14 m. kellerhals agroscope 2013
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14 m. kellerhals agroscope 2013 14 m. kellerhals agroscope 2013 Presentation Transcript

  • Federal Department of Economic Affairs, Education and Research EAER Agroscope February 20, 2013 The new apple varieties ‘CH 101- Galiwa®’, ‘Ladina’ and the new pear selection ‘ACW 3851’ from the Agroscope breeding program Markus Kellerhals
  • 2Fruitbreedomics Stakeholder Day, Eufrin Markus Kellerhals Agroscope apple breeding Agroscope Wädenswil site: fruit, vegetables, viticulture, Staff: about 150 Step 1: about 4000 selections 12’000 seedlings/ year, 2’000-3’000 MAB Container field: about 6000 seedlings
  • 3Fruitbreedomics Stakeholder Day, Eufrin Markus Kellerhals CH 101 – Galiwa® ACW 3851 Ladina
  • 4Fruitbreedomics Stakeholder Day, Eufrin Markus Kellerhals ‘CH 101’ GALIWA® (Gala x K1R20A44) cross 1992 Fruit • Size medium to large, globose, green-yellow with ¾ dark orangered over colour • Firm, sweet and low acid apple, juicy, good texture, long storage Tree • Scab resistant (Vf) • Vigour: weak to medium • Good yields, slight tendency to alternate bearing, requires several harvests
  • 5Fruitbreedomics Stakeholder Day, Eufrin Markus Kellerhals Storage trial ‘CH101 (Galiwa®)’ organic orchard (2°C, 3% CO2, 1% O2) Firmness
  • 6Fruitbreedomics Stakeholder Day, Eufrin Markus Kellerhals Storage trial ‘CH101 (Galiwa®)’ organic orchard Sugar
  • 7Fruitbreedomics Stakeholder Day, Eufrin Markus Kellerhals Storage trial ‘CH101 (Galiwa®)’ organic orchard Acidity
  • 8Fruitbreedomics Stakeholder Day, Eufrin Markus Kellerhals No storage disorders (June 11th, 2012) Gala Galiwa
  • 9Fruitbreedomics Stakeholder Day, Eufrin Markus Kellerhals Marketing: collaboration with VariCom and FiBL
  • 10Fruitbreedomics Stakeholder Day, Eufrin Markus Kellerhals Ladina (Topaz x Fuji) cross 1999 Fruit • Size medium, globouse, green- yellow with ¾ red over colour • Crisp, subacid, very juicy, typical flavour, good storage Tree • Scab resistant (Vf), fire blight tolerant • Vigour: medium • Good and regular yields
  • 11Fruitbreedomics Stakeholder Day, Eufrin Markus Kellerhals Harvest time and storage Sept Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb March April May June July Harvest Cold store CA (ULO) in trial Sept Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb March April May June July Harvest Cold store CA (ULO) store CH 101-Galiwa® Ladina
  • 12Fruitbreedomics Stakeholder Day, Eufrin Markus Kellerhals Field test in southern Germany with artificial fire blight infection Class Description ■ 1-2 No symptoms ■ 3 Flower infection (< 1/3 petiole length) ■ 4 Flower infection (≥ 1/3 petiole length) ■ 5 Inflorescence and petiole ■ 6 Inflorescence, petiole and young shoot ■ 7 Necrosis in wood (< 5 cm) ■ 8 Necrosis in wood (> 5 cm) 0 20 40 60 80 100 T8 T15 T22 T29 Ladina 0 20 40 60 80 100 T8 T15 T22 T29 Gala Gala 29 dai Ladina 29 dai
  • 13Fruitbreedomics Stakeholder Day, Eufrin Markus Kellerhals Consumer test Sept. 2012, Lausanne, 1= very bad, 9 = very good Eating quality Appearance
  • 14Fruitbreedomics Stakeholder Day, Eufrin Markus Kellerhals Breeder Danilo Christen with tree of ACW 3851 (cross by Charly Rapillard)
  • 15Fruitbreedomics Stakeholder Day, Eufrin Markus Kellerhals ACW 3851 (Harrow Sweet x Verdi) Fruit Fruit • Size medium, pear-shaped, yellow-green with ¾ darkred over colour, 10 days after Conference • Crisp, subacid, very juicy, good storage Tree • Vigour: medium, moderate tolerance to fire blight • Good and regular yields • Storage trial under way
  • 16Fruitbreedomics Stakeholder Day, Eufrin Markus Kellerhals Güttingen, 2012 (first leaf) Quince C, interstem Conférence