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Renewable Energy Policy in EU-27

An overview on the status 2008, the
implementations, development barriers and the
future...
RES-E policies in EU-27




Renewable Energy – a never ending story
What will you learn today? - content

- Who is Ecofys?
- What is RES-E/-H/-T?
- RES-Targets, -Status, -to-do (Outlook)


…...
RES-E policies in EU-27




Who is Ecofys?
                                       • Founded in 1984
                      ...
RES-E policies in EU-27




Office network

• Invoegen kaart Ecofys met vestigingen
• Aangeven waar wind expertise zit
• G...
Renewable Energy Policy in EU-27

An overview on the status 2008, the
implementations, development barriers and the
future...
RES-E policies in EU-27




   Motivation I –
   GHG abatement potential and costs
                                       ...
0%
                               10%
                                       20%
                                         ...
RES-E policies in EU-27
Legal framework




   Most relevant EU-framework

   1.   Directive 2003/87/EC (EU-ETS)
         ...
RES-E policies in EU-27




Overall rating legal framework EU 27
and Russia
Results of rating - legal framework




Legend...
Policy
RES-E policies in EU-27




Policy Mechanisms

• Political
• Legislative
• Fiscal
• Financial
• Administrative
• Technolog...
RES-E policies in EU-27




Overview of primary support for RES-E
Feed-in tariffs                                       Qu...
RES-E policies in EU-27




Best practice in RES-E policy
•   Design of support mechanisms crucial to their success.
    I...
…where has this led to?

(Market overview & insights)
RES-E policies in EU-27




Example: Effectiveness and efficiency
of support for onshore wind
                            ...
RES-E policies in EU-27




                               Global wind energy capacity, new installation 2008

           ...
RES-E policies in EU-27




                                            Worldmarkt photovoltaic, 2008


                  ...
Some country examples…
RES-E policies in EU-27
Legal framework



   Attractive RES-E tariffs solid biomass in
   EU-27

                       R...
RES-E policies in EU-27




Level of support vs generation cost for
onshore wind




Source: OPTRES, 2007, European Commis...
RES-E policies in EU-27




       RES-share in Germany 2007/2008
       16.0

                                           ...
RES-E policies in EU-27




Electricity generation from
renewable energy in Germany I
                               120,0...
RES-E policies in EU-27




     Strcture of electricity Germany, 2008 in DE II
             from renewable energy sources...
RES-E policies in EU-27




RES-E in Czech Republic 2008
•   Preferred grid access; el. distributor obliged to buy
•   Fee...
RES-E policies in EU-27




News I - Turkey

• Feed-in law in preparation; implementation
  expected for this summer
• Gre...
RES-E policies in EU-27




News II – Canada-Ontario
• New feed-in law expected
  for this summer
  Technology    Proposed...
The future
RES-E policies in EU-27




International development:
EU RE-Road Map
• binding targets for 2020:
   – 20% RE share (prima...
RES-E policies in EU-27




RES-E Projection ...2020




Source: EU DG TREN
RES-E policies in EU-27




The future of policy?
•Harmonisation across EU long-term goal, but premature
today
•Full harmo...
Thank you for your attention!

More information…


Frank Schillig, f.schillig@ecofys.com
Director International Business D...
RES-E policies in EU-27




Visit our stand Hall 8/R26
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Renewable Energy Policy in EU-27

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An overview on the status 2008, the implementations, development barriers and the
future for renewable energy in EU-27
held at PowerGen Europe in Cologne, 26th of May 2009

Published in: Technology, Economy & Finance
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Transcript of "Renewable Energy Policy in EU-27"

  1. 1. Renewable Energy Policy in EU-27 An overview on the status 2008, the implementations, development barriers and the future Cologne, 26th of May 2009 Frank Schillig Director International Business Development Bio- & Solar Energy
  2. 2. RES-E policies in EU-27 Renewable Energy – a never ending story
  3. 3. What will you learn today? - content - Who is Ecofys? - What is RES-E/-H/-T? - RES-Targets, -Status, -to-do (Outlook) …and maybe some more ☺
  4. 4. RES-E policies in EU-27 Who is Ecofys? • Founded in 1984 • > 1400 employees • 20 countries • turnover 2008: > 800 Mio. €
  5. 5. RES-E policies in EU-27 Office network • Invoegen kaart Ecofys met vestigingen • Aangeven waar wind expertise zit • Globaal aangeven hoeveel mensen
  6. 6. Renewable Energy Policy in EU-27 An overview on the status 2008, the implementations, development barriers and the future Cologne, 26th of May 2009 Frank Schillig Director International Business Development Bio- & Solar Energy
  7. 7. RES-E policies in EU-27 Motivation I – GHG abatement potential and costs Potential GHG emissions avoided by 2030 for selected electricity generation mitigation with estimated mitigation potential shares spread Mitigation potential; total emissions saved in 2030 (GtCO2- across each cost range (2006 US$/tCO2-eq) 2,0 1,8 1,6 1,4 World potential 1,2 50-100 $/tCO2-eq eq) 1,0 20-50 $/tCO2-eq 0-20 $/tCO2-eq 0,8 <0 $/tCO2-eq 0,6 0,4 0,2 0,0 OECD non-OECD OECD non-OECD OECD non-OECD OECD non-OECD OECD non-OECD OECD non-OECD OECD non-OECD OECD non-OECD OECD non-OECD EIT EIT EIT EIT EIT EIT EIT EIT EIT Fuelswitch Nuclear Hydro Wind Bioenergy Geothermal Solar PV CCS + CCS + and plant and CSP coal gas efficiency Source: Ecofys based on data IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, Working Group III Report quot;Mitigation of Climate Change“ 07
  8. 8. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Au st ri a Be 34.0% lg 12.2% i um Bu 13.0% lg 10.6% a ria C 16.0% yp 6.6% RES target 2020 C ru ze s ch 13.0% R 11.2% ep RES increase required D . 13.0% en m 8.9% ar k Es 30.0% to 15.0% ni a Fi 25.0% nl an 12.6% d Fr 38.0% an 15.2% G ce er 23.0% m 16.7% an y G 18.0% MotivationII – re 11.3% ec H e un 18.0% ga 11.6% ry Ire 13.0% la 8.1% nd 16.0% 13.1% It a ly 17.0% La 10.2% tv Li ia th 42.0% Lu ua 7.7% ni xe a m 23.0% bo 13.4% ur g 11.0% M 8.4% N al et ta he 10.0% RES-E policies in EU-27 rl a nd 9.8% s 14.0% RES targets and increase required Po la 11.7% nd Po 15.0% rtu 10.2% ga R om l 31.0% an 14.5% Sl ia ov ak 24.0% R 6.2% ep Sl . 14.0% ov 9.3% en ia 25.0% RES-E targets & required increase Sp 14.5% ai n Sw 20.0% ed 13.4% en 19.0% 49.0% U K 15.0% 13.0%
  9. 9. RES-E policies in EU-27 Legal framework Most relevant EU-framework 1. Directive 2003/87/EC (EU-ETS) • EU-wide trade scheme for GHG (green house gas) emission allowances • With increasing certificate prices, use of biomass might become economical feasible even without support schemes (e.g. co-firing) 2. RES Roadmap and proposed RES Directive • Binding 20% RES target for EU in 2020 (10% biofuels) large increase still needed! • GoO (Guaranties of origin) trading scheme harmonization of EU support schemes, but unlikely to be implemented fully
  10. 10. RES-E policies in EU-27 Overall rating legal framework EU 27 and Russia Results of rating - legal framework Legend Positive Average Negative Source: Ecofys
  11. 11. Policy
  12. 12. RES-E policies in EU-27 Policy Mechanisms • Political • Legislative • Fiscal • Financial • Administrative • Technology development • Information and education
  13. 13. RES-E policies in EU-27 Overview of primary support for RES-E Feed-in tariffs Quota obligation AT CY CZ (LA) DK EE ES FR BG DE GR HU IT BE IT LT LU PT NL SE RO SI SK PL UK Certificate systems IE UK FI DK SI FR MT Fiscal Tenders incentives
  14. 14. RES-E policies in EU-27 Best practice in RES-E policy • Design of support mechanisms crucial to their success. Important to implement best practice in policy design: 1. Removal of non-financial barriers (administrative, technical); 2. New support schemes should target just new RES-E capacity; 3. Guarantee, but strictly limit the duration of financial support; 4. Include full basket of available RES-E options; 5. Make support technology-specific; and 6. Set incentives to take account of and accelerate future cost reductions. • The worlds of the feed-in and quota system are showing signs of converging on these basic principles.
  15. 15. …where has this led to? (Market overview & insights)
  16. 16. RES-E policies in EU-27 Example: Effectiveness and efficiency of support for onshore wind • Effectiveness and efficiency witnessed to be highest in FIT countries But • Less experience with Quota obligations • Design of support mechanism Source: OPTRES, 2007, European Commission (COM(2008)19 final) crucial
  17. 17. RES-E policies in EU-27 Global wind energy capacity, new installation 2008 China Rest of world 23.3 % 12.2 % India 6.7 % Germany 6.2 % Spain 5.9 % USA Italy 30.9 % 3.7 % France 3.5 % Vereinigtes Königreich Canada 3.1 % Portugal 1.9 % 2.6 % Quelle: Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC):quot;GLOBAL WIND 2008 REPORTquot;, Stand Frühjahr 2009 Development ofrenewable energy sources in Germany 2008
  18. 18. RES-E policies in EU-27 Worldmarkt photovoltaic, 2008 Spain; 2,511 MW France; 46 MW Belgium; 48 MW Portugal; 50 MW Czech Republic; 51 MW Japan; 230 MW Italy; 258 MW Southk Korea; 274 MW USA; 342 MW Germany; 1,100 MW New installed photovoltaic 2007: 2,400 MWp 2008: 5,500 MWp Quelle: European Photovoltaic Industry Association, 24.3.2009 Development ofrenewable energy sources in Germany 2008
  19. 19. Some country examples…
  20. 20. RES-E policies in EU-27 Legal framework Attractive RES-E tariffs solid biomass in EU-27 RES-E tariffs for solid biomass plants in EU-27 BG MIN PL MAX NL CY SK IE HU ES AT CZ LV DE IT 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 RES-E tariff [€/MWh]
  21. 21. RES-E policies in EU-27 Level of support vs generation cost for onshore wind Source: OPTRES, 2007, European Commission (COM(2008)19 final)
  22. 22. RES-E policies in EU-27 RES-share in Germany 2007/2008 16.0 0.6 Hydropower Wind energy 14.0 0.5 Biomass Photovoltaics 12.0 4.2 3.7 Solar thermal energy Geothermal energy 10.0 [%] 0.2 0.2 8.0 0.3 0.3 6.4 6.6 6.0 4.0 7.3 7.3 7.0 6.1 2.0 3.4 3.4 0.0 2007 (14.0 %) 2008 (14.8 %) 2008 (14.8 %) 2007 (7.5 %) %) 2008 (7.7 %) 2007 (7.3 %) 2008 (6.1 %) 2008 (6.1 %) electricity * heat ** biogenic fuels *biomass: solid, liquid, gaseous biomass, biogenic share of w aste, landfill and sew age gas; **biomass: solid, liquid; gaseous biomass, biogenic share of w aste; Deviations in the totals are due to rounding Source: BMU-KI III 1 according to Working Group on Renew able Energies / Statistics (AGEE-Stat); Version: April 2009; all figures provisional Development ofrenewable energy sources in Germany 2008
  23. 23. RES-E policies in EU-27 Electricity generation from renewable energy in Germany I 120,000 EEG 2009 Hydropower Wind energy Biomass* Photovoltaics ex 1 January 2009 100,000 EEG 1 August 2004 Electricity generation [GWh] 80,000 EEG 1 April 2000 60,000 FEC Amendment to BauGB share November 1997 14.8 % 40,000 StrEG 1 January 1991 20,000 0 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 *Solid, liquid, gaseous biomass, biogenic share of w aste, landfill and sew age gas; StrEG: Act on the Sale of Electricity to the Grid; BauGB: Constuction Code; EEG:Renew able Energy Sources Act; Electricity from geothermal energy is not presented due to the negligible quantities of electricity produced; Source: BMU-KI III 1 according to Working Group on Renew able Energies / Statistics (AGEE-Stat); Version: April 2009; all figures provisional Development ofrenewable energy sources in Germany 2008
  24. 24. RES-E policies in EU-27 Strcture of electricity Germany, 2008 in DE II from renewable energy sources in supply Total: 91.4 TWh Wind energy 44.3 % Photovoltaics 4.4 % Biogenic solid fuels 11.4 % Hydropower Biogenic liquid fuels 22.9 % 1.6 % Biogas Sewage gas 7.7 % Biogenic share 1.2 % of waste 5.4 % Landfill gas 1.1 % Total biomass*: Approx. 29 % *Solid, liquid, gaseous biomass, biogenic share of w aste, landfill and sew age gas Source: BMU-KI III 1 according to Working Group on Renew able Energies / Statistics (AGEE-Stat); Version: April 2009; all figures provisional Development ofrenewable energy sources in Germany 2008
  25. 25. RES-E policies in EU-27 RES-E in Czech Republic 2008 • Preferred grid access; el. distributor obliged to buy • Feed-in tariffs or green premium + selling on grey market • Wind – FIT: 2460 Kc/MWh (~93 €/MWh) for 20 years – premium: 1870 Kc/MWh (~70 €/MWh) • Solar PV – FIT: 13460 Kc/MWh (~506 €/MWh) for 20 years – premium: 12650 Kc/MWh (~476 €/MWh) • biomass combusion plants – FIT : 2430-4210 Kc/MWh (91-158 €/MWh) and is guaranteed for 20 years. – premium: 1150-2930 Kc/MWh (43-110 €/MWh) • Biomass co-firing or parallel-firing: only premium – Green premiums for co-firing: 240 - 1390 Kc/MWh (9-52 €/MWh) – Green premiums for parallel firing: 500 - 1650 Kc/Mh (19-62 €/MWh)
  26. 26. RES-E policies in EU-27 News I - Turkey • Feed-in law in preparation; implementation expected for this summer • Green field PV – 280 €/MWh for 10 years; 220 €/MWh for following 10 years • PV on buildings – Monthly electricity generation up to 3000 kWh: 450 €/MWh – Up to 6000 kWh: 350 €/MWh
  27. 27. RES-E policies in EU-27 News II – Canada-Ontario • New feed-in law expected for this summer Technology Proposed size tranches €/MWhe Biomass* Any size 72 Biogas* <5 MW 87 > 5 MW 62 Hydropower* <50 MW 77 Community Based <2 MW 80 Landfill gas* <5MW 66 > 5 MW 61 Solar PV Rooftop <10 kW 476 10 - 100 kW 424 100 - 500 kW 377 > 500 kW 320 Ground Mounted . <10 MW 263 Wind Onshore Any size 80 Offshore Any size 113 Community Based . <10 MW 86
  28. 28. The future
  29. 29. RES-E policies in EU-27 International development: EU RE-Road Map • binding targets for 2020: – 20% RE share (primary energy) – 20% energy efficiency increase – 20-30% CO2 reduction • How to reach 20% RE target? Sectoral projections (EREC): – 35 – 40% RE electricity share – min 25% RE heat share (!!!) – min 12% RE fuels share (!) • Energy efficiency complementary (!)
  30. 30. RES-E policies in EU-27 RES-E Projection ...2020 Source: EU DG TREN
  31. 31. RES-E policies in EU-27 The future of policy? •Harmonisation across EU long-term goal, but premature today •Full harmonisation could be based on either feed-in or quota •Important to first implement best practice in RES-E policy design and remove barriers •Optimisation and coordination of policy between Member States desirable
  32. 32. Thank you for your attention! More information… Frank Schillig, f.schillig@ecofys.com Director International Business Development Solar & Bioenergy
  33. 33. RES-E policies in EU-27 Visit our stand Hall 8/R26
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