Melat challenges of young women in ethiopia

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  • 1. Challenges of young women in Ethiopia and efforts to address those challenges The case of YWCA of Ethiopia By Melat Tekletsadik
  • 2. Presentation outline
    • General backgrounds
    • Challenges faced by young women
    • Efforts to address problems (the case of YWCA of Ethiopia)
    • Get involved
  • 3. General
    • Youth constitute a high proportion of the Ethiopian population, over 72% of the Ethiopian population is under the age of 29(EDHS).
    • Insufficient attention given to addressing youth issues, left youth out of being active participants and beneficiaries of the economic, social and cultural endeavors of the country.
  • 4. General
    • young women in Ethiopia faced with extreme situations, as is in any sub Saharan countries, such as
      • unequal educational opportunities
      • harmful traditional practices, victims of gender based violence
      • Poverty and unemployment,
      • reproductive health problems including HIV/AIDS,
  • 5. Challenges: unequal educational opportunities and high drop out rate
    • Outcome of gender inequity and inequality, parents, community preference to send boys to schools than girls
    • Household chores burdened, poor academic performance
    • Gender based violence in schools
  • 6. Challenges: Harmful traditional practices
    • Early marriage, a common practice in rural Ethiopia, where girls between the ages of 15 and 19 is already married before the girl is physically, physiologically and psychologically ready to shoulder the responsibilities of marriage and child bearing
    • Results are early departure from school
    • Complications from early marriage leading to early pregnancy , fistula
  • 7. Challenges: Harmful traditional practices
    • Marriage by abduction
    • Female gentile cutting
  • 8. Challenges: Reproductive Health
    • Lack of access to accurate information and services to reproductive health (Adolescent youth between the age 10-17, a time where youth become inquisitive and curious with matters related with their sexuality, and are made vulnerable to exhibiting risky behaviors.
    • Lack of open discussions on sexuality issues that are considered taboo among themselves than boys do. Even if they do, they receive inadequate and inaccurate information from their peers
  • 9. Challenges: Reproductive Health
    • Insufficient safe space for girls to brain storm and vent on sexuality issues
    • Poverty and gender inequality exacerbate young women’s vulnerability
  • 10. Challenges: Poverty
    • Lack of marketable and entrepreneurs skills for employment or self employment
  • 11. Efforts to address the challenges The YWCA of Ethiopia’s case
    • History:
    • One of the oldest women led organizations in the world established in 1855 in Great Britain, presently in 120 countries around the world .
    • YWCA of Ethiopia found in 1961, and attained its membership status with the world YWCA in 1963.
  • 12. History continued …
    • Provided services responding to the economic and social challenges of women and girls at that time until its closure by communist regime in 1976
    • Reestablished in 2001, with the objective of enhancing the socio economic status of women and girls through programmatic focuses of Economic Empowerment, Reproductive health and girls education, and leadership development of young girls
  • 13. Efforts to address the challenges The YWCA of Ethiopia’s case Economic Empowerment Programs
  • 14. Economic Empowerment Programs Skills training : Cooking classes
  • 15. Economic Empowerment Skills training: Dress making
  • 16. Economic Empowerment Basic Business skills training for women in Business
  • 17. Economic Empowerment Basic Business skills training for women in Business
  • 18. Economic Empowerment Women in self help Group Approach (SHG)
  • 19. Economic Empowerment Women in self help Group Approach (SHG)
  • 20. Economic Empowerment Women in self help Group Approach (SHG)
  • 21. Reproductive Health including HIV/AIDS and girls Education Programs in Higher Learning Institutes
  • 22. Reproductive Health including HIV/AIDS and girls Education Capacity building trainings: RH, GBV, Leadership
  • 23. Reproductive Health including HIV/AIDS and girls Education HIV/AIDS training, peer education and community outreach programs
  • 24. HIV/AIDS training, peer education and community outreach programs
  • 25. HIV/AIDS training, peer education and community outreach programs
  • 26. HIV/AIDS programs Providing safe spaces for girls: YWCA girls football team
  • 27. HIV/AIDS programs Providing safe spaces for girls: YWCA library and computer literacy programs
  • 28. HIV/AIDS programs: Orphans and Vulnerable children support
  • 29. HIV/AIDS programs: Orphans and Vulnerable children support
  • 30. Youth leadership Development Summer Volunteers Programs
  • 31. Youth leadership Development Summer Volunteers Programs
  • 32. Youth leadership Development Summer Volunteers Programs
  • 33. Get involved
    • Support initiatives of organizations working towards alleviating the challenges of young women and girls in Ethiopia
    • How?
    • Learn about what current initiatives are being undertaken to solve community issues
    • Educate your friends, your family members, stay connected
    • Become a member of organizations to support their initiatives
  • 34. Get involved
    • Volunteer your skills and expertise
    • Adopt a positive attitude that your contributions will make a difference
  • 35.
    • Thank you