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Oil Spill By Green Yatra
 

Oil Spill By Green Yatra

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Based on recently revised estimates, BP's ruptured oil well at the bottom of the Gulf of Mexico continues to leak 25,000 to 30,000 barrels of oil a day. The new figures suggest that an amount of oil equivalent to the Exxon Valdez disaster could still be flowing into the Gulf of Mexico every 8 to 10 days. Despite apparent efforts to restrict journalists from accessing affected areas, stories, video and photographs continue to emerge. Collected here are recent photographs of oil-affected wildlife, people and shorelines around the Gulf of Mexico on this, the 51st day after the initial explosion.

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    Oil Spill By Green Yatra Oil Spill By Green Yatra Presentation Transcript

    • Largest Oil
      Spills In World
      by
      Green Yatra
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    • Oil from the Deepwater Horizon spill pools against the Louisiana coast along Barataria Bay Tuesday, June 8, 2010.
      Gulf of Mexico - Oil Leak
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    • Oil sheen is seen streaking under the Perdido Pass Bridge from the spill in the Gulf of Mexico off the Alabama coast as viewed from a Coast Guard HC-144A plane Thursday, June 10, 2010 in Perdido, Alabama.
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    • An exhausted oil-covered brown pelican tries to climb over an oil containment boom along Queen Bess Island Pelican Rookery, 3 miles northeast of Grand Isle, Louisiana June 5, 2010. Wildlife experts are working to rescue birds from the rookery which has been affected by BP's Gulf of Mexico oil spill, and transporting them to the Fort Jackson Rehabilitation Center.
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    • A worker uses a suction hose to remove oil that has washed ashore from the Deepwater Horizon spill, Sunday, June 6, 2010 in Grand Isle, Louisiana
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    • This image from high resolution video made June 3, 2010, and provided by BP PLC Wednesday morning, June 9, 2010, shows oil continuing to pour out at the site of the Deepwater Horizon oil well in the Gulf of Mexico.
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    • A dead turtle floats on a pool of oil from the Deepwater Horizon spill in Barataria Bay off the coast of Louisiana Monday, June, 7, 2010.
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    • Streaks of oil sheens are seen north of the site of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico off the Alabama coast as viewed from a Coast Guard HC-144A plane Thursday, June 10, 2010.
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    • SOME MAJOR OIL SPILL
      IN
      THE HISTORY
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    • 1 - Gulf War, 1991
      Location: KuwaitGallons: 240 to 336 million 
      How It Happened: As Iraqi forces retreated from Kuwait during the first Gulf War, they opened the valve
      of oil wells and pipelines in a bid to slow American troops. The result was the largest oil spill
      history has seen, spanning an area just larger than the size of the island of Hawaii. 
      The Cleanup: Coalition forces managed to seal off some of the open pipelines using smart bombs, but
      most recovery efforts had to wait until after the war. Together with vacuum trucks about
      58.8 million gallons of oil was recovered from the Gulf.
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    • 2 - Deepwater Horizon, 2010
      Location: Gulf of MexicoGallons: 206 million 
      How It Happened: On April, 20, 2010, the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig exploded due to a methane gas release
      from the well, immediately killing 11 and injuring 17 platform workers. The vessel burned for
      almost two days and sank. The open well continued to leak oil into the Gulf until July 15, 2010.
      The Cleanup: As of August 2010, the clean up efforts are still underway. Approximately 75% of the oil is
      unaccounted for. By July 30, more than 1.8 million gallons of dispersant were released into
      the Gulf. By June 28, BP removed 890,00 barrels of oil liquid and burned about 314,000
      barrels of oil. It is believed a large amount of the missing oil is lingering in subsurface layers of
      the Gulf.
      The clean up effort will continue for many years.
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    • 3 - Ixtoc 1 Oil Well, 1979
      Location: Bay of Campeche, MexicoGallons: 140 million 
      How It Happened: In June 1979, an oil well in the Bay of Campeche collapsed after a pressure buildup sparked
      an accidental explosion. Over the next 10 months about 140 million gallons of crude spouted
      into the Gulf of Mexico from the damaged oil well. 
      The Cleanup: In order to slow down the flow of oil from the damaged well, mud, steel, iron and lead balls
      were dropped down its shaft. Half the oil burned when it reached the surface and a third
      evaporated. Dispersants were also sprayed over 1100 square miles of oil slick. Skimmers and
      boomers were placed in the water to protect the bays and lagoons of the Barrier Islands.
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    • 4 - Atlantic Empress, 1979
      Location: Trinidad and Tobago, West IndiesGallons: 88.3 million 
      How It Happened: 
      On July 1979, the Aegean Captain and the Atlantic Empress, two full supertankers, collided
      off the coast of Tobago in the Caribbean Sea, precipitating the largest ship-sourced oil spill
      in history.  Both vessels began to leak their crude oil and caught fire. The Atlantic Empress
      was towed out to sea until it exploded 300 nautical miles offshore. 26 people were killed.
      The Cleanup: 
      The response to the incident included firefighting efforts and the use of dispersants to treat
      the oil that spilled over the course of the accident and then while the Atlantic Empress was
      towed away. Luckily, only minor shore pollution was reported on nearby islands.
      4 - Atlantic Empress, 1979
      Location: Trinidad and Tobago, West IndiesGallons: 88.3 million 
      How It Happened: 
      On July 1979, the Aegean Captain and the Atlantic Empress, two full supertankers, collided
      off the coast of Tobago in the Caribbean Sea, precipitating the largest ship-sourced oil spill
      in history.  Both vessels began to leak their crude oil and caught fire. The Atlantic Empress
      was towed out to sea until it exploded 300 nautical miles offshore. 26 people were killed.
      The Cleanup: 
      The response to the incident included firefighting efforts and the use of dispersants to treat
      the oil that spilled over the course of the accident and then while the Atlantic Empress was
      towed away. Luckily, only minor shore pollution was reported on nearby islands.
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    • 5 - Fergana Valley, 1992
      Location: Uzbekistan Gallons: 87.7 million 
      How It Happened: Nearly 88 million gallons of oil spilled from an oil well in Fergana Valley, one of Uzbekistans’s
      most active energy and oil-refining areas. While the spill didn’t get much press at the time,
      it is the largest inland spill ever reported. 
      The Cleanup: The ground absorbed this spill, leaving nothing for cleaning crews to tackle.
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    • 6 - Nowruz Oil Field, 1983
      Location: Persian Gulf Gallons: 80 million 
      How It Happened:During the Iran-Iraq War, an oil tanker crashed into the Nowruz Field Platform in the Persian
      Gulf and knocked it askew, damaging the well underneath. The oil well then leaked about
      1500 barrels a day, but because it was in the center of a war zone, seven months went by
      before it was fixed. 
      The Cleanup: Norpol, a Norwegian company, used booms and skimmers to stem the spread of oil.
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    • 7 -ABT Summer, 1991
      Location: Off the coast of AngolaGallons: 80 million How It Happened: While en route to Rotterdam, the fully loaded tanker, ABT Summer, experienced an explosion
      onboard and caught fire while it was 900 miles off the coast of Angola, leaking its payload
      into the ocean. Surrounded by a growing oil slick that spanned 80 square miles, the tanker
      burned for 3 days before sinking. 
      The Cleanup: While no one can say how much of the oil sank or burned off, most of the oil is thought to
      have been broken up by high seas at little environmental cost, thanks to the incident’s
      offshore location.
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    • 8 - Castillo de Bellver, 1983
      Location: Off Saldanha Bay, South AfricaGallons: 78.5 million 
      How It Happened: The Castillo de Bellver caught fire about 70 miles northwest of Capetown, South Africa, on
      August 6, 1983. The blazing tanker was abandoned and drifted offshore until it eventually
      broke in half. The stern capsized and sank into the deep ocean, with some 110,000 ton of
      oil remaining in its tanks. The bow section was sunk in a controlled explosion. 
      The Cleanup:Cleanup was minimal. There was some dispersant spraying, but the environmental
      consequences were small. About 1500 gannets gathered on a nearby island, were oiled,
      but the impact on local fish stocks was minimal.
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    • 9 - Amoco Cadiz, 1978
      Location: Off Brittany, FranceGallons: 68.7 million 
      How It Happened: The tanker Amoco Cadiz ran aground off the coast of Brittany after its steering failed in a
      severe storm. Its entire cargo of 246,000 tons of light crude oil was dumped into the roiling
      waters of the English Channel. 
      The Cleanup:Cleanup efforts were foiled by strong winds and heavy seas and less than 3300 tons of
      dispersants were used. Within a month of the spill, 200 miles of the French shoreline was
      contaminated with oil, which had the grim consequence of killing off more marine life than
      any other oil spill at the time. Vacuum trucks and agricultural vacuum units were used to suck
      up some of the oil, although a lot of it was simply removed by hand.
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    • 10 - Odyssey Oil Spill, 1988
      Location: 700 nautical miles off the coast of Nova Scotia, Canada Gallons: 43 million 
      How It Happened: In November 1988 the Liberian tanker Odyssey, virtually full to the brim with North Sea
      crude oil, broke in two and sunk in the North Atlantic 700 miles off the coast of Nova Scotia.
      It also caught fire as it sunk. 
      The Cleanup: Because the incident took place so far from the coastline, the oil was expected to dissipate
      naturally and no clean up response was conducted.
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    • 11 - M/T Haven Tanker, 1991
      Location: Genoa, ItalyGallons: 42 million 
      How It Happened: An ill-maintained tanker exploded and later sunk off the coast of Italy. The accident killed
      6 people. The Italians attempted to tow the Haven to shore, but failed, and the 820 ft-long
      vessel sunk off the coast of Genoa. Today it is believed to be the largest shipwreck in the
      world and is a popular tourist destination for divers. 
      The Cleanup: Immediately after the incident, Italian authorities scrambled to fight the fire and control the
      spread of the spillage using 6 miles of inflatable barriers that were submerged below the
      water surface around the vessel. The rest of the surface oil was sucked up using vacuums.
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    • About Green Yatra Green Yatra is a non-profit; Non-Government Organization dedicated to the protection and conservation of our Mother Earth and its Environment. We strive to maintain the integrity of the ecosystems for the benefit of all living creatures by introducing and adopting a simple, Eco friendly, Green Lifestyle, Ideas to our day to day lives. Green Yatra was started and run by a bunch folk who share a strong love and passion for protecting and respecting our only source of life Mother Nature and who think a lot and believe to do same as much as they can .First and foremost, We believe in ACTION.. Sitting idle, complaining and blaming the system, societies or commenting on internet forums are THINGS WE DON'T DO. We believe in working logically, strategically and practically, with Prevention and Solution oriented approaches to our goal of nature conservation. The impact of Go Green Ganesha is a token of our dedication and effort. So, we are working hard in bringing out the VALUE of our nature, hoping for your complete support! Our sole objective is to pass on a habitable green and pollution-free beautiful earth to the upcoming generations. Contact us @: greenyatra09@gmail.comJoin us face to face us in facebook: http://www.facebook.com/greenyatra Be with us in twitter: https://twitter.com/Greenyatra