTAL 80,136Back-up/Contingency 2,064TOTAL 82,200
    • 12. PCOS AllocationRegion Province No. of MachinesNCR 8,389REGION I 4,699 ILOCOS NORTE 682 ILOCOS SUR 909 LA UNION 798 PANGASINAN 2,310REGION II 3,261 BATANES 30 CAGAYAN 1,156 ISABELA 1,459 NUEVA VIZCAYA 423 QUIRINO 193
    • 13. PCOS AllocationRegion Province No. of MachinesREGION III 8,095 AURORA 228 BATAAN 669 BULACAN 1,978 NUEVA ECIJA 1,730 PAMPANGA 1,760 TARLAC 1,061 ZAMBALES 669REGION IV-A 9,499 BATANGAS 1,945 CAVITE 2,263 LAGUNA 1,834 QUEZON 1,807
    • 14. PCOS AllocationRegion Province No. of MachinesREGION IV-B 2,524 MARINDUQUE 272 OCC MINDORO 368 OR MINDORO 705 PALAWAN 869 ROMBLON 310REGION V 5,101 ALBAY 1,158 CAMARINES 460 NORTE 1,602 CAMARINES SUR 349 CATANDUANES 819
    • 15. PCOS AllocationRegion Province No. of MachinesREGION VI 6,751 AKLAN 562 ANTIQUE 707 CAPIZ 687 GUIMARAS 176 ILOILO 2,447 NEGROS OCC 2,172REGION VII 5,749 BOHOL 1,423 CEBU 3,085 NEGROS 1,097 ORIENTAL 144
    • 16. PCOS AllocationRegion Province No. of MachinesREGION VIII 5,320 BILIRAN 191 EASTERN SAMAR 659 LEYTE 2,043 NORTHERN SAMAR 719 SAMAR (WESTERN) 1,105 SOUTHERN LEYTE 603REGION IX 2,979 ZAMBOANGA NORTE 968 ZAMBOANGA SUR 1,438 ZAMBOANGA 573 SIBUGAY
    • 17. PCOS AllocationRegion Province No. of MachinesREGION X 3,865 BUKIDNON 1,066 CAMIGUIN 101 LANAO DEL NORTE 873 MISAMIS OCC 650 MISAMIS ORIENTAL 1,175REGION XI 3,557 COMPOSTELA VALLEY 586 DAVAO NORTE 759 DAVAO SUR 1,752 DAVAO ORIENTAL 460
    • 18. PCOS AllocationRegion Province No. of MachinesREGION XII 2,839 COTABATO (NORTH 936 COT.) 402 SARANGANI 883 SOUTH COTABATO 618 SULTAN KUDARATARMM 3,361 BASILAN 349 LANAO DEL SUR 1,227 MAGUINDANAO 529 SHARIFF KABUNSUAN 349 SULU 626 TAWI-TAWI 281
    • 19. PCOS AllocationRegion Province No. of MachinesCAR 1,844 ABRA 350 APAYAO 152 BENGUET 632 IFUGAO 231 KALINGA 247 MOUNTAIN 232 PROVINCECARAGA 2,303 AGUSAN DEL NORTE 538 AGUSAN DEL SUR 552 DINAGAT ISLANDS 137 SURIGAO DEL NORTE 521
    • 20. Paper Ballot Used inManual Elections  Voters write the names of the candidates in the ballot.  Around 30 to 35 names to be written on the ballot
    • 21. official ballots∗ Pre-printed names of candidates∗ 300/600 candidates can be accommodated ∗ 150/300 names per side of ballot∗ Precinct-specific ∗ Ensure rejection of previously scanned ballot
    • 22. 29
    • 23. field test/s∗ 8 areas ∗ 2 for NCR ∗ 2 each (1 urban/1 rural) ∗ Luzon ∗ Visayas ∗ Mindanao∗ To test system and transmission in the same environment/conditions as on election day∗ Mock elections
    • 24. board of election inspectors• One (1) BEI for every clustered precinct • Three regular members – Chairman – Delivers ballot to voter – Poll Clerk – Third Member • Support Staff – Depends on number of precincts clustered – To assist Poll Clerk and Third Member in managing – List of Voters with Voting Records – Book of Voters
    • 25. testing & sealing procedures at least three days before election day• Public shall accomplish test ballots• Ballots shall be manually counted and election returns accomplished• Same set of ballots that was manually counted shall be fed into the counting machine• Manual count shall be compared with the print-out of the election returns• If public is satisfied that the manual count is the same as the automated count, the print-out and manually prepared election returns shall be signed-off by the witnesses
    • 26. testing & sealing procedures at least three days before election day∗ Machines shall be sealed without any connection to transmission links∗ Public shall be allowed to secure the polling places where the counting machines are installed∗ The only time that the counting machines shall be opened is on election day in the presence of watchers
    • 27. board of election inspectorsNo. of Precincts No. of Support Total no. of Clustered Staff personnel (BEI + Support Staff) 0 none 3 2 none 3 3 1 4 4 2 5 5 3 6
    • 28. New Procedures in Voting1) Voting hours is from 7:00 am to 6:00 pm.2) Maximum of 1,000 voters per clustered precinct.3) One PCOS machine per clustered precinct.4) Names of candidates are pre-printed in the ballot.5) Voters will shade ovals opposite names of chosen candidates.6) Voters will personally insert/feed the ballots in the ACM.
    • 29. New Procedures in VotingBefore voting starts  Show that ballot box is empty  Turn on and initialize PCOS  Print “Zero Report” To show that there is no entry/vote in machine’s memory
    • 30. Paraan ng Pagboto 1 Magpakilala sa Board of Election Inspectors (BEI) sa presinto kung saan kayo nakarehistro. Matapos mapatunayan ang inyong pagkakakilanlan, bibigyan kayo ng balota na may mga pangalan na ng mga kandidato. 37
    • 31. establishing identity of voter∗ LIST OF VOTERS WITH VOTING RECORDS ∗ Photograph
    • 32. establishing identity of voter
    • 33. establishing identity of voter∗ If identity cannot be established through photograph ∗ Compare signatures ∗ Use Book of Voters ∗ Contains applications for registration ∗ Includes specimen signature of voter ∗ Other methods to challenge and establish identity
    • 34. Paraan ng Pagboto 2 Gamit ang permanent marker, itiman o i-shade ng buo ang bilog na nasa tabi ng pangalan ng inyong mga napiling kandidato. 41
    • 35. Tamang Paraan ng Pag-shade sa balota.    |        O kay!
    • 36. Paraan ng Pagboto Pagboto Paraan ng 3 Pagkatapos bumoto i-feed ang nasagutang balota sa Precinct Count Optical Scan (PCOS) Machine. Ang balota ay didiretso sa transparent ballot box. 43
    • 37. voting∗ Voting period ∗ 7:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. ∗ Unless there are voters waiting for their turn to vote ∗ Poll Clerk lists down names voters queuing ∗ Poll Clerk calls voter to cast ballot ∗ Voter who fails to appear after being called twice shall not longer be allowed to vote ∗ Precinct set up ∗ At least 15-20 voters can cast ballot at any one time
    • 38. • At close of polls counting – Perform close function • To prevent additional ballots from being inserted – After close function, PCOS automatically • Starts counting process • Prints election returns after completion of automated count – Eight (8) copies
    • 39. counting• Insert transmission cable – After printing first eight (8) copies of ER • To eliminate doubts that the PCOS can be manipulated remotely• Perform electronic transmission function• Print additional twenty-two (22) copies of ER – Automatically performed by PCOS after completion of transmission
    • 40. ELECTION RETURNSCopies of ER In National Positions In Local Positions city/municipal BOC city/municipal BOCFirst copy Congress, directed to the COMELECSecond copy President of the Senate COMELEC PBOCThird copyFourth copy citizens arm who will citizens arm who will conduct an unofficial count conduct an unofficial countFifth copy dominant majority party dominant majority partySixth copy dominant minority party dominant minority partySeventh copy ballot box ballot boxEight copy PBOC Posted on a wall in the polling place or counting center
    • 41. ELECTION RETURNS Copies of ER In National Positions In Local PositionsNinth to Eighteenth ten (10) accredited ten (10) accreditedcopies major national parties major national partiesNineteenth and two (2) accredited two (2) accreditedTwentieth copies major local parties major local parties (21st to 25th copies)Twenty-first to national broadcast or national broadcast orTwenty-fourth copies print media entities print media entitiesTwenty-fifth and local broadcast or (26th and 27th copies)Twenty-sixth copies print media entities local broadcast or print media entities (28th to 30th copies)Twenty-seventh to major citizens’ armsThirtieth copies major citizens’ arms
    • 42. canvassing/consolidation• Electronically transmitted results – Used as basis for canvassing/consolidation and proclamation of winning candidates for • City/municipal officials • Provincial officials • Members, House of Representatives • Senators and Party-list – Congress will also receive electronically transmitted results • Constitution authorizes the Congress to promulgate rules for canvassing of results for President and Vice-President
    • 43. Congress COMELE National C Manual System Board of Canvassers Physical transport of Canvassing Prov. COC Provincial SOVM/C Board of Canvasser Physical s transport Mun./City COC Municipal/City SOVP Board of Canvassers Physical transport Election Returns Precinct
    • 44. Congress COMELE National C Electronic Board of Canvassers Physical transport Transmission Prov. COC Provincial SOVM/C Comelec Board of Central Back-up Canvasser Physical Server s transport Advance Results/ Secured Mun./City COC Monitoring Public Municipal/City SOVP Website Board of Canvassers Server for Physical transport Dominant Majority/ Minority Parties, Citizens Arm, KBP Election Returns Advance Results Precinct
    • 45. security∗ Security measures under a manual election system still in place∗ Strengthen security through automation ∗ Password ∗ PIN ∗ Digital signatures ∗ Encryption
    • 46. security∗ 128-bit encryption ∗ Same security system used by banks∗ Random Encryption ∗ Temperature of machine ∗ Voltage ∗ Unique machine identity ∗ User identity∗ No single/master decryption code
    • 47. security• Time needed to decrypt one precinct result will be same amount of time needed to decrypt next precinct result• Transmission takes at most 2 minutes• Copies for distribution – 30 copies of election returns at the precinct level – 30 copies of certificate of canvass at municipal level – 14 copies of certificate of canvass at provincial level
    • 48. security• Audit Log – Activities – Time – Date
    • 49. security∗ Paper Ballot∗ Ballot digital image∗ Data storage device∗ Transmitted results∗ Hard copies of election results
    • 50. continuity plan∗ Types of Systems Breakdown ∗ Fails to scan ∗ Able to scan but fails to print ER ∗ Able to print ER but fails to transmit ∗ Able to transmit but fails to consolidate
    • 51. continuity plan∗ Fails to scan ∗ Use spare PCOS ∗ Use PCOS of another precinct ∗ Wait for other PCOS to complete process in its precinct ∗ Get PCOS and reconfigure for next precinct ∗ Scan ballots ∗ If all PCOS fails ∗ Manual counting
    • 52. continuity plan• Able to scan but fails to print ER– Use spare PCOS– Use PCOS of another precinct • Wait for other PCOS to complete process in its precinct • Get PCOS and reconfigure for next precinct • Use removable storage device of defective PCOS and let replacement PCOS print ER– If all PCOS fails • Manual counting
    • 53. continuity plan• Able to print ER but fails to transmit– Go to nearest precinct or polling center which has a functioning transmission facility– Use removable storage device of defective PCOS and let the functioning facility transmit precinct results– If all transmission facilities bog down • Physically transport PCOS & removable storage device to canvassing site – In the presence of watchers and security escorts
    • 54. continuity plan• Able to transmit but fails to consolidate ∗ Use consolidation/canvassing system (CCS) of another municipality/province ∗ Use the removable storage device and let functioning CCS consolidate the results ∗ Provide back-up canvassing through the Central Server ∗ Print results and send the same to affected board of canvassers ∗ Print results and constitute special board of canvassers to take the place of the affected board
    • 55. basic elements of elections∗ People • Systems & Procedures ∗ Vote-buying – Misreading of ballots – Unreadable ∗ Coercion handwriting ∗ Intimidation – Error ∗ Terrorism • Honest • Deliberate – Fraud – Manufactured election returns – Tampering of election results
    • 56. successful implementation∗ Vigilance of citizenry∗ Cooperation∗ Coordination∗ Support
    • 57. http://www.comelec.gov.ph http://bagongbotante.ph

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