Macedonian Election Monitoring System

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A presentation put together by my group for our CS 95SI class. Our project was to design an election monitoring system for Macedonia using technology and 125 international observers.

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Macedonian Election Monitoring System

  1. 1. EU Election Monitoring Kelly Staves Charles Naut Peter Rusev
  2. 2. The Problem <ul><li>I. Technological Advisors to EU </li></ul><ul><li>II. Macedonia wants to join the EU     </li></ul><ul><li>III. Requirements </li></ul><ul><li>     a. professional international election observer team  </li></ul><ul><li>         i. placement </li></ul><ul><li>         ii. job functions </li></ul><ul><li>     b. technological mechanism for incorporating and reporting observations of grassroots, informal domestic electoral observers </li></ul><ul><li>     c. reliable, secure, easy-to-use system to monitor elections </li></ul>
  3. 3. Background <ul><ul><li>Population : 2 million, 50% urban, 50% rural   </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Languages : Macedonian (66.5%), Albanian (25.1%) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cell phone ownership :85% in urban areas, 30% in rural areas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>  I nternet Access :40% in urban areas,20% in rural areas  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  4. 4. Overview <ul><li>I. Two-part elections monitoring system powered by FrontlineSMS         a. Citizen's Reporting System </li></ul><ul><li>                i. Getting the word out </li></ul><ul><li>                ii. Aggregating citizen data </li></ul><ul><li>                iii. Urban exit polling </li></ul><ul><li>        b. International Observer System </li></ul><ul><li>                i. Verifying citizens' reports </li></ul><ul><li>                ii. Rural exit polling </li></ul><ul><li>II. Reporting the data </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>III. Security Considerations </li></ul>
  5. 5. Laying the Groundwork
  6. 6. Aggregating Citizen Reports
  7. 7. FrontlineSMS Keywords
  8. 8. Recording Reports
  9. 9. Aggregating Citizen Reports
  10. 10. FrontlineSMS Tables
  11. 11. Trained Observer System <ul><ul><li>Geographic Distribution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>rationale </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FrontlineForms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>unique number for observers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>texting in at least once an hour </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1) how many people at the poll and 2) any irregularities? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Responding to volunteer reports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>auto verified: > 10 reports of the same incident </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rural Areas: send observer to verify every report (10mi radius) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Urban: send observer to verify after 2 reports have been sent in </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exit Polls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1. report results using their phones </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. FrontlineForms
  13. 13. FrontlineForms
  14. 14. Reporting the Data <ul><ul><li>Generating Maps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>match reports to geographic and map using Google Maps API. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>partner with cell phone companies to obtain geographic data   </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>allow for communication with observers by using GeoChat </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet Data base </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>aggregate electoral irregularities in an online data base </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>report data by province with hourly updates </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Press Releases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>to private news sources </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>radio stations and tv stations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reports to EU </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>generate weekly reports in the weeks leading up to the election </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  SMS updates </li></ul></ul><ul><li>       1. Text &quot;Updates&quot; + &quot;your province's name&quot; to FrontlineSMS </li></ul>
  15. 15. Google Maps
  16. 16. GeoChat
  17. 17. Security Considerations <ul><ul><li>Cell phone security for Macedonians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>nothing we can do to encrypt incoming data </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Our data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>our data will be encrypted using Martus </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>hosted outside Macedonia (Western Europe </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>backed up using Amazon's Simple Storage System </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rationale for not allowing reports via the Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Observes cell phones will have encryption </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Questions?

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